Apartheid didn’t die in South Africa The murder of 34 miners by the South African police, most of them shot in the back, puts paid to the illusion of post-apartheid democracy and illuminates the new, worldwide apartheid of which South Africa is both a historic and contemporary model. In 1894, long before the infamous Afrikaans word foretold “separate development” for the majority people of South Africa, an Englishman, Cecil John Rhodes, oversaw the Glen Grey Act in what was then the Cape Colony. This was designed to force blacks from agriculture into an army of cheap labour, principally for the mining of newly discovered gold and other precious minerals. As a result of this social Darwinism, Rhodes’s De Beers companyquickly developed into a world monopoly, making him fabulously rich. In keeping with liberalism in Britain and the United States, he was celebrated as a philanthropist supporting high-minded causes. Today, the Rhodes scholarship at Oxford University is prized among liberal elites. Transmission line Lesser evil
Afrikaner nationalism Afrikaner nationalism (Afrikaans: Afrikaner Volkseenheid) is a political ideology that was born in the late nineteenth century among Afrikaners in South Africa; it was strongly influenced by anti-British sentiments that grew strong among the Afrikaners, especially because of the Boer Wars. Formulating the ideology One of the first champions of the Afrikaner nationalism was ordained minister Stephen Du Toit of the Dutch Reformed Church, who was also one of the founding members of the Broederbond as well as the publisher of Die Afrikaanse Patriot newspaper. In his writings, Du Toit put forward the notion that Afrikaners were a distinct nationality with a fatherland (South Africa) and their own language (Afrikaans) and that the volks destiny was to rule South Africa. Dutch Reformed Church Abraham Kuyper Religion, especially Afrikaner Calvinism, played an instrumental role in the development of Afrikaner nationalism and consequently the apartheid ideology. J. See also
APARTHEID - ARTICLES, VIDEOS, PICTURES & FACTS In 1976, when thousands of black children in Soweto, a black township outside Johannesburg, demonstrated against the Afrikaans language requirement for black African students, the police opened fire with tear gas and bullets. The protests and government crackdowns that followed, combined with a national economic recession, drew more international attention to South Africa and shattered all illusions that apartheid had brought peace or prosperity to the nation. The United Nations General Assembly had denounced apartheid in 1973, and in 1976 the UN Security Council voted to impose a mandatory embargo on the sale of arms to South Africa. Under pressure from the international community, the National Party government of Pieter Botha sought to institute some reforms, including abolition of the pass laws and the ban on interracial sex and marriage.
Dossier histoire de l' Apartheid : Sommaire Colonisée par les Néerlandais au XVIIe siècle et devenue dominion britannique en 1910, l’Afrique du Sud possède déjà un lourd passé de discrimination raciale lorsqu’est mis en place l’apartheid. Appliquée dès 1948, cette politique, disant favoriser le développement du pays et la préservation des cultures de chaque ethnie, vise surtout à conserver la suprématie blanche. Multipliant les mesures de ségrégation raciale, l’apartheid s’attire de plus en plus les foudres de l’opinion... L' Apartheid : En Détail L' Apartheid : Frise L' Apartheid : voir les 28 dates L' Apartheid : En Savoir plus
Effects of Apartheid on the Status of Women in South Africa Effects of Apartheid on the Status of Women in South Africa 15 July 1980 At the core of South Africa`s system of apartheid lies the need for a cheap and constant supply of labour in order to ensure the continued exploitation of, and profit from, the country`s great mineral wealth. The population figures for South Africa give some indication of the extent of this inequality. Two of the most far-reaching aspects of apartheid are the system of migrant labour and the establishment of bantustans, or reserves, for blacks, based on the premise that Africans can live in a white urban or rural area only in order to sell their labour. Because it is impossible to live off the land, which is generally non arable, and because of heavy taxation, African men have been forced to seek work in the white areas. Every African, male or female, must carry a "pass" from the age of 16. The list of inequities suffered by black South Africans is a lengthy one. The reserves or bantustans The men suffer too.
