American Experience . Around the World in 72 Days . People & Events . Nellie Bly People & Events Nellie Bly The girl who would later take on the pen name Nellie Bly and help launch a new kind of investigative journalism was born Elizabeth Jane Cochran on May 5, 1864 in Cochran's Mills, Pennsylvania. The similarity between her surname and her birthplace was no coincidence: the town was named after its most prominent citizen, her father Michael Cochran, a wealthy landowner, judge, and businessman. He had ten children by his first wife. After she died, he married again and had five more children, the third of which was Elizabeth, considered the most rebellious child in the family. Her father died when Elizabeth, nicknamed Pink or Pinky, was only six years old. Elizabeth's mother, feeling the need for some financial security, hastily entered into a disastrous marriage to a man who abused her. In a glimpse of her work to come, Bly wrote her first story about the difficulties of poor working girls. That was enough.
Martin Luther King, Jr. A hero is born The home where King was born still stands today. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was born in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1929. Marching Forward King and his wife, Coretta Scott King, lead demonstrators on the fourth day of a historic five-day march in 1965. Brave sacrifices King was arrested several times during his lifetime. speaking out King inspires a large crowd with one of his many speeches. Photograph by Julian Wasser, Time Life Pictures / Getty Images King waves to supporters from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. during the March on Washington. making history President Lyndon B. King his wife, Coretta Scott King, sit with three of their four children in their Atlanta, Georgia, home in 1963. A win for peace King receives the Nobel Prize for Peace from Gunnar Jahn, president of the Nobel Prize Committee, in Oslo, Norway, on December 10, 1964. Remembering a hero U.S. U.S. Personality Quiz: U.S.
Great Depression - A Short History of the Great Depression Historical Importance of the Great Depression: The Great Depression, an immense tragedy that placed millions of Americans out of work, was the beginning of government involvement in the economy and in society as a whole. Dates: 1929 -- early 1940s Overview of the Great Depression: The Stock Market Crash After nearly a decade of optimism and prosperity, the United States was thrown into despair on Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929, the day the stock market crashed and the official beginning of the Great Depression. As stock prices plummeted with no hope of recovery, panic struck. And yet, the Stock Market Crash was just the beginning. Businesses and industry were also affected. The Dust Bowl In previous depressions, farmers were usually safe from the severe effects of a depression because they could at least feed themselves. Years and years of overgrazing combined with the effects of a drought caused the grass to disappear. Small farmers were hit especially hard. Riding the Rails
Iqbal Masih - World's Children's Prize Iqbal was around 5 or 6 when he started working in the carpet factory. He worked from early morning until evening and was often treated badly. When his mother Anayat needs money for an operation, she took out a loan from a carpet factory owner. The loan, or ‘peshgi’, was in Iqbal’s name. Five years later, Iqbal was liberated from debt slavery. Today, Iqbal is a symbol for the fight against harmful child labour and slavery all over the world. Learn more about Iqbal in the Globe Magazine from 2009. Download the graphic story about Iqbal’s life here Text: Magnus Bergmar
Ku Klux Klan In 1915, white Protestant nativists organized a revival of the Ku Klux Klan near Atlanta, Georgia, inspired by their romantic view of the Old South as well as Thomas Dixon’s 1905 book “The Clansman” and D.W. Griffith’s 1915 film “Birth of a Nation.” This second generation of the Klan was not only anti-black but also took a stand against Roman Catholics, Jews, foreigners and organized labor. It was fueled by growing hostility to the surge in immigration that America experienced in the early 20th century along with fears of communist revolution akin to the Bolshevik triumph in Russia in 1917. The organization took as its symbol a burning cross and held rallies, parades and marches around the country. The Great Depression in the 1930s depleted the Klan’s membership ranks, and the organization temporarily disbanded in 1944.
