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How do fungi form partnerships with most plants? How do fungi form partnerships with most plants? Without fungi, there would be no forests, and perhaps not even any land plants. This is because a few thousand fungi have evolved intimate and essential relationships with the roots of almost all living plants. They work like this... The fungus explores the soil and brings back scarce mineral nutrients, especially phosphorus, to the plant. The fungi grow around and into the roots, establishing a microscopic interface across which phosphorus moves one way while sugars move the other way. The partnership is called a mycorrhizal symbiosis, and about 90% of all plants have these specialized fungi on and in their roots. There are basically 2 kinds of mycorrhiza. 1) The kind established with about 2 000 species of coniferous trees involves about 5 000 fungi of the kind that form mushrooms or truffles. 2) The other kind is called an endomycorrhiza. For pictures of both kinds look at Chapter 17. Return to Fungi FAQ's....
Mangifera indica Mangifera indica  Familia: Anacardiaceae Genus: Mangifera Species: Mangifera indica Name Mangifera indica L. References Linnaeus, C. (1753). Vernacular names Bahasa Indonesia: ManggaDeutsch: Mangoespañol: Mangofrançais: Manguierहिन्दी: आमitaliano: Mangoмакедонски: Индиско мангоമലയാളം: Maangaमराठी: Amba,आंबाpolski: Mango indyjskieसंस्कृतम्: आम्रslovenčina: Mangovník indickýslovenščina: Indijski mangovecsuomi: Mango, mangopuuTagalog: Manggaதமிழ்: மாங்காய்Türkçe: Mango, Hint kirazı
Noix de coco On la dit native d’Asie du Sud Est ou des îles du Pacifique ou encore d’Amérique tropicale ! Les Espagnols l’introduisent aux Antilles au 16 ème siècle. La taille de ce palmier au tronc flexible peut atteindre 25 m de haut. Il se termine par un panache de feuilles émergeant d’un bourgeon, ‘chou coco’ (délicieux en salade), dont la mort entraîne celle du palmier. Famille : Arécacées (palmiers) Nom de l'arbre : Cocotier Floraison : Toute l’année Fructification : Toute l’année Dimension du fruit : De 20 à 30 cm de long Autres noms : Coco nut (anglais) ; Coco (espagnol) ; Koko, pyè koko (créole) Alignement de cocotier Fruits sur arbre Fruits Texte et images extraits du livre 'À la découverture des fruits des Antilles', par Fabrice LE BELLEC (1) et Valérie LE BELLEC (2) , avec l'aimable autorisation de PLB Éditions(3) PLB Éditions, 2004, 128p.
DigInfo TV - Technology News From Japan | Videos of the latest tech, gadgets and research direct from Tokyo Can Gardening Help Troubled Minds Heal? Women's Correctional Community Center inmate Lilian Hussein checks on ti leaves she planted as part of the prison's farming and gardening program in Kailua, Hawaii. The green ti leaves are often used to wrap food or weave into leis. Jennifer Sinco Kelleher/AP hide caption itoggle caption Jennifer Sinco Kelleher/AP Women's Correctional Community Center inmate Lilian Hussein checks on ti leaves she planted as part of the prison's farming and gardening program in Kailua, Hawaii. The green ti leaves are often used to wrap food or weave into leis. Jennifer Sinco Kelleher/AP If you haven't noticed, gardens are popping up in some unconventional places – from prison yards to retirement and veteran homes to programs for troubled youth. Most are handy sources of fresh and local food, but increasingly they're also an extension of therapy for people with mental health issues, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD; depression; and anxiety. It's called horticultural therapy.
