Anti-Chinese Racism | Australian Gold, History & Culture Info/Chinese On The Australian Gold Fields - Historic Gold Rush Village Mogo South Coast NSW Australia Most migrants who joined the Australian goldrush left behind family and home. This was particularly difficult for the Chinese who came from a traditional culture that focused heavily on parents, family and the ancestral village. The majority of Chinese men who came to NSW were not individual fortune hunters, but came as a family representative seeking an essential and supplementary income for his family and his wife who had been left at home to honour her primary role as support for her in-laws. Added to that was the "credit-ticket" system whereby the family, villagers and brokers set up a co-operative venture to pay for the ticket. Australian Aboriginals and Chinese immigrants were especially identified in populations statistics. Chinese travelling outside of NSW had to get special re-entry certificates. Mei Quong Tart By the 1870's 10% of the population of Majors Creek were Chinese. Chinese Entrepreneurial Activities Anti-Chinese Laws
Riot or Revolution (2005) clip 1 on ASO This clip starts approximately 20 minutes into the documentary. We are shown illustrations of a landscape scene of a port, men working in a minefields and a congregation of squatters. This is intermittently cut into a reenactment of an actor playing Governor Hotham accompany a narration. Narrator Most government revenue was raised through indirect taxes, primarily import duties. Actor playing Governor Hotham You ask me to do a very serious thing – to do away with a large portion of public revenue. Narrator The previous governor, Charles La Trobe, had tried to introduce an export duty on gold. Interview with Geoffrey Blainey. Geoffrey Blainey The world had very little experience of running a large-scale free goldfield. Narrator This was the system Hotham inherited. Renactment of Govern Hotham played by an actor delivering speech behind an official office desk. Narrator After Hotham’s tour of the goldfields, expectations were raised that he would abolish the licence.
Eureka! The rush for gold | State Library of New South Wales The gold rushes and the diggers who worked the goldfields are etched into Australian folklore. Follow the story of the people who sought the glittering prize. Edward Hammond Hargraves is credited with finding the first payable goldfields at Ophir, near Bathurst, New South Wales, on 12 February 1851. The Australian gold rushes transformed former convict colonies into modern cities with an influx of free emigrants in the latter half of the nineteenth century. While not all these diggers found riches on the goldfields, many chose to stay in the colonies and established themselves in the newly-prosperous cities. The camaraderie and 'mateship' that developed between diggers on the goldfields is still integral to how we perceive ourselves as Australians. Small gold minehead without shelter and six miners, Gulgong, ca. 1875, by AACPWet plate negative ON 4 Box 43/18 Eureka!
Australian gold rushes Australian gold diggings, by Edwin Stocqueler, c. 1855 After the California gold rush began in 1848, causing many people to leave Australia for California to look for gold there, the New South Wales government rethought its position, and sought approval from the Colonial Office in England to allow the exploitation of the mineral resources and also offered rewards for the finding of payable gold. The first gold rush in Australia began in May 1851 after prospector Edward Hargraves claimed to have discovered payable gold near Orange, at a site he called Ophir. Hargraves had been to the Californian goldfields and had learned new gold prospecting techniques such as panning and cradling. Hargraves was offered rewards by the Colony of New South Wales and the Colony of Victoria. Before the end of the year, the gold rush had spread to many other parts of the state where gold had been found, not just to the west, but also to the south and north of Sydney. Pre-rush gold finds F. At E.
