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Women Scientists You Need To Know

Women Scientists You Need To Know
If you think about the greatest women scientists throughout history, Marie Skłodowska-Curie is probably at the top of the list. For good reason - she is still, after all, the only person in history to win two Nobel prizes in two sciences. However, for many people she remains the only historical female scientist they have heard of. Because March 8 is International Women’s Day, here is an introduction to some women who have made incredible contributions to science. Valentina Tereshkova Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space in 1963, onboard the Vostok 6 as part of the Cosmonaut Corps. Following her time in space, she earned a doctorate in engineering and eventually entered politics where she used her position to advocate for space exploration, particularly for women. Jocelyn Bell Burnell While working as a postgrad, Jocelyn Bell Burnell observed radio pulsars for the first time. Later, Bell worked as a physics professor at Open University in the UK and at Princeton.

Related:  Gender Equality / EgalitarianismFemmes de sciences (sauf maths)

The Gender Spectrum Printer-friendly version Illustration by Olaf Hajek When we meet a newborn baby, most of us ask the same question: boy or girl? Often, the answer is easy. Often, but not always. Meet Alex, a fourth-grader in Madison, Wis., with long, blond hair, a lanky build and a broad smile. Anna Wierzbicka Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Livres écrits par Anna Wierzbicka: What Did Jesus Mean? Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in simple and universal human concepts (2001)Emotions Across Languages and Cultures: Diversity and universals (1999)Understanding Cultures Through Their Key Words: English, Russian, Polish, German, Japanese (1997)Semantics: Primes and Universals (1996)Semantics, Culture and Cognition: Universal human concepts in culture-specific configurations (1992)Cross-cultural pragmatics: The semantics of human interaction (1991)The Semantics of Grammar (1988)English Speech Act Verbs: A semantic dictionary (1987)Lexicography and Conceptual Analysis (1985)The Case for Surface Case (1980)Lingua Mentalis: The semantics of natural language (1980)Semantic Primitives (1972)

SHiPS Resource Center SHiPS Resource Centerfor Sociology, History and Philosophy in Science Teaching by Patsy Ann Giese, Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania When elementary school children were asked to draw a picture of a scientist in a recent study, 820 girls and 699 boys drew male scientists. Only 129 girls and just 6 boys drew female scientists (Fort & Varney, 1989). It is not just children who think of science as a male endeavor. Powerful Verizon Commercial Casts Spotlight on Gender Roles <br/><a href=" US News</a> | <a href=" Sports News</a> Copy A powerful commercial lends a theory to why so many girls grow up to steer clear of science and math. Their parents are telling them they're pretty -- but maybe not telling them that they're also pretty brilliant. That's not the only thing these girls are hearing.

Joanna Bryson Primary research interest: Using Artificial Intelligence to understand Natural Intelligence. Secondary interests: Agent-based modelling of animal societies & cultural evolution, modular models of individual intelligence, AI development methodologies, action selection and dynamic planning, intelligent and cognitive systems (e.g. intelligent environments, artificial companions, game characters), AI & Society. Hobbies include political science, neuroscience and music. Could you name more than one female scientist? (Why is the work of female scientists undervalued)? Preliminary findings from a survey of more then 1,100 people, including scientists, indicate staggering levels of ignorance about female contributions to some of the world's most important discoveries. Marie Curie, the physicist and chemist who was the first woman to win a Nobel prize, is by far the most well known, but the researchers believe this is mainly due to her association in Britain with the Marie Curie Cancer Care charity. The study involved questionnaires filled out by people in the UK, Ireland, France, Spain, Germany, Italy and other western European countries. While about 75 per cent were able to name at least one female scientist, around 25 per cent were unable to think of one. The results of the study will be presented at a conference organised by the Women in Science Research Network, to be held at the Royal Society in London on Thursday and Friday.

“Important to make gender equality visible in practice” - Vetenskapsrådet Similar participant observations had been carried out in 2008, 2009, and 2011. It all started at the initiative of an evaluation panel chair who seemed to detect that there were differences in how grant applications from women and men were treated, differences that were subtle and difficult to capture and specify. In several of the panels observed in 2012 there were no gender differences in panel discussions or in how applicants were judged. - Regardless of how uncommon this issue is, it’s important to make it visible and discuss it, says Mille Millnert, Director General of the Swedish Research Council. Mille Millnert has proposed to the Board of the Swedish Research Council that gender-equality observations should be a permanent feature in order to assure the quality of the evaluation work, as a complement to the statistics that are gathered and followed up.

Creating Pathways to Success for Women Entrepreneurs  Small businesses are playing a vital role in our emergence from one of the worst recessions in our nation's history. In fact, America's 23 million small businesses are responsible for 54 percent of all U.S. sales. There are a number of factors contributing to this phenomenon -- our long tradition of entrepreneurship and an evolving economic landscape, to name a few. But among the most impactful is that more and more women are becoming entrepreneurs. According to the 2014 State of Women-Owned Businesses Report, commissioned by American Express OPEN, women are starting 1,288 net new businesses per day; over the past 17 years, women-owned businesses have increased at 1.5 times the national average. The impact of these new businesses is profound.

Women stay in jobs longer than they should The job market still isn’t good enough for a lot of people to think about switching jobs, even if they’re sick of the one they have. But research shows men and women handle job tenure differently. Once people have been settled in a job for a few years, women are less likely to leave than guys are. Take Danielle Maveal. For a long time, she thought of herself as lucky, working as a creative type for Etsy, an online marketplace selling handmade and vintage stuff. She even had this cute work alias -- Danielle XO.

Riches Come to Women as C.E.O.s, but Few Get There Photo If you were Marissa Mayer of Yahoo, making nearly $25 million for one year’s worth of work — not to mention getting $50,000 in company-paid personal security — the gender pay gap would probably not be a major concern. Women scaling the heights of corporate America tend to have compensation packages that are as jaw-droppingly gigantic as men at a similar level. But here’s the thing: they hardly ever get there. On our annual list of the 200 highest-paid chief executives in the United States, there were just 11 women. Virginia E. Johnson Virginia E. Johnson, born Mary Virginia Eshelman[1] (February 11, 1925 – July 24, 2013),[2] was an American sexologist, best known as the junior member of the Masters and Johnson sexuality research team.[3] Along with William H. Masters, she pioneered research into the nature of human sexual response and the diagnosis and treatment of sexual dysfunctions and disorders from 1957 until the 1990s.

Is it Time for Masculinism? From “Desire,” a poem by Stephen Dobyns: Why have men been taught to feel ashamed of their desire, as if each were a criminal 10 Amazing Women Who Led Rebellions History Male revolutionaries such as Che Guevara have gone down as heroes for leading rebellions against “the Man.” But forgotten by history are the women who took on far greater powers than Fulgencio Batista. Throughout the ages, women have led rebellions and revolutions which took on the might of the Roman Empire and the vast wealth of the British East India Company. 10 Yaa Asantewaa