BMC Veterinary Research 2012, 8:100 Eradication of bovine tuberculosis at a herd-level in Madrid, Spain: study of within-herd tr Eradication of bTB at a herd level, which is prerequisite for disease eradication at a region and country level, has been impaired by the chronic nature of the disease that can lead to relatively long periods of “silent infection” in infected animals, especially at low infectious doses . This feature of the disease, together with limitations in accuracy of the diagnostic techniques, can substantially extend the time needed for declaring a herd bTB free. Several studies have been published dealing with the identification of risk factors at an individual or herd level associated with bTB [6,7,13-15] or with the detection of predictors of future herd breakdowns in bTB free herds , but longitudinal studies aiming at elucidating the disease dynamics in infected herds under a strong eradication pressure such as the one presented here have not been published in the peer reviewed literature.
BELGIQUE : Veterinary Microbiology Volume 171, Issues 3–4, 16 July 2014, Pages 298–306 Antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella isolates from healthy pigs and chickens (2008–2011) Volume 171, Issues 3–4, 16 July 2014, Pages 298–306 Special Issue: ARAE 2013, Antimicrobial Resistance of Bacteria from Animals and the Environment Edited By Patrick Butaye, Engeline van Duijkeren, John F. Prescott and Stefan Schwarz a Bayer Animal Health GmbH, Leverkusen, Germanyb Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgiumc Animal Health Care Flanders, Torhout, Belgium
DEFRA 26/08/14 Guidance - Paramyxovirus infection: how to spot and report the disease Pigeon paramyxovirus (PPMV) usually affects pigeons. It doesn’t normally affect humans. The disease is currently present in Great Britain. How to spot pigeon paramyxovirus infection Signs of paramyxovirus infection in pigeons may include: PLOS 23/12/14 Spatial Dynamics of Bovine Tuberculosis in the Autonomous Community of Madrid, Spain (2010–2012) Progress in control of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is often not uniform, usually due to the effect of one or more sometimes unknown epidemiological factors impairing the success of eradication programs. Use of spatial analysis can help to identify clusters of persistence of disease, leading to the identification of these factors thus allowing the implementation of targeted control measures, and may provide some insights of disease transmission, particularly when combined with molecular typing techniques. Here, the spatial dynamics of bTB in a high prevalence region of Spain were assessed during a three year period (2010–2012) using data from the eradication campaigns to detect clusters of positive bTB herds and of those infected with certain Mycobacterium bovis strains (characterized using spoligotyping and VNTR typing). Figures Editor: Christophe Sola, Institut de Génétique et Microbiologie, France Received: April 21, 2014; Accepted: November 5, 2014; Published: December 23, 2014
BMC Veterinary Research 2014, 10:59 Simultaneous infections by different Salmonella strains in mesenteric lymph nodes of finishing pigs To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in pigs demonstrating that the same animal may be naturally infected by multiple Salmonella strains. For this, a thorough microbiological analysis of MLN was carried out in a limited number of animals belonging to farms with high salmonellosis prevalence and where multiple circulating Salmonella strain types were previously identified. Although it was not the objective of this study, our results suggest that Salmonella co-infections may be quite common in pig herds with multiple Salmonella circulating strains. The existence of multiple infections in the same animal suggests that pigs can be either infected simultaneously during a brief period either through one or multiple sources (i.e. food, water, environment, etc.) or re-infected along the different stages of their productive life (i.e. postweaning, growing, and finishing periods).
Virology Volumes 462–463, August 2014, Lineage diversification of pigeon paramyxovirus effect re-emergence potential in chickens a Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USAb Department of Zoology, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia Received 11 February 2014, Revised 8 June 2014, Accepted 9 June 2014, Available online 8 July 2014 Choose an option to locate/access this article: EFSA 14/06/12 Scientific Opinion on Review of the European Union Summary Report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agen EFSA Journal 2012;10(6):2765 [13 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2012.2765 EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW)Panel Members Anette Bøtner, Donald Broom, Marcus G.
PIG333 03/06/13 Salmonella in wild birds: a risk for swine? Wild birds are possible sources of salmonellosis for humans and other animals. They can become infected with this pathogen from contaminated environments and further transmit it to humans (Figure 1). Figure 1. Possible transmission routes of Salmonella spp. from wild birds to humans. PLOS 18/10/13 New Avian Paramyxoviruses Type I Strains Identified in Africa Provide New Outcomes for Phylogeny Reconstruction and Genotype Classification Newcastle disease (ND) is one of the most lethal diseases of poultry worldwide. It is caused by an avian paramyxovirus 1 that has high genomic diversity. In the framework of an international surveillance program launched in 2007, several thousand samples from domestic and wild birds in Africa were collected and analyzed.
INTECH - AVRIL 2012 - Zoonosis. Au sommaire: Bovine Tuberculosis in European Bison as Possible Zoonotic Impact in Poland Edited by Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, ISBN 978-953-51-0479-7, 448 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published April 04, 2012 under CC BY 3.0 licenseDOI: 10.5772/2125 Edited Volume Zoonotic diseases are mainly caused by bacterial, viral or parasitic agents although "unconventional agents" such as prions could also be involved in causing zoonotic diseases. Many of the zoonotic diseases are a public health concern but also affect the production of food of animal origin thus they could cause problems in international trade of animal-origin goods. A major factor contributing to the emergence of new zoonotic pathogens in human populations is increased contact between humans and animals. This book provides an insight on zoonosis and both authors and the editor hope that the work compiled in it would help to raise awareness and interest in this field. It should also help researchers, clinicians and other readers in their research and clinical usage.