background preloader

Philosophy for Beginners

Philosophy for Beginners
Related:  PhilosophyPhilosophy 101

Philosophy With Kids - These Temporary Tents by Aadel Bussinger Everyone has a philosophy they are working from. The key to doing philosophy with your kids is getting them to recognize what assumptions they and the people around them are constructing their beliefs from. We love doing philosophy as a family. Whether it’s having a family book discussion or reading about an old Greek guy, we try to incorporate philosophy into our daily lives so that our minds stretch and grow and we can better defend or refute the ideas we encounter. Philosophy doesn’t have to be stuffy, and you don’t have to save it until high school. Here you will find all our resources, books, and discussion guides for doing philosophy with kids. This page is a work in progress – check back often! The Basics of Studying Philosophy With Kids Why Studying Philosophy With Your Kids is a Good Idea Philosophy Through Picture Books Even Aliens Need Snacks Another Day In The Milky Way When A Dragon Moves In Commander Toad and the Planet of the Grapes Unit Studies Based on Famous Philosophers

The Music of the Spheres, or the Metaphysics of Music by Robert Kelly “[In] sound itself, there is a readiness to be ordered by the spirit and this is seen at its most sublime in music.” —Max Picard Despite the popular Romantic conception of creative artists as inspired madmen, composers are not idiots savants, distilling their musical inspiration from the ether. Rather, in their creative work they respond and give voice to certain metaphysical vi- sions. Most composers speak explicitly in philosophical terms about the nature of the reality that they try to reflect. When the forms of musical expression change radically, it is always because the underlying metaphysical grasp of reality has changed as well. Music in the Western world was shaped by a shared conception of reality so pro- found that it endured for some twenty-five hundred years. Pythagoras of Samoa brought the ancient knowledge of Egypt to Greece and to all western civilization. According to tradition, the harmonic structure of music was discovered by Pythagoras about the fifth century B.C.

Past Lectures Does conscious perception have representational content? Or are the representations involved in perception all sub-personal underpinnings of perception rather than partly constitutive of perception itself? Is “unconscious perception” really perception? Is seeing always seeing-as? The 2013 John Locke Lecture series were held at 5 p.m. on Wednesdays in weeks 2 to 7 of Trinity Term 2013. Brentano made aboutness the defining feature of the mental. And yet the notion plays no serious role in philosophical semantics. I will be asking, first, how we might go about making subject matter a separate factor in sentence meaning/content, and second, what “directed contents” can do for us in other parts of philosophy. The 2012 John Locke Lecture series was held at 5 p.m. on Wednesdays in weeks 2 to 6 of Trinity Term 2012. Trinity Term 2011 John Cooper, (Princeton) 'Ancient Greek Philosophies as a Way of Life' Abstract Lecture 1 (4th May): 'Philosophy in Antiquity as a Way of Life' [Handout] [MP3]

Ten of the greatest: Philosophical principles From John Stuart Mill's On Liberty, Aristotle's 'mean' philosophy to the principle of charity, here are the greatest principles of philosophy By JULIAN BAGGINI, Editor of The Philosopher's Magazine Updated: 21:00 GMT, 22 May 2010 by JOHN STUART MILL, 1806-1873 Whenever legislation is proposed that limits our freedoms, someone will reach for Mill's On Liberty and point to the passage that says, 'The sole end for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively, in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number, is self-protection. Whenever legislation is proposed that limits our freedoms, someone will reach for John Stuart Mill's On Liberty The idea that everything is as it is for a reason is the assumption behind most of philosophy. There must be a reason why the big bang happened, but that does not mean it happened for any end or goal by ARISTOTLE, 382BC-322BC Moral thinking is steeped in sharp dualities: Good v Evil, God v Satan, Right v Wrong, Heaven v Hell.

Philosophy around the Web The main purpose of this site is to act as a guide and a gateway to philosophy resources on the Internet. If you're interested only in the other things on offer (which have now expanded to take up more than half the space), you should skip to Everything Else. There's also a simplified index of the main sections. The heart of the site is a set of links organised into fourteen main categories. In some cases (for example, the list of University links) the relevant sites are stable enough to make completeness and accuracy a sensible goal, but for the most part I only hope to make this site useful and interesting. (Some of the pages in my non-philosophical sections might be of interest to philosophers - in particular the Parapsychology, Religion page, Scepticism, and Teaching Resources pages.) I should, of course, like to make these pages exhaustive and accurate, but the nature of the Internet is against me. Finally, if you're worried by this notice: then look here.

Partially Examined Life Podcast - What Is the Mind? (Turing, et al) Podcast: Play in new window | Download (Duration: 2:20:26 — 128.6MB) Discussing articles by Alan Turing, Gilbert Ryle, Thomas Nagel, John Searle, and Dan Dennett. What is this mind stuff, and how can it “be” the brain? We introduce the mind/body problem and the wackiness that it engenders by breezing through several articles, which you may read along with us: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Some additional resources that we talk about: David Chalmers’s “Consciousness and its Place in Nature, “ Frank Jackson’s “Epiphenomenal Qualia”, Paul Churchland’s Matter and Consciousness, Jerry Fodor’s “The Mind-Body Problem,” Zoltan Torey’s The Crucible of Consciousness, and the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy’s long entry on the Chinese Room argument. End Song: “No Mind” from 1998’s Mark Lint and the Fake Johnson Trio; the whole album is now free online. If you enjoy the episode, please donate at least $1: by

Philosophy: A Brief Guide for Undergraduates Table of Contents The unexamined life is not worth living.—Socrates Happiness is something final and complete in itself, as being the aim and end of all practical activities whatever … Happiness then we define as the active exercise of the mind in conformity with perfect goodness or virtue. Now laws are said to be just both from the end (when, namely, they are ordained to the common good), from their author (… when the law does not exceed the power of the lawgiver), and from their form (when, namely, burdens are laid on the subjects according to an equality of proportion). There is a great difference between mind and body, inasmuch as body is by nature always divisible, and the mind is entirely indivisible. Love is pleasure accompanied by the idea of an external cause, and hatred pain accompanied by the idea of an external cause. The effect is totally different from the cause, and consequently can never be discovered in it. Whereof one cannot speak thereof one must be silent. Introduction

The Wrath of the Sea - Existential Comics PANTHEISM: the World Pantheist Movement Wondering Aloud: Philosophy With Young People 100 Diagrams That Changed the World Since the dawn of recorded history, we’ve been using visual depictions to map the Earth, order the heavens, make sense of time, dissect the human body, organize the natural world, perform music, and even concretize abstract concepts like consciousness and love. 100 Diagrams That Changed the World (public library) by investigative journalist and documentarian Scott Christianson chronicles the history of our evolving understanding of the world through humanity’s most groundbreaking sketches, illustrations, and drawings, ranging from cave paintings to The Rosetta Stone to Moses Harris’s color wheel to Tim Berners-Lee’s flowchart for a “mesh” information management system, the original blueprint for the world wide web. It appears that no great diagram is solely authored by its creator. Most of those described here were the culmination of centuries of accumulated knowledge. Most arose from collaboration (and oftentimes in competition) with others. Christianson offers a definition: