Robert Watson-Watt Robert Watson-Watt, the son of a carpenter, was born in Brechin, Scotland, on 13th April, 1892. A direct descendant of James Watt, Watson-Watt was educated at University of St Andrews. Watson-Watt joined the Royal Aircraft Factory in Farnborough as a meteorologist in 1915. Watson-Watt used his knowledge of radio to try and devise a system to warn airman of local thunderstorms. In 1924 Watson-Watt moved to the recently established Radio Research Station in Slough. In 1935 Watson-Watt wrote a paper entitled The Detection of Aircraft by Radio Methods. By the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 Watson-Watt had designed and installed a chain of radar stations along the East and South coast of England. Watson-Watt became scientific adviser to the Air Ministry in 1940 and the following year went to the United States where he providing advice of building radar stations.
Mary Slessor : Scotland Magazine Issue 46 The life of a Scots woman and 19th century missionary to Nigeria. In her own opinion, Mary Slessor was “wee and thin and not very strong,” but throughout her life she showed herself to be a remarkably strong and tenacious woman. Combining this with her limitless enthusiasm, kindness and generosity, Mary Slessor earned her reputation as one of the most effective and well loved Christian missionaries in Africa during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Born on 2nd December 1848, Mary was the second child of a shoemaker in Aberdeen; a poor family made poorer by her father’s alcoholism. There was little option for Mary. It was a harsh beginning in life, and instilled in Mary a strong work ethic and respect for education. Mary was deeply religious, having followed her mother in this regard and developed a keen interest in missionary work. She arrived at a time of particular political turmoil. Mary was sent to the Calabar region, warned that witchcraft and superstition were prevalent.
University of Dundee : External Relations : Press Office 24 March 2008 'Jute and Dundee: The management of industrial decline' The long decline of Dundee’s jute industry and the reasons for it will be examined in a major new research project at the University of Dundee. The Leverhulme Trust has granted £128,000 in research funding to Professor Jim Tomlinson and Dr Carlo Morelli for their project `Jute and Dundee: The management of industrial decline’. The jute industry was one of the cornerstones - alongside jam and journalism - of Dundee’s economic landscape through the Victorian age and into the 20th century, with the city at the centre of a worldwide trade. The size of the jute industry ensured it had a unique impact on the history of Dundee and its population. This project seeks to capture this uniqueness and at the same time relate jute's decline to the wider industrial changes taking place across the UK. "Jute is a pioneer of the decline of old local industry - others like shipbuilding and coal in other parts of Britain came later.
Arbroath Abbey HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: The Declaration of Arbroath was written here - perhaps the most important document in Scottish history William the Lion, King of Scotland, was a close friend of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury. When William decided to establish a Tironensian abbey at Arbroath in 1178, he dedicated the abbey to Becket. In so doing, he was thumbing his nose at Henry II of England, at whose instigation Becket was killed in 1170. Though construction on Arbroath Abbey began almost immediately, it was not until 1200 that the great church was begun. The Declaration of ArbroathArbroath Abbey occupies a special place in Scottish history for its role in establishing Scottish independence from England. But by 1320 Pope John XXII hoped to interest Bruce and Edward II of England in a new Crusade. Did it work? Well, not instantly. Life at Arbroath Abbey continued long after the Declaration of Arbroath, of course. Visiting Arbroath Abbey is an awe-inspiring experience.
