This is your brain on communication Imagine that a device was invented which could record all of my memories, dreams and ideas, and then transmit the entire contents to your brain. Sounds like a game-changing invention, right? In fact, we already possess such a technology — it’s called effective storytelling. Human lives revolve around our ability to share information and experiences, and as a scientist, I’m fascinated by how our brains process interpersonal communication. Through the work in my lab, we believe we’ve uncovered two of the hidden neural mechanisms that enable us the exchange : 1) during communication, soundwaves uttered by the speaker couple the listener’s brain responses with the speaker’s brain responses; 2) our brains have developed a common neural protocol that allows us to use such brain coupling to share information. In one experiment, we brought people to the fMRI scanner and scanned their brains while they were either telling or listening to real-life stories. So, we experimented.
Will automation take away all our jobs? iStock Here’s a startling fact: in the 45 years since the introduction of the automated teller machine, those vending machines that dispense cash, the number of human bank tellers employed in the United States has roughly doubled, from about a quarter of a million in 1970 to a half a million today, with 100,000 added since the year 2000. These facts, revealed in Boston University economist James Bessen’s recent book Learning by Doing, raise an intriguing question: What are all those tellers doing, and why hasn’t automation eliminated their employment by now? If you think about it, many of the great inventions of the last 200 years were designed to replace human labor. Tractors were developed to substitute mechanical power for human physical toil. Assembly lines were engineered to replace inconsistent human handiwork with machine perfection. Automating a subset of a position’s tasks doesn’t make the other ones unnecessary — in fact, it makes them more important.
7 lessons about finding the work you were meant to do Emily Pidgeon Whether it was during a career aptitude test or in a heart-to-heart chat after getting laid off, chances are someone has talked to you about how to “find your calling.” It’s one of those phrases people toss about. But StoryCorps founder Dave Isay takes issue with it … specifically, the verb. “Finding your calling — it’s not passive,” he says. In other words, you don’t just “find” your calling — you have to fight for it. Over a decade of listening to StoryCorps interviews, Isay noticed that people often share the story of how they discovered their calling — and now, he’s collected dozens of great stories on the subject into a new book, Callings: The Purpose and Passion of Work. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
What are you revealing online? Much more than you think What can be guessed about you from your online behavior? Two computer privacy experts — economist Alessandro Acquisti and computer scientist Jennifer Golbeck — on how little we know about how much others know. The best indicator of high intelligence on Facebook is apparently liking a page for curly fries. At least, that’s according to computer scientist Jennifer Golbeck (TED Talk: The curly fry conundrum), whose job is to figure out what we reveal about ourselves through what we say — and don’t say — online. Of course, the lines between online and “real” are increasingly blurred, but as Golbeck and privacy economist Alessandro Acquisti (TED Talk: Why privacy matters) both agree, that’s no reason to stop paying attention. I hear so much conflicting information about what I should and shouldn’t be posting online. Alessandro Acquisti: My personal view is that individual responsibility is important, but we are at a stage where it is not sufficient. Jennifer Golbeck: I agree with that.
What are the ethics of using young blood to halt aging? In June, Stanford biologist Tony Wyss-Coray took the TED stage to describe no less than “an absolutely amazing development in aging research” (How young blood might help reverse aging. Yes, really). His research has shown that proteins found in the blood of younger mice can dramatically reverse the effects of aging when given to older mice. The implications are huge, perhaps ushering in a new era for the treatment of diseases like Alzheimer’s and maybe — just maybe — providing a way to treat aging itself. But the same research has also triggered some hand-wringing, and it’s not hard to guess why. If turning back the clock on our bodies is as simple as infusing ourselves with “young blood,” won’t young blood become a commodity? How founded are fears about a black market in young blood? 1. Scientists have not yet identified the specific factors in young plasma that are responsible for Wyss-Coray’s results. 2. That’s not to say that there aren’t issues here. 3. Illustration by iStock.
Adam Grant: The surprising habits of original thinkers How a TED Talk inspired me to leave work to go live on a remote island Winston Chen left his job at a software company in Boston and moved his family to the island of Rødøy, population 108, for a year. Here, Chen’s son walks across a deserted beach on a stormy day. Photo: Winston Chen Odysseus…Gauguin…Robinson Crusoe…and me? Many people dream of the ultimate escape: throwing all the baggage of civilization away and taking off to live on a remote island. But few people—particularly professional couples with young kids—actually go through with it. Stefan Sagmeister: The power of time off The seed of this idea was planted three years before, when a friend made me watch a TED Talk by graphic designer Stefan Sagmeister. It struck a deep chord with me. Ever since watching that talk, my wife and I wanted to take time off to go live in a faraway place. We rented out our house, furniture and car, and packed four big duffle bags. While Stefan Sagmeister’s goal for his year off was to rejuvenate his creativity, mine was more loosely planned. The Botnen-Chen family.
