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The Silmarillion

The Silmarillion
The Silmarillion /sɪlməˈrɪlɨən/ is a collection of J. R. R. Tolkien's mythopoeic works, edited and published posthumously by his son, Christopher Tolkien, in 1977, with assistance from Guy Gavriel Kay,[1] who later became a noted fantasy writer. The Silmarillion, along with J. After the success of The Hobbit, and prior to the publication of The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien's publisher requested a sequel to The Hobbit, and Tolkien sent them an early draft of The Silmarillion. The five parts were initially separate works, but it was the elder Tolkien's express wish that they be published together.[1] Because J. Overview[edit] The Silmarillion, like Tolkien's other Middle-earth writings, was meant to have taken place at some time in Earth's past.[4] In keeping with this idea, The Silmarillion is meant to have been translated from Bilbo's three-volume Translations from the Elvish, which he wrote while at Rivendell.[5] Among the notable chapters in the book are: Synopsis[edit] Akallabêth[edit] Related:  Tolkien

Unfinished Tales Unfinished Tales (full title Unfinished Tales of Númenor and Middle-earth) is a collection of stories and essays by J. R. R. Unlike The Silmarillion, for which the narrative fragments were modified to connect into a consistent and coherent work, the Unfinished Tales are presented as Tolkien left them, with little more than names changed (the author having had a confusing habit of trying out different names for a character while writing a draft). The commercial success of Unfinished Tales demonstrated that the demand for Tolkien's stories several years after his death was not only still present, it was growing. Contents[edit] Part One: The First Age: "Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin""Narn i Hîn Húrin (The Tale of the Children of Húrin)" Part Two: The Second Age: "A Description of the Island of Númenor""Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife""The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor""The History of Galadriel and Celeborn" Part Three: The Third Age: Part Four External links[edit]

Durin's folk In the Third Age, after being driven out of Moria by the Balrog Durin's Bane, most of Durin's Folk fled north and established cities in Erebor and the Ered Mithrin. Both the Ered Mithrin and Erebor were later occupied by Dragons, and they then became a wandering folk in exile. Most of them settled in the Iron Hills, while others under Thráin II wandered west, till they came to the Ered Luin and settled there. Durin I was succeeded by many generations of kings, among whom[1] appeared six others also named Durin. Kings of Durin's folk[edit] A son or later descendant of Thorin III was Durin VII the Last, who refounded Khazad-dûm. See also[edit] Fathers of the Dwarves Notes[edit] Jump up ^ The Peoples of Middle-earth, pp. 275, 279, 383Jump up ^ The Peoples of Middle-earth, pp. 383-4Jump up ^ The Peoples of Middle-earth, pp. 276 and 286 (note 3). References[edit] Tolkien, J.

The Return of the King Title[edit] Tolkien conceived of The Lord of the Rings as a single volume comprising six "books" plus extensive appendices. The original publisher split the work into three, publishing the fifth and sixth books with the appendices under the title The Return of the King. Tolkien felt the chosen title revealed too much of the story, and indicated he preferred The War of the Ring as a title.[2] The proposed title for Book V was The War of the Ring. The Return of the King was in the end published as the third and final part of The Lord of the Rings, on 20 October 1955.[4] Plot summary[edit] Book V: The War of the Ring[edit] The hosts of Mordor, led by the dreaded Witch-king of Angmar, succeed in breaking through the gates of Minas Tirith, but are in turn crushed by the arriving cavalry of Rohan. Gandalf realizes that Denethor—in his desperation—looked into the stone several times. Book VI: The Return of the King[edit] Critical reception[edit] In a review for The New York Times, W.H.

The Two Towers The Two Towers is the second volume of J. R. R. Tolkien's high fantasy novel The Lord of the Rings. It is preceded by The Fellowship of the Ring and followed by The Return of the King. Title[edit] The Lord of the Rings is composed of 6 "books", aside from an introduction, a prologue and 6 appendices. Tolkien wrote, "The Two Towers gets as near as possible to finding a title to cover the widely divergent Books 3 & 4; and can be left ambiguous Plot summary[edit] Book III: The Treason of Isengard[edit] Book IV: The Journey to Mordor[edit] Frodo and Sam discover and capture Gollum, who has been stalking them in their quest to reach Mount Doom and destroy the One Ring, as Gollum attempts to reclaim the Ring for himself. Gollum leads them past the city of Minas Morgul and up a long, steep staircase of the Cirith Ungol and into the lair of an enormous spider named Shelob. Critical reception[edit] Adaptations[edit] "The World is changing. See also[edit] References[edit] Jump up ^ "The Two Towers".

