Vertical farming is cultivating plant or animal life within a skyscraper greenhouse or on vertically inclined surfaces. The modern idea of vertical farming uses techniques similar to glass houses, where natural sunlight can be augmented with artificial lighting. Types "Vertical farming" was coined by Gilbert Ellis Bailey in 1915 in his book Vertical Farming. This was not the current meaning—he wrote about farming underground with the use of explosives. Modern usage refers to skyscrapers using some degree of natural light. Mixed-use skyscrapers Mixed-use skyscrapers were proposed and built by architect Ken Yeang. Despommier's skyscrapers Ecologist Dickson Despommier argues that vertical farming is legitimate for environmental reasons. Vertical farming according to Despommier thus discounts the value of natural landscape in exchange for the idea of "skyscraper as spaceship". Despommier's concept of "The Vertical Farm" emerged in 1999 at Columbia University.
Related: Vertical Gardening / Farming
Vertical Gardening Tips - Organic GardeningA few years back I was leading an old friend through my garden, all the while bemoaning my lack of growing space, when he suddenly interrupted me and asked, "Why do people build skyscrapers?" What this had to do with my overcrowded garden, I hadn't a clue. "So they can cram a lot of people into a place without using up much ground room?" I ventured. "Exactly. My friend was right. One more thing: Most bush varieties were bred from climbing ones, and many growers think the original climbing cultivars have better, old-fashioned flavor. Of course, short varieties do offer some conveniences. Best Trellis Supports For plants to grow up a trellis or other support, you first have to build it. Some common supports are wood posts, metal stakes and thick-walled rigid PVC pipe. Don't forget bamboo. Steel posts are less aesthetic than wooden ones but are quicker to install and move. Thick-walled rigid PVC pipe makes solid end or corner posts when buried two feet deep. Assembling Plant Supports
Vertical farming: Does it really stack up?WHEN you run out of land in a crowded city, the solution is obvious: build upwards. This simple trick makes it possible to pack huge numbers of homes and offices into a limited space such as Hong Kong, Manhattan or the City of London. Mankind now faces a similar problem on a global scale. The world's population is expected to increase to 9.1 billion by 2050, according to the UN. Feeding all those people will mean increasing food production by 70%, according to the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation, through a combination of higher crop yields and an expansion of the area under cultivation. Such is the thinking behind vertical farming. Better still, says Dr Despommier, the use of pesticides, herbicides and fungicides can be kept to a bare minimum by growing plants indoors in a controlled environment. A wide variety of designs for vertical farms have been created by architectural firms. The necessary technology already exists. Let there be light Vertical, but only three metres tall
Grow boxPlants can be grown indoors year round using a grow box A grow box is a partially or completely enclosed system for raising plants indoors or in small areas. Grow boxes are used for a number of reasons, including lack of available outdoor space or the desire to grow vegetables, herbs or flowers during cold weather months. They can also help protect plants against pests or disease. Grow boxes may be soil-based or hydroponic. The most sophisticated examples are totally enclosed, and contain a built-in grow light, intake and exhaust fan system for ventilation, hydroponics system that waters the plants with nutrient-rich solution, and an odor control filter. Key growlight options include fluorescent bulbs, which offer relatively limited light output; high-intensity discharge lamps such as sodium-vapor lamps and metal-halide lamps; and light-emitting diodes bulbs, which are becoming more energy-efficient. Important basic parts of grow cabinet See also References
Hanging Sprout JarsSprouts are good, nutritious food. The ones shown here are mung bean sprouts. They are raised by just keeping them moist while they develop. No dirt is used. I got the mung beans from a health food store. One person I knew years ago supported himself with two hours of labor a day by raising alfalfa sprouts in jars. I make wire cradles with handles to suspend the jars in the air with hooks from a pipe. It takes about a week to go from seed to ready-to-eat sprouts, moistening the sprouts two or three times a day.
Growing Skyscrapers: The Rise of Vertical FarmsTogether the world’s 6.8 billion people use land equal in size to South America to grow food and raise livestock—an astounding agricultural footprint. And demographers predict the planet will host 9.5 billion people by 2050. Because each of us requires a minimum of 1,500 calories a day, civilization will have to cultivate another Brazil’s worth of land—2.1 billion acres—if farming continues to be practiced as it is today. Agriculture also uses 70 percent of the world’s available freshwater for irrigation, rendering it unusable for drinking as a result of contamination with fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and silt. Select an option below: Customer Sign In *You must have purchased this issue or have a qualifying subscription to access this content
Microbial Fuel Cells: Generating Power from WasteMicrobial Fuel Cells (MFCs) use bacteria to convert organic waste material into electrical energy. This environmentally-friendly process produces electricity without the combustion of fossil fuels. MFCs have various practical applications such as in breweries, domestic wastewater treatment, desalination plants, hydrogen production, remote sensing, and pollution remediation, and they can be used as a remote power source. Introduction Washing one’s hands with soap is usually accompanied with the satisfaction of killing harmful germs. MFCs are especially valuable in that there are many applications of their use help to reduce pollution and cut water treatment costs in a sustainable and environmentally-friendly way. What is a microbial fuel cell? Microbial fuel cells harness the power of bacteria and convert energy released in metabolic reactions into electrical energy. Fig. 1 depicts a typical MFC set-up in a research laboratory. How Does a Microbial Fuel Cell Work? Sewage Treatment
Joe Zazzera and Tournesol making another great Living WallVertical gardening is a fun, creative way to grow plants in urban spaces! Below is just a sample of what you can create with ready-to-go planters and kits. The first few images are of GroVert Vertical Gardening Systems by Bright Green. There are two different sized panels (10 and 45), and each are planted, then hung on the wall using their included mounting bracket. The last images are of living walls made from felt pockets. If you’re looking to build one yourself, you can visit Urban Zeal Planters (uzplanters.com) to see all your options.
24 Watt LED Grow Light with Brightness ControlGreenhouse Aluminum foil Large box Plastic board Grow lamp 2 x 3W royal blue LED (445nm) 6 x 3W deep red LED (660 nm) Heatsink with fan Thermal paste Epoxy Solder (lead free when growing edibles) Note: You can get LEDs at e-Bay for as little as $2 each when you purchase them whole sale. LED Driver 1A fuse with clips Resistors (0.33, 0.56, 1, and 100k ohm) N-channel MOSFET (eg. Finding the right voltage adapter You can find adapters at a low price at used computer stores, second hand stores, electronic stores, and ebay. Note: Fuses and wires may cause a small drop of voltage so you may want an overhead voltage of at least 1V. Tools: Multimeter capable of measuring several amps Light meter (optional) Electric timer (optional)
Gardens go vertical with Atlantis Gro-Wall®With the Atlantis Gro-Wall® modules you can create lush, beautiful vertical gardens, indoor or outdoor. Vertical gardens are created with ease utilising natural soil mixes to retain nutrients. This modular system enables localised moisture retention and access to individual plants, creating optimum conditions for a successful vertical garden. Atlantis Gro-Wall? vertical garden system is truly modular with individual plant access, and both vertical and horizontal system expansion. Gro-Wall® modules are easy to install and can be quickly fixed to any structural wall including brick, concrete, wood, sheet metal, drywall and other surfaces. • Rapid construction & plant installation • Vertical & horizontal expansion • Optimum moisture retention for plants • Uses standard potting mixes • Easy individual plant access & maintenance • Easy creative planting design • Self supporting structure • No framework required • Structurally strong • Modular Planting System • Easy to maintain