background preloader

Women Scientists You Need To Know

Women Scientists You Need To Know
If you think about the greatest women scientists throughout history, Marie Skłodowska-Curie is probably at the top of the list. For good reason - she is still, after all, the only person in history to win two Nobel prizes in two sciences. However, for many people she remains the only historical female scientist they have heard of. Because March 8 is International Women’s Day, here is an introduction to some women who have made incredible contributions to science. Valentina Tereshkova Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space in 1963, onboard the Vostok 6 as part of the Cosmonaut Corps. Following her time in space, she earned a doctorate in engineering and eventually entered politics where she used her position to advocate for space exploration, particularly for women. Jocelyn Bell Burnell While working as a postgrad, Jocelyn Bell Burnell observed radio pulsars for the first time. Later, Bell worked as a physics professor at Open University in the UK and at Princeton. Related:  Femmes de sciences (sauf maths)Gender Equality / Egalitarianism

Anna Wierzbicka Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Livres écrits par Anna Wierzbicka: What Did Jesus Mean? Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in simple and universal human concepts (2001)Emotions Across Languages and Cultures: Diversity and universals (1999)Understanding Cultures Through Their Key Words: English, Russian, Polish, German, Japanese (1997)Semantics: Primes and Universals (1996)Semantics, Culture and Cognition: Universal human concepts in culture-specific configurations (1992)Cross-cultural pragmatics: The semantics of human interaction (1991)The Semantics of Grammar (1988)English Speech Act Verbs: A semantic dictionary (1987)Lexicography and Conceptual Analysis (1985)The Case for Surface Case (1980)Lingua Mentalis: The semantics of natural language (1980)Semantic Primitives (1972)

Women's Services and Resources Blog SHiPS Resource Center | Women in Science SHiPS Resource Centerfor Sociology, History and Philosophy in Science Teaching by Patsy Ann Giese, Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania When elementary school children were asked to draw a picture of a scientist in a recent study, 820 girls and 699 boys drew male scientists. Only 129 girls and just 6 boys drew female scientists (Fort & Varney, 1989). This is not a trivial issue. Evidence of women scientists comes from as long ago as 4000 BC., when a carving of an unnamed Sumerian priestess-physician was made. At 600 BC. due to the flowering of Greek science, the number of women recorded per century in historical documents increased about fifty fold to twenty per century. In the Seventh through the Tenth Centuries, as in the beginnings of recorded history, there were few women scientists in the Western World, and most were physicians or alchemists. From 1000 to 1400, opportunities for women scientists in Europe reached a new peak, one that was not surpassed until the present century.

Association Femmes & Sciences | Promouvoir les sciences et les techniques auprès des femmes, promouvoir les femmes dans les sciences et les techniques The Gender Spectrum Printer-friendly version Illustration by Olaf Hajek When we meet a newborn baby, most of us ask the same question: boy or girl? Often, the answer is easy. Often, but not always. Meet Alex, a fourth-grader in Madison, Wis., with long, blond hair, a lanky build and a broad smile. Boy or girl? When we meet people for the first time, we look for gender cues in a way so automated we don’t even know we’re doing it. Then someone like Alex (we used a pseudonym to protect Alex’s privacy) walks into the room, and everything we thought we knew about gender flies out the window. Gender may seem simple, but the myths surrounding this concept mask its true complexity. In the parlance of gender development, sex exists between your legs—it’s your biology, your chromosomes, your anatomy. For most kids, birth sex and gender identity match. The terminology used to describe these identities is vast and evolving. Alex has adamantly shirked gender boxes since the age of three, refusing to be called boy or girl.

Could you name more than one female scientist? (Why is the work of female scientists undervalued)? Preliminary findings from a survey of more then 1,100 people, including scientists, indicate staggering levels of ignorance about female contributions to some of the world's most important discoveries. Marie Curie, the physicist and chemist who was the first woman to win a Nobel prize, is by far the most well known, but the researchers believe this is mainly due to her association in Britain with the Marie Curie Cancer Care charity. The study involved questionnaires filled out by people in the UK, Ireland, France, Spain, Germany, Italy and other western European countries. While about 75 per cent were able to name at least one female scientist, around 25 per cent were unable to think of one. The results of the study will be presented at a conference organised by the Women in Science Research Network, to be held at the Royal Society in London on Thursday and Friday. "They're not part and parcel of the education system. Unsung heroines

Joanna Bryson Primary research interest: Using Artificial Intelligence to understand Natural Intelligence. Secondary interests: Agent-based modelling of animal societies & cultural evolution, modular models of individual intelligence, AI development methodologies, action selection and dynamic planning, intelligent and cognitive systems (e.g. intelligent environments, artificial companions, game characters), AI & Society. Hobbies include political science, neuroscience and music. Novikova, J., Watts, L. and Bryson, J. J., 2014. The role of emotions in inter-action selection. Wang, Y., Matthews, S. and Bryson, J. Taylor, D. and Bryson, J.J., 2014. Gunkel, D.J. and Bryson, J., 2014. Novikova, J., Gaudl, S. and Bryson, J., 2014. Gaudl, S. and Bryson, J. Bann, E. Bryson, J. Sylwester, K., Herrmann, B. and Bryson, J., 2013. Bann, E. Gaudl, S., Davies, S. and Bryson, J. Huang, B., El-Khoury, S., Li, M., Bryson, J. Huang, B., Bryson, J. Seth, A. Bryson, J.J., 2012. Powers, S.T., Taylor, D. Bryson, J.

