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Lost Civilizations: Atlantis: Timaeus and Critias

Lost Civilizations: Atlantis: Timaeus and Critias
[ Introduction || The Dialogues || Cast of Characters ] Timaeus and Critias, two of Plato's dialogues, are the only existing written records which specifically refer to Atlantis. The dialogues are conversations between Socrates, Hermocrates, Timeaus, and Critias. Apparently in response to a prior talk by Socrates about ideal societies, Timeaus and Critias agree to entertain Socrates with a tale that is "not a fiction but a true story." The story is about the conflict between the ancient Athenians and the Atlantians 9000 years before Plato's time. The dialogues that follow were written by Plato some time around 360 BC and are English translations by Benjamin Jowett: Note: The pages and paragraphs of the dialogues are a convenience created by myself. Serves only as a brief introduction to Atlantis, a preface. Goto Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 Critias Goto Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 Those who actually take part in the dialogues:

Lost Civilizations: Atlantis: Vital Statistics Below you'll find an outline of the details about Atlantis - the island and its people - provided by Plato in Timaeus and Critias . From Timaeus Based in the Atlantic Ocean - Opposite the Pillars of Heracles* (Straits of Gibraltar) The Atlantic was then navigable Larger than Libya and Asia combined From Atlantis you could reach other islands and then a true continent From Critias : The unit of measurement given in translation of Timaeus and Critias is typically the stade or stadia. 1 stade = 607 ft or 185 meters (mile = 5280 feet so 1 stade = .11 mile) Canal From Sea Canal 300' wide, 100' deep 50 stades from the sea was a hill where the rings of Sea and Land were built (5.5 miles) Inner Ring Next ring of water was 1 stade - 600' Center land was 5 stades in diameter - 3000' (.5 miles) Surrounded on both sides by a wall covered with orichalcum Middle Ring Next set of water / land rings were 2 stades in width - 1200' Surrounded on both sides by a wall covered with tin Outer Ring Contained horse racing track

Sigiriya Sigiriya (Lion Rock Sinhala: සීගිරිය, pronounced see-gee-ree-yah) is an ancient palace located in the central Matale District near town of Dambulla of the Central Province, Sri Lanka. The name refers to a site of historical and archeaological significance that is dominated by a massive column of rock nearly 200 metres (660 ft) high. According to the ancient Sri Lankan chronicle the Culavamsa the site was selected by King Kasyapa (477 – 495 CE) for his new capital. He built his palace on the top of this rock and decorated its sides with colourful frescoes. Sigiriya today is a UNESCO listed World Heritage Site. History[edit] Environment around the Sigiriya may have been inhabited since prehistoric times. In 477 CE, Kashyapa, the king’s son by a non-royal consort, seized the throne from King Dhatusena, following a coup assisted by Migara, the king’s nephew and army commander. Kashyapa was defeated in 495 CE by Moggallana, who moved the capital back to Anuradhapura. Site Plan[edit]

Turkey and India: Fathers of Civilization Gene Matlock: The India, Turkey, Mexico Connection Introducion Editor's Note: For almost ten years, Viewzone has been proud to introduce readers to the exceptional and often controversial work of Gene Matlock. Gene has been credited with, almost single handedly, focusing historians and archaeoligists on the cultural similarities between the indigenous people of Mexico, past and present, and the ancient cultures of India and Turkey. Gene examines common words in use by everyday people, their cultural traditions and even their religious beliefs and "gods" to make an exhaustive comparison that must make even the most skeptical historian pause and re-examine history. Gene is the author of numerous books on this topic and presents some of his most provacative theories for the readers of Viewzone. Suggested List of Books by Gene D. Jesus and Moses Are Buried in India, Birthplace of Abraham and the Hebrews. India Once Ruled the Americas! The Ego - Mankind's Inner Terrorist!

Atlantis - The Lost Continent Finally Found Atlantis or Someone Else? The report is about an Earth based scenario, a combination of the possibilities inherent in a background Earth story, some possible hypotheses by me, and then some visual evidence to add into the mix. It will be up to you to decide if there is any merit. First we'll start with the background story. In more modern times, the story of ancient Atlantis has fascinated generations and some to obsession as a real place. As many of you may know, it is acknowledged that the story of Atlantis was first introduced into public awareness via dialogues by the Greek philosopher Plato around 355–360 BC. According to the translation, it seems that the god/man Poseidon (you know, Zeus, Hera, Apollo etc.) fell in love with a human female named Cleito on the island Atlantis who bore him many sons, the oldest of which was named Atlas. However, this ignores the ancient Sumarian and Indian culture record as also referring to such "gods" in human form including conducting great wars with each other.