Thorin Oakenshield Characteristics[edit] Thorin is described as haughty, stern and officious. He has a talent for singing and playing the harp, wears a gold chain, and has a very long beard. Appearances[edit] The Hobbit[edit] If more of us valued food and cheer and song above hoarded gold, it would be a merrier world. Thorin, The Hobbit When Thorin died, he was buried with the Arkenstone, and Orcrist was returned and laid upon his tomb. The Lord of the Rings[edit] Unfinished Tales[edit] Names and titles[edit] Tolkien borrowed Thorin's name from the Old Norse poem "Völuspá", part of the Poetic Edda.[1] The name "Thorin" (Þorinn) appears in stanza 12, where it is used for a dwarf, and the name "Oakenshield" (Eikinskjaldi) in stanza 13.[2] The names also appear in Snorri Sturluson's Prose Edda.[3] The Norse Þorinn means darer or bold one,[4] which is apt for the dwarf who initiated the quest of Erebor. Adaptations[edit] References[edit] External links[edit]

The Fellowship of the Ring The Fellowship of the Ring is the first of three volumes of the epic novel The Lord of the Rings by the English author J. R. R. Tolkien. It takes place in the fictional universe of Middle-earth. Title and publication[edit] Tolkien conceived of The Lord of the Rings as a multiple volume with six sections he called "books" along with extensive appendices. Before the decision to publish The Lord of the Rings in three volumes was made, Tolkien had hoped to publish the novel in one volume, possibly also combined with The Silmarillion. Plot summary[edit] The Prologue is meant partly to help people who have not read The Hobbit to understand the events of that book. Book I: The Ring Sets Out[edit] Gandalf reveals that Sauron has risen again and returned to his stronghold in Mordor, and is exerting all his power toward the hunting of the Ring. Book II: The Ring Goes South[edit] Members of the Fellowship of the Ring[edit] Critical reception[edit] The poet W.H. See also[edit] Editions[edit]

Dwarf (Middle-earth) They appear in his books The Hobbit (1937), The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), and the posthumously published The Silmarillion (1977), Unfinished Tales (1980), and The History of Middle-earth series (1983–96), the last three edited by his son and literary executor Christopher Tolkien. The representation of Dwarves as evil changed dramatically with The Hobbit. Here the Dwarves became occasionally comedic and bumbling, but largely seen as honorable, serious-minded, but still portraying some negative characteristics such as being gold-hungry, extremely proud and occasionally officious. Tolkien also elaborated on Jewish influence on his Dwarves in a letter: "I do think of the 'Dwarves' like Jews: at once native and alien in their habitations, speaking the languages of the country, but with an accent due to their own private tongue.. After preparing The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien returned again to the matter of the Silmarillion, in which he gave the Dwarves a creation myth.

Minas Tirith Description[edit] Minas Tirith was built culminating in the Citadel at the summit. Each of the seven levels stood 100 ft (30 m) higher than the one below it, each surrounded by a white wall, with the exception of the wall of the First Circle, which was black. The outer face of this outer wall, the lowest, was made of black stone, the same material used in Orthanc; it was vulnerable only to earthquakes capable of rending the ground where it stood.[2] Each wall held a gate, and each gate faced a different direction. Great Gate[edit] The Great Gate was the main gate on the first level of the City of Minas Tirith. A temporary barricade was erected in place of the Great Gate. Other gates[edit] The gates of the Second Level through the Sixth Level were staggered at different positions of the wall. The Seventh Gate led to the Citadel. Pelennor Fields[edit] The Pelennor Fields were the townlands and fields of Minas Tirith. Facts[edit] The first level included an inn, the Old Guesthouse. History[edit]

Silmaril Appearance[edit] The Silmarils are not mere jewels which shine with a great light. The three Silmarils are in some sense both alive and sacred.[citation needed] How Fëanor, admittedly the greatest of the Noldor, was able to create these objects is not fully explained. Even the Valar, including Aulë, master of craftsmanship, could not copy them. In fact, even Fëanor may not have been able to copy them as part of his essence went into their making. Internal history[edit] Fëanor, son of Finwë, created the Silmarils—"the most renowned of all the works of the Elves"—from the light of the Two Trees.[3] The Silmarils were hallowed by Varda, so that they would burn the hands of any evil creature or mortal who touched them (with the exception of Beren). Fëanor was furious at Melkor, whom he named Morgoth, "Dark Enemy of the World", and at the Valar's perceived desire to take the gems for their own purposes. One of the Silmarils was recovered by Beren and Lúthien through great peril and loss.