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Miyamoto Musashi

Miyamoto Musashi
Miyamoto Musashi (宮本 武蔵?, c. 1584 – June 13, 1645), also known as Shinmen Takezō, Miyamoto Bennosuke or, by his Buddhist name, Niten Dōraku,[1] was a Japanese swordsman and rōnin. Musashi, as he was often simply known, became renowned through stories of his excellent swordsmanship in numerous duels, even from a very young age. He was the founder of the Hyōhō Niten Ichi-ryū or Niten-ryū style of swordsmanship and the author of The Book of Five Rings (五輪の書, Go Rin No Sho?), a book on strategy, tactics, and philosophy that is still studied today. Biography[edit] Birth[edit] The details of Miyamoto Musashi's early life are difficult to verify. Munisai and Musashi's birth date[edit] Munisai's tomb says he died in 1580, which obviously conflicts with the accepted birth date of 1584 for Musashi. Because of the uncertainty centering on Munisai (when he died, whether he was truly Musashi's father, etc.), Musashi's mother is known with even less confidence. Munisai's tomb was correct. Related:  .caisson

The Book of Five Rings The Book of Five Rings (五輪書, Go Rin No Sho?) is a text on kenjutsu and the martial arts in general, written by the swordsman Miyamoto Musashi circa 1645. There have been various translations made over the years, and it enjoys an audience considerably broader than only that of martial artists: for instance, some business leaders find its discussion of conflict and taking the advantage to be relevant to their work. Musashi establishes a "no-nonsense" theme throughout the text. Musashi describes and advocates a two-sword style (nitōjutsu): that is, wielding both katana and wakizashi, contrary to the more traditional method of wielding the katana two-handed. The five books[edit] Although it is difficult to grasp it from the book, Go Rin No Sho, these books are actually the teachings which Musashi preached to his students in his own dōjō. The term "Ichi School" is referred to in the book, Go Rin No Sho. The Book of Earth[1][edit] In The Book of Five Rings he writes on timing: See also[edit]

Seppuku Illustration from Sketches of Japanese Manners and Customs, by J. M. W. Seppuku with ritual attire and second (staged) Samurai about to perform seppuku Seppuku (切腹? Vocabulary and etymology[edit] Seppuku is also known as harakiri (腹切り, "cutting the belly"),[3] a term more widely familiar outside Japan, and which is written with the same kanji as seppuku, but in reverse order with an okurigana. "It is commonly pointed out that hara-kiri is a vulgarism, but this is a misunderstanding. The practice of committing seppuku at the death of one's master, known as oibara (追腹 or 追い腹, the kun'yomi or Japanese reading) or tsuifuku (追腹, the on'yomi or Chinese reading), follows a similar ritual. The word jigai (自害?) Overview[edit] A tantō prepared for seppuku Ritual[edit] In time, carrying out seppuku came to involve a detailed ritual. General Akashi Gidayu preparing to carry out Seppuku after losing a battle for his master in 1582. The second was usually, but not always, a friend. History[edit]

Samurai Samurai around the 1860s Samurai (侍?), usually referred to in Japanese as bushi (武士? By the end of the 12th century, samurai became almost entirely synonymous with bushi, and the word was closely associated with the middle and upper echelons of the warrior class. History Asuka and Nara periods Following the Battle of Hakusukinoe against Tang China and Silla in 663 AD that led to a Japanese retreat from Korean affairs, Japan underwent widespread reform. The Taihō Code classified most of the Imperial bureaucrats into 12 ranks, each divided into two sub-ranks, 1st rank being the highest adviser to the Emperor. Heian period In the early Heian period, the late 8th and early 9th centuries, Emperor Kammu sought to consolidate and expand his rule in northern Honshū, but the armies he sent to conquer the rebellious Emishi people lacked motivation and discipline, and failed in their task. Ultimately, Emperor Kammu disbanded his army. Kamakura Bakufu and the rise of samurai Ashikaga Shogunate

Hopi Prophecy The end of all Hopi ceremonialism will come when a "Kachina" removes his mask during a dance in the plaza before uninitiated children [the general public]. For a while there will be no more ceremonies, no more faith. Then Oraibi will be rejuvenated with its faith and ceremonies, marking the start of a new cycle of Hopi life. World War III will be started by those peoples who first revealed the light (the divine wisdom or intelligence) in the other old countries (India, China, Islamic Nations, Africa.) The United States will be destroyed, land and people, by atomic bombs and radioactivity. The war will be "a spiritual conflict with material matters. That time is not far off. The Emergence to the future Fifth World has begun. The Hopi and others who were saved from the Great Flood made a sacred covenant with the Great Spirit never to turn away from him. "It is well done. The Great Chieftain of the Bow Clan led the faithful ones to this new land, but he fell into evil ways.