Tiwanaku Coordinates: 16°33′17″S 68°40′24″W / 16.55472°S 68.67333°W / -16.55472; -68.67333 Tiwanaku (Spanish: ''Tiahuanaco and Tiahuanacu'') is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia, South America. It is the capital of an empire that extended into present-day Peru and Chile, flourishing from AD 300 to AD 1000. Tiwanaku is recognized by Andean scholars as one of the most important civilizations prior to the Inca Empire; it was the ritual and administrative capital of a major state power for approximately five hundred years. The ruins of the ancient city state are near the south-eastern shore of Lake Titicaca in the La Paz Department, Ingavi Province, Tiwanaku Municipality, about 72 km (45 mi) west of La Paz. The site was first recorded in written history by Spanish conquistador Pedro Cieza de León. Cultural development and agriculture[edit] Artificially raised planting mounds are separated by shallow canals filled with water. Rise and fall of Tiwanaku[edit] Religion[edit]

A Science Odyssey: People and Discoveries: Leakey family discovers human ancestors Leakey family discovers human ancestors1959 The Olduvai Gorge in northern Tanzania has a geology that fossil-hunters love. A river cuts through several layers of strata with four distinct beds. From the late 1930s, Louis and Mary Leakey found stone tools in Olduvai and elsewhere, found several extinct vertebrates, including the 25-million-year-old Pronconsul primate, one of the first and few fossil ape skulls to be found. Louis (also known as L.S.B.) In 1960, Mary Leakey and son Jonathan found another, smaller form of hominid at Olduvai that they believed was different and more advanced. The Leakey's finds were spectacular and brought popular attention to the field of paleoanthropology. Related Features You Try It: Human Evolution

List of colossal sculpture in situ This is a list of colossal sculptures that were carved in situ (or "in place"), sometimes referred to as "living rock". This list includes two colossal stones that were intended to be moved; however they were never broken free of the quarry in which they were carved and therefore they would be considered carved in situ. Most of these were carved in ancient times. In most cases, especially in India, the sculptures were carved out of "soft" rock like basalt or volcanic tuff. However in some cases they were carved out of harder rock like sandstone, or even granite in the case of the unfinished obelisk. The Egyptians may have been limited to using 10 pound dolerite balls to chip away at the granite.[1] Dynamite was used in the carving of Mount Rushmore, another of the few colossal sculptures that was carved out of granite. Africa[edit] Asia[edit] One of the Buddhas of Bamyan Americas[edit] Europe[edit] See also[edit] Other lists[edit] [edit] Jump up ^ Edwards, Dr.

Perihelion 1. Planet at aphelion 2. Planet at perihelion 3. Sun The perihelion is the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid or comet where it is nearest to the sun. The word perihelion stems from the Greek words "peri," meaning near, and "Helios," meaning the Greek god of the sun. All planets, comets and asteroids in our solar system have approximately elliptical (a kind of non-circular) orbits (any single revolution of a body around the sun is only approximately elliptical, because the phenomenon known as precession of the perihelion prevents the orbit from being a simple closed curve such as an ellipse). Earth comes closest to the sun every year around January 3. When Earth is closest to the sun, it is winter in the northern hemisphere and summer in the southern hemisphere.

The Floating Islands of Lake Titicaca To visitors to Lake Titicaca, a boat trip to the floating islands, a unique tourist destination, is a must. These islands are made and re-made from the totora reeds which provide home, sustenance and transportation for their residents. About a two hour boat ride from Puno, on the Peruvian side of the lake, the largest of about 40 islands and the main destination is the ialand of Santa María. These floating islands are the home of the Uros tribe, one which pre-dates the Incan civilization. The totora is a cattail type rush growing native in the lake. The islands are part of the Titicaca National Reserve, created in 1978 to preserve 37 thousand hectares of marsh reeds in the south and north sectors of Lake Titicaca. The floating islands are protected within the Bay of Puno and are home to 2000 or so Uros, who claim to have "black blood" are consequently immune to the cold. The Uros residents of the islands create their homes from the reeds. Buen viaje!