Eureka Stockade | National Museum of Australia Eureka Stockade 1854: Rebellion of goldminers at the Eureka Stockade, Ballarat, Victoria On 1 December 1854, miners, disgruntled with the way the colonial government had been administering the goldfields, built a stockade at the Eureka diggings near Ballarat, Victoria and swore allegiance to the Southern Cross flag. Early on the morning of Sunday 3 December, when the stockade was only lightly guarded, government troops attacked. Eureka is a significant event in the development of Australia's representational structures and attitudes towards democracy and egalitarianism. More on the Eureka Stockade Eureka leader Peter Lalor, December 1854: It is my duty now to swear you in, and to take with you the oath to be faithful to the Southern Cross. Swearing Allegiance to the Southern Cross, watercolour by Charles A Doudiet, 1 December 1854. Gold in Australia Gold was the catalyst for great change in Australia. This massive influx of people was a serious challenge for the government. Eureka Stockade
Victorian goldfields nugget At a glance Bealiba gold nugget How gold transformed a colony Changing methods of gold extraction Images of the goldfields Bealiba gold nugget The Bealiba gold nugget was found near the town of Bealiba (70 kms west of Bendigo, Victoria) on 26 June 1957 by Arthur Stewart, the owner of a small nearby grazing property. Mr Stewart had stopped at the side of the road to repair the chain on his bicycle, which he was riding because his car had earlier broken down. His bad luck ended, however, when he noticed gold glinting from a clod of earth alongside the road. Gold nugget discovered by Arthur Stewart near Bealiba, Victoria, in June 1957. The next day Mr Stewart formed a syndicate with mail contactor Gordon McDowell and a farmer and his son both named Tom Wright. Although the Victorian goldfields were famed for the gold nuggets they yielded, including some of the largest ever discovered, very few of these survive in their original form. Bealiba gold nugget video Colonial beginnings Gold rush
Gold rushes | National Museum of Australia The discovery of gold in the 1850s started a series of rushes that transformed the Australian colonies. The first discoveries of payable gold were at Ophir in New South Wales and then at Ballarat and Bendigo Creek in Victoria. In 1851, gold-seekers from around the world began pouring into the colonies, changing the course of Australian history. The gold rushes greatly expanded Australia’s population, boosted its economy, and led to the emergence of a new national identity. More on the gold rushes Geelong Advertiser, 14 October 1851: There are, we should say, about a thousand cradles at work, within a mile of the Golden Point, at Ballarat. 'Race to the gold diggings of Australia' board game, about 1855. Transformation of the Australian colonies Between 1851 and 1871, the Australian population trebled as thousands of migrants – from Britain, China, America, France, Italy, Germany and Poland – arrived in search of gold. Edward Hargraves Mr E.H. Bealiba gold nugget Further reading SBS Gold website
Gold Rush in Australia: About life on the goldfields from 1851 — kidcyber Towards the end of August 1851, James Reagan and John Dunlop discovered the richest goldfield the world has ever seen in a place the Aborigines called Balla arat, which means 'camping place', now the city of Ballarat. Other discoveries soon followed in Mount Alexander, now called Castlemaine, in Daylesford, Creswick, Maryborough, Bendigo and McIvor, now called Heathcote. Thousands of people left their homes and jobs and set off to the diggings to find their fortune. At the start of the gold rush, there were no roads to the goldfields, and no shops or houses there. People had to carry everything they needed. They travelled by horse or bullock, or by walking with a wheelbarrow loaded with possessions. By the end of September 1851 there were about 10,000 people digging for gold near Ballarat. People came from all over the world, intending to strike it rich and return home to their own countries.
History Hill Museum Australia's Golden History - History Hill Museum It is said that in excess of 95% of the world’s gold has been unearthed during the past 10,000 years. Of this, the most colourful and exciting period was that of the 1840’s onto the turn of the century when the circumnavigation of the earth together with the settlement and communication, primitive but effective, were completed. In 1848, the discovery of gold by an American engineer of the James Wilson Marshall sparked of the first major international migration to seek out and extract gold. This discovery took place while Marshall was working for Captain John Suttor at Suttors Mill on the Sacramento River in California in the United States of America . Diggers from all over the world armed with picks, shovels and above all, hope swarmed in the New American El Dorado. Australia ‘s Gold beginnings were of a different nature; in a similar fashion to an infant taking its first few uncertain steps, the option of a gold field received a few staggered starts. Next we had Count Paul E.
Gold Rush: 23/02/2010, Behind the News Have you ever heard about the gold rush of the past and wished you could strike it rich? Well now might be your chance! Gold mines that have been closed for years are opening up again, but before you grab a pick-axe and start digging, Sarah discovered that it's new technology that's blowing the cobwebs off some historic mine sites. SARAH LARSEN, REPORTER: It was the precious metal that transformed Australia. Travel around Australia and its not hard to find evidence of the country's gold mining history in ghost towns like this. KIDS: So what happened to the gold? REPORTER: When a mine closes its not necessarily because all the precious metal's gone. When the gold rush started you could find gold just by panning in the mud. GREG HAYDEN: Yeah, well we had playmates and all of a sudden we didn't. But Cowarra may not be a ghost town for that much longer.