Brechin Cathedral Round Tower One of only two Irish-style round towers in Scotland (the other is at Abernethy). The tower was built in the 11th century, with the addition of a stone roof from the 15th century. The most striking feature of the tower, aside from its unusual architecture for Scotland, is its highly carved doorway. It is 86 feet to the wall head of Brechin tower, and 106 feet to the tp of the cap house, making it considerably higher than Abernethy tower. You cannot ascend the tower, but you can view the exterior and visit the historic church, which hosts a marvellous of carved stones in addition to the St Mary Stone. About Brechin Cathedral Round Tower Address: Church Street, Brechin, Perth and Kinross, Perthshire, Tayside, Scotland, DD9 6EU Attraction Type: Historic Building Location: In the centre of Brechin Website: Brechin Cathedral Round Tower Historic Scotland Location map OS: NO596600 Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express Find other attractions tagged with:
Robert Watson-Watt Robert Watson-Watt is credited with inventing the radar which played an invaluable part in the Battle of Britain. Robert Watson-Watt can be considered one of the unsung heroes of World War Two - very many know about his invention, yet few know his name. Robert Watson-Watt was born April 1892 in Brechin, Scotland. In 1915, during World War One, Watson-Watt worked as a meteorologist at the Royal Aircraft Factory trying to use radio waves to locate the whereabouts of severe weather (primarily thunder) so that pilots could be forewarned of the potential danger. In 1924, Watson-Watt moved to the Radio Research Station at Slough. In February 1935, Watson-Watt produced a report entitled "The Detection of Aircraft by Radio Methods". As a result of this success, Watson-Watt was appointed superintendent of a newly formed establishment controlled by the Air Ministry - Bawdsey Research Station near Felixstowe in Suffolk. Sir Robert Watson-Watt died on December 5th, 1973.
Mary Slessor -The white Ma of Africa The white Ma of Africa by Rit Nosotro First Published:: 2003 ( Last updated: 02/25/2011 03:38:43) When Mary Slessor was born on December 2nd, 1848, her parents didn’t know they were raising what would become Africa’s miracle. As a child, Mary lived in Gilcomston (close to Aberdeen), Scotland for the first eleven-years of her life. At the age of 27 years old, in 1873, Mary came to the realization that there had to be more to life than working in a cotton mill. After spending 3 years at a missionary compound in Calabar, Mary longed to go into the interior of Africa, “Where no other white person has settled”. Mary’s health affected her work in Africa once again and again she had to be sent home. The 39 years Mary spent with the people of different regions of Calabar were filled with excitement, disappointment, horror, and joy. Sources: Harrison, Eugene Myers. Disclaimer: The above essay was donated to hyperhistory.net.
Jute City : Scotland Magazine Issue 38 Scotland's fourth city was built largely on the Jute industry, a natural fibre also known as hessian or burlap. Gavin D Smith reports. Last year Dundee launched an initiative to become the first ‘plastic bag-free’ city in Scotland, with the council and local retailers handing out thousands of reusable carriers made from jute, imported from India. Until the low wage economies of the Indian sub-continent brought about its ultimate demise, Dundee was the world capital of jute manufacture for the best part of a century, and the irony of the situation was not lost on Dundonians. It is fair to say that the Victorian economy of Scotland’s fourth city was built largely on the jute industry, which had its origins in an 1820 shipment of 20 bales of the fibre which were landed at Dundee docks from India for processing. Today it is easy to forget just how ubiquitous jute once was. However, against all the odds, one working Dundee jute mill survived until recent times. Places to visit By : Gavin D.
Arbroath Abbey The document that we now call the Declaration of Arbroath is what makes this ruined abbey on Scotland’s east coast one of the most famous heritage sites in Britain. It was issued from here in 1320 and it was actually a letter written by a group of Scottish nobles to the Pope in Rome. It was produced in the light of the struggle by the Scots to retain their independence in the face of an assault by England. Even though Robert the Bruce had defeated the English army of Edward II at Bannockburn in 1314, the English ruler had refused to accept that Robert the Bruce was a legitimate king. Arbroath Abbey was an important place in the early 14th century. When you visit today, you’ll find a tremendous new visitor centre with a first floor viewing gallery from which you can survey the broken walls and pillar bases outside. There is a further small display on the Declaration itself in one of the few abbey buildings still standing, the Guest House. The historian’s view: Ted Cowan on Arbroath Abbey