background preloader

The Biology Project: Cell Biology

The Biology Project: Cell Biology
en español Cell Membranes Learn that membranes are fluid, with components that move, change, and perform vital physiological roles as they allow cells to communicate with each other and their environment. Cell Signaling Learn that living organisms constantly receive and interpret signals from their environment. Cells of multi-cellular organisms also receive signals from other cells, including signals for cell division and differentiation. Studying Cells Introduce yourself to the cell as the fundamental unit of life and the scientific method. The Cell Cycle & Mitosis Understand the events that occur in the cell cycle and the process of mitosis that divides the duplicated genetic material creating two identical daughter cells. Meiosis Understand the events that occur in process of meiosis that takes place to produce our gametes. Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, & Viruses Learn about the cells that make up all living systems, their organelles, and the differences between living cells and viruses.

Related:  Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, Protists, Fungi, Plant and Animal CellsBiology

Protista Group: The "Catch-All Kingdom" By: Chris Alderman, Michelle Strathy, Katrina Cofield, and Stuart Edwards Introduction Protistans are eukaryotes. They have a nucleus, large ribosomes, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and golgi bodies. Meiosis: An Interactive Animation Diploid Cell (2N): From a preceding mitotic division, the Oogonium (Spermatogonium) enters meiosis with DIPLOID (2N) chromosomes but TETRAPLOID (4N) DNA. Chromosomes then duplicate to produce SISTER CHROMATIDS (or HOMOLOGOUS DYADS). Prophase I: Dyad pairs align to create "TETRADS", non-sister chromatids connect and trade sections at a "CHIASMA", a process called "CROSSING OVER". Metaphase I: SPINDLE FIBERS attach to each dyad at the KINETOCHORE.

Using Animation to Study Cell Structure Overview | How can animations help convey the dynamic nature of cellular processes? What can we learn from animation that cannot be learned as easily from still images? In this lesson, students watch high-definition animations that depict the processes of DNA transcription and translation, and then write voice-over scripts. Materials | Science textbooks, computers with Internet access, projection equipment Warm-Up | Show the animation “The Inner Life of the Cell.” Kingdom (biology) Prefixes can be added so subkingdom and infrakingdom are the two ranks immediately below kingdom. Superkingdom may be considered as an equivalent of domain or empire or as an independent rank between kingdom and domain or subdomain. In some classification systems the additional rank branch (Latin: ramus) can be inserted between subkingdom and infrakingdom (e.g. Protostomia and Deuterostomia in the classification of Cavalier-Smith[3]). From around the mid-1970s onwards, there was an increasing emphasis on comparisons of genes on the molecular level (initially ribosomal RNA genes) as the primary factor in classification; genetic similarity was stressed over outward appearances and behavior. Taxonomic ranks, including kingdoms, were to be groups of organisms with a common ancestor, whether monophyletic (all descendants of a common ancestor) or paraphyletic (only some descendants of a common ancestor).

Fighting infection with vaccines - Science (9) - ABC Splash - Overview Explore historical and modern efforts to battle human infectious diseases. Watch re-enactments of the experiments of Edward Jenner, who pioneered vaccination, and of Louis Pasteur's work showing how microbes cause infection. Peer down the microscope to see the microbial world that wreaks havoc on human health. Learn about the work of an Australian team developing a vaccine against the diarrhoea.

Transport Across a Membrane Lab As of July 1, 2013 ThinkQuest has been discontinued. We would like to thank everyone for being a part of the ThinkQuest global community: Students - For your limitless creativity and innovation, which inspires us all. Teachers - For your passion in guiding students on their quest. Partners - For your unwavering support and evangelism. Parents - For supporting the use of technology not only as an instrument of learning, but as a means of creating knowledge. Plants - Interactive Science Games and Activities plants A plant is a living thing. A plant needs light, warmth, water and nutrients to grow well. Roots take up water and nutrients from the soil. They also keep the plant steady and upright in the soil. Osmosis Lab As of July 1, 2013 ThinkQuest has been discontinued. We would like to thank everyone for being a part of the ThinkQuest global community: Students - For your limitless creativity and innovation, which inspires us all. Teachers - For your passion in guiding students on their quest.

How plants work - Science (4) - ABC Splash - Overview Plants are the only living things that can make their own food. They do this during the day while it's light, using a process called photosynthesis, which uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen. Anatomy Labs - - Virtual laboratory simulations for science education Below is a list of freely available online anatomy, physiology and virtual dissection lab resources. Get Body Smart – An online examination of human anatomy and physiologyHuman Body & Mind – From the BBCVirtual AutopsyFroguts! – Virtual frog dissection and labsVirtual Frog Dissection Kit – From Berkeley LabVirtual Cat Dissection – From Penn State UniversityVirtual Pig Dissection – From Whitman CollegeVirtual Owl Pellet Dissection – From KidWingsJayDoc HistoWeb – From the University of Kansas Medical Center.

Science Education - Research & Training - NIH NIH Home > Research & Training Resources for Students Featured Site: NIAMS Kids Pages Your childhood and teen years are a prime time to learn habits that will help you keep your bones, joints, muscles, and skin healthy for years to come. Tree of Life Web Project The Tree of Life Web Project (ToL) is a collaborative effort of biologists and nature enthusiasts from around the world. On more than 10,000 World Wide Web pages, the project provides information about biodiversity, the characteristics of different groups of organisms, and their evolutionary history (phylogeny). Each page contains information about a particular group, e.g., salamanders, segmented worms, phlox flowers, tyrannosaurs, euglenids, Heliconius butterflies, club fungi, or the vampire squid.

Remarkable animal and plant life cycles - science(2,3,4) - ABC Splash - Add this to your favourites Remarkable animal and plant life cycles Find out about animals such as mammals that give birth to live young. Find out what's special about marsupials and the strange monotremes. Discover more about animals that lay eggs and animals that undergo metamorphosis.

Animal Adaptations Purpose To expand students’ knowledge of animal features and behaviors that can help or hinder their survival in a particular habitat. Context As students approach this Animal Adaptations lesson, bear in mind that, according to research, most lower elementary school students are still forming a basic understanding of how animals survive in their respective environments.