Powerful Verizon Commercial Casts Spotlight on Gender Roles <br/><a href=" US News</a> | <a href=" Sports News</a> Copy A powerful commercial lends a theory to why so many girls grow up to steer clear of science and math. Their parents are telling them they're pretty -- but maybe not telling them that they're also pretty brilliant. That's not the only thing these girls are hearing. The "Inspire Her Mind" ad by Verizon, which was released earlier this month, is part of a campaign to introduce more girls to the STEM fields. It follows one little girl from toddler to teenager. The commercial cites a statistic that while 66 percent of 4th grade girls say they like science and math, only 18 percent of all college engineering majors are female. The take away for parents: encourage your daughter's love of science and technology.

ENIAC Programmers Project Émilie du Châtelet Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Châtelet. Émilie du Châtelet Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] De ses divers amants, c’est Voltaire qui eut le plus d’influence sur elle, l’encourageant à approfondir ses connaissances en physique et en mathématiques, matières pour lesquelles il lui reconnaissait des aptitudes particulières, la considérant supérieure à lui-même en ce domaine de la « Philosophie Naturelle», car c'est ainsi qu'on appelait à l'époque les sciences physiques. Elle fait la connaissance de Voltaire en 1734, alors qu’il est en disgrâce ; elle l’accueille chez elle, dans son château de Cirey-sur-Blaise : il a trente-neuf ans et elle vingt-sept, leur liaison va durer quinze ans. François Victor Le Tonnelier de Breteuil a favorisé comme ministre de la guerre ses proches, en particulier la belle-famille de sa cousine germaine, Émilie du Châtelet[1]. Hommage[modifier | modifier le code]

“Important to make gender equality visible in practice” - Vetenskapsrådet Similar participant observations had been carried out in 2008, 2009, and 2011. It all started at the initiative of an evaluation panel chair who seemed to detect that there were differences in how grant applications from women and men were treated, differences that were subtle and difficult to capture and specify. In several of the panels observed in 2012 there were no gender differences in panel discussions or in how applicants were judged. - Regardless of how uncommon this issue is, it’s important to make it visible and discuss it, says Mille Millnert, Director General of the Swedish Research Council. Mille Millnert has proposed to the Board of the Swedish Research Council that gender-equality observations should be a permanent feature in order to assure the quality of the evaluation work, as a complement to the statistics that are gathered and followed up. - Our assessment must be fair, and a fair assessment is gender neutral.

Eva Illouz Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Eva Illouz Eva Illouz en 2008 Eva Illouz (hébreu : אווה אילוז), est une intellectuelle et une universitaire israélienne spécialisé dans les sociologie des sentiments et de la culture[1]. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Illouz est née le 30 avril 1961 à Fès au Maroc et est allée vivre en France avant l'âge de 10 ans. Elle parle couramment français, hébreu, anglais et allemand. Carrière[modifier | modifier le code] Eva Illouz est professeur de sociologie à l'Université hébraïque et la directrice de l'École des beaux-arts de Bezalel, à Jérusalem[2]. Diplômée de l'université de Paris X et de l'Université de Pennsylvanie, elle a enseigné à l'Université de Princeton, à l'Institut de Recherche sociale et à l'École des hautes études en sciences sociales de Paris. Elle est considérée comme une des douze intellectuelles les plus influentes au monde d'après Die Zeit[3]. Livres publiés[modifier | modifier le code] Portail de la sociologie

Creating Pathways to Success for Women Entrepreneurs | Cory Booker Small businesses are playing a vital role in our emergence from one of the worst recessions in our nation's history. In fact, America's 23 million small businesses are responsible for 54 percent of all U.S. sales. There are a number of factors contributing to this phenomenon -- our long tradition of entrepreneurship and an evolving economic landscape, to name a few. But among the most impactful is that more and more women are becoming entrepreneurs. According to the 2014 State of Women-Owned Businesses Report, commissioned by American Express OPEN, women are starting 1,288 net new businesses per day; over the past 17 years, women-owned businesses have increased at 1.5 times the national average. The impact of these new businesses is profound. While we have seen increases in women's success in the entrepreneurial space, there is still room for improvement, and the gains have not translated to much of the rest of the business world.