Afrikaner nationalism The History of Apartheid in South Africa South Africa (see map) is a country blessed with an abundance of natural resources including fertile farmlands and unique mineral resources. South African mines are world leaders in the production of diamonds and gold as well as strategic metals such as platinum. The climate is mild, reportedly resembling the San Francisco bay area weather more than anywhere in the world. South Africa was colonized by the English and Dutch in the seventeenth century. English domination of the Dutch descendents (known as Boers or Afrikaners) resulted in the Dutch establishing the new colonies of Orange Free State and Transvaal. With the enactment of apartheid laws in 1948, racial discrimination was institutionalized. In 1951, the Bantu Authorities Act established a basis for ethnic government in African reserves, known as ``homelands.'' The penalties imposed on political protest, even non-violent protest, were severe. Where to go from here: Next
apartheid nom masculin (mot afrikaans signifiant séparation) Régime de ségrégation systématique des populations de couleur, en Afrique du Sud. La complexité du peuplement de l’Afrique du Sud explique l’établissement de l’apartheid en système de gouvernement à partir de 1913. Malgré une forte pression intérieure et extérieure, il se maintient jusqu’en 1991. 1. 1.1. Les premiers habitants attestés du territoire actuel de l'Afrique du Sud sont les chasseurs-cueilleurs khoisans (Bochimans et Hottentots). Dès 1652, le Hollandais Jan Van Riebeeck établit le premier comptoir européen en Afrique australe, à Table Bay (aujourd'hui un quartier du Cap), destiné servir d'escale aux navires de la Compagnie hollandaise des Indes orientales. Les pionniers hollandais (les Boers, « paysans » en néerlandais) s'implantent ainsi dans l'Est, où ils affrontent les Bantous. 1.2. Au cours du xixe siècle, les Boers se heurtent aux Britanniques, à qui le congrès de Vienne (1814) a attribué Le Cap. 1.3. 1.4. 2. 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 3. 3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4.
Planet Schule - Wissenspool | Apartheid | Hintergrund | Hintergrund | Reports in English: Teens in South Africa The first black president of South Africa; (Rechte: dpa) Over the course of the 1980s, the South African government faced increasing domestic and external pressures. The end to the system of apartheid was unstoppable. However, the reforms of president Pieter Willem Botha, who came to power after the Soweto uprising and remained in office until 1989, were not very far reaching. By the mid 1980s, the charismatic leader of the black population, Nelson Mandela, had already been imprisoned for more than 20 years. After the first free elections for all South Africans, on May 10th, 1994, Nelson Mandela became the state’s first black president.
Legalized discrimination Ten Things You Should Know About Selma Before You See the Film In this 50th anniversary year of the Selma-to-Montgomery March and the Voting Rights Act it helped inspire, national media will focus on the iconic images of “Bloody Sunday,” the words of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the interracial marchers, and President Lyndon Johnson signing the Voting Rights Act. This version of history, emphasizing a top-down narrative and isolated events, reinforces the master narrative which civil rights activists describe as, “Rosa sat down, Martin stood up, and the white folks came South to save the day.” But there is a “people’s history” of Selma that we all can learn from—one that is needed especially now. A march of 15,000 in Harlem in solidarity with the Selma voting rights struggle. Here are 10 points to keep in mind about Selma’s civil rights history. 1. Mrs. 2. In 1963, seasoned activists Colia (Liddell) and Bernard Lafayette came to Selma as field staff for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), known as “Snick.” 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Nelson Mandela 1918 -2013 Amnesty International paid tribute today to one of the world’s most visionary leaders in the fight to protect and promote human rights, Nelson Mandela. The death of Nelson Mandela is not just a loss for South Africa. It is a loss for people all over the world who are fighting for freedom, for justice and for an end to discrimination. “As a world leader who refused to accept injustice, Nelson Mandela’s courage helped change our entire world,” said Grant Bayldon, Executive Director. “His death leaves a massive hole, not just in South Africa but around the world.” "Nelson Mandela's commitment to human rights was epitomised by his unswerving resolve to stamp out racial inequality during apartheid, followed by his vital work in combating HIV/AIDS in South Africa. An inspiration to millions Nelson Mandela’s life of political struggle and self-sacrifice stands as an example to millions around the globe. Human dignity, equality and justice Ambassador of Conscience Debt of gratitude Take Action Online