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INSTITUT PASTEUR 03/08/11 L’inquiétante émergence d’une salmonelle multirésistante aux antibiotiques

INSTITUT PASTEUR 03/08/11 L’inquiétante émergence d’une salmonelle multirésistante aux antibiotiques
Related:  VEILLE SANITAIRE SALMONELLA EN FRANCERage en Afrique

François-Xavier Weill de l’Institut Pasteur lauréat du Prix Georges, Jacques et Elias Canetti 2013 François-Xavier Weill, chef de l’unité des Bactéries pathogènes entériques et responsable du Centre National de Référence des Escherichia coli, Shigella et Salmonella, recevra le Prix Georges, Jacques et Elias Canetti le 12 septembre prochain. Ce prix lui sera remis à l’Institut Pasteur, en présence du Pr Alice Dautry, directrice générale, par Françoise Canetti pour soutenir ses recherches sur les bactéries responsables d’infections alimentaires. Créé en hommage à Georges Canetti, chercheur de l’Institut Pasteur qui consacra ses travaux à l’étude de la tuberculose, ce prix a permis de soutenir depuis 2006 huit chercheurs de l’Institut Pasteur. Cette année, il est de nouveau financé grâce aux dons de la famille Canetti. Communiqué de presse Paris, 9 septembre 2013 François-Xavier Weill, médecin et biologiste, dirige l’unité des Bactéries pathogènes entériques de l’Institut Pasteur. Le travail des chercheurs consiste aussi à dépister le plus précocement possible l’apparition d’épidémies.

CDC EID – JANV 2012 - Risk for Rabies Importation from North Africa . Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People.™ <div class="noscript"> Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. Emerging Infectious Disease ISSN: 1080-6059 Facebook Reccomend Twitter Tweet Share Compartir Volume 17, Number 12—December 2011 Risk for Rabies Importation from North Africa Medscape, LLC is pleased to provide online continuing medical education (CME) for this journal article, allowing clinicians the opportunity to earn CME credit. This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education through the joint sponsorship of Medscape, LLC and Emerging Infectious Diseases. Medscape, LLC designates this Journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)TM. Learning Objectives Editor P. Contact Us

JDLE 04/02/15 Salmonelloses: en baisse partout, sauf en France +22,5% entre 2009 et 2013dr Les salmonelloses poursuivent leur recul dans l’Union européenne, révèlent l’Autorité européenne de sécurité des aliments (Efsa) et le Centre européen pour la prévention et le contrôle des maladies (ECDC) dans leur dernier bilan annuel. Exception notable, la France, où la maladie ne cesse d’augmenter. Révélées par le rapport annuel sur les zoonoses dans l’UE publié fin janvier, les tendances européennes se confirment. Quant aux salmonelloses, elles poursuivent leur baisse, de 7,9% entre 2012 et 2013. Hasard des chiffres ou non, elle est même le seul dont le nombre de cas de salmonellose a continuellement augmenté depuis 2009, de 22,5% jusqu’en 2013. Certes, la France fait partie des pays ayant les plus faibles taux de salmonelloses de l’UE: il y est 8 fois inférieur à celui de la République tchèque et 5 fois inférieur à celui de la Slovaquie. Biais de surveillance ou hausse réelle? Listériose et E. coli toujours en hausse

Evolutionary History of Rabies in Ghana Abstract Rabies virus (RABV) is enzootic throughout Africa, with the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) being the principal vector. Dog rabies is estimated to cause 24,000 human deaths per year in Africa, however, this estimate is still considered to be conservative. Author Summary Rabies virus (RABV) is widespread throughout Africa, with the domestic dog being the principal vector. Figures Citation: Hayman DTS, Johnson N, Horton DL, Hedge J, Wakeley PR, et al. (2011) Evolutionary History of Rabies in Ghana. Editor: Jakob Zinsstag, Swiss Tropical Institute, Switzerland Received: June 3, 2010; Accepted: March 7, 2011; Published: April 5, 2011 Copyright: © 2011 Hayman et al. Funding: This work was supported by the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra grant SE0423). Competing interests: Prof. Introduction Viruses belonging to the genus Lyssavirus, family Rhabdoviridae, cause the disease rabies. Methods Figure 1. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001001.g001 Table 1. Results

