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Technological determinism

Technological determinism
Technological determinism is a reductionist theory that presumes that a society's technology drives the development of its social structure and cultural values. The term is believed to have been coined by Thorstein Veblen (1857–1929), an American sociologist and economist. The most radical technological determinist in the United States in the 20th century was most likely Clarence Ayres who was a follower of Thorstein Veblen and John Dewey. William Ogburn was also known for his radical technological determinism. Origin[edit] The term is believed to have been coined by Thorstein Veblen (1857–1929), an American social scientist. Explanation[edit] Technological determinism seeks to show technical developments, media, or technology as a whole, as the key mover in history and social change.[4] Most interpretations of technological determinism share two general ideas: Technological determinism has been summarized as 'The belief in technology as a key governing force in society ...' Criticism[edit] Related:  House musicMass Media

The Californian Ideology Richard Barbrook (left) and Andy Cameron (right) "The Californian Ideology" is a critique of dotcom neoliberalism by English media theorists Richard Barbrook and Andy Cameron of the University of Westminster.[1] Barbrook and Cameron argue that the rise of networking technologies in Silicon Valley in the 1990s was linked to American neoliberalism and a paradoxical hybridization of beliefs from the political left and right in the form of hopeful technological determinism. Andrew Leonard of Salon.com called Barbrook & Cameron's work "one of the most penetrating critiques of neo-conservative digital hypesterism yet published."[2] Louis Rossetto, former editor and publisher of Wired magazine, vehemently denounced it as an "anal retentive attachment to failed 19th century social and economic analysis". Critique[edit] Richard Barbrook and Andy Cameron[3] Influences[edit] Reception[edit] See also[edit] Notes[edit] References[edit] Further reading[edit] Barbrook, Richard. (2007). External links[edit]

Functionalist, Conflict, and Interaction Perspectives on Mass Media | Essay Topics, Sample Papers & Articles Online for Free It is hard to imagine that just one theoretical view can make clear the many ways that individuals relate with media and technology. Technology covers a wide range from simplistic to complicate. Media is everywhere we look and on every gadget we own. This paper will take a look at mass media from the functionalist, conflict, and interaction perspectives. You can look at a variety of theories and you will find studies and scholars that agree and those who disagree. A sociological approach in functionalism is the reflection of the relationship among the functions of less significant Get even a better essay that will be written specifically for you! parts and the functions of the total. According to the functionalist perspective the media is a marketing product and entertaining, it is socializing individuals, teaching norms, morals, and philosophies to future groups. Advertisements are always shown before movies; it also appears on public transportation and on highway billboards. References:

Transhumanism Transhumanism (abbreviated as H+ or h+) is an international cultural and intellectual movement with an eventual goal of fundamentally transforming the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities.[1] Transhumanist thinkers study the potential benefits and dangers of emerging technologies that could overcome fundamental human limitations, as well as the ethics of developing and using such technologies. They speculate that human beings may eventually be able to transform themselves into beings with such greatly expanded abilities as to merit the label "posthuman".[1] History[edit] According to Nick Bostrom,[1] transcendentalist impulses have been expressed at least as far back as in the quest for immortality in the Epic of Gilgamesh, as well as historical quests for the Fountain of Youth, Elixir of Life, and other efforts to stave off aging and death. First transhumanist proposals[edit]

Ownership and control of the media | a2-level-level-revision, sociology, mass-media-0, ownership-and-control-media After studying this section, you should be able to understand: trends and patterns in ownership and control of a range of mass media the theoretical perspectives on the relationship between ownership and control of the media Trends in ownership and control KEY POINT - Recent trends in media ownership and control suggest that the number of companies controlling global mass media has significantly shrunk in recent years. Bagdikian (2004) notes that in 1983, 50 corporations controlled the vast majority of all news media in the USA, but by 2004 media ownership was concentrated in seven corporations. Curran (2003) notes that ownership of British newspapers has always been concentrated in the hands of a few powerful ‘press barons’, e.g. in 1937 four men owned nearly one in every two national and local daily newspapers sold in Britain. Global conglomeration Horizontal and vertical integration Ownership and control of the mass media is a complex business as the following examples illustrate.

Techno-progressivism Stance[edit] Strong techno-progressive positions include support for the civil right of a person to either maintain or modify his or her own mind and body, on his or her own terms, through informed, consensual recourse to, or refusal of, available therapeutic or enabling biomedical technology.[3] Contrasting stance[edit] Bioconservatism (a portmanteau word combining "biology" and "conservatism") is a stance of hesitancy about technological development especially if it is perceived to threaten a given social order. Bioconservatives range in political perspective from right-leaning religious and cultural conservatives to left-leaning environmentalists and technology critics. List of notable techno-progressive social critics[edit] Techno-progressive subjects of interest[edit] Controversy[edit] References[edit] External links[edit]