ANAJ-IHEDN | Faire rayonner l'esprit de Défense 31 mai 2016 | ANAJ-IHEDN L’ANAJ-IHEDN, en partenariat avec le Cercle K2 et Advancy, a le plaisir de vous inviter à une conférence inédite : 15 ans après : comment le FBI a vécu les attentats du 11 septembre ? Raymond J. Vincent NOUZILLE Journaliste spécialiste des questions de renseignement Jeudi 23 juin 19h00 à 21h00 Ecole militaire Amphithéâtre Foch _____ Cette conférence exceptionnelle s’inscrit dans le cadre du 15e anniversaire des évènements tragiques du 11 septembre 2001 et plus généralement, dans celui de l’anticipation et de la lutte contre la menace terroriste. Tout le monde se souvient où il était et ce qu’il faisait lors de ces terribles attaques. Encore agent spécial du FBI en 2001, il nous racontera de l’intérieur le déroulement des évènements, le traitement immédiat, matériel et médiatique, de l’attentat ainsi que la manière dont il a été perçu aux Etats Unis et, plus largement, dans le monde. Programme En partenariat avec
Can your biome make you fat? Emily Pidgeon/TED Is there a correlation between your biome and your BMI? In her new book, Why Diets Make Us Fat, neuroscientist Sandra Aamodt sheds light on this tangled, cryptic relationship. There seems to be little doubt that the diet book of 2016 is Sandra Aamodt’s Why Diets Make Us Fat: The Unintended Consequences of Our Obsession with Weight Loss — it’s already been a cover story in the New York Times Sunday Review. Aamodt’s watershed book will have a profound effect on the great American pastime of dieting, given the impressive amount of data, science and intelligence that went into its creation. Why do we need gut bacteria? The human gut contains tens of trillions of bacteria; many more of our cells are bacterial than human. In a fascinating experiment, researchers produced “germ-free mice” without any gut bacteria and raised them in an isolation chamber. How bacteria help us digest Is gut bacteria the newest weight-loss secret? How misused antibiotics might be making us fat
Adam Leipzig only needs five minutes to help you find your life purpose Adam Leipzig @TEDxMalibu (photo: LyVell Gipson) Adam Leipzig’s 2012 TEDxMalibu talk lasted around 10 minutes but more than three years later, it still resonates with viewers. “It has been so overwhelming and so flattering to see the way so many people have watched the talk and responded to it,” he said. Leipzig said he feels a responsibility to answer everyone who writes to him about his talk titled “How to Know Your Life Purpose in 5 Minutes.” “I get half from people who say ‘Wow, I found that TEDx talk at exactly the right moment and it has transformed what I’m doing, who I am, how I’m doing it – thank you,” he says. Leipzig’s talk was conceived during his 25th college reunion at Yale. “Our markers were not bank accounts,” he says. Leipzig said he was nervous before giving his talk and practiced it a lot in his living room before walking onto the TEDxMalibu stage. The five questions Leipzig recommends that you ask yourself to find your purpose are: Who are you? Check out his talk below:
Gallery: Archaeological mysteries hidden in satellite images Archaeologists have many tools at their disposal: shovels, trowels, satellites. If you are scratching your head at that final entry, check out how TED Prize winner Sarah Parcak uses satellite imagery to locate long-lost ancient sites, and to solve some of archaeology’s most enduring mysteries. The mystery: What happened to Itj-tawy, the ancient capital of Egypt? Itj-tawy, once located on the bank of the Nile, was Egypt’s capital for about 350 years during the period known as the Middle Kingdom. The mystery: What did the lost city of Tanis look like? Archaeologists have explored the tombs and temples of Tanis since the mid-1800s. The mystery: Why has looting in Egypt accelerated so much in recent years? Parcak’s team used open-source satellite data to map looting across Egypt from 2002 to 2013. The mystery: Where is the lost Amphitheatre of Portus? “Portus was kind of like the Roman Empire’s Amazon.com,” says Parcak. The mystery: What remains to be discovered in the Valley of the Kings?
Could Singapore hold the secret to preparing workers for the future? Mariah Llanes In 1965, unemployment in Singapore was in the double digits. Workforce literacy was 57 percent. Singapore could have been like many of the other struggling colonies spun off from the British Empire after World War II — but it turned out differently. Today Singapore has roughly 2.0 percent unemployment, among the lowest in the world. So it’s worth noting how Singapore is tackling a problem many nations share: An aging workforce whose skills become obsolete before their working years are over. Modern careers are like nonstop conveyor belts — you have to keep moving and learning no matter what stage you’re at. Traditionally, careers have been stepping stones where you linger for a few years at each step … but modern careers are more like nonstop conveyor belts. Singapore offers a simple yet elegant solution: “second-skilling.” But who pays for second-skill training? Second-skilling has two dimensions: work and passion. How to predict what jobs will be out there?