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Clearing a float container without source markup

Clearing a float container without source markup
(This clearing technique was developed by Tony Aslett, of csscreator.com. The earliest known mention of the basic :after idea is found here.) Notice as of March 4th, 2008: The article you are reading is getting a bit old and much new information on the subject of clearing has appeared since it was written. You may find this newer article very interesting. Clearing Floats The Old Fashioned Way When a float is contained within a container box that has a visible border or background, that float does not automatically force the container's bottom edge down as the float is made taller. This float-enclosing behavior in IE can also be 'toggled' off again just by hovering of links within the container, if that hovering alters either the link background or one of several other CSS properties. The W3C suggests placing a "cleared" element last in the container box, which is then recognized by the container height, forcing the container to enclose the float above that cleared element too. <div><!

Step by step CSS float tutorial Floatutorial takes you through the basics of floating elements such as images, drop caps, next and back buttons, image galleries, inline lists and multi-column layouts. General info Tutorial 1. Floating an image to the right Float an image to the right of a block of text and apply a border to the image. Tutorial 2. Float an image and caption to the right of a block of text and apply borders using Descendant Selectors. Tutorial 3. Float a series of images down the right side of the page, with content flowing beside them. Tutorial 4. Float a series of thumbnail images and captions to achieve an image gallery. Tutorial 5. Float a simple list into rollover "back" and next "buttons". Tutorial 6. Float a simple list, converting it into a horizontal navigation bar. Tutorial 7. Float a scaleable drop cap to the left, resize it and adjust line-heights to suit your needs. Tutorial 8. Float a left nav to achieve a two column layout with header and footer. Tutorial 9.

PHP for Beginners: Building Your First Simple CMS The Magic of PHP + MySQL It’s safe to say that nearly every website that’s up-to-date these days is using some form of content management system (CMS). While there are a ton of great free options that provide us with a CMS to power a website (WordPress, Drupal, etc.), it doesn’t hurt to peek under the hood and get a feel for how these systems work. To get our feet wet as back-end developers, we’ll be creating a simple PHP class that will: Create a databaseConnect to a databaseDisplay a form with two fieldsSave the form data in the databaseDisplay the saved data from the database Download Files This class is intended to give you a feel for how PHP and MySQL interact together, and to show the basics of a CMS. Building the Class Our first step is to simply lay out the class in a file named ‘simpleCMS.php’ so we have a road map to work with. As you can see, we’re creating one class with four variables and five methods. The Variables Build the Database Connect to the Database Build the Form <! <?

Contained Floats, enclosing floats with pure CSS known as the clearfix technique Author: Tony Aslett First created 8-May-2004 There is a large and growing movement by web developers and designers towards web standards. Part of that movement focuses on clean mark-up, which has many long term benefits such as easier maintenance, lighter pages and better support by browsers of the future. One thing that has bugged me was the need to add clearing elements to the mark-up to keep a container wrapped around a floated element. Most people use a division, horizontal rule or a break and set it to clear both to keep the container around the float. Firstly, if you don't have a good understanding of floats here's a couple of articles you should read. for it was these very articles that led me to this solution. Matt Brubeck described how you could use the pseudo element :after on the container of the float. This works well in most non IE browsers, in Matt's article How to completely enclose a floated element in CSS2, it was suggested that using height:100% fixes the problem for IE.

Learn Vim Progressively tl;dr: You want to teach yourself vim (the best text editor known to human kind) in the fastest way possible. This is my way of doing it. You start by learning the minimal to survive, then you integrate all the tricks slowly. Vim the Six Billion Dollar editor Better, Stronger, Faster. Learn vim and it will be your last text editor. I suggest you teach yourself Vim in 4 steps: SurviveFeel comfortableFeel Better, Stronger, FasterUse superpowers of vim By the end of this journey, you’ll become a vim superstar. But before we start, just a warning. 1st Level – Survive Install vimLaunch vimDO NOTHING! In a standard editor, typing on the keyboard is enough to write something and see it on the screen. You should feel a bit better. You now know how to switch between Insert and Normal mode. i → Insert mode. Only 5 commands. But first, just a little remark about Normal mode. A last word about notations: instead of writing Ctrl-λ, I’ll write <C-λ>.commands starting with : end with <enter>. Better Stronger

Understanding Floats A mini-tutorial on how the CSS float and clear properties work, and how to use them in your page. Note: all examples in this tutorial use inline-CSS to illustrate what is going on. You should not do this in your pages, but should instead abstract the styles out into a separate style sheet. For more information, see the "Separate Style from Content" tip in another tutorial of mine, "How to Develop with CSS". What float does The float property causes the item to which it is applied to 'float' to the side of the content which comes after it, with this content wrapping around it. <p><span style="float:right; background:#ccf">I'm a little floater</span> I'm 'normal' content, and I wrap around any floats which appear before me in source code. I'm a little floater I'm 'normal' content, and I wrap around any floats which appear before me in source code. Note that block-level elements will still wrap around the float: <p style="float:right; background:#ccf; width:10em">I float! I float Hello World

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Step by step CSS float tutorial Floatutorial takes you through the basics of floating elements such as images, drop caps, next and back buttons, image galleries, inline lists and multi-column layouts. General info Tutorial 1. Floating an image to the right Float an image to the right of a block of text and apply a border to the image. Tutorial 2. Float an image and caption to the right of a block of text and apply borders using Descendant Selectors. Tutorial 3. Float a series of images down the right side of the page, with content flowing beside them. Tutorial 4. Float a series of thumbnail images and captions to achieve an image gallery. Tutorial 5. Float a simple list into rollover "back" and next "buttons". Tutorial 6. Float a simple list, converting it into a horizontal navigation bar. Tutorial 7. Float a scaleable drop cap to the left, resize it and adjust line-heights to suit your needs. Tutorial 8. Float a left nav to achieve a two column layout with header and footer. Tutorial 9.

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