Bossa Nova: The Story of the Brazilian Music That Seduced the World Book Reviews Ruy Castro Bossa Nova: The Story of the Brazilian Music That Seduced the World A Capella Press To virtually all Americans, the words "bossa nova" are synonymous with Brazilian jazz. The idea that bossa nova represents Brazilian popular music is all wrong. Brazilian muse Ruy Castro takes on this distinctive musical tree in Bossa Nova, going from its deepest roots to its most distant branches. I think it important to note that I listened to all the recordings mentioned in the text... Yeah, yeah. This review has the goal of orienting readers to the general flow of the story, revealing unexpected events and offering Castro's take whenever possible. I. Castro appreciates the tastes of young people in Brazil in the late '40s, when the children of bossa nova were growing up. Those who are less than a hundred years old might not believe it, but Frank Sinatra was a sex symbol in those days. Donato, however, had the right idea. II.
Difference Between Cajun Music and Zydeco? By Megan Romer Question: What is the difference between Cajun Music and Zydeco? Answer: Many people, when hearing Louisiana-style music with accordion, simply think "Zydeco!" However, Cajun Music and Zydeco are actually quite different. Cajun History Primer: Let's start with a quick history lesson: the Cajun people of Louisiana left France to settle what is now Nova Scotia. Creole History Primer: The black Creole people have a quite different story. continue reading below our video Play Video Les Gens Libres du Couleur, or Free Men of Color, were a group of property-owning free Black people. The Making of a New World Music: For over 150 years, these cultures intermingled in the extremely isolated bayou and prairie areas of Southwest Louisiana, and from this mix came a style of music known as "French Music". Along Comes the Accordion In the late 1800s, the accordion was invented and eventually made its way to Louisiana. Pre-World War I Cajun and Creole Music: The Segregation of a Genre:
Cajun Folk Songs by Frank Ticheli Composer's Notes Cajuns are descendants of the Acadians, a group of early French colonists who began settling in Acadia (now Nova Scotia) around 1604. In 1755 they were driven out by the British, eventually resettling in South Louisiana. Today there are nearly a million French-speaking descendants of the Acadians living in Louisiana and parts of Texas, preserving many of the customs, traditions, stories, and songs of their ancestors. Although a rich Cajun folksong tradition exists, the music has become increasingly commercialized and Americanized throughout the twentieth century, obscuring its original simplicity and directness. In response to this trend, Alan and John Lomax traveled to South Louisiana in 1934 to collect and record numerous Cajun folksongs in the field for the Archive of Folk Music in the Library of Congress. By doing so, they helped to preserve Cajun music in its original form as a pure and powerful expression of Louisiana French Society.
Cajun Music: Alive and Well in Louisiana By Ann Savoy One of French Louisiana's most vital attractions is its music. Acadian music has undergone vast changes since arriving in Louisiana, to a large extent because those who play it today live so differently from earlier residents. Understanding Cajun music in all its variety is a large undertaking but an important one. Today, we in Louisiana are fortunate to have living representatives of many of its various styles and stages. Excerpt, J'ai Ete Au Bal: Cajun and Zydeco Music of Louisiana. One of the earliest forms of music in Louisiana was the unaccompanied ballad. Although today television, radio and air conditioners have lured people off their porches and made gatherings of friends less frequent, some of the older people still remember the days when neighbors sat together and shared songs. Marc Savoy (center on Fiddle) in his Saturday morning Cajun music jam session at his music store in Eunice, Louisiana. Other changes came to the Cajun music scene with the string bands.
Reading/Research Room The following summary of the history of Cajun, Creole, and Zydeco music is based entirely on information included in the sources listed at the bottom of the page. Anyone who wants to gain an understanding of the development of French music in Southwest Louisiana needs to start with these sources. The best way to experience the history of Cajun, Creole, and Zydeco music first hand is to listen to the many historical recordings now available. Both Cajun music and the Creole music that evolved into Zydeco are the products of a combination of influences found only in Southwest Louisiana. Origins of Cajun Music As Barry Ancelet explains in his monograph Cajun Music: Its Origins and Development, the Acadians who came to Louisiana beginning in 1764 after their expulsion from Acadie (Nova Scotia ) in 1755 brought with them music that had its origins in France but that had already been changed by experiences in the New World through encounters with British settlers and Native Americans.
History of Salsa While some respected cuban music historians have popularized the myth that salsa originated in Cuba the earliest evidence of it was in the Puerto Rico with Rafael Cortijo and Ismael Rivera. Salsa started having as background the rich heritage of the Plena, the Afrocaribean form of music that that evolved in Puerto Rico and the influence of more melodic rhythms brought in and developed by mainline Puerto Rican musicians that lived in the United States during the 20's, 30's and 40's and began returning to Puerto Rico after the second world war. These arrivals not only gave the newer Puerto Rican musicians a rich treasure of sounds from all over Latin America, including the Cuban Son and the Guaracha, but also placed on them the responsibility of being creative before those that knew the difference between talent and gimmickry. So the emerging Puerto Rican musician generation began to experiment in new combinations and ways to improve the established styles such as plena.