LE PARISIEN 08/04/15 Les salmonelloses ont diminué de moitié en 10 ans selon l'Anses 08 Avril 2015, 12h43 | MAJ : 08 Avril 2015, 12h43 L'Organisation mondiale de la santé a choisi de mettre l'accent sur la sécurité alimentaire et rappelle que les maladies gastro-intestinales d'origine alimentaire ont été responsables de plus de 350.000 décès en 2010. On compte parmi ces quelque 200 pathologies la salmonelle, une bactérie pouvant provoquer la salmonellose. Cette toxi-infection alimentaire compte comme la deuxième cause de maladie d'origine alimentaire en Europe selon l'Anses. Une bactérie pathogène fréquente On retrouve généralement ces bactéries dans les tubes digestifs des animaux, principalement des oiseaux. Les salmonelloses, relativement bénignes, provoquent des symptômes similaires à ceux d'une gastro-entérite qui peuvent se traduire par des vomissements, de la diarrhée et des maux de ventre, associés ou non à de la fièvre. Les gestes santé de bonne manipulation des aliments Selon l'Anses, une infection alimentaire sur trois se déroule à la maison.

CDC EID - Volume 19, Number 4—April 2013 - Au sommaire notamment:Discrepancies in Data Reporting for Rabies, Africa Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People.™ <div class="noscript"> Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. Emerging Infectious Disease ISSN: 1080-6059 Volume 19, Number 4—April 2013 Perspective Discrepancies in Data Reporting for Rabies, Africa Article Contents Louis H. Author affiliation: University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa Suggested citation for this article Abstract Human rabies is an ancient disease but in modern times has primarily been associated with dog rabies–endemic countries of Asia and Africa. Rabies, despite its high case-fatality rate and preventability (through efficacious preexposure and postexposure prophylaxis), has in recent years progressively become established as a neglected disease, and most human cases are associated with dog rabies endemic to countries in Africa and Asia. Figure 1

EUROSURVEILLANCE 09/01/14 Au sommaire: The French human Salmonella surveillance system: evaluation of timeliness of laboratory reporting and factors associated with delays, 2007 to 2011 Given the regular occurrence of salmonellosis outbreaks in France, evaluating the timeliness of laboratory reporting is critical for maintaining an effective surveillance system. Laboratory-confirmed human cases of Salmonella infection from whom strains were isolated from 2007 to 2011 in France (n=38,413) were extracted from the surveillance database. Three delay intervals were defined: transport delay (strain isolation, transport from primary laboratory to national reference laboratory), analysis delay (serotyping, reporting) and total reporting delay. We calculated the median delay in days and generated the cumulative delay distribution for each interval. Variables were tested for an association with reporting delay using a multivariable generalised linear model. The median transport and analysis delays were 7 and 6 days respectively (interquartile range (IQR: 6–10 and 4–9 respectively), with a median total reporting delay of 14 days (IQR: 11–19). Introduction Figure 1. Methods Results

SOUTHERN AFRICAN SOCIETY FOR VETERINARY EPIDEMIOLOGY - AOUT 2013 - Proceedings of the 11th annual congress of the Southern Afric PASTEUR - 2014 - Activités de recherche du CNR des Escherichia coli, Shigella, Salmonella Les recherches de l’Unité des Bactéries Pathogènes Entériques concernent, la structure et l’évolution génétique des populations bactériennes entéropathogènes (E. coli, Shigella, Salmonella et vibrions), en particulier les populations émergentes, et/ou épidémiques et/ou résistantes aux antibiotiques et le développement de nouveaux outils diagnostiques. Ainsi certaines méthodes de typage moléculaire ont été validées (MLST, MLVA) d’autres été mises au point (CRISPOL) L’utilisation du séquençage complet de génome bactérien est actuellement en cours de validation dans un cadre d’épidémiologie moléculaire. Rapports d'activité de l'Unité Liste des publications du Centre National de Référence des E. coli, Shigella et Salmonella Bouchrif, B., Le Hello, S., Pardos, M., Karraouan, B., Perrier-Gros-Claude, J.D., Ennaji, M.M., Timinouni, M., and Weill, F.X. (2009). Doublet, B., Praud, K., Weill, F.X., and Cloeckaert, A. (2009). Badri, S., Fassouane, A., Filliol, I., Hassar, M., and Cohen, N. (2009).

