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Evolutionary psychology

Evolutionary psychology
Evolutionary psychology (EP) is an approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological traits such as memory, perception, and language from a modern evolutionary perspective. It seeks to identify which human psychological traits are evolved adaptations – that is, the functional products of natural selection or sexual selection. Adaptationist thinking about physiological mechanisms, such as the heart, lungs, and immune system, is common in evolutionary biology. Some evolutionary psychologists apply the same thinking to psychology, arguing that the mind has a modular structure similar to that of the body, with different modular adaptations serving different functions. The adaptationist approach is steadily increasing as an influence in the general field of psychology.[2][3] The theories and findings of EP have applications in many fields, including economics, environment, health, law, management, psychiatry, politics, and literature.[8][9] Scope[edit] Principles[edit]

Evolutionary Psychology Sociobiology Sociobiology is a field of scientific study which is based on the assumption that social behavior has resulted from evolution and attempts to explain and examine social behavior within that context. Often considered a branch of biology and sociology, it also draws from ethology, anthropology, evolution, zoology, archaeology, population genetics, and other disciplines. Within the study of human societies, sociobiology is very closely allied to the fields of Darwinian anthropology, human behavioral ecology and evolutionary psychology. Sociobiology investigates social behaviors, such as mating patterns, territorial fights, pack hunting, and the hive society of social insects. While the term "sociobiology" can be traced to the 1940s, the concept didn't gain major recognition until 1975 with the publication of Edward O. Definition[edit] E.O Wilson defines sociobiology as: “The extension of population biology and evolutionary theory to social organization”[1] Introductory example[edit] E.

Center for Evolutionary Psychology Human behavioral ecology Evolutionary theory[edit] Human behavioral ecology rests upon a foundation of evolutionary theory. This includes aspects of both general evolutionary theory and established middle-level evolutionary theories, as well. Aspects of general evolutionary theory include: Middle-level evolutionary theories used in HBE include: Basic principles of HBE[edit] Ecological selectionism[edit] Ecological selectionism refers to the assumption that humans are highly flexible in their behaviors. The piecemeal approach[edit] The piecemeal approach refers to taking a reductionist approach as opposed to a holistic approach in studying human socioecological behavior. Conditional strategies[edit] Human behavioral ecologists assume that what might be the most adaptive strategy in one environment might not be the most adaptive strategy in another environment. In environmental context X, engage in adaptive strategy A.In environmental context Y, engage in adaptive strategy B. The phenotypic gambit[edit] Modeling[edit]

Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Professional and Personal ... - Richard Paul, Linda Elder The Making-of Innovation » Towards Human-Centered Design The consequence of taking customer orientation serious is to integrate them right at the heart of value creation – in new product design and development. The transitions in innovation management during the last years allow us exactly to that in a more resolute way. By democratizing knowledge and information the social media revolution strongly supported the dissemination of concepts such as open innovation and co-creation and at the same time transformed people from content consumers into content producers and even co-designers. The consequence is a change in the prevailing role models of creating new products. The ability of interdisciplinary collaboration inside and outside the firm is more essential than ever before. THE CHANGING ROLE OF PRODUCT DESIGN FOR INNOVATION Industrial design is an applied science whereby the aesthetics and usability of mass-produced products are improved for marketability and production. Figure 1: Interdisciplinary Framework of Human-Centered Innovation

Research and readings This section provides links to up-to-date research, which supports the development of e-learning capability. Read e-learning research reports from the Ministry of Education. Leadership l Teaching l Professional learning l Technologies l Ministry initiatives Leadership Evaluation at a glance: Priority learners in New Zealand Schools (August 2012) This report is a synthesis of material from 15 national evaluations and reports of good practice published in the last four years that, taken together, reveal three key issues facing New Zealand's education system. Supporting future-oriented learning and teaching - a New Zealand perspective This research project draws together findings from new data and more than 10 years of research on current practice and futures-thinking in education. e-Learning and implications for New Zealand schools: a literature review This e-learning literature review examined texts across a range of countries (2005-2010). Teaching Why should we use e-portfolios now?

Design Socially | It’s time to get social! We now know that designing socially means creating with the community not for the community, so when we put our social design hats on, we aren’t really designers in a traditional sense, instead we become design facilitators – that is the community becomes the designer and you become their guide through the crazy thing we call the design process. Read more below about the social design process and how to guide your community through their design process. Concept Generation With the community, determine possible design concepts that may be worthy of developing further. Building a Design Community Establish a community hub, that may be composed of relevant experts, community groups, social entrepreneurs, international advisors, businesses, district health boards and the like. Community Concept Review & Redesign Validate and review design proposals with the community hub. Developing a Community Implementation Plan Community Resource Sourcing Community Implementation

The Change Curve - Change Management Training from MindTools Accelerating Change, and Increasing its Likelihood of Success Initially, many people want to cling to the past. © iStockphoto/gunnar Here's the scenario: You have invested vast amounts of time and dollars in the latest systems and processes; you have trained everyone; and you have made their lives so much easier (or so you think.) The fact is that organizations don't just change because of new systems, processes or new organization structures. As someone needing to make changes within your organization, the challenge is not only to get the systems, process and structures right, but also to help and support people through these individual transitions (which can sometimes be intensely traumatic, and involve loss of power and prestige... and even employment.) The easier you can make this journey for people, the sooner your organization will benefit, and the more likely you are to be successful. Here, we first look at the theory behind the Change Curve. Note 1: Note 2: The Change Curve Tip:

Kelley and Conner's Emotional Cycle of Change - Keeping Going When You Make a Voluntary Change Keeping Going When You Make a Voluntary Change You're likely to experience a cycle of emotions when you make a change. © iStockphoto/borchee Think back to the last time you made a change in your life. Researchers have noted that this is common, and that many of us go through a predictable cycle of emotions when we choose to make a change. When you know what emotions to expect in these situations, it's much easier to cope with them. About the Tool Don Kelley and Daryl Conner developed their Emotional Cycle of Change model in the mid-1970s, and they outlined it in the "1979 Annual Handbook for Group Facilitators." The cycle has five stages, shown in figure 1 below. Stage 1: Uninformed optimism. Figure 1 – The Emotional Cycle of Change List and image from "Change Thinking," by Daryl Conner. © 2012 Conner Partners. It rises as you move through a stage of pessimism, and falls as you become more confident with your project. Note: How to Apply the Model Stage 1: Uninformed Optimism Stage 5: Completion