BMC Veterinary Research 2012, 8:100 Eradication of bovine tuberculosis at a herd-level in Madrid, Spain: study of within-herd tr Eradication of bTB at a herd level, which is prerequisite for disease eradication at a region and country level, has been impaired by the chronic nature of the disease that can lead to relatively long periods of “silent infection” in infected animals, especially at low infectious doses . This feature of the disease, together with limitations in accuracy of the diagnostic techniques, can substantially extend the time needed for declaring a herd bTB free. Several studies have been published dealing with the identification of risk factors at an individual or herd level associated with bTB [6,7,13-15] or with the detection of predictors of future herd breakdowns in bTB free herds , but longitudinal studies aiming at elucidating the disease dynamics in infected herds under a strong eradication pressure such as the one presented here have not been published in the peer reviewed literature.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 3543-3562; Environmental Drivers of West Nile Fever Epidemiology in Europe and Wes Open AccessThis article isfreely availablere-usable Review 1 Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Haifa, Mt. Braz. J. Microbiol. vol.44 no.1 São Paulo 2013 Characterization of a virulent Leptospira interrogans strain isolated from an aba Characterization of a virulent Leptospira interrogans strain isolated from an abandoned swimming pool Karine M. ForsterI; Daiane D. HartwigI; Fabiana K. SeixasI; Alan J.A. McBrideI,II; Leonardo G. MEAT SITE 25/10/12 Slight Rise in UK Salmonella Tests in Pigs Featured Articles Slight Rise in UK Salmonella Tests in Pigs 25 October 2012
DEFRA 26/08/14 Guidance - Paramyxovirus infection: how to spot and report the disease Pigeon paramyxovirus (PPMV) usually affects pigeons. It doesn’t normally affect humans. The disease is currently present in Great Britain. How to spot pigeon paramyxovirus infection Signs of paramyxovirus infection in pigeons may include: PLOS 23/12/14 Spatial Dynamics of Bovine Tuberculosis in the Autonomous Community of Madrid, Spain (2010–2012) Progress in control of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is often not uniform, usually due to the effect of one or more sometimes unknown epidemiological factors impairing the success of eradication programs. Use of spatial analysis can help to identify clusters of persistence of disease, leading to the identification of these factors thus allowing the implementation of targeted control measures, and may provide some insights of disease transmission, particularly when combined with molecular typing techniques. Here, the spatial dynamics of bTB in a high prevalence region of Spain were assessed during a three year period (2010–2012) using data from the eradication campaigns to detect clusters of positive bTB herds and of those infected with certain Mycobacterium bovis strains (characterized using spoligotyping and VNTR typing). Figures Editor: Christophe Sola, Institut de Génétique et Microbiologie, France Received: April 21, 2014; Accepted: November 5, 2014; Published: December 23, 2014
CDC EID – OCT 2012 – West Nile Virus Meningoencephalitis Imported into Germany Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People PLOS 07/11/14 Sensitive Real-Time PCR Detection of Pathogenic Leptospira spp. and a Comparison of Nucleic Acid Amplification Met Background Bacteria of the genus Leptospira, the causative agents of leptospirosis, are categorized into pathogenic and non-pathogenic species. However, the benefit of using a clinical diagnostic that is specific for pathogenic species remains unclear. In this study, we present the development of a real-time PCR (rtPCR) for the detection of pathogenic Leptospira (the pathogenic rtPCR), and we perform a comparison of the pathogenic rtPCR with a published assay that detects all Leptospira species [the undifferentiated febrile illness (UFI) assay] and a reference 16S Leptospira rtPCR, which was originally designed to detect pathogenic species. Methodology/Principal Findings For the pathogenic rtPCR, a new hydrolysis probe was designed for use with primers from the UFI assay, which targets the 16S gene.
Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology. 2012 November; 6(1): 36-41. Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonella enterica Isolated From P 1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Thaksin University (Phattalung Campus), Paphayom, Phatthalung, 93110, Thailand 2 Department of Animal Production Technology, Faculty of Technology and Community Development, Thaksin University (Phatthalung Campus), Paphayom, Phatthalung, Thailand *Corresponding author: Monthon Lertworapreecha, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Thaksin University, (Phattalung Campus), 222 Paphayom, Phatthalung, 93110, Thailand. Tel.: +66-74693992, Fax: +66-74693992, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology. 2012 December; 6(1): 36-41. , DOI: 10.5812/jjm.4312 Article Type: Research Article; Revised: May 11, 2012; Accepted: May 29, 2012; epub: Dec 1, 2012; ppub: Dec 2012
Virology Volumes 462–463, August 2014, Lineage diversification of pigeon paramyxovirus effect re-emergence potential in chickens a Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USAb Department of Zoology, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia Received 11 February 2014, Revised 8 June 2014, Accepted 9 June 2014, Available online 8 July 2014 Choose an option to locate/access this article: