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Solar System, Solar System Information Our Cosmic Neighborhood From our small world we have gazed upon the cosmic ocean for thousands of years. Ancient astronomers observed points of light that appeared to move among the stars. They called these objects "planets," meaning wanderers, and named them after Roman deities—Jupiter, king of the gods; Mars, the god of war; Mercury, messenger of the gods; Venus, the goddes of love and beauty, and Saturn, father of Jupiter and god of agriculture. Since the invention of the telescope, three more planets have been discovered in our solar system: Uranus (1781), Neptune (1846), and, now downgraded to a dwarf planet, Pluto (1930). The four planets closest to the sun—Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars—are called the terrestrial planets because they have solid rocky surfaces. Nearly every planet—and some of the moons—has an atmosphere. Moons, Rings, and Magnetospheres From 1610 to 1977, Saturn was thought to be the only planet with rings. —Text courtesy NASA/JPL

Afghan Scouts learn to 'be prepared!' By Adrienne Mong, NBC News Correspondent KABUL – In the United States, being a Boy Scout or a Girl Scout is just one of many diversions offered to kids. But here in Afghanistan, it's not simply a diversion – it's a matter of survival. The worldwide scout motto, "Be Prepared" ("Tayar Osay" in Pashto) takes on a larger, more urgent, importance in this war-torn country. We could see that clearly at the Alluhodin Orphanage in Kabul on a recent afternoon. A round of first aid demonstrations was being led by Zainab Ramin, a 16-year-old who came to the orphanage four years ago from Mazar-i-Sharif after her parents were killed in the war with the Taliban. At first, she and her younger sister went to live with their only relative, an uncle. "We go to school and study our lessons. Zainab especially enjoys being an Afghan Scout and admires its values. She realized it was her son's Boy Scout background that had taught him to be so well-prepared. A scout legacy Getting 'life skills'

Complete Sun and Moon Data for One Day Use these forms to obtain rise, set, and transit times for the Sun and Moon; civil twilight beginning and end times; and, lunar phase information. First, specify the date and location in one of the two forms below. Then, click the "Get data" button at the end of the form. Use Form A for cities or towns in the U.S. or its territories. Be sure to read the Notes section located after the two forms, especially if you wish to use these data for legal purposes. Form A - U.S. Form B - Locations Worldwide Notes Legal Use of the Calculated Data Please see Astronomical Data Used for Litigation if you are interested in using the data produced by this service for legal purposes. Definitions For more information on the terms used, see the Astronomical Almanac On-line Glossary, Rise, Set, and Twilight Definitions or Phases of the Moon and Percent of the Moon Illuminated in the Astronomical Information Center. Computing Data for Multiple Days Time Formats Time Zones Daylight Time Back to . . . top Form A Form B

The Solar system Source: [accessed 2009] You may have wondered if there was a tenth planet out there. Wonder no longer; the astronomers have changed the meaning of the word planet so such pondering is no longer valid! Source: KBO's [accessed 2009] Our solar system is now filled with interesting things and I hope to go into many of them here. Our solar system of course has a structure just like our galaxy has. The wikipedia has more details on the solar systems structure , but here is a list of the basic structure of our solar system: Sun Inner Solar System Inner Planets: Mercury; Venus, Earth and Mars. Asteroid Belt: contains Vesta and Hygieia--may be classed as dwarf planets Ceres which is classified as a dwarf planet. Outer Solar System Outer Planets: Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, Jupiter Comets Trans-Neptune Region Kuiper Belt : has debris similar to the asteroid belt and also contains: Haumea (egg shaped, with two moons) and Makemake.

Monster Galaxy Cluster 'El Gordo' Packs Mass of 2 Quadrillion Suns AUSTIN, Texas — The largest cluster of galaxies seen yet in the early universe, a giant that astronomers have dubbed "El Gordo," could one day reveal secrets about the invisible dark matter that fills the universe, researchers said. El Gordo — which means "the fat one" in Spanish — is officially known as ACT-CL J0102-4915 and "is located more than 7 billion light-years from Earth, at a time when the universe was half its current age," study co-author John Patrick Hughes at Rutgers University told The universe is about 13.7 billion years old. The monster galaxy cluster has mass about 2 quadrillion (that's 2 followed by 15 zeroes) times that of the sun, making it "the most massive known cluster in the distant universe." A galaxy cluster behemoth Galaxy clusters form through mergers of smaller groups of galaxies. Dark energy seems to make up 73 percent of all the mass and energy in the universe, and is driving the accelerating expansion of the universe. El Gordo, a hot galaxy group

Serene Harbor Domestic Violence Shelter Brevard County How to Find True North Without a Compass: 24 steps (with pictures) Edit Article The Shadow-Tip MethodUsing the Stars: Northern HemisphereUsing the Stars: Southern HemisphereUsing the Stars: EquatorAlternate Shadow-Tip Method for Increased AccuracyWatch Method: Northern HemisphereWatch Method: Southern HemisphereEstimating the Sun's Path Edited by Jwoldsr, Krystle, Jeffrey A. Which way is north? Ad Steps Method 1 of 8: The Shadow-Tip Method 1Place a stick upright in the ground so that you can see its shadow. 6Stand with the first mark (west) on your left, and the other (east) on your right. Method 2 of 8: Using the Stars: Northern Hemisphere 1Locate the North Star (Polaris) in the night sky. 2Draw an imaginary line straight down from the North Star to the ground. Method 3 of 8: Using the Stars: Southern Hemisphere 1Find the Southern Cross constellation. 3Draw an imaginary line from this point to the ground, and try to identify a corresponding landmark to steer by. Method 4 of 8: Using the Stars: Equator Method 6 of 8: Watch Method: Northern Hemisphere Tips

The Nine Planets Solar System Tour