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Iqbal Masih - Moral Heroes

Iqbal Masih - Moral Heroes
In the mid 1990’s, a bright young youth made a global impact on Child Slavery. Iqbal Masih’s life was cut short just shy of 13 years but his powerful and eloquent speeches encouraged thousands of bonded laborers and child slaves to follow his example. He brought awareness and promoted education so that others could stand up for their rights and end the injustice in sweat shops around the world. In 1983, Iqbal Masih was born in the poor community of Maridke outside of Lahore, Pakistan. Iqbal became one of the many child bonded laborers at the carpet factory. “Children should have pens in their hands not tools” – Iqbal Masih When Iqbal was 10 years old he made up his mind to escape. At the age of 12, Iqbal found away to attend a freedom day celebration held by the Brick Layer Unions. The 12 year old Iqbal became a prominent leader of the anti-slave movement in Pakistan. The BLLF sent him to speak at businesses and demonstrations all over Pakistan where bonded slavery was known to exist. Related:  Critical reading textChild Labour

Moral Heroes | Inspiration for the Hero inside of you. A Bullet Can't Kill a Dream - Who Was Iqbal? Who Was Iqbal Masih? (click on pictures to see full size jpg) Iqbal Masih was four years old when his father sold him into slavery. He was forced to work more than twelve hours a day. He was constantly beaten, verbally abused, and chained to his loom by the carpet factory owner. On December 2, 1994, when Iqbal visited the Broad Meadows Middle School, he looked much younger than his twelve years: his growth had been stunted by severe malnutrition and years of cramped immobility in front of a loom. There are an estimated 20 million bonded laborers in Pakistan today; at least 7.5 million of these bonded laborers are children. In 1992 Iqbal's life changed dramatically. Iqbal was an articulate, confident, and powerful speaker and an uncompromising critic of child servitude.

Insights into Issues: Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act - INSIGHTS Insights into Issues: Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act Constitutional Provisions Relating to Child Labour: Article 24 prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous industries. Allows their employment in non hazardous industries . Provisions of the Amended Bill The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2012 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on December 4, 2012 by the Minister of Labour and Employment, Mallikarjun Kharge. Data on Child Labour There are 33 million child labourers in India, according to UNICEF. Criticism of the Amended Act: Firstly, it has slashed the list of hazardous occupations for children from 83 to include just mining, explosives, and occupations mentioned in the Factory Act.

Young Activist's Death Hits Pakistani Carpet Sales : Trade: Exports to West have diminished even though producers haven't been linked to death of 12-year-old who fought child labor. LAHORE, Pakistan — Already hit with sagging exports, Pakistani carpet dealers say they have lost more sales to Western buyers since the killing of a young activist who spoke out against child labor. The death of Iqbal Masih, 12, received worldwide publicity after a group that is fighting child labor blamed carpet industry owners. But residents of his village later said Iqbal was slain in a fight with a farm worker, and Pakistan's leading human rights group says there is no evidence implicating the industry. Iqbal's case attracted attention because he had been to Sweden and the United States to speak at conferences denouncing child labor. He had worked as a carpet weaver from age 4 to 10. Imran Malik, vice chairman of the Pakistan Carpet and Manufacturers and Exporters Association, estimates $10 million worth of orders have been lost since the April 16 shooting. The carpet industry, one of the biggest exporters in this impoverished country, was facing lean times even before Iqbal's death.

Global Warming and the American Pika The tiny pika, a cousin of the rabbit that lives on mountain peaks in the western United States, is running out of options. In fact, they have already disappeared from over one-third of their previously known habitat in Oregon and Nevada. Now, the situation is so dire that the U.S. Because these small mammals have adapted to cold alpine conditions, pikas are intolerant of high temperatures and can die from overheating when exposed for just a few hours. Support National Wildlife Federation's work to protect pikas and other wildlife struggling to survive climate change, habitat loss and other threats >> Adapted to Cold Weather Pikas, which once lived across North America, have been retreating upslope over the past 12,000 years. Though most pikas in the Lower 48 inhabit alpine ecosystems exclusively, some survive at lower altitudes where deep, cool caves are available, such as the ice tubes in California's Lava Beds National Monument. Why is the Pika in Trouble? Nowhere to Go

Top 10 Child Labor Facts 10 Child Labor Facts Child labor, as defined by the International Labor Organization, is “work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.” The persistence of child labor is one of the biggest obstacles to human rights globally. Child labor perpetuates poverty by depriving children of education and subsequently renders these children without the skills needed to secure the future of their countries. 10 Child Labor Facts Australia annually imports $16 million worth of tobacco produced by child labor, including tobacco produced in the U.S. Many parents in impoverished countries push their children to work out of necessity. One of the best ways to combat child labor is to provide fair wages and safe working conditions for parents so that they can provide for their families without being forced to depend on their children. - Matt Berg 1.

Chief Joseph - Moral Heroes | Moral Heroes At the age of 30, the newly appointed Chief Joseph of the Wallowa band of the Nez Perce had little idea that he would hold the fate and lives of his people and his culture. He would spend the rest of his adult life fighting on their behalf all in the name of peace and human dignity. His story tells a heart wrenching journey of one man’s struggle to retain the identity of his people and become the voice of conscience during the last years of America’s war on the natives. Yet this life-changing vision of peace was not his own, it was passed down from his father. Chief Joseph was born as Hinmuuttu-yalatlat in Washington’s Wallowa Valley on March 3, 1840. “We ask to be recognized as men. The Nez Perce met with the governor of the Washington Territory to sign a treaty designating areas of white settlement in 1855. In 1871, Joseph became chief replacing his father who had passed away. Without a place to move, the attack from the army was imminent.

Effects Global climate change has already had observable effects on the environment. Glaciers have shrunk, ice on rivers and lakes is breaking up earlier, plant and animal ranges have shifted and trees are flowering sooner. Effects that scientists had predicted in the past would result from global climate change are now occurring: loss of sea ice, accelerated sea level rise and longer, more intense heat waves. Taken as a whole, the range of published evidence indicates that the net damage costs of climate change are likely to be significant and to increase over time. Scientists have high confidence that global temperatures will continue to rise for decades to come, largely due to greenhouse gases produced by human activities. According to the IPCC, the extent of climate change effects on individual regions will vary over time and with the ability of different societal and environmental systems to mitigate or adapt to change. Future effects Change will continue through this century and beyond

Child Labor in Afghanistan - The Borgen Project Poverty forces children to work and sacrifice their chance at an education. Today, this is sadly a common occurrence in Afghanistan. Estimates are difficult to come by but through various sources it can be stated that between 21 and 25 percent of Afghan children are part of the labor force. Children as young as 6 are often involved. Child labor is hard to overcome in Afghanistan because although it is illegal by law for anyone under the age of 14 to work, many families are so desperate that they need one of their children to work in order to survive. A common job for Afghan children in Kabul is working in brick factories. It is important to look at the physiological affects of child labor. If Afghan children are working, they are missing out on this crucial developmental step. The main reason children are sent off to work is so that they can feed their families. The task of raising the Afghan people out of poverty is certainly not an easy one. – Eleni Marino

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