Student-Centered Learning | K12 Academics Student-centered learning or student-centered learning is an approach to education focusing on the needs of the students, rather than those of others involved in the educational process, such as teachers and administrators. This approach has many implications for the design of curriculum, course content, and interactivity of courses. For instance, a student-centered course may address the needs of a particular student audience to learn how to solve some job-related problems using some aspects of mathematics. In contrast, a course focused on learning mathematics might choose areas of mathematics to cover and methods of teaching which would be considered irrelevant by the student. Student-centered learning is in stark contrast to teacher-centered learning.
My Views on Creating a Student-Centered Classroom Recently I worked with a team of coaches (@twilhelmus, @lawilhelmus, @MrBrianBobbitt, @juliesteve4, @TechECoach, @mrg_3, and @stacymath7) and put on a days worth of professional development on creating the student-centered classroom. I was honored to kick off the day with a short talk about creating the student-centered classroom. Here it is: It's about 10 minutes long. Go ahead and watch it, I'll wait. 10 minutes later... Thanks for watching it and I hope you enjoyed it. I can not tell you how to create a student-centered classroom...but please don't stop reading. This is crucial to me because I have found that most people want somebody to give them the answers. However, back to my point, creating a student-centered classroom is a lot like parenting. However, this would be a useless blog if I didn't at least give you, what I think, are a couple of great places to start. Creating a student-centered classroom requires the teacher to relinquish control. Noooooo! I wish I had more for you.
BYOD Is Shortest Path To Student-Centered Learning By its very nature, BYOD is authentic. As students bring their own devices—and with them, their own apps, accounts, and tech-use patterns—what is is naturally revealed, for better or for worse. With the mounting (and completely logical) demand for better technology in classrooms, BYOD is one response to that pressure. Why? BYOD gives students a chance. The Thinking Behind BYOD “Digital natives” or not, technology dropped into the laps of students in schools isn’t always as accessible as it might be. BYOD provides students not just with a device, but apps–and thus pathways–to solve problems. Unfamiliar software. Unfamiliar hardware. While the best teachers mitigate this ahead of time by supplying log-ins, double-checking passwords, pairing students, offering screenshots, modeling the process on a projector, this is a tremendous waste of what many districts call “instructional time,” and what students call “school.” BYOD, on paper, solves a significant part of this issue. They trained teachers.
Student-Centered Learning Strategies for Math and Other Subjects Editor's Note: Paul Bogdan was once an old-fashioned lecturing teacher centered secondary math teacher who left teaching for 14 years to build computer systems. He has come back and is reborn as a student-centered teacher trying to make a difference and trying to figure out what works in today's classroom. Have you ever taught a lesson and then gave a quiz only to find that very few students have a clue about what you were teaching? Strategy One: Write detailed lesson plans and give them to the students to execute In the past I never understood the point of writing lesson plans. The following is a lesson plan that I give to the students to execute. The plan guides the students to learn vocabulary, copy and learn examples, and do examples on their own. Strategy Two: Teach good note-taking skills Besides learning subject matter, it is essential for students to be taught how to learn. The product of the math lesson in Strategy One is notes for the section. Strategy Five: Grade for learning
Student-Centered Learning: The First Steps Are the Hardest Ones Educator Melba Smithwick never had too much difficulty trying out new ideas. But when a new principal encouraged a small group of teachers to give students more say in their learning, Smithwick hesitated. Included: Smithwick shares her first, tentative steps. I have always been a risk-taker. That year, in the school where I taught math, five teachers were assigned to a take a yearlong course in student-centered learning, attending one session each month. During the first months of the course, I began to think more deeply about my instructional practices and the projects I assigned my students. I always thought my classroom was student-centered. After more reading, more informal discussions with my principal, and more training, however, I accidentally stumbled upon a true student-centered learning situation in my very own classroom. Sam loved to stir up the class and then sit back and watch us go at it. As the class wound to an end that day, several students asked me if Sam was correct.
5 Tools to Help Students Learn How to Learn Helping students learn how to learn: That’s what most educators strive for, and that’s the goal of inquiry learning. That skill transfers to other academic subject areas and even to the workplace where employers have consistently said that they want creative, innovative and adaptive thinkers. Inquiry learning is an integrated approach that includes kinds of learning: content, literacy, information literacy, learning how to learn, and social or collaborative skills. Students think about the choices they make throughout the process and the way they feel as they learn. Those observations are as important as the content they learn or the projects they create. “We want students thinking about their thinking,” said Leslie Maniotes a teacher effectiveness coach in the Denver Public Schools and one of the authors of Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st Century. “When they are able to see where they came from and where they got to it is very powerful for them.”
5 Excellent Strategies to Teach Students how to Learn " Give a man a fish and he'll eat for a day but teach him to fish and he'll eat for a lifetime " this quip summarizes the essence of education and learning. Teach students how to learn and they will learn for the rest of their lives.The focus should be on the process not the end product, but unfortunately today's educational system with its emphasis on high stake tests and standardized assessment puts the cart in front of the horse and turn students into empty pails that require filling up each time they are to pass a test. To redress the situation and empower our students with the learning and social skills they need to thrive in tomorrow's job market, inquiry based learning is the answer. Just like the 6 other important learning strategies I talked about in an earlier post here in Educational Technology and Mobile Learning, inquiry-based learning should have the lion's share in your teaching practice. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
4 myths about student-centered learning Student-centered learning — in which students are independent learners who take charge of their own education — has become something of a holy grail among educators. But the problem with holy grails is that they quickly start to seem unattainable. Part of the reason is that many teachers have misconceptions about student-centered classrooms and what it takes to achieve that type of learning environment, said LeeAnn Lindsey, an educational technologist and innovation leader at Arizona State University. “Sometimes teachers think that shifting to a student-centered classroom will be too difficult and they’re not quite sure where to begin,” she said. In her upcoming webinar, “Student-Centered Learning: Make the Shift! 1. There is a continuum of teaching styles that use technology, ranging from teacher-centered to student-centered learning. “Teachers do not have to choose between being a sage on the stage and a guide on the side,” Lindsey said. 2. 3. 4.
