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Pope Francis: 13 key facts about the new pontiff

Pope Francis: 13 key facts about the new pontiff
What we know about Pope Francis • He likes to travel by bus. • He has lived for more than 50 years with one functioning lung. He had the other removed as a young man because of infection. • He is the son of an Italian railway worker and a housewife. • He trained as a chemist. • He is the first non-European pope in the modern era. • He claims that adoption by homosexuals is a form of discrimination against children but believes that condoms "can be permissible" to prevent infection. • In 2001 he washed and kissed the feet of Aids patients in a hospice. • He speaks fluent Italian, as well as Spanish and German. • Until now he has been living in a small flat, eschewing a formal bishop's residence. • He told Argentinians not to travel to Rome to celebrate if he was appointed but to give their money to the poor instead. • He is believed to have been the runner-up in the last papal conclave in 2005. • He has co-written a book, in Spanish, called Sobre el Cielo y la Tierra (On Heaven and Earth). Related:  Pope Francis I

Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio becomes 266th pontiff and takes name Pope Francis | World news The cardinals of the Roman Catholic church on Wednesday chose as their new pope a man from almost "the end of the world" – the first non-European to be elected for almost 1,300 years and the first-ever member of the Jesuit order. Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the archbishop of Buenos Aires, becomes Pope Francis – the first pontiff to take that name – an early indication perhaps of a reign he hopes will be marked by inspirational preaching and evangelisation. But the cardinals' choice risked running into immediate controversy over the new pope's role in Argentina's troubled history. In his book, El Silencio, a prominent Argentinian journalist alleged that he connived in the abduction of two Jesuit priests by the military junta in the so-called "dirty war". He denies the accusation. The new pope appeared on the balcony over the entrance to St Peter's basilica more than an hour after white smoke poured from the chimney above the Sistine Chapel, signalling that the cardinals had made their choice.

Jorge Mario Bergoglio: The first Pope from the developing world: Third non-Italian in a row shows shifting balance of power First Pope from outside Europe in more than a milleniumHe is also the first Jesuit to be elected to the PapacyPoints to rising economic influence of Latin America By Steve Doughty Published: 20:36 GMT, 13 March 2013 | Updated: 00:57 GMT, 14 March 2013 The choice of a Pope from Latin America is a powerful symbol of the shift of influence in Roman Catholicism from the old to the new world. Jorge Mario Bergoglio is the third Pontiff in a row who is not from Italy and the first in more than a millennium from outside Europe. His election to the Papacy signals the importance of the burgeoning strength of the church in Latin America and in Africa, now home to a growing proportion of the world’s 1.2 billion Catholics. Balance of power: Newly elected Pope Francis I waves to the waiting crowd from the central balcony of St Peter's Basilica It also points to the rising economic influence of Latin America where Brazil has joined the list of booming nations with fast-rising levels of wealth.

Pope Francis I: The modest son of a Beunos Aires railwayman who has only one lung Born in December 1936 in Buenos Aires, Bergoglio is the son of an Italian railway worker He became a priest at 32, nearly a decade after losing a lung due to respiratory illnessHe was leading the local Jesuit community within four yearsIn 2010, Bergoglio challenged the Argentine government when it backed a gay marriage billHe prefers to travel on the underground and when he goes to Rome he flies economy class By Tara Brady Published: 20:34 GMT, 13 March 2013 | Updated: 23:41 GMT, 13 March 2013 Of all the contenders to replace Pope Benedict XVI, Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Buenos Aires was little mentioned. The 76-year-old reportedly received the second most votes after Joseph Ratzinger, the last pope, in the 2005 papal election. And as a representative of South America's Catholics - who make up an estimated 40 per cent of the 1.2 billion strong church, he was widely supported on a massive scale. His personal style is said to be the antithesis of Vatican splendour. 'Let's not be naive.

Papal conclave: New Pope is a 76-year-old Argentine: Jorge Bergoglio, Archbishop of Buenos Aires, announced to the world as 266th pontiff Electors sent up white smoke at 6pm GMT indicating that a new Pope had been chosen after two days of votingNew Pontiff unveiled as Argentine Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the Archbishop of Buenos Aires, taking title Pope Francis IPope Francis appeared before thriving crowds on the balcony of St.Peter's Basilica at 7:15pm GMTHe is the first non-European Pope and also the first Jesuit Pope having spent his life in Argentinian capitalCriminal complaint was filed against him 2005 accusing cardinal of conspiring with the Argentinian junta in 1976Son of a railway worker who only has one lung and speaks Italian, Spanish and German Vatican said he took the name Francis after St. Francis of Assisi because he is a 'lover of the poor'Barack Obama described him as a 'champion of the poor and the most vulnerable among us' By Mario Ledwith and Hannah Roberts and Steve Doughty Published: 09:34 GMT, 13 March 2013 | Updated: 09:13 GMT, 14 March 2013 Scroll down for video By Tara Brady (Our Father...