Bushido Japanese samurai in armour, 1860s. Photograph by Felice Beato Bushidō (武士道?), literally "samurai's way", is a Japanese word for the way of the samurai life, loosely analogous to the concept of chivalry. Bushido, a modern term rather than a historical one, originates from the samurai moral values, most commonly stressing some combination of frugality, loyalty, martial arts mastery, and honor unto death. Under the Tokugawa Shogunate, some aspects of warrior values became formalized into Japanese feudal law.[2] The word was first used in Japan during the 17th century.[3] It came into common usage in Japan and the West after the 1899 publication of Nitobe Inazō's Bushido: The Soul of Japan.[4] In Bushido (1899), Nitobe wrote: ...Bushidō, then, is the code of moral principles which the samurai were required or instructed to observe.... Nitobe was not the first person to document Japanese chivalry in this way. Historical development[edit] Early history to 11th century[edit] Tenets[edit]

Ce que pensent les internautes de ce que pense Stallman sur le Cloud Computing Lorsque Richard Stallman s’exprime, il ne laisse généralement pas la Toile indifférente. Ce qui se comprend aisément puisque, Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, Google…, il critique ouvertement et radicalement ce que tout le monde ou presque utilise au quotidien. Son récent avis sur le Cloud Computing en général et Google Chrome OS en particulier dans un article du Guardian que nous venons de traduire ne déroge pas à la règle[1] Jusqu’à donner l’idée à Katherine Noyes de compiler quelques interventions lues dans les commentaires de l’article ainsi que sur le célèbre site Slashdot. Avec ce terrible constat qui ouvre le billet et que je retourne en question aux lecteurs du Framablog : Pensez-vous que Stallman a perdu ? Déluge de critiques de Stallman sur le Cloud : Prudence ou Paranoïa ? Stallman’s Cloudburst: Prudence or Paranoia? Katherine Noyes - 20 décembre 2010 - E-Commerce TimesTraduction Framalang : Olivier Rosseler) « Il a complétement raison » Puis il y a aussi ceux qui partagent ses idées.

Le cloud computing n’implique pas la sortie des données sensibles d’une entreprise ! Le 01 novembre 2009, par Louis Un certain nombre d’articles à l’heure actuelle semblent pointer un travers des entreprises, qui serait que celles-ci sont réticentes au cloud computing, parce qu’il impliquerait d’externaliser leur données. Le problème qui revient toujours sur la table est celui de ne pas vouloir laisser ses documents entre les mains de la concurrence, chose plus difficile à contrôler lorsque l’on confie ses données à un prestataire externe. Le débat vire alors sur des arguments de fiabilité et de sécurisation, mais les entreprises réticentes ne bougent pas d’un iota. Ce genre d’article a tendance à davantage décrédibiliser le cloud computing qu’autre chose, dans la mesure où une seule vision est défendue, occultant la vraie notion du cloud computing. Image de Infreemation Je m’insurge donc contre tous les arguments cités au dessus, et j’explique ci-dessous pourquoi. Non, cela ne va pas (du tout) à l’encontre du cloud computing.

Cloud computing | Wikipédia Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Le cloud computing[1], ou l’informatique en nuage ou nuagique ou encore l’infonuagique (au Québec), est l'exploitation de la puissance de calcul ou de stockage de serveurs informatiques distants par l'intermédiaire d'un réseau, généralement Internet. Ces serveurs sont loués à la demande, le plus souvent par tranche d'utilisation selon des critères techniques (puissance, bande passante, etc.) mais également au forfait. Le cloud computing se caractérise par sa grande souplesse : selon le niveau de compétence de l'utilisateur client, il est possible de gérer soi-même son serveur ou de se contenter d'utiliser des applicatifs distants en mode SaaS[2],[3],[4]. Selon la définition du National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), le cloud computing est l'accès via un réseau de télécommunications, à la demande et en libre-service, à des ressources informatiques partagées configurables[5]. Terminologie[modifier | modifier le code]

Cheerleading History Organized cheerleading started as an all-male activity.[3] As early as 1877, Princeton University had a "Princeton Cheer", documented in the February 22, 1877, March 12, 1880, and November 4, 1881, issues of the Daily Princetonian.[4][5][6] This cheer was yelled from the stands by students at games, as well as by the baseball and football athletes themselves. The cheer, "Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! Tiger! It was not until 1898 that University of Minnesota student Johnny Campbell directed a crowd in cheering "Rah, Rah, Rah! Women joined cheerleading prior to 1907 and began to dominate it during World War II, when few men were involved in organized sports. Statistics show that around 97% of all modern cheerleading participants overall are female. In 1948, Lawrence "Herkie" Herkimer, of Dallas, Texas, a former cheerleader at Southern Methodist University, formed the National Cheerleaders Association (NCA) in order to hold clinics for cheerleading. Middle school High school cheerleaders

Complex Adaptive Systems - Webs of Delight by Chris Lucas "Every society honors its live conformists and its dead troublemakers."Mignon McLaughlin "An important scientific innovation rarely makes its way by gradually winning over and converting its opponents... Introduction In the world of yesterday the clockwork toys ruled. A mushroom cloud of change swept the Earth, mountains collapsed, rivers dried up, the cosy world of horse and sail exploded into a multi-fragmented cascade of invention. This is a vision of tomorrow, a world out of control, yet promising a level of understanding and achievement far beyond anything yet seen. Control Collapse Late in the 20th Century we began to realise that linear prediction, far from being the ubiquitous panacea of success imagined in the past, was only a simplified viewpoint applicable to relatively few systems. Distributed Systems To overcome this problem we can only do one thing, and that is to move the control from the past to the present. Cybernetics Innovation Complexity The CAS Concept

Self-Organization - CasGroup From CasGroup Self-organization is a process where the internal organization of a system increases, and the organizational change takes place without being controlled, guided and managed completely by the environment (i.e. the system is involved in the increase of organization itself). The name already implies that feedback is an important factor in many self-organizing systems, and in fact feedback and emergence are the two most fundamental terms related to self-organization. As the name suggests, Self-Organization occurs in a system if, left to itself, it maintains its organization or even tends to become more organized. "Left to itself" means without being controlled and guided explicitly by external orders or commands. A true self-organizing system increases and maintains organization without organizer, central control and explicit management through managers, only through context dependent local interactions. Definitions Various Attemps and Views Self-Organization is problematic.