GLO Maker The social/situational orientation to learning The social/situational orientation to learning. It is not so much that learners acquire structures or models to understand the world, but they participate in frameworks that that have structure. Learning involves participation in a community of practice. Social learning theory ‘posits that people learn from observing other people. By definition, such observations take place in a social setting’ (Merriam and Caffarella 1991: 134). Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people ha d to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do. Attending to a behaviour; remembering it as a possible model or paradigm; and playing out how it may work for them in different situations (rehearsal) are key aspects of observational learning. Symbols retained from a modelling experience act as a template with which one’s actions are compared. In this model behaviour results from the interaction of the individual with the environment. References
The Instructional Use of Learning Objects -- Online Version This is the online version of The Instructional Use of Learning Objects, a new book that tries to go beyond the technological hype and connect learning objects to instruction and learning. You can read the full text of the book here for free. The chapters presented here are © their respective authors and are licensed under the Open Publication License, meaning that you are free to copy and redistribute them in any electronic or non-commercial print form. For-profit print rights are held by AIT/AECT. The book was edited by David Wiley, and printed versions of the book are published by the Association for Instructional Technology and the Association for Educational Communications and Technology. In addition to reading the book, at this website you can participate in discussions of the book's chapters with the authors and others, submit any corrections should you find errors in a chapter, and discuss other issues related to learning objects, instruction, and learning. 1.0. 2.0. 3.0. 4.0.
Jean Lave, Etienne Wenger and communities of practice contents: introduction · communities of practice · legitimate peripheral participation and situated learning · learning organizations and learning communities · conclusion · references · links · how to cite this article Many of the ways we have of talking about learning and education are based on the assumption that learning is something that individuals do. Furthermore, we often assume that learning ‘has a beginning and an end; that it is best separated from the rest of our activities; and that it is the result of teaching’ (Wenger 1998: 3). But how would things look if we took a different track? Supposing learning is social and comes largely from of our experience of participating in daily life? It was this thought that formed the basis of a significant rethinking of learning theory in the late 1980s and early 1990s by two researchers from very different disciplines – Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger. Communities of practice The characteristics of such communities of practice vary.
Rapid learning Rapid learning (or Rapid eLearning Development) has traditionally referred to a methodology to build e-learning courses rapidly. Typically the author will create slides in PowerPoint, record narration on top of the slides, and then use software to add tests, or even collaboration activities between the slides. The whole package is then sent, most often as an Adobe Flash file, to a learning management system or website. E-learning has grown rapidly since the 1990s but developers and organizations were confronted by the complexity of authoring processes. The difficulty and expense of building online courses from scratch led to the idea of recycling existing resources like Powerpoint presentations, and transforming them into e-learning courses. The term "rapid learning" is also sometimes used as a synonym for "short-form" or "bite-size" learning. Limits The success of rapid learning has an economic reason. Best practices These best practices recommendations include:
Communities of Practice (Lave and Wenger) Summary: Etienne Wenger summarizes Communities of Practice (CoP) as “groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly.” This learning that takes place is not necessarily intentional. Three components are required in order to be a CoP: (1) the domain, (2) the community, and (3) the practice. Originators: Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger in 1991 and further elaborated in 1998. Key Terms: domain, community, practice, identity, learning Communities of Practice The term was first used in 1991 by theorists Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger who discussed the notion of legitimate peripheral participation. Communities of Practice can be defined, in part, as a process of social learning that occurs when people who have a common interest in a subject or area collaborate over an extended period of time, sharing ideas and strategies, determine solutions, and build innovations. There needs to be a domain.
Willkommen in der Schellingstrasse 60 Evolution of Wenger's concept of community of practice Inicio In contexts in which we are, in which the "Information and Communication Technology' (ICT), become an element of development and empowerment of our schools and training institutions. Pixel-Bit, Journal of Media and Education, aims to provide a platform for the exchange of ideas, experiences and research on the application of ICT, regardless of the format in which they are submitted and training contexts in which they develop, whether these formal, non-formal or informal, and educational level. Pixel-Bit, Journal of Media and Education, aims to be a channel of distribution and exchange of ideas and information between researchers in different countries and communities concerned about the introduction, improvement and understanding of ICT in training processes.
Jean Lave, Etienne Wenger and communities of practice Jean Lave Etienne Wenger Communities of Practice (article gratefully downloaded from www.infed.org) The idea that learning involves a deepening process of participation in a community of practice has gained significant ground in recent years. Communities of practice have also become an important focus within organizational development. In this article we outline the theory and practice of such communities, and examine some of issues and questions for informal educators and those concerned with lifelong learning. contents: introduction | communities of practice | legitimate peripheral participation and situated learning | learning organizations and learning communities | conclusion | references | links | how to cite this article Many of the ways we have of talking about learning and education are based on the assumption that learning is something that individuals do. Communities of practice The characteristics of such communities of practice vary. 1. 2. Further reading References Lave, J. Links
ENTORNOS FORMATIVOS MULTIMEDIA: ELEMENTOS, TIPOLOGÍAS, CRITERIOS DE CALIDAD Los recursos educativos multimedia, son materiales que integran diversos elementos textuales (secuenciales e hipertextuales) y audiovisuales (gráficos, sonido, vídeo, animaciones...) y que pueden resultar útiles en los contextos educativos. Distinguimos tres grandes grupos: Los buenos materiales multimedia formativos son eficaces, facilitan el logro de sus objetivos, y ello es debido, supuesto un buen uso por parte de los estudiantes y profesores, a una serie de características que atienden a diversos aspectos funcionales, técnicos y pedagógicos, y que se comentan a continuación: Al considerar la evaluación de la calidad de estos entornos formativos multimedia, hemos de distinguir al menos dos dimensiones: Por supuesto que la aplicación que se haga de los entornos dependerá de sus potencialidades intrínsecas, pero su eficacia y eficiencia dependerá sobre todo de la pericia de los estudiantes y docentes. - Planteamientos pedagógicos: - Tipología. - Presentación atractiva y correcta. ...
Education in the Digital Era Open Webinar I: "Moving towards Open Educational Practices!! Share your OEP and open the way to other educators to follow your example!" The digital revolution has changed the way we create, use and reuse knowledge. Nowadays there is a shift to Open Educational Resources and Practices. But what do we mean by OEP? “OEP are more and more defined nowadays as practices which support the (re)use and production of OER through institutional policies, promote innovative pedagogical models, and respect and empower learners as co-producers on their lifelong learning path” (Ehlers, 2011). Do you want to learn how other educators developed publicly available and licensed online materials supported by high quality pedagogy and learning technology? Join our dialogue about the change of educational cultures and the transform of educational practices in schools and HEIs. We will discuss all our findings with you and our guest speakers LIVE during our webinar on April 21st at 18:00 CET. Josie Fraser is a social and educational technologist. You can share your OEP experiences in two ways: