Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi win Nobel peace prize 2014 | World news Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani teenage education campaigner shot on school bus in 2012 by a Taliban gunman, has won the 2014 Nobel peace prize. Malala won along with Kailash Satyarthi, an Indian children’s rights activist. The two were named winner of the £690,000 (8m kronor or $1.11m) prize by the chairman of the Nobel committee - Norway’s former prime minister Thorbjoern Jagland - on Friday morning. Malala, now 17, was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman two years ago in Pakistan after coming to prominence for her campaigning for education for girls. She won for what the Nobel committee called her “heroic struggle” for girls’ right to an education. After being shot she was airlifted to Queen Elizabeth hospital in Birmingham, where she was treated for life-threatening injuries. Last month a gang of 10 Taliban fighters who tried to kill her were arrested, the Pakistan army claimed. “This she has done under the most dangerous circumstances. “It’s an honour to all my fellow Indians.
Jackson Katz | Anti-Sexist Activist, Speaker, Author, Film-maker Bad Diplomatic Speeches: Historical and Cultural Allusions It does not matter much which examples the speechwriter pulls from the bran tub of history. A couple of the most obvious ones give the audience a warm glow of familiarity. The ambitious speechwriter might also use one or two lesser-known examples to add variety and cast light on contemporary themes. This safe and sure opening tactic accomplished, the speech then trudges through the current agenda. The Dullard's Guide never explains what this formula is meant to achieve other than padding out the speech in a harmless way. Yet it is impressively popular. This formulaic way of starting a speech does have modest advantages. More often than not, these openings are not done well. We have a fine example of how not to use historical allusions in a speech. "Any British Foreign Secretary visiting Poland is deeply conscious of the history between our two countries. "It goes back a long way. "It goes back a long way. What went wrong here? How to do it properly? Here too, Mr. Mr. Hmm. Conclusion?
Child poverty up in more than half of developed world since 2008 | Society Child poverty has increased in 23 countries in the developed world since the start of the global recession in 2008, potentially trapping a generation in a life of material deprivation and reduced prospects. A new report by Unicef says the number of children entering into poverty during the recession is 2.6 million greater than the number who have been lifted out of it. “The longer these children remain trapped in the cycle of poverty, the harder it will be for them to escape,” it says in Children of Recession: the impact of the economic crisis on child well-being in rich countries. Greece and Iceland have seen the biggest percentage increases in child poverty since 2008, followed by Latvia, Croatia and Ireland. Eighteen of the 41 countries in the study have seen falls in child poverty, topped by Chile which has seen a reduction from 31.4% to 22.8%. Norway has the lowest child poverty rate, at 5.3% (down from 9.6% in 2008), and Greece has the highest, at 40.5% (up from 23% in 2008).
2014 Global Hunger Index (data) The 2014 Global Hunger Index (GHI), released for the ninth year by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Welthungerhilfe, and Concern Worldwide, examines “hidden hunger”— often hard to detect, but potentially devastating. Report 2014 Global Hunger IndexThe challenge of hidden hunger October 2014. IFPRI, Welthungerhilfe, and Concern Worldwide.English | Deutsch | Italiano | Français Press Release Two billion people suffering from hidden hunger according to 2014 Global Hunger Index, even as levels of hunger in many developing countries decreaseDownload: English | Français | Chinese | Deutsch Fact Sheets Online event 2014 Global Hunger Index Twitter Chat October 16, 2014, 10:00 am - 11:00 am EDT Video Deutsch Map Images Book cover(JPG 390K) Figure 2.3 - GHI Winners and Losers from 1990 GHI to 2014 GHIJPG (147K) Figure 2.4 - 2014 Global Hunger Index by SeverityJPG (562K) | PDF (1.6M)
Murder capitals of the world: how runaway urban growth fuels violence | Global development | The Guardian It was relatively quiet in San Pedro Sula last month. A gunfight between police and a drug gang left a 15-year-old boy dead; the body of a man riddled with bullets was found in a banana plantation; two lawyers were gunned down; a salesman was murdered inside his 4x4; and a father and son were murdered at home after pleading not to be killed. One politician survived an assassination attempt and around a dozen people were found dead in the street. The number of killings is said to have fallen in the last few months, but the Honduran city is officially the most violent in the world outside the Middle East and warzones, with more than 1,200 killings in a year, according to statistics for 2011 and 2012. The faster cities grow, the more likely it is that the civic authorities will lose control and armed gangs will take over urban organisation, says Robert Muggah, research director at the Igarapé Institute in Brazil. “Like the fragile state, the fragile city has arrived.
Catalans vote in symbolic referendum on independence in defiance of Madrid | World news Polling stations have opened across the north-eastern region of Catalonia for a symbolic vote in defiance of the central government in Madrid and Spain’s constitutional court. Outside the Jaume I primary school, tucked behind Barcelona’s main railway station, the queues began at 7.30am on Sunday morning. The line had grown to some 100 people by 9am, who applauded as the polling station – one of 1,200 across Catalonia – was officially opened and they were ushered in. “It was really moving,” said volunteer Enrique Sola Campillo of the first few moments of the day. “So many have been waiting for this.” The atmosphere on the streets of Barcelona was festive, as young and old made their way to polling stations across the city, some with Catalan flags wrapped around them. Sunday’s vote follows months of tense legal wrangling between Madrid and Barcelona, casting constant doubt on whether or not the vote would actually take place. Many of those voting on Sunday morning agreed with Rajoy.
How are the US and China seen by other countries? Many in Asia Worry about Conflict with China Revelations about the scope of American electronic surveillance efforts have generated headlines around the world over the past year. And a new Pew Research Center survey finds widespread global opposition to U.S. eavesdropping and a decline in the view that the U.S. respects the personal freedoms of its people. But in most countries there is little evidence this opposition has severely harmed America’s overall image. Explore Global Opinions of U.S. Surveillance In nearly all countries polled, majorities oppose monitoring by the U.S. government of emails and phone calls of foreign leaders or their citizens. Another high-profile aspect of America’s recent national security strategy is also widely unpopular: drones. Despite these misgivings about signature American policies, across 43 nations, a median of 65% express a positive opinion about the U.S. The Snowden Effect The Middle East is the clear exception. Asia in Focus Balance of Power