Mangifera indica The species appears to have been domesticated about 4,000 years ago. The species was brought to East Asia around 400-500 BCE from India; next, in the 15th century to the Philippines; and then, in the 16th century to Africa and Brazil by the Portuguese. The species was described for science by Linnaeus in 1753. Creole mangos from Oaxaca, México Mango is the national fruit of India, Pakistan and the Philippines. It finds mention in the songs of 4th century CE Sanskrit poet Kalidasa. Prior to that, it is believed to have been tasted by Alexander (3rd century BCE) and Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang (7th century CE). Chemical constituents Mango, moist Brazilian tropics Traditional medicine In ayurveda, it is used in a Rasayana formula (q.v.), clearing digestion and acidity due to pitta (heat), sometimes with other mild sours and shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) and guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia). References Jump up ^ (1846). Further reading
Cocos nucifera Cocos nucifera  Familia: Arecaceae Subfamilia: Arecoideae Tribus: Cocoeae Subtribus: Butiinae Genus: Cocos Species: Cocos nucifera Name Cocos nucifera L. References Linnaeus, C. (1753). Vernacular names العربية: فارسیBahasa Indonesia: KelapaBahasa Melayu: Pokok KelapaBân-lâm-gú: Iâ-áBasa Sunda: Kalapacatalà: Cocoterčeština: Kokosovník ořechoplodýсрпски / srpski: Кокосова палмаdansk: KokosDeutsch: KokospalmeEnglish: Coconutespañol: CocoteroEsperanto: Kokosoفارسی: نارگیلfrançais: Cocotiergalego: Cocoहिन्दी: नारियलhrvatski: Kokosova palmaitaliano: palma da coccoעברית: קוקוסKiswahili: Mnazi (mti)lietuvių: Riešutinė kokospalmėmagyar: Kókuszpálmaмакедонски: Кокосова палмаമലയാളം: തെങ്ങ്Nederlands: Kokospalm日本語: ココナッツnorsk bokmål: Kokosnøttpolski: Palma kokosowaportuguês: Coqueiroрусский: Кокосовая пальмаsuomi: Kookospalmusvenska: Kokosnöttetun: Nuu-hunไทย: มะพร้าวTiếng Việt: DừaTürkçe: Hindistan cevizi中文: 椰子
NeuroLogica Blog Jan 13 2017 Cognitive Biases in Health Care Decision Making This was an unexpected pleasant find in an unusual place. The Gerontological Society of America recently put out a free publication designed to educate patients about cognitive biases and heuristics and how they can adversely affect decision making about health care. The publication is aimed at older health care consumers, but the information it contains is applicable to all people and situations. What is most encouraging about this publication is the simple fact that it recognizes that this is an issue. The report is aimed simultaneously at health care providers and patients. Continue Reading » Jan 12 2017 Curcumin Hype vs Reality A recent systematic review of the alleged health benefits of curcumin show that, yet again, hype based on “traditional use” is not a reliable guide. Curcumin is a spice that makes up about 5% of turmeric, a yellow spice used in many curries. The systematic review had two main findings: Continue Reading »
Plants Talk. Plants Listen. Here's How : Krulwich Wonders... They don't have eyes. Or ears. Or what we would call a nervous system. But plants can talk. And they listen. First, we'll need a plant eater. Next, we arrange lunch. Then we carefully drop our aphid (make that many aphids) onto the bean plants, where they land and begin to chew. When a leafy plant is under attack, it doesn't sit quietly. These chemicals come from the injured parts of the plant and seem to be an alarm. Over the past 20 years, scientists have found that all kinds of trees and plants like sagebrush, barley, corn, and yes, bean plants, release VOCs when they're being invaded. In our case, when the distress signal reaches the two bean plants on either side of our aphid-covered plant, they also emit VOCs — cries of their own. Some bean plants pump out chemicals specifically designed to keep aphids away. In study after study, it appears that these chemical conversations help the neighbors. Does this mean that plants talk to each other?
Coconut Found throughout the tropic and subtropic area, the coconut is known for its great versatility as seen in the many uses of its different parts. Coconuts are part of the daily diets of many people. Coconuts are different from any other fruits because they contain a large quantity of "water" and when immature they are known as tender-nuts or jelly-nuts and may be harvested for drinking. When mature, they still contain some water and can be used as seednuts or processed to give oil from the kernel, charcoal from the hard shell and coir from the fibrous husk. Description Plant Fruit A full-sized coconut weighs about 1.44 kg (3.2 lb). Roots Unlike some other plants, the palm tree has neither a tap root nor root hairs, but has a fibrous root system. The coconut palm root system consists of an abundance of thin roots that grow outward from the plant near the surface. Coconut palms continue to produce roots from the base of the stem throughout its life. Origin