Study: Social networks like Facebook can spread moods 13 March 2014Last updated at 03:37 ET "What people feel and say in one place may spread to many parts of the globe," wrote the authors A study by researchers at the University of California, Yale, and Facebook has found that moods can spread virally through social media sites such as Facebook. Using data from millions of Facebook users, the researchers examined the impact of rainy days. They found that for every one person directly affected by rain, one to two others would also feel the impact. The study was published in online scientific journal Plos One. "What people feel and say in one place may spread to many parts of the globe on the very same day," wrote the report's authors. They added the data suggests that "online social networks may magnify the intensity of global emotional synchrony". Positive spreads faster To test whether emotions spread, they looked at how updates changed when it rained. The result?
Fundamentalism Fundamentalism is the demand for a strict adherence to orthodox theological doctrines usually understood as a reaction against Modernist theology. The term "fundamentalism" was originally coined by its supporters to describe five specific classic theological beliefs of Christianity, and that developed into a movement within the Protestant community of the United States in the early part of the 20th century, and that had its roots in the Fundamentalist–Modernist Controversy of that time. While the word was originally used to refer to this specific movement within Protestantism, it has come to be applied to a broad tendency among certain groups mainly, although not exclusively, in religion in general. The term usually has a religious connotation indicating unwavering attachment to a set of irreducible beliefs. "Fundamentalism" is sometimes used as a pejorative term, particularly when combined with other epithets (as in the phrase "right-wing fundamentalists"). Jewish
Civilization Ancient Egypt is a canonical example of an early culture considered a civilization. Civilization or civilisation (in British English) generally refers to state polities which combine these basic institutions, having one or more of each: a ceremonial centre (a formal gathering place for social and cultural activities), a system of writing, and a city. The term is used to contrast with other types of communities including hunter-gatherers, nomadic pastoralists and tribal villages. Civilizations have more densely populated settlements divided into social classes with a ruling elite and subordinate urban and rural populations, which, by the division of labour, engage in intensive agriculture, mining, small-scale manufacture and trade. Towards the end of the Neolithic period, various Bronze Age civilizations began to rise in various "cradles" from around 3300 BCE. History of the concept Already in the 18th century civilization was not always seen as an improvement. Characteristics
Are there really 21 million slaves worldwide? 10 March 2014Last updated at 17:53 ET By Ian Muir-Cochrane BBC News Some Caribbean nations are demanding reparations from Europe over the Atlantic slave trade. But slavery still happens today - film director Steve McQueen said at the Academy Awards there are 21 million slaves worldwide. The figure mentioned by McQueen in his Best Picture acceptance speech at the Academy Awards comes from the UN's International Labour Organisation (ILO), which has been producing a global figure for nearly 10 years. The kind of slavery depicted in McQueen's film, 12 Years a Slave, is long gone, although the legacy of the slave trade lives on - claims for reparations are reportedly being made by 15 former colonies against eight European countries. Slavery experts believe there is nowhere in the world where people are legally shackled, beaten and sold as if they were property, but the ILO's report "2012 Global estimate of forced labour" estimates that 20.9 million people are victims of forced labour.
Radicalisme Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. En France et en Wallonie, le radicalisme est l'expression de la Franc-maçonnerie dominante en politique. Types de radicalisme[modifier | modifier le code] La gauche radicale entend résoudre les problèmes sociaux par un changement de société radical et définitif.Ceux appelés communément Radicaux de Gauche prônent des idées laïques et sociales-démocrates.Le Parti radical valoisien prône des idées laïques et progressistes.Le radicalisme entend résoudre l'ensemble des problèmes de notre société indépendamment des solutions socialistes ou néolibérales. Il prône néanmoins un pouvoir législatif et exécutif fort.Le fondamentalisme religieux. En politique[modifier | modifier le code] Le radicalisme et les partis politiques : Notes et références[modifier | modifier le code] ↑ Serge Berstein, Histoire du Parti radical, 2 vol., Presses de la FNSP, Paris, 1982 Voir aussi[modifier | modifier le code] Articles connexes[modifier | modifier le code] Radicalisation
Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases. In the first phase, the Archidamian War, Sparta launched repeated invasions of Attica, while Athens took advantage of its naval supremacy to raid the coast of the Peloponnese attempting to suppress signs of unrest in its empire. This period of the war was concluded in 421 BC, with the signing of the Peace of Nicias. That treaty, however, was soon undermined by renewed fighting in the Peloponnese. In 415 BC, Athens dispatched a massive expeditionary force to attack Syracuse in Sicily; the attack failed disastrously, with the destruction of the entire force, in 413 BC. The Peloponnesian War reshaped the ancient Greek world. Prelude Breakdown of the peace The Delian League in 431 BC The "Archidamian War" The walls surrounding Athens Peace of Nicias Sicilian Expedition
Viewpoint: Should charm be taught in schools? 12 March 2014Last updated at 21:19 ET If "charm" helps people get on business and in their personal lives, is there a case for teaching it in school, asks Stephen Bayley. Charm, as Albert Camus knew, is a way to get someone to say "yes" without having to ask a question. So it's surely something worth studying. Why not at school? The very last remark on my own school report came from a sardonic, beetle-browed master who had despaired of ever getting me to take anything seriously. It was meant to be a rebuke, but I took it as a challenge. Given what an effective tool it is in communications, it is astonishing how few politicians of any stripe possess much charm. Continue reading the main story About the author Stephen Bayley is a design critic, cultural commentator and author of books including Charm, Life's A Pitch and A Dictionary of Idiocy Charm is not the same as charisma. He may have his own agenda, but it is, or at least seems, subservient to yours. Continue reading the main story
Hybris Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Mythologie[modifier | modifier le code] Dans la mythologie grecque, Hybris est une divinité allégorique personnifiant l’hybris. Eschyle lui attribue pour mère Dyssebia (l'Impiété) tandis qu'Hygin la range parmi les enfants de la Nuit et de l'Érèbe. Certains manuscrits de la Bibliothèque du pseudo-Apollodore font état de son commerce amoureux avec Zeus, qu'elle aurait rendu père du dieu Pan, mais le nom d'Hybris provient peut-être d'une mauvaise lecture de celui de la nymphe arcadienne Thymbris. La notion d'hybris[modifier | modifier le code] La déesse Némésis tenant la roue de la fortune, statue en marbre du IIe siècle, Villa Getty. La religion grecque antique ignore la notion de péché tel que le conçoit le christianisme. Le châtiment de l’hybris est la némésis, le châtiment des dieux qui fait se rétracter l'individu à l'intérieur des limites qu'il a franchies. Littérature et morale[modifier | modifier le code] « V.
Socratic method The Socratic method is a method of hypothesis elimination, in that better hypotheses are found by steadily identifying and eliminating those that lead to contradictions. The Socratic method searches for general, commonly held truths that shape beliefs and scrutinizes them to determine their consistency with other beliefs. The basic form is a series of questions formulated as tests of logic and fact intended to help a person or group discover their beliefs about some topic, exploring definitions or logoi (singular logos) and seeking to characterize general characteristics shared by various particular instances. Development In the second half of the 5th century BC, sophists were teachers who specialized in using the tools of philosophy and rhetoric to entertain, impress, or persuade an audience to accept the speaker's point of view. Method Elenchus (Ancient Greek: ἔλεγχος, translit. elengkhos, lit. W. Application Socratic Circles Text selection 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2.