Special report: The damning documents that show new Pope DID betray tortured priests to the junta Priest said Pope spread rumours and made him target of death squadsClaimed Pope also told regime he collaborated with guerrillasReport says priests seized by 200 armed troops, drugged, tortured and held for fives months then dumped half naked in a fieldPope Francis denies claims he was in league with the generals By Sharon Churcher and Tom Worden Published: 23:56 GMT, 16 March 2013 | Updated: 14:59 GMT, 17 March 2013 Damning evidence that Pope Francis may have betrayed two priests who were kidnapped and tortured by Argentina’s brutal military junta can be revealed today. The Mail on Sunday has seen documents which appear to show the new Pope secretly collaborated with the country’s dictatorship when he was head of the Jesuits there – using his real name Jorge Bergoglio – during the Dirty War that started in the Seventies. Rise to the top: Pope Francis gives journalists a thumbs-up at the Vatican yesterday Speech: Pope Francis speaks during a meeting with the media. From Horacio Verbitsky

It's Pope Francis, not Francis I - John Tierney Why not "The First"? Because there has yet to be a second. You can't be the first of something until there has been another of the same later. In the United Kingdom, for example, Queen Victoria will never be QVI until there is a Queen Victoria II. The same rule concerning monarchical names holds true in Luxembourg and Norway. People make this same sort of mistake when they plan an event. Purists might argue that this rule regarding ordinals is not universal when it comes to monarchies, or even papacies. But all this is quibbling.

Slum Priests: Pope Francis's Early Years - Haley Cohen 'Padre Bergoglio' once recruited clergymen to minister in Buenos Aires's poor, dangerous 'villas miserias.' Residents of the Villa 21-24 slum walk past the Virgin of Caacupe chapel, where then Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio (now Pope Francis) of Argentina used to give mass, in the Barracas neighborhood of Buenos Aires on March 14, 2013. (Enrique Marcarian/Reuters) For Father Gustavo Carrara, a day's work might mean finding someone to accompany a pregnant drug addict to the hospital, seeking housing for a homeless orphan, or consoling a woman whose husband was killed in a narco-fueled gunfight. "Padre Francis, who was then Padre Bergoglio, came to me as I was working as a deacon elsewhere and asked me to work as a priest in one of the villas," explains Carrara. Since assuming his post as Archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998, Pope Francis I has worked to revive and fortify the Catholic movement in the villas. The work is not without its dangers. "Look at the time!"

Pope Francis I: Papal Rule On Celibacy 'Can Be Changed' Before he was Pope Francis the man who was known as Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio spoke to Rabbi Abraham Skorka on the issue in a 2012 Spanish-language book “Sobre el Cielo y la Tierra” (“On the Heavens and the Earth”). In the interview, translated by the Catholic-oriented Aleteia, Pope Francis revealed that during seminary, he was “dazzled by a girl” that caused him to consider leaving the priesthood. He also stated that the papal celibacy rule is simply one of tradition and is flexible. "I was dazzled by a girl I met at an uncle's wedding," he said, according to Aleteia. "I was surprised by her beauty, her intellectual brilliance ... and, well, I was bowled over for quite a while. I kept thinking and thinking about her. Pope Francis noted that at the time, he was free to leave the life of priesthood because he was still in seminary. “In the Western Church to which I belong, priests cannot be married as in the Byzantine, Ukrainian, Russian or Greek Catholic Churches,” he said.

Pope Francis: a man of joy and humility, or harsh and unbending? | World news The clerical career of Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the 266th Bishop of Rome, is bookended by two joyous dates. The first is 13 December 1969, the day on which the young Argentinian, on the brink of his 33rd birthday, was ordained a Jesuit priest. The second is 13 March 2013 when, at 7.06pm local time, white smoked curled into the Vatican night to confirm his surprise election as pope. But there is a third, less celebrated, date in that career, a date that has already begun to haunt the first week of Francis's papacy from a distance of almost 40 years. On the morning of Sunday 23 May 1976, more than 100 soldiers and marines climbed out of police cars and military lorries outside a church in the Bajo Flores slum neighbourhood of southern Buenos Aires and kidnapped two Jesuit priests, Orlando Yorio and Francisco Jalics. After their release, the priests accused Bergoglio, the leader of the Jesuit order in Argentina, of abandoning them to the military junta. Other have been far more forthright.

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