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The present simple

The present simple
We use the present simple to talk about repeated actions or events, permanent states or things which are always true. To find out more about the present simple, read and listen to the conversation below. Can you give me some examples? Yes, of course. We use the present simple to talk about things which are repeated every day, every week, every year, etc. I usually get up at 7 o'clock. I see. Yes, we often use adverbs of frequency sometimes, often, usually or other time expressions like on Mondays, twice a week or in the summer. What about permanent states? Permanent states are situations or feelings which are not temporary. I like him a lot. We also use the present simple for general facts, for example when talking about science or geography. Thailand is really hot at this time of year. So what do I need to know about forming the present simple? The main thing is that the third person singular forms end in -s or -es. He watches black and white films at his cinema club on Wednesdays. Exactly!

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The past simple – regular verbs The past simple is the most common way of talking about past events or states which have finished. It is often used with past time references (e.g. yesterday, two years ago). Please explain past events or states! A past event could be one thing that happened in the past, or a repeated thing. I stopped at a zebra crossing. U2_Food Do you like cooking? I'm sure you like to cook your favourite meals... Pizzas? There is / There are and It We often use there + to be and It…as a subject but they do not refer to any object. There is / are is used to introduce a topic, or say that something exists. It … is often used for the weather, time and distance. Can I have some examples of there is / there are, please? There's so much happening.Is there anything much going on at the moment?

The present continuous We use the present continuous (am/is/are + -ing) to talk about temporary things which have begun but haven't finished. They are often happening now, at this moment. Here are some examples of things happening now. I'm just uploading some photos to Facebook and I'm sending a message to Billie. Tour of London Tour guide: Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen and welcome to this fantastic tour of London by bus. My name’s Greg and I’m your guide this afternoon on our tour of London. As you can see, we’re on an open-top bus, so you can see all the attractions from your seat and you don’t need to walk anywhere. And please don’t worry about the rain, I’m sure it’ll stop soon. A-a-and please ask any questions at any time.Tourist 1: I have a question.Tour guide: Yes?Tourist 1: Do you have extra umbrellas?

U1_Fame: Adverbs of Frequency This new version of the classic Fame is not as charming as the original version, but it has great moments and I ended up enjoying it a lot. This scene has very few lines, so it is great for basic learners to practice the use of adverbs of frequency. A. Personal pronouns and possessives Oliver: Hey, Alfie. How's things? Alfie: Cool, great. You? What are you up to?Oliver: Me? The Christmas gift experiment Woman: Yes, yes, yes … I’m here to make your day! 5 minutes earlier ...Woman: Hello?Woman: Hello?

Countable and uncountable nouns Some nouns in English are countable - we can use them in singular and plural forms. Some are uncountable - they only have one form. We often use a/an with singular countable nouns and some with plurals. We can also use some with uncountable nouns. What are examples of countable nouns?