PLOS 19/06/14 Eliminating Rabies in Tanzania? Local Understandings and Responses to Mass Dog Vaccination in Kilombero and Ulanga Districts (Tanzanie) Abstract Background With increased global attention to neglected diseases, there has been a resurgence of interest in eliminating rabies from developing countries through mass dog vaccination. Methodology/Principal Findings Over three months in 2012, we combined the use of focus groups, semi-structured interviews, a household questionnaire and a population-based survey. Conclusions and Significance In the shadows of resource and institutional limitations in the veterinary sector in Africa, top-down interventions for neglected zoonotic diseases likes rabies need to more explicitly engage with project organisation, capacity and community participation. Author Summary Mass vaccination of dogs is the most effective strategy to eliminate dog-mediated human rabies from developing countries. Citation: Bardosh K, Sambo M, Sikana L, Hampson K, Welburn SC (2014) Eliminating Rabies in Tanzania? Editor: Charles E. Received: November 19, 2013; Accepted: April 28, 2014; Published: June 19, 2014 Methods

CDC EID – MARS 2016 – Au sommaire notamment: Mycobacterium microti Infection in Dairy Goats, France Suggested citation for this article To the Editor: Dog bites are a serious public health problem because of the associated risk for rabies virus exposure in countries to which the virus is endemic (1,2). Human rabies can be prevented by administration of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP). However, PEP rabies vaccine may be unavailable or prohibitively expensive (3). Delay in or failure to receive PEP after possible rabies virus exposure contributes to increased incidence of human rabies deaths (3). We performed a retrospective investigation of animal bites and postbite treatment in Laikipia North sub-county, Kenya, during January 2013–February 2014. During January 1, 2013–February 10, 2014, a total of 106 bites were recorded by 6 government-run health facilities in Laikipia North. The deaths of 3 humans reported to the ZDU occurred in November and December 2013. Of the 11 traced bite case-patients, 9 washed their wound before going to a healthcare facility and 8 were prescribed PEP. Table .

PLOS 12/04/16 Mobile Phones As Surveillance Tools: Implementing and Evaluating a Large-Scale Intersectoral Surveillance System for Rabies in Tanzania Citation: Mtema Z, Changalucha J, Cleaveland S, Elias M, Ferguson HM, Halliday JEB, et al. (2016) Mobile Phones As Surveillance Tools: Implementing and Evaluating a Large-Scale Intersectoral Surveillance System for Rabies in Tanzania. PLoS Med 13(4): e1002002. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002002 Published: April 12, 2016 Copyright: © 2016 Mtema et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Funding: This study was funded by the UBS Optimus Foundation ( and the Wellcome Trust (082715/B/07/Z and 095787/Z/11/Z to KH) and the Research and Policy for Infectious Disease Dynamics Program of the Science and Technology Directorate, Department of Homeland Security, Fogarty International Centre, National Institute of Health. Summary Points Introduction Fig 1. Fig 2.

Molecular Characterization of Canine Rabies Virus, Mali, 2006–2013 - Volume 22, Number 5—May 2016 Abdallah Traoré, Evelyne Picard-Meyer, Stephanie Mauti, Melanie Biarnais, Oliver Balmer, Kassim Samaké, Badian Kamissoko, Saïdou Tembely, Amadou Sery, Abdel K. Traoré, Amy P. Coulibaly, Emmanuelle Robardet, Jakob Zinsstag, and Florence Cliquet ( Author affiliations: Central Veterinary Laboratory, Bamako, Mali (A. Suggested citation for this article Abstract We genetically characterized 32 canine rabies viruses isolated in Mali during 2006–2013 and identified 3 subgroups that belonged to the Africa 2 lineage. Rabies causes an estimated 70,000 human deaths annually worldwide, and >99% occur in developing countries, of which ≈43% occur in Africa, where rabies virus circulates in the dog population (1). Numerous infectious diseases, including tuberculosis, malaria, dengue fever, and rabies, are present in Mali. A standard procedure is in place in Bamako for reporting of an animal bite. Dr. Acknowledgment References Figures Tables .

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