Tactically Expandable Maritime Platform (TEMP) During natural or manmade disasters, the U.S. armed forces, with rapidly deployable sealift, airlift, logistics, and medical care capabilities, may be called to supplement lead agencies or organizations providing humanitarian assistance and disaster relief support. The goal of DARPA’s Tactically Expandable Maritime Platform (TEMP) program is to investigate and develop modular technologies and modular systems that leverage globally used International Organization for Standardization (ISO) shipping containers. The vision is to enable humanitarian assistance and disaster relief over broad coastal areas without dependence on local infrastructure, using unmodified commercial containerships, thus freeing military ships to carry out other military missions. DARPA completed the first phase of the program, which developed four key modular systems, all of which are transportable using standard 20-foot or 40-foot commercial shipping containers.
Team Mojavaton Mojavaton consists of 6 team members that worked on the design and construction of the robot hardware. The remaining 14 members worked on the software. Developing a Robot for DRC: Use a quadruped robot. A four legged robot has better inherent stability than a bi-ped. Chiron Kairos Autonomi has utilized existing technology as a benchmark for new technology development. Team Chiron began with a quarter scale prototype robot to develop initial software profiles that could be transferred to larger robots. This robot was built using only 3rd party components. The half scale robot used for task simulation has utilized a variety of Kairos developed technologies working in concert with 3rd party motors.
MIT Early on, we organized across system aspects: perception, interface, planning & control, network, infrastructure. Now that the Trials are imminent, we are organized around the individual tasks that Atlas must perform. Involvement in Prior DARPA Challenges: Some of our members competed in the 2006-7 DARPA Urban Challenge to develop a self-driving vehicle. Other Interesting Items of Note about the Team: Members of our team come from departments and labs across MIT’s School of Engineering, including the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, the Department of Mechanical and Ocean Engineering, the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and the Laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity. Team THOR Virginia Tech is developing THOR, a Tactical Hazardous Operations Robot, which will be state-of-the-art, light, agile and resilient with perception, planning and human interface technology that infers a human operator’s intent, allowing seamless, intuitive control across the autonomy spectrum. The team will emphasize three essential themes in developing THOR: hardware resilience, robust autonomy and intuitive operation. RoMeLa at Virginia Tech has a history of developing successful award-wining humanoid robotic platforms including CHARLI (Cognitive Humanoid Robot with Learning Intelligence,) DARwIn (Dynamic Anthropomorphic Robot with Intelligence,) SAFFiR (Shipboard Autonomous Fire Fighting Robot) to name a few. RoMeLa’s years of experience and expertise in humanoid robot platform development, mechanical design, system integration brings a new and exciting humanoid platform THOR for the DRC. Developing a Robot for DRC:
Tartan Rescue Carnegie Mellon University-NREC is developing the CHIMP (CMU Highly Intelligent Mobile Platform) robot for executing complex tasks in dangerous, degraded, human-engineered environments. CHIMP will have near-human form factor, work-envelope, strength and dexterity to work effectively in such environments, yet avoid the need for complex control by maintaining static rather than dynamic stability. We faced the difficult challenge of designing and building the robot at the same time that we developed the software. Without a complete robot, we developed and tested much of the software using a simulator and a surrogate robot arm.
RoboSimian Jet Propulsion Labs is building RoboSimian, a simian-inspired, limbed robot that will use deliberate and stable operations to complete challenging tasks under supervised teleoperation. The team will employ design methods, system elements and software algorithms that have already been successfully demonstrated in JPL’s existing robots. RoboSimian will use its four general-purpose limbs and hands, capable of both mobility and manipulation, to achieve passively stable stances, create multi-point anchored connections to supports such as ladders, railings and stair treads, and brace itself during forceful manipulation operations. Because the physical robot is being developed in parallel with the software to run it, the hardware and software teams have been largely running in parallel as well. In order to give the software team something to work with, we have used two different approaches.
NASA JSC Team Valkyrie NASA Johnson Space Center is developing a next-generation humanoid robot and control paradigm capable of performing dynamic, dexterous and perception-intensive tasks in a variety of scenarios. NASA JSC’s development approach will apply successful practices that have been used to develop multiple generations of Robonaut and related technologies in collaboration with academic, commercial and other government partners. The broad range of specialties represented within NASA’s diverse team lends itself to the multi-disciplinary nature of robot development. To successfully design, build, and deploy a new 44 degree-of-freedom humanoid robot within an incredibly aggressive timeline it is critical to parallelize as much of the development process where possible. With this in mind, NASA’s team is loosely divided into hardware, software, and firmware functional groups. The hardware teams included subgroups for manipulation, actuator development, and structural design.
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