Addressing Our Needs: Maslow Comes to Life for Educators and Students In the mid-1950s, humanistic psychologist Abraham Maslow created a theory of basic, psychological and self-fulfillment needs that motivate individuals to move consciously or subconsciously through levels or tiers based on our inner and outer satisfaction of those met or unmet needs. As a parent and educator, I find this theory eternally relevant for students and adults, especially in our classrooms. After studying it over the past couple of years, my graduate and undergraduate students have decided that every classroom should display a wall-sized diagram of the pyramid, as students and teachers alike place pins and post-its on the varying tiers based on their own feelings, behaviors and needs. What do actual brain-compatible strategies look like on this pyramid? Tier One Meeting Physiological Needs in the Classroom These elements contribute to brain-compatible learning by creating a physical environment that is inviting, warm and friendly! Questions to Ask Myself What do I need? Tier Two
4 Steps to Becoming a Learner-Centered eLearning Professional 4 Steps to Becoming a Learner-Centered eLearning Professional Take a moment to step back from your role as an eLearning designer, instructor, or course developer and focus on yourself as a learner. Answer these questions: How do you learn best? Your answers to these questions are likely very different from your friends, family members, and coworkers. What is Learner-Centered Design? Learner-centered design places the focus of attention on the quality of student learning (Barr & Tagg, 1995). Jackson, Stratford, Krajcik, & Soloway, 2000; Quintana et al., 2000 further explained that learner-centered design "considers learning while doing; it supports learners in the ways of using the software and throughout the use of it. The Four Learner-Centered Principles According to Jonassen et al. (1995), there are four distinct attributes of learner-centered effective eLearning courses: Learner-Centered Design in Practice: 4 Steps These changes include: 1. 2. 3. 4. Final thought Further Reads:
Putting the student-centric approach in focus VCRs and VHS tapes, film, CDs, movie rental stores, phone books, dictionaries, encyclopedias, fax machines and pay phones. They served a purpose and paved the way for advancement. But now they're mostly gone, succumbing to a wave of acronyms: DVRs, MP3s, WAVs, MOVs, AVIs and URLs. Like devices and technology, systems, too, undergo significant change to meet different demands, deliver services and support in more effective ways and, in general, help create a better world. Our education system is in the midst of a powerful transformation, thanks largely to a movement that is gaining steam and garnering champions from around the world. "We are living in an interesting time. Teaching, as established in the early 1900s, was designed to process large populations of students categorized by age. Already popular with thousands of educators worldwide — including scores of ISTE members — personalized learning is viewed by many to be the future of education. But these are definitions.
How Students Lead the Learning Experience at Democratic Schools Courtesy of Fairhaven School While teaching at Catholic and public schools in the 1990s, Mark McCaig and his wife, Kim, grew increasingly frustrated with the amount of time they were having to devote to managing behavior and teaching material that didn’t interest students. They started reading about different approaches and were intrigued by the Sudbury Valley School, a democratic school in Massachusetts where students are in charge of what and how they learn. After paying a visit, they quit their teaching jobs to create a Sudbury-type school in Maryland. The Fairhaven School, which opened its doors in 1998, has no tests or grades, and no assigned homework. To foster those traits, the school aims “to strike that balance between freedom and responsibility,” McCaig says, which he sees as two sides of the same coin. How it Works Designed to be an affordable, “green” learning space with a heterogeneous student body, the school is in a racially diverse, middle-class suburb of Washington, DC.
edutopia In the education world, the term student-centered classroom is one we hear a lot. And many educators would agree that when it comes to 21st-century learning, having a student-centered classroom is certainly a best practice. Whether you instruct first grade or university students, take some time to think about where you are with creating a learning space where your students have ample voice, engage frequently with each other, and are given opportunities to make choices. Guiding Questions Use these questions to reflect on the learning environment you design for students: In what ways do students feel respected, feel valued, and feel part of the whole group? Balancing Teacher Roles So let's talk about that last question, and specifically, direct instruction versus facilitation. Facilitation: open-ended questioning, problem posing, Socratic seminar, and guided inquiry Direct instruction: demonstration, modeling, and lecturing Coaching: providing feedback, conferencing, and guided practice
How the Power of Interest Drives Learning Teaching Strategies Peninsula Park In recent years researchers have begun to build a science of interest, investigating what interest is, how interest develops, what makes things interesting, and how we can cultivate interest in ourselves and others. They are finding that interest can help us think more clearly, understand more deeply, and remember more accurately. Interest has the power to transform struggling performers, and to lift high achievers to a new plane. So what is interest? What Interest Can Do For Us Interest is at once a cognitive state and an affective state, what Silvia calls a “knowledge emotion.” Interests powerfully influence our academic and professional choices. In fact, scientists have shown that passionate interests can even allow people to overcome academic difficulties or perceptual disabilities. How To Promote Interest So what can parents, teachers and leaders do to promote interest? Starting A Virtuous Cycle Keeping Interest Alive Related