Child Labor in Afghanistan - The Borgen Project Poverty forces children to work and sacrifice their chance at an education. Today, this is sadly a common occurrence in Afghanistan. Estimates are difficult to come by but through various sources it can be stated that between 21 and 25 percent of Afghan children are part of the labor force. Children as young as 6 are often involved. Child labor is hard to overcome in Afghanistan because although it is illegal by law for anyone under the age of 14 to work, many families are so desperate that they need one of their children to work in order to survive. A common job for Afghan children in Kabul is working in brick factories. It is important to look at the physiological affects of child labor. If Afghan children are working, they are missing out on this crucial developmental step. The main reason children are sent off to work is so that they can feed their families. The task of raising the Afghan people out of poverty is certainly not an easy one. – Eleni Marino
Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Afghanistan | United States Department of Labor Children in Afghanistan are engaged in the worst forms of child labor, including in armed conflict and the forced production of bricks.(1-7) Table 1 provides key indicators on children’s work and education in Afghanistan. Data on some of these indicators are not available from the sources used in this report. Table 1. Primary completion rate was unavailable from UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2015.(8)Source for all other data: Understanding Children’s Work Project’s analysis of statistics from Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 4 , 2010-2011.(9) Based on a review of available information, Table 2 provides an overview of children’s work by sector and activity. Table 2. * Evidence of this activity is limited and/or the extent of the problem is unknown. † Determined by national law or regulation as hazardous and, as such, relevant to Article 3(d) of ILO C. 182. ‡ Child labor understood as the worst forms of child labor per se under Article 3(a)–(c) of ILO C. 182.
In Afghanistan, childhood is often a full-time job It's estimated that at least a quarter of Afghan children work, despite labor laws that forbid it. Some, like Sami, support their entire family. Sami Rahimi, 13, works and lives in a bread bakery in Kabul. He gets up at 5 a.m. to start work. He supports his entire family, who live in the northern province of Tahar. It's estimated that at least a quarter of Afghan children work, despite labor laws that forbid it. By David Zucchino Photography by Carolyn Cole Reporting from Kabul, Afghanistan April 19, 2014 Sami Rahimi sleeps fitfully on a bread rack above the bakery's cold concrete floor. Before the sun has risen, Sami is pushing a dented wheelbarrow through the dim streets, at 13 still a tiny figure among the vegetable hawkers and butchers slicing bloody flanks of sheep from carcasses hung on hooks. By 6 a.m., the gas-fired stone kiln is glowing a fiery red, ready to bake the flat loaves known as khasa and the round loaves called kamachi. Families scramble for any job to survive. In a U.S.
Insights into Issues: Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act - INSIGHTS Insights into Issues: Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act Constitutional Provisions Relating to Child Labour: Article 24 prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous industries. Allows their employment in non hazardous industries . Provisions of the Amended Bill The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2012 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on December 4, 2012 by the Minister of Labour and Employment, Mallikarjun Kharge. Data on Child Labour There are 33 million child labourers in India, according to UNICEF. Criticism of the Amended Act: Firstly, it has slashed the list of hazardous occupations for children from 83 to include just mining, explosives, and occupations mentioned in the Factory Act.
Iqbal Masih - Moral Heroes | Moral Heroes In the mid 1990’s, a bright young youth made a global impact on Child Slavery. Iqbal Masih’s life was cut short just shy of 13 years but his powerful and eloquent speeches encouraged thousands of bonded laborers and child slaves to follow his example. He brought awareness and promoted education so that others could stand up for their rights and end the injustice in sweat shops around the world. In 1983, Iqbal Masih was born in the poor community of Maridke outside of Lahore, Pakistan. Iqbal became one of the many child bonded laborers at the carpet factory. “Children should have pens in their hands not tools” – Iqbal Masih When Iqbal was 10 years old he made up his mind to escape. At the age of 12, Iqbal found away to attend a freedom day celebration held by the Brick Layer Unions. The 12 year old Iqbal became a prominent leader of the anti-slave movement in Pakistan. The BLLF sent him to speak at businesses and demonstrations all over Pakistan where bonded slavery was known to exist.
Top 10 Child Labor Facts 10 Child Labor Facts Child labor, as defined by the International Labor Organization, is “work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.” The persistence of child labor is one of the biggest obstacles to human rights globally. Child labor perpetuates poverty by depriving children of education and subsequently renders these children without the skills needed to secure the future of their countries. 10 Child Labor Facts Australia annually imports $16 million worth of tobacco produced by child labor, including tobacco produced in the U.S. Many parents in impoverished countries push their children to work out of necessity. One of the best ways to combat child labor is to provide fair wages and safe working conditions for parents so that they can provide for their families without being forced to depend on their children. - Matt Berg 1.
Young Activist's Death Hits Pakistani Carpet Sales : Trade: Exports to West have diminished even though producers haven't been linked to death of 12-year-old who fought child labor. LAHORE, Pakistan — Already hit with sagging exports, Pakistani carpet dealers say they have lost more sales to Western buyers since the killing of a young activist who spoke out against child labor. The death of Iqbal Masih, 12, received worldwide publicity after a group that is fighting child labor blamed carpet industry owners. But residents of his village later said Iqbal was slain in a fight with a farm worker, and Pakistan's leading human rights group says there is no evidence implicating the industry. Iqbal's case attracted attention because he had been to Sweden and the United States to speak at conferences denouncing child labor. He had worked as a carpet weaver from age 4 to 10. Imran Malik, vice chairman of the Pakistan Carpet and Manufacturers and Exporters Association, estimates $10 million worth of orders have been lost since the April 16 shooting. The carpet industry, one of the biggest exporters in this impoverished country, was facing lean times even before Iqbal's death.