Racism and the Media | Stop Racism and Hate Collective By Yasmin Jiwani As a major institution in society, the media play a critical role. They provide us with definitions about who we are as a nation; they reinforce our values and norms; they give us concrete examples of what happens to those who transgress these norms; and most importantly, they perpetuate certain ways of seeing the world and peoples within that world. Himani Bannerji notes that the media provide us with images of prescription and description. The notion of consensus - that there is a common value system binding us, obscures the hierarchies that are present in Canadian society. The mythical notion that all individuals are equal in society's eyes, and that all possess equal access to institutions such as the media, helps to cement our notion of our society/nation as a liberal state. In the same vein, the media see themselves as the "fourth estate" -reporting on issues of concern to the citizens of the nation. Media and Racism: How then do the media perpetuate racism? 1. 2.

Sociocultural evolution Sociocultural evolution, sociocultural evolutionism or cultural evolution are umbrella terms for theories of cultural and social evolution that describe how cultures and societies change over time. Whereas sociocultural development traces processes that tend to increase the complexity of a society or culture, sociocultural evolution also considers process that can lead to decreases in complexity (degeneration) or that can produce variation or proliferation without any seemingly significant changes in complexity (cladogenesis).[1] Sociocultural evolution can be defined as "the process by which structural reorganization is affected through time, eventually producing a form or structure which is qualitatively different from the ancestral form." Most 19th-century and some 20th-century approaches to socioculture aimed to provide models for the evolution of humankind as a whole, arguing that different societies are at different stages of social development. Introduction[edit]

If so many newspapers back Brexit why will Remain carry the day? | Media Several people reacted on Twitter with sarcasm to the research findings of the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism about the bulk of the national press favouring Brexit. “Don’t hold the front page,” commented one tweeter. “Who’d have thought”, tweeted another. They are correct, of course. The institute’s final report, which will not be unveiled until September, is likely to show an even greater preponderance of pro-Brexit coverage in the final month of the EU referendum campaign. Take Monday’s newspapers, for example. The Daily Mail ran a front page piece about the decision by Hilton (“David Cameron’s guru”) to declare his Brexit position. The paper registered its joy with Hilton in a leading article that described his viewpoint as a “searingly honest analysis” that puts “the scaremongering of the Remain camp to shame”. In addition, the Mail ran a further spread on the EU debate plus a page lead about a “string of Albanian murderers hiding from justice in UK”. Why?

Post-industrial society Clark's Sector model for US economy 1850 -2009.[1] In sociology, the post-industrial society is the stage of society's development when the service sector generates more wealth than the manufacturing sector of the economy. The concept was popularized by Daniel Bell, and is closely related to similar sociological theoretical constructs such as post-fordism, information society, knowledge economy, post-industrial economy, liquid modernity, and network society. They all can be used in economics or social science disciplines as a general theoretical backdrop in research design. As the term has been used, a few common themes (not limited to those below) have begun to emerge. Origins[edit] Daniel Bell popularized the term through his 1974 work The Coming of Post-Industrial Society.[2] Although some have credited Bell with coining the term,[3] it was also used extensively by social philosopher Ivan Illich in his 1973 paper Tools for Conviviality. Valuation of knowledge[edit] Critics[edit]

UK voters leaning towards Brexit, Guardian poll reveals | Politics Public opinion has shifted towards the UK leaving the EU, two Guardian/ICM polls suggest as the referendum campaign picks up pace – with voters split 52% -48% in favour of Brexit, whether surveyed online or by phone. Previous polls have tended to show voters surveyed online to be more in favour of Britain leaving the EU. But in the latest ICM research, carried out for the Guardian, both methodologies yielded the same result – a majority in favour of leaving. “Our poll rather unhinges a few accepted orthodoxies,” said ICM’s director, Martin Boon. “It is only one poll but, in a rather unexpected reverse of polling assumptions so far, both our phone poll and our online poll are consistent on both vote intentions and on the EU referendum.” In the phone poll of more than 1,000 adults, 45% said they favoured leaving the EU, and 42% remaining, with 13% saying they did not know. Using online polling, 47% said they would like to leave and 44% remain, with 9% saying they were undecided.

Technological utopianism In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, several ideologies and movements, such as the cyberdelic counterculture, the Californian Ideology, transhumanism,[1] and singularitarianism, have emerged promoting a form of techno-utopia as a reachable goal. Cultural critic Imre Szeman argues technological utopianism is an irrational social narrative because there is no evidence to support it. He concludes that what it shows is the extent to which modern societies place a lot of faith in narratives of progress and technology overcoming things, despite all evidence to the contrary.[2] History[edit] Technological utopianism from the 19th to mid-20th centuries[edit] Karl Marx believed that science and democracy were the right and left hands of what he called the move from the realm of necessity to the realm of freedom. Some technological utopians promoted eugenics. H.G. The horrors of the 20th century - communist and fascist dictatorships, world wars - caused many to abandon optimism.

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