Farm Life during the Great Depression 1930s Farm Life The Great Depression changed the lives of people who lived and farmed on the Great Plains and in turn, changed America. The government programs that helped them to live through the 1930s changed the future of agriculture forever. Weather touched every part of life in the "Dirty 30s": dust, insects, summer heat and winter cold. York County farm families didn't have heat, light or indoor bathrooms like people who lived in town. People who grew up during the Depression said, "No one had any money. When the dryness, heat, and grasshoppers destroyed the crops, farmers were left with no money to buy groceries or make farm payments. About the same time, a new government program started to hook up farmhouses to electricity, making farm life easier and safer.
Susan B. Anthony House :: Her Story Learn > Her Story: Biography Susan B. Anthony was born February 15, 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts. She was brought up in a Quaker family with long activist traditions. After teaching for fifteen years, she became active in temperance. Ignoring opposition and abuse, Anthony traveled, lectured, and canvassed across the nation for the vote. Anthony, who never married, was aggressive and compassionate by nature. Abolitionist | Educational Reformer | Labor Activist | Temperance Worker Suffragist | Woman's Rights Campaigner |Timeline After they moved to Rochester in 1845, members of the Anthony family were active in the anti-slavery movement. In 1856 Anthony became an agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society, arranging meetings, making speeches, putting up posters, and distributing leaflets. In 1863 Anthony and Stanton organized a Women's National Loyal League to support and petition for the Thirteenth Amendment outlawing slavery. ^ back to top In 1846, at age 26, Susan B. Susan B. Susan B.
Hard Time: From Alabama’s Past, Capitalism and Racism In a Cruel Partnership | Slavery By Another Name July 16, 2001 — Till 1928, Companies ‘Leased’ Convicts, Most of Them Black and Many Doomed — Sent to the Mines for ‘Gaming’ — The Wall Street Journal By Douglas A. Blackmon BIRMINGHAM, Ala. — On March 30, 1908, Green Cottenham was arrested by the Shelby County, Ala., sheriff and charged with vagrancy. After three days in the county jail, the 22-year-old African-American was sentenced to an unspecified term of hard labor. Born two decades after the end of slavery in America, Green Cottenham died a slave in all but name. In the early decades of the 20th century, tens of thousands of convicts — most of them, like Mr. ‘Assault With a Stick’ Most of the convicts were charged with minor offenses or violations of "Black Code" statutes passed to reassert white control in the aftermath of the Civil War. Subjected to squalid living conditions, poor medical treatment, scant food and frequent floggings, thousands died. Traditions of Segregation U.S. When Mr. Charge: ‘Not Given’ This is the world U.S.
Emily Dickinson's Letters It seems to be the opinion of those who have examined her accessible correspondence most widely, that no other letters bring us quite so intimately near to the peculiar quality and aroma of her nature; and it has been urged upon me very strongly that her readers have the right to know something more of this gifted and most interesting woman. On April 16, 1862, I took from the post office in Worcester, Mass., where I was then living, the following letter:-- MR. HIGGINSON,--Are you too deeply occupied to say if my verse is alive?The mind is so near itself it cannot see distinctly, and I have none to ask.Should you think it breathed, and had you the leisure to tell me, I should feel quick gratitude.If I make the mistake, that you dared to tell me would give me sincerer honor toward you.I inclose my name, asking you, if you please, sir, to tell me what is true? We play at paste Till qualified for pearl; Then drop the paste And deem ourself a fool. The nearest dream recedes unrealized. MR.
Who Was Alice Paul - API Raised in an area founded by her Quaker ancestors, Alice and her family remained devoted observers of the faith. As Hicksite Friends, the Paul family adhered to Quaker traditions of simplicity and plain speech (replacing you and yours with “thee” and “thy” when talking with other Quakers). Alice attended a Hicksite school in Moorestown, New Jersey, and graduated first in her class in 1901. Hicksite Friends endorsed the concept of gender equality as a central tenet of their religion and a societal norm of Quaker life. As Paul noted years later, “When the Quakers were founded…one of their principles was and is equality of the sexes. “When the Quakers were founded…one of their principles was and is equality of the sexes. -Alice Paul-interview, 1974 Alice’s relationship to Swarthmore College began long before she entered as a student in 1901. Alice Paul (seated on chair to the right) with Swarthmore sorority.