Stylometry Stylometry is often used to attribute authorship to anonymous or disputed documents. It has legal as well as academic and literary applications, ranging from the question of the authorship of Shakespeare's works to forensic linguistics. History Stylometry grew out of earlier techniques of analyzing texts for evidence of authenticity, authorial identity, and other questions. An early example is Lorenzo Valla's 1439 proof that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery, an argument based partly on a comparison of the Latin with that used in authentic 4th Century documents. The basics of stylometry were set out by Polish philosopher Wincenty Lutosławski in Principes de stylométrie (1890). Methods Modern stylometry draws heavily on the aid of computers for statistical analysis, artificial intelligence and access to the growing corpus of texts available via the Internet. Writer invariant In one such method, the text is analyzed to find the 50 most common words. Rare Pairs
Write or Die 2 Welcome - Ommwriter The Word Detective Graphing the history of philosophy « Drunks&Lampposts A close up of ancient and medieval philosophy ending at Descartes and Leibniz If you are interested in this data set you might like my latest post where I use it to make book recommendations. This one came about because I was searching for a data set on horror films (don’t ask) and ended up with one describing the links between philosophers. To cut a long story very short I’ve extracted the information in the influenced by section for every philosopher on Wikipedia and used it to construct a network which I’ve then visualised using gephi It’s an easy process to repeat. First I’ll show why I think it’s worked as a visualisation. Each philosopher is a node in the network and the lines between them (or edges in the terminology of graph theory) represents lines of influence. It gets more interesting when we use Gephi to identify communities (or modules) within the network. It has been fairly successful. The Continental Tradition The graph is probably most insightful when you zoom in close.
Emily Snape: Face shapes These sketches are for glassesdirect.com, to help people determine which style of glasses will suit them. Taking A Chunk Out Of Vocabulary: Using Collocations - EFL Magazine Teaching vocabulary in the ESL/EFL classroom can sometimes excite or it can sometimes frustrate teachers. In the scope of vocabulary learning, are there ways to help our students acquire language efficiently and guide them toward the useful real-world language that we native-English speakers use so effortlessly? Let’s take a closer look. What is collocation? In English, there are words that co-occur frequently, for example, a ripe banana, a cute puppy, and a long road. Collocations are wonderful chunks of language that native speakers of English use naturally and frequently. Why are collocations important in language learning? Collocations are extremely useful for the language learner to be aware of and begin using when developing their second language. Types of collocations There are four types of collocations: Type 1: De-lexicalized verbs Type 2: Nouns Nouns are also important because they are usually the words that carry the most meaning within a sentence. Type 4: Idioms and Phrasal Verbs
Analysis Jean Lievens: Wikinomics Model for Value of Open Data Categories: Analysis,Architecture,Balance,Citizen-Centered,Data,Design,Graphics,ICT-IT,Knowledge,Policies-Harmonization,Processing,Strategy-Holistic Coherence Jean Lievens A visual model showing the value of open data Prof. Visualize Business Models I bought the book Business Model Generation: A Handbook for Visionaries, Game Changers, and Challengers [72 slides free online at SlideShare] by Alexander Osterwalder. Second, the book itself has a new business model. Value Model of Open Data Read the rest of this entry » Apr 8 Graphic: Four Forces After Next with IO Updated Categories: Analysis,Balance,Budgets & Funding,Capabilities-Force Structure,ICT-IT,Multinational Plus,Policies-Harmonization,Strategy-Holistic Coherence,Threats,Tribes,True Cost Click on Image to Enlarge Citation: Robert David Steele, “Graphic: Four Forces After Next with IO Updated,” Phi Beta Iota Public Intelligence Blog (3 April 2013). Apr 3 See Also: Mar 26 Original Source
Introduction To Dressing For Your Body Shape All Shapes And Sizes As a personal stylist, when I mention the concept of body shape and colour analysis to male clients the majority instantly assume it is something that only applies to women. Now don’t get me wrong, when it comes to the number of different female body shapes, the list is almost endless. However, like women, men can equally dress to suit their shape, skin tone, hair and even to highlight eye colour. So when it comes to developing your wardrobe, it’s not only the latest trends and styles that you should be thinking about. The Male Body Shape Breakdown When considering typical body shapes, men will often fall into one of five categories: trapezoid, inverted triangle, rectangle, triangle or oval. If you recognise and accept exactly what type of body shape you are, it will become much easier to identify whether an item of clothing has a positive or negative impact on your appearance – particularly if you understand the reasons why it has that impact. 1. Suggested Pieces 2. Do:
English 50 Exercises for Story Writers English 50 – Intro to Creative Writing: Exercises for Story Writers Basic Theory: What is a short story? As soon as someone delivers a definition, some good writer will write a story that proves the theory wrong. About the only thing we can say for sure is that short stories are short and that they are written in what we call prose. Some attributes, however, seem to show up more often than not. Short stories have a narrator; that is, someone tells the story; have at least one character in them; have some action occur (or perhaps fails to occur); take place somewhere; that is, there is a setting for the action; and someone either learns something or fails to learn something (theme).With these five characteristics in mind, we can create an almost endless supply of exercises to help sharpen our techniques of story telling. Narrative Voice Twenty or so years ago, voice was the "rite of passage" into a successful writing career. If you've written a story in third person, try it in first.
Linguistics and the Book of Mormon According to most adherents of the Latter Day Saint movement, the Book of Mormon is a 19th-century translation of a record of ancient inhabitants of the American continent, which was written in a script which the book refers to as "reformed Egyptian." This claim, as well as virtually all claims to historical authenticity of the Book of Mormon, are generally rejected by non–Latter Day Saint historians and scientists. Linguistically based assertions are frequently cited and discussed in the context of the subject of the Book of Mormon, both in favor of and against the book's claimed origins. Both critics and promoters of the Book of Mormon have used linguistic methods to analyze the text. Promoters have published claims of stylistic forms that Joseph Smith and his contemporaries are unlikely to have known about, as well as similarities to Egyptian and Hebrew. Native American language-development In 1922, LDS Church general authority B. Critics[who?]
What is my body shape? What to wear for my body shape | Joy of Clothes The clothes which will flatter you best will depend on your body shape. Today the choice of clothes is so varied that there's something for everyone no matter what colouring, scale, height, proportion or body shape you are. When it comes to looking good, it's not your size or shape that matters, it's the fit of your clothes. Wearing the right clothes shouldn't be about following the latest fashion trends; it should be about choosing what actually suits you and what makes you feel comfortable and confident. Knowing your basic body shape and understanding the types of clothes that will accentuate your good features (and minimise your less than perfect bits!) The dress must follow the body of a woman, not the body following the shape of the dress.Hubert de Givenchy Before you know what clothes to buy and which styles look best on you, you'll need to know which body shape you are. Shoulders and hips in lineA defined bustA waist, even with a softy curved tummyA curved bottom Save and Share
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