DG SANCO 11/04/12 public health - Major and chronic diseases - Page on diabetes updated - New data on policy frameworks and econ Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease, characterised by hyperglycaemia, resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed, according to the WHO, by the classic symptoms of polyuria, polydipsia and unexplained weight loss, and/or a hyperglycaemia H 11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl) in a random sample or fasting (no caloric intake for 8 hrs), plasma glucose 7.0 mmol/l (126 mg/dl) and/or postprandial value 11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl) (2 hrs plasma glucose level during an oral glucose tolerance test). This test should be performed as described by the WHO, using a glucose load containing the equivalent of 75 h anhydrous glucose dissolved in water). In the absence of unequivocal hyperglycaemia with acute metabolic decompensation, these criteria should be confirmed by repeat testing on a different day (EUDIP Definition). Responding to the need for EU comparable indicators for diabetes monitoring Worldwide estimates European estimates
DG SANCO 25/06/13 public health - Major and chronic diseases - Call for tender on prevention strategies for type 2 diabetes - Qu Call for tender No SANCO/2013/C1/004 concerning a pilot project for developing and implementing successful prevention strategies for type 2 diabetes Following the rules set up by the European Commission I would like to inform you that we received the following questions and provided the answers attached: 1. We are expected to assess the outcome of the intervention at 21 months after the start of the contract (not a specific period after the identification of the intervention group!). If this is done so late in the contract, how we are expected to submit a final report within less than two months (M23)? Is there a minimum time interval from time of intervention to the time of assessment? Please have a look at the specifications 3.Subject of contract timetable. Timetable The duration of the execution of the tasks shall not exceed 24 months. 2. Blood tests are invasive. 3. The screening programme should aim to identify children at risk of diabetes or having diabetes type II. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005615-15 Diabetes in Europe Europe may soon run the risk of losing its battle against diabetes, which is the fourth most common cause of death in the region. 56 million Europeans have diabetes and by 2035 this number is expected to grow to nearly 70 million, i.e. more than one in ten adults will be affected. This estimated increase underlines policy shortcomings in combating the disease. The prevalence of diabetes is increasing among all ages in Europe, mostly as a result of increases in obesity, unhealthy diets and physical inactivity. Compounded by Europe’s ageing population, diabetes may lead to spiralling healthcare costs and place a severe strain on national health systems. 1. 2. 3.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003780-16 Diabetes research The incidence of diabetes is escalating rapidly in the EU. In the adult population (20-79 years), the incidence has increased from 4.9% in 2000 to 9.1% in 2015, meaning that 60 million European citizens today suffer from the disease. In some countries, such as Spain, the situation is even worse: approximately 13.8% of the Spanish adult population suffer from diabetes. The socioeconomic consequences of this trend are severe. Science aims to reverse this trend by stimulating the development of new diagnosis and treatment methods. To facilitate these processes, the EU should play a more prominent role in funding and coordinating diabetes research efforts. What measures does the Commission foresee to advance diabetes research? Is the Commission planning to focus more on basic research in the next Horizon 2020 work programmes? Is the Commission in favour of a Joint Programme Initiative on diabetes?
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-008624-16 European strategy against diabetes More than 300 000 deaths a year in Europe are caused by diabetes, making it the fourth biggest killer in most developed countries. It affects 32 million Europeans and many others are thought to have impaired glucose tolerance, which is considered a pre-diabetic state. The number of cases is on the rise, having increased from 4.9% of the adult population in 2000 to 9.1% in 2015, and it is estimated that by 2030 it will have reached 16.6%. World Diabetes Day 2016 (14 November) focused on patients’ eyesight and on the need for early diagnosis. Parliament has, on several occasions, called for a European strategy against diabetes to improve prevention, early diagnosis and research. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001240-17 Corrélation entre bisphénol A et diabète Le bisphénol A (BPA) est l'une des substances chimiques les plus courantes dans les produits d'usage quotidien. Par conséquent, 95 % de la population présente, dans le corps, un taux de BPA faible, mais détectable. De nombreuses études scientifiques font état d'une forte corrélation entre, d'une part, le BPA et d'autres perturbateurs endocriniens et, d'autre part, l'apparition du diabète, de l'obésité et d'autres maladies, et cela même à de faibles niveaux d'exposition (la dose journalière tolérable étant de moins de 4 μg/kg de poids corporel). Les perturbateurs endocriniens pourraient être, avec les prédispositions génétiques et les changements de mode de vie, les causes principales de l'augmentation actuelle des cas d'obésité et de diabète. La Commission est-elle consciente de la discordance entre les données scientifiques disponibles sur le BPA et la position adoptée par l'EFSA et la FDA?