background preloader

Annotated Bibliographies

Annotated Bibliographies
Summary: This handout provides information about annotated bibliographies in MLA, APA, and CMS. Contributors:Geoff Stacks, Erin Karper, Dana Bisignani, Allen BrizeeLast Edited: 2013-03-10 11:25:28 Definitions A bibliography is a list of sources (books, journals, Web sites, periodicals, etc.) one has used for researching a topic. Bibliographies are sometimes called "References" or "Works Cited" depending on the style format you are using. An annotation is a summary and/or evaluation. Summarize: Some annotations merely summarize the source. Your annotated bibliography may include some of these, all of these, or even others. Why should I write an annotated bibliography? To learn about your topic: Writing an annotated bibliography is excellent preparation for a research project. To help other researchers: Extensive and scholarly annotated bibliographies are sometimes published. Format The annotations: The annotations for each source are written in paragraph form.

"APA Documentation" UW-Madison Writing Center Writer's Handbook What is a review of literature? The format of a review of literature may vary from discipline to discipline and from assignment to assignment. A review may be a self-contained unit -- an end in itself -- or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research. Generally, the purpose of a review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles. Writing the introduction In the introduction, you should: Define or identify the general topic, issue, or area of concern, thus providing an appropriate context for reviewing the literature. top Writing the body In the body, you should: Group research studies and other types of literature (reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc.) according to common denominators such as qualitative versus quantitative approaches, conclusions of authors, specific purpose or objective, chronology, etc.

Tips for writing your first scientific literature review article The finished product There were many points at which I felt overwhelmed by the task and didn’t see a clear path to finishing the article on time. I tried to reassure myself by remembering that I had been rather good at writing term papers in college; but this was a larger task and one with the potential for having an impact on someone, somewhere, sometime who wanted to learn about caspase substrates. In the end, I finished by the deadline (well, plus one two-week extension the editor agreed to grant me) and was very happy with the product and with all I had learned about caspase substrates, about the scientific literature and about the review-writing process. Yet I estimate that the next time I undertake a task like this, I’ll be able to do it in half the time. I’ll end by mentioning that, for me, this was one of the most rewarding experiences I’ve had during my time as a Ph.D. student. 1.

Reading and Analyzing Research Papers Objective: Read a research paper and identify its contributions and limitations. Summarize the paper's contributions and limitations clearly, succinctly, and articulately. You can return to the review later and quickly refresh your memory about what the paper was about. Reading: What to Look For While reading a research paper, look for (and mark) the following key things: problem they're solving (how large is the problem? In addition, think about any limitations you see to their approach. After reading the paper, you'll summarize your findings in a review. Review Content Your review should contain the following information. Statement of the Problem/Goals In one sentence in your own words, state succinctly the overall problem being addressed in this paper. Technical Approach In a few sentences in your own words, what is the key insight of this group's approach to tackling the stated problem? Discussion/Critique How did the researchers evaluate their efforts? Submission

Analysis of the structure of original research papers: an aid to writing original papers for publication. How to Analyze Figures From Research Papers How to Analyze Figures from Research Papers Biology 601 fall 2006 Easton/Wadsworth. In order to effectively read research papers, one must be able to interpret the figures. What to Look for in Figures Figures usually represent the results of one or more experiments. A Short Checklist 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. In Class Procedure 1. 2. 3. 4. Individual Student Summaries Each student will be responsible for answering the final summary questions.

Writing Workshops for Graduate Students Summary: The resources available in this section provide the user with the materials that they would need to hold a writing workshop for graduate students. While these resources do not target a particular kind of writing (e.g., writing for courses, writing for publication, or writing thesis and dissertations), it does provide the needed structure act as a sort of graduate student writing workshop-in-a-box. Contributors:Gracemarie MikeLast Edited: 2014-06-10 09:07:11 About This Handout The literature review, whether embedded in an introduction or standing as an independent section, is often one of the most difficult sections to compose in academic writing. Organizing Literature Reviews Because literature reviews convey so much information in a condensed space, it is crucial to organize your review in a way that helps readers make sense of the studies you are reporting on. Questions for Revision 1) Is the literature review organized chronologically or by topic? Showing the Gaps Works Consulted

Peer-reviewed articles | Library & information Access | San Diego State University What is a scholarly journal | Comparing journals & magazines | Finding peer-reviewed journals What is a scholarly journal? Your instructor has asked you to find an article in a scholarly (or professional or refereed or peer-reviewed) journal. Scholarly journals differ from popular magazines and trade journals/magazines in a number of ways. (See "Comparison Chart" below.) A primary difference between scholarly journals and other types of journals and magazines is that articles in these journals undergo a "peer review" process before they are published. Peer review is the process by which an author's peers, recognized researchers in the field, read and evaluate a paper (article) submitted for publication and recommend whether the paper should be published, revised, or rejected.Peer review is a widely accepted indicator of quality scholarship in a discipline or field. Comparing Characteristics of Journals/Magazines Finding articles in scholarly/peer-reviewed journals

Critical Evaluation of a Published Paper Bonine & Oh ECOL 437 Fall 2006 (modified from Pasch and Bonine 2003) Critical Evaluation of a Published Paper During the course of the semester we will be reading, presenting, “writing”, and critically evaluating journal articles (We will write our term papers as if we were writing a journal article, but with a modified Methods section and without the Results section). Below is a checklist that follows closely the format of a scientific report, conventionally divided into 6 sections. Abstract The abstract serves as a summary of the paper, presenting the purpose, scope, and major findings. a) Is the abstract intelligible? b) …accurately describe the objectives & results of paper? c) …include data not presented in the paper? d) …include material that cannot be substantiated (conclusions unsupported by results)? Introduction The introduction serves to logically present the background information/provide context for the study. What is the question (research/scientific hypothesis)? the study? Methods

Evaluating Sources of Information Summary: Evaluating sources of information is an important step in any research activity. This section provides information on evaluating bibliographic citations, aspects of evaluation, reading evaluation, print vs. online sources, and evaluating Internet sources. Contributors: Dana Lynn Driscoll, Allen BrizeeLast Edited: 2018-01-24 02:05:54 The world is full of information to be found—however, not all of it is valid, useful, or accurate. The quantity of information available is so staggering that we cannot know everything about a subject. Similarly, for information on other topics, not only is there a huge quantity available but with a very uneven level of quality. Evaluating sources is an important skill. When writing research papers, you will also be evaluating sources as you search for information.

Guidelines on how to evaluate a research article | Irene C L Ng Preparing to do Research, © Irene Ng Guidelines for Article Evaluation The following are four key criteria commonly used to assess the quality of researcharticles and academic thesis/dissertation. These are: 1. Theoretical/Conceptual Soundness Is the theory, if any, behind the research logically applied and thoroughly justified? Does the article correctly interpret and appropriately synthesize relevant priorresearch? Are the hypotheses, if any, derived from the theory to be tested, clearly stated,and are they actually tested? 2. Is the research design (sample, procedure, measures etc.) appropriate for theproblem studied? Are the appropriate analytical techniques applied to the data collected? Are the results correctly interpreted? Are the conclusions and/or implications correctly derived from the researchfindings? 3. Does the article advance knowledge in/of the discipline? Are the findings and their implications noteworthy? 4. Is the article clearly written? Are the major points easily grasped?