Origins of the Cold War 1945-49 FOUR causes of the Cold War [BARE]. NINE events which caused the Cold War. FOUR decisions made at the Yalta Conference. TWO decisions and three disagreements at the Potsdam conference. The ‘salami tactics’ that brought Communists to power in Eastern Europe FIVE causes [CABAN] and FOUR results [CENA] of the Berlin crisis, 1948–9. FIVE ‘Berlin Airlift Facts’. Origins of the Cold War: The Communist Dimension It is surely a suggestive irony that just at the point when younger American historians had made serious intellectual headway with their reinterpretation of the cold war, fixing historical responsibility in terms of the mistakes, delusions and imperatives of United States policy, the Soviet Union astonished friends and foes by overwhelming Czechoslovakia and turning its clock of history backwards. If the cold war has not revived, small thanks are due the Soviet leaders. Their extraordinary nervousness, their man?uvres to propitiate both the outgoing and incoming American Administrations, indicate very plainly how much they have feared political retaliation; this in itself is a comment on where responsibility for the cold war today should rest. To continue reading, please log in. Don't have an account? Register Register now to get three articles each month. As a subscriber, you get unrestricted access to ForeignAffairs.com. Register for free to continue reading. Have an account?
Yalta (Crimea) Conference The Yalta Conference February, 1945 Washington, March 24 - The text of the agreements reached at the Crimea (Yalta) Conference between , Prime Minister and Generalissimo , as released by the State Department today, follows: The Crimea Conference of the heads of the Governments of the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which took place from Feb. 4 to 11, came to the following conclusions: It was decided: 1. 2. (a) the United Nations as they existed on 8 Feb., 1945; and (b) Such of the Associated Nations as have declared war on the common enemy by 1 March, 1945. 3. 4. "The above-named Governments suggest that the conference consider as affording a basis for such a Charter the proposals for the establishment of a general international organization which were made public last October as a result of the Dumbarton Oaks conference and which have now been supplemented by the following provisions for Section C of Chapter VI: C. "1. "2. "3. 1. 2.
A Secret Landscape: The Cold War Infrastructure of the Nation's Capital Region History of Sir Winston Churchill Winston Churchill was an inspirational statesman, writer, orator and leader who led Britain to victory in the Second World War. He served as Conservative Prime Minister twice - from 1940 to 1945 (before being defeated in the 1945 general election by the Labour leader Clement Attlee) and from 1951 to 1955. Accessible Media Player by Nomensa The timeline slider below uses WAI ARIA. Please use the documentation for your screen reader to find out more. Winston Churchill was born on 30 November 1874, in Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire and was of rich, aristocratic ancestry. Churchill was elected as Conservative MP for Oldham in 1900, before defecting to the Liberal Party in 1904 and spending the next decade climbing the ranks of the Liberal government. The interwar years saw Churchill again ‘cross the floor’ from the Liberals, back to the Conservative Party. By his re-election in 1951, Churchill was, in the words of Roy Jenkins, “gloriously unfit for office”.
1941-1949 - Potsdam Conference A Decade of American Foreign Policy 1941-1949Potsdam Conference The Berlin (Potsdam) Conference, July 17-August 2, 1945 (a) Protocol of the Proceedings, August l, 1945 The Berlin Conference of the Three Heads of Government of the U. S. A. " (1) There shall be established a Council composed of the Foreign Ministers of the United Kingdom, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, China, France, and the United States. "(2) (i) The Council shall normally meet in London which shall be the permanent seat of the joint Secretariat which the Council will form. " (ii) The first meeting of the Council shall be held in London not later than September 1st 1945. " (3) (i) As its immediate important task, the Council shall be authorized to draw up, with a view to their submission to the United Nations, treaties of peace with Italy, Rumania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Finland, and to propose settlements of territorial questions outstanding on the termination of the war in Europe. B. C. D. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Teaching Adolescents How to Evaluate the Quality of Online Information An essential part of online research is the ability to critically evaluate information. This includes the ability to assess its level of accuracy, reliability, and bias. In 2012, my colleagues and I assessed 770 seventh graders in two states to study these areas, and the results definitely got our attention. Unfortunately, over 70 percent of the students’ responses suggested that: Middle school students are more concerned with content relevance than with credibility They rarely attend to source features such as author, venue, or publication type to evaluate reliability and author perspective When they do refer to source features in their explanations, their judgments are often vague, superficial, and lacking in reasoned justification Other studies highlight similar shortcomings of high school and college students in these areas (see, for example, a 2016 study from Stanford). So what can you do to more explicitly teach adolescents how to evaluate the quality of online information?
Gaddis | The New Cold War History By John Lewis Gaddis Outside of a dog, a book is a man’s best friend. Inside of a dog, it’s too dark to read. -- Groucho Marx I like this quotation from the other Marx because it suggests how limited our view of the Cold War, until quite recently, has actually been. In contrast to the way most history is written, Cold War historians through the end of the 1980s were working within rather than after the event they were trying to describe. We now know, to coin a phrase. So what does it all add up to? First, it is clear now that, contrary to what historians and theorists of international relations expected when the Cold War began, democratic governments behaved more realistically throughout than did their authoritarian counterparts. We now know what some of these illusions were. Stalin, for example, believed to his dying day that the capitalist states would never join together to contain Soviet expansionism. The pattern, in retrospect, was clear by the early 1960s.