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Green Man - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Green Man - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
Types[edit] Lady Raglan coined the term "Green Man" in her 1939 article "The Green Man in Church Architecture" in The Folklore Journal.[3] Some commentators conflate or associate the term with "Jack in the Green".[4] Usually referred to in works on architecture as foliate heads or foliate masks, carvings of the Green Man may take many forms, naturalistic or decorative. The simplest depict a man's face peering out of dense foliage. Some may have leaves for hair, perhaps with a leafy beard. The Green Man appears in many forms, with the three most common types categorized as: the Foliate Head: completely covered in green leavesthe Disgorging Head: spews vegetation from its mouththe Bloodsucker Head: sprouts vegetation from all facial orifices (e.g. tear ducts, nostrils and mouth)[5][6] In churches[edit] To the modern observer the earlier (Romanesque and medieval) carvings often have an unnervingly eerie or numinous quality. Later variations[edit] Modern images[edit] Related characters[edit] Related:  Merlin / El hombre salvaje

Wild man - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Wild men support coats of arms in the side panels of a portrait by Albrecht Dürer, 1499 (Alte Pinakothek, Munich) Terminology[edit] The first element of woodwose is usually explained as from wudu "wood", "forest". The second element is less clear. It has been identified as a hypothetical noun *wāsa "being", from the verb wesan, wosan "to be", "to be alive".[1] The Old English form is unattested, but it would have been *wudu-wāsa or *wude-wāsa. Late 15th century tapestry from Basel, showing a woodwose being tamed by a virtuous lady The term was usually replaced in literature of the Early Modern English period by classically-derived equivalents, or "wild man", but it survives in the form of the surname Wodehouse or Woodhouse (see Woodhouse family). Origins[edit] Figures similar to the European wild man occur worldwide from very early times. Pontus and his train disguised as wild men at the wedding of Genelet and Sidonia. Medieval representations[edit] Celtic mythology[edit] Shakespeare[edit]

Elf In English literature of the Elizabethan era, "elves" became conflated with the "fairies" of Romance culture, so that the two terms began to be used interchangeably. Romanticist writers were influenced by this (particularly Shakespearean) notion of the "elf," and reimported the word Elf in that context into the German language. A number of ballads in the British Isles and Scandinavia, perhaps stemming from the medieval period, describe human encounters with the elf, elven-king, elf-maid, etc. Etymology In sister languages the forms are Old Norse álfr, Old High German alp (plural alpî, elpî) and Middle High German alp (feminine singular elbe, plural elbe, elber).[7] German cognates Onomastics In personal names In German heroic epic material, Alphart and Alphere (father of Walter of Aquitaine)[25][26] have been regarded as bearing the "elf" element in their names. Kennings In Skaldic poetry, the álfr word stem is used nearly always in a kenning for a warrior or a full-fledged man[28][29](e.g.

Celtic polytheism Celtic polytheism, commonly known as Celtic paganism,[1][2][3] comprises the religious beliefs and practices adhered to by the Iron Age peoples of Western Europe now known as the Celts, roughly between 500 BCE and 500 CE, spanning the La Tène period and the Roman era, and in the case of the Insular Celts the British and Irish Iron Age. Celtic polytheism was one of a larger group of Iron Age polytheistic religions of the Indo-European family. It comprised a large degree of variation both geographically and chronologically, although "behind this variety, broad structural similarities can be detected"[4] allowing there to be "a basic religious homogeneity" amongst the Celtic peoples.[5] The Celtic pantheon consists of numerous recorded theonyms, both from Greco-Roman ethnography and from epigraphy. In the later 5th and the 6th centuries, the Celtic region was Christianized and earlier religious traditions were supplanted. Sources[edit] Three Celtic goddesses, as depicted at Coventina's well.

Hamadríade Hamadríade y un leñador En la mitología griega, las Hamadríades (en griego antiguo Ἁμαδρυάδες Hamadryádes) o Adríades (en griego antiguo Ἀδρυάδες Adryádes) son las ninfas de los árboles. Son parecidas a las dríades, salvo porque están relacionadas con un único árbol y mueren si éste se corta. Por esta razón, las dríades y los dioses castigaban a los mortales que dañaban a los árboles. Karya (‘castaño’);Balanos (‘encina’);Kraneia (‘cerezo’);Morea (‘morera’);Aigeiros (‘chopo’);Ptelea (‘olmo’);Ampelos (‘vid’);Syke (‘higuera’). Fuentes[editar] Véase también[editar] Enlaces externos[editar] Wikimedia Commons alberga contenido multimedia sobre Hamadríade. Brownie (folklore) Every manor house had its ùruisg, and in the kitchen, close by the fire was a seat, which was left unoccupied for him. One house on the banks of the River Tay was even until the beginning of the twentieth century believed to have been haunted by such a sprite, and one room in the house was for centuries called "Seòmar Bhrùnaidh" (Brownie’s room). In 1703, John Brand wrote in his description of Shetland (which he called "Zetland") that: “Not above forty or fifty years ago, every family had a brownie, or evil spirit, so called, which served them, to which they gave a sacrifice for his service; as when they churned their milk, they took a part thereof, and sprinkled every corner of the house with it, for Brownie’s use; likewise, when they brewed, they had a stone which they called ‘Brownie’s stane’, wherein there was a little hole into which they poured some wort for a sacrifice to Brownie. The Killmoulis was a similar creature which inhabited mills. Cheneque (native Mexican)

Horned God The term Horned God itself predates Wicca, and is an early 20th-century syncretic term for a horned or antlered anthropomorphic god with pseudohistorical origins[4] who, according to Margaret Murray's 1921 The Witch-Cult in Western Europe, was the deity worshipped by a pan-European witchcraft-based cult, and was demonized into the form of the Devil by the Mediaeval Church. The Horned God has been explored within several psychological theories, and has become a recurrent theme in fantasy literature.[5]:872 Horned God of Wicca[edit] For Wiccans, the Horned God is "the personification of the life force energy in animals and the wild"[6] and is associated with the wilderness, virility and the hunt.[7]:16 Doreen Valiente writes that the Horned God also carries the souls of the dead to the underworld.[8] In the name of the Lady of the Moon, and the Horned Lord of Death and Resurrection[12] Names of the Horned God[edit] Horned God in psychology[edit] Jungian analysis[edit] Humanistic psychology[edit]

Ninfas y faunos Seelie Court A Seelie Court is a term originating in Lowland Scottish folklore to indicate "good" fairies. The word "seely" being a Scots, Northern and Middle English term meaning "happy", "lucky" or "blessed". The word is derived from the Old English sœl and gesœlig[1][2] The Modern Standard English word silly is also derived from this root and the term "seely" is recorded in numerous works of Middle English literature such as those by Geoffrey Chaucer. Many ballads and tales tell of "Seely wights"; a Lowlander term for fairies.[1] Other uses[edit] Seelie Court or Seely Court can also refer to: References[edit]