Comparing and Contrasting What this handout is about This handout will help you first to determine whether a particular assignment is asking for comparison/contrast and then to generate a list of similarities and differences, decide which similarities and differences to focus on, and organize your paper so that it will be clear and effective. It will also explain how you can (and why you should) develop a thesis that goes beyond “Thing A and Thing B are similar in many ways but different in others.” Introduction In your career as a student, you’ll encounter many different kinds of writing assignments, each with its own requirements. Recognizing comparison/contrast in assignments Some assignments use words—like compare, contrast, similarities, and differences—that make it easy for you to see that they are asking you to compare and/or contrast. Notice that some topics ask only for comparison, others only for contrast, and others for both. Using comparison/contrast for all kinds of writing projects Two ideas or theories
Integrating Quotations into Sentences You should never have a quotation standing alone as a complete sentence, or, worse yet, as an incomplete sentence, in your writing. IVCC's Style Book explains this concept well with a good analogy that describes quotations as helium balloons. We all know what happens when you let go of a helium balloon: it flies away. In a way, the same thing happens when you present a quotation that is standing all by itself in your writing, a quotation that is not "held down" by one of your own sentences. There are at least four ways to integrate quotations. 1. Example: In "Where I Lived, and What I Lived For," Thoreau states directly his purpose for going into the woods: "I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived." Example: Thoreau ends his essay with a metaphor: "Time is but the stream I go a-fishing in." 2. 3. 4. Watch It!
Thesis Statements A Formula For Writing Thesis Statements First, thesis statements have three main elements: A. The Steps Determine Your Topic What's the general category of your essay? State Your Position What is the one thing about your topic that you believe is true? Think of a Qualification Is there a valid argument against your position? Give the Reason Why do you think your position is correct in spite of your qualification? Put Them Together Arrange your steps in this order: 3+4+2 = Thesis (Qualification + Reason + Position = Thesis) This Example: Although schools of over a thousand students have flourished in America, small school populations lend themselves to building a good community of learners, and therefore we should consider limiting school populations to a hundred.)
General Handouts Home Page » General Handouts To retrieve the handout, click on the link below: MLA Essay Format (PDF 12 KB)This is the format for all out-of-class processed papers. Common Revision Symbols (PDF 9 KB)Symbols we will use to guide you in your revisions Rewrite Policy (PDF 8 KB)Revision is essential to the writing process -- and a good grade. Plagiarism Contract (PDF 8 KB)You should do your best to avoid academic dishonesty. Professors' Reading List (PDF 27 KB)This extensive list was compiled through a consensus of University of Kansas literature professors as a "wish" list for high school students.
9. Final Draft - History Skills Once you have received feedback on your draft from your teacher, you only need to improve your essay for final submission. Fix up any errors, add any extra information and take the time to improve your writing style. Great writing shows sophistication, so make sure you use academic language when you write your essays. An essay needs to be a continuous series of well-written, correctly spelled English sentences, formed into coherent paragraphs and carry a succinct argument. Here are some final points to consider: Avoid conversational or colloquial language Avoid personal pronouns: do not use "I" and "my" when you write Use language that is appropriate for scholarly work: it should be clear, succinct, and objective. Some simple essay tips: Never use headings or sub-headings in an essay. Format of essays A neat, well set out essay is easy to read and mark. - Use size 12 Times New Roman font - Use 1.5 line spacing - Use ‘square’ justification on your paragraphs
Why reference? You probably know that it is important to use referencing in your writing at university, but why is it so important? Using the right sources in your work provides you with the supporting evidence you need in your assignment. Referencing is the acknowledgement of the sources that you use in your work. You must reference all sources that you use in your assignment, including words and ideas, facts, images, videos, audio, websites, statistics, diagrams and data. Good referencing: Shows what you have readYour references demonstrate the depth and the breadth of your reading. Some referencing styles use footnotes (e.g. When reading and taking notes, always write down the full details of the source (author/s, title, page number and other publication details). Australian university referencing requirements may be different from those at your previous school, college or university. There can be variations even within one referencing style. Different units may use different styles.
Synthesis Matrix for literature review | Jenn's Studious Life When I first attempted to write on this Chapter 2, which is the literature review (LR) chapter, I was feeling a bit lost as if I was floating in the ocean. The articles I found were piling up and I didn’t know what I should really do about them other than to allocate time to read them. But that was not enough still. When I was in a workshop, I heard this term of literature review matrix or some called it a synthesis matrix. LR is the most important part of the research (as if you still don’t know) and it can really help you moving forward or it can also act as a boulder that doesn’t let you pass. I found some guides in creating a LR matrix and I went ahead to read the articles I found, particularly in the topic of Personal Learning Environment (PLE). Here is my on-going effort on the matrix on PLE. This matrix is in MS Word and the references are generated by Mendeley add-in. Sadly, I still haven’t started writing my review, though I have a clear outline and idea in Chapter 2.
Getting Started on Your Literature Review Here you can find a short guide and a few suggestions for postgraduate research students on how to get started on a literature review. How could I write my literature review? When writing your literature review, it is essential to remember that it will only be completed when your thesis is almost finished, because new research and publications are constantly being produced. It is always invaluable to read the literature reviews in other theses. It is important that your literature review has a logical and coherent structure, and that this structure is clearly apparent to the reader. Possible ways of structuring a literature review Chronological organisation The discussion of the research /articles is ordered according to an historical or developmental context. The 'Classic' studies organisation A discussion or outline of the major writings regarded as significant in your area of study. Topical or thematic organisation Inverted pyramid organisation Discussing and evaluating the literature