History of Cajun Country CAJUN ('ka:-j@n), n. A person of French Canadian descent born or living along the bayous, marshes, and prairies of southern Louisiana. The word Cajun began in 19th century Acadie (now Nova Scotia, Canada) when the Acadians began to arrive. The French of noble ancestry would say, "les Acadiens", while some referred to the Acadians as "le 'Cadiens", dropping the "A". Later came the Americans who could not pronounce "Acadien" or "'Cadien", so the word "Cajun" was born. The 700,000 Cajuns who live in South Louisiana are descendants of French Canadians. For refusing to pledge allegiance to the British crown, which required renouncing their traditional Catholic religion for that of the Anglican Church, they were forced from their homes in 1755. The survivors were scattered along the U.S. eastern seaboard until in 1784, the King of Spain consented to allow them to settle in South Louisiana.
Cajuns Cajuns (/ˈkeɪdʒən/; French: les Cadiens or Les Cadiens or les Acadiens, [le kadjɛ̃, lez‿akadjɛ̃]) are an ethnic group mainly living in the U.S. state of Louisiana, consisting of the descendants of Acadian exiles (French-speakers from Acadia in what are now The Maritimes of Eastern Canada). Today, the Cajuns make up a significant portion of south Louisiana's population and have exerted an enormous impact on the state's culture. Acadia Ethnic group of national origin The Cajuns retain a unique dialect of the French language and numerous other cultural traits that distinguish them as an ethnic group. We conclude that plaintiff is protected by Title VII's ban on national origin discrimination. History of Acadian ancestors My dear father [...] you can come here boldly with my dear mother and all the other Acadian families. The Acadians were scattered throughout the eastern seaboard. Ethnic mixing and alternate origins Modern preservation and renewed connections
Introduction and Use of Accordions in Cajun Music By Malcolm L. Comeaux The history of the accordion begins with the invention of the "free reed" in either southern China or Laos, where instruments using this reed date back to 1000 B.C. (Marcuse 1975: 730-731). In the free reed, the tongue (lamella) fits in a frame, whereas the beating reed, so common in European instruments, fits on top of the frame. The concept of free reeds was slow to arrive in Europe, and it was not until the late 1700s that they began to be used in instruments there (Marcuse 1975: 734). The accordion's history begins about 1800 when Europeans began the rapid development of instruments using free reeds. The primary musical instrument used in Canada by Acadians prior to expulsion (1755) was the fiddle (or violin), and it remains the main instrument among Acadians in the Maritime Provinces (Chiasson, et. al. 1995: 699-701). Introduction of the Accordion into South Louisiana There is definite proof of an accordion in Louisiana in 1871 (Fig. 1). Conclusion Sources Notes
Cajun and Zydeco Music at zZounds Cajun and Zydeco music are popular forms of music in Louisiana. The Cajuns are French-speaking people who migrated to Louisiana from eastern Canada in the 18th century, and therefore, most of the singing of Cajun music is in French. The mixing of different cultures in Louisiana has influenced the development of Cajun and Zydeco music over the years. Cajun is an up-beat form of music that is ideal for the Cajun jitterbug, while Zydeco is a bluesy and raunchy kind of dance music that was created as a variation of Cajun. Here is a list of websites with more information about Cajun and Zydeco music. History: Cajun and Zydeco Music History: A summary of the origins and evolution of Cajun and Zydeco music. Cajun and Zydeco Music: Cajun and Zydeco Music: A website that is dedicated to Cajun and Zydeco music around the world. Cajun and Zydeco Dance: Basic Cajun Dancing: Find out the basic positions, footwork, and moves of the Cajun dance. Instruments: Musicians:
HISTORY OF LATIN MUSIC The history of the Moorish empire prior to Spain extends from the ancient Moabites, and extends across the great Atlantic into north, south and Central American thus the Moorish domination of the seas. It is important to point out that as time goes on what is now known as Latin America is highly influenced by European colonization and the slave trade with Africa. Currently, Latin America, the countries of the Western Hemisphere south of the United States, include the Caribbean Islands, Mexico, Central and South America and contain an amalgamation of cultural influences, namely European, The Moors, Mexican, and other African tribes. Europe contributed the religions two main languages, Spanish and Portuguese. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries these rhythms spread, developed, and canonized throughout the Caribbean, around the same time that another American art form was beginning its conception. What is Latin Music? Suggested Reading Books:
Jacksonian Democracy - Facts & Summary Such tendentious revisionism may provide a useful corrective to older enthusiastic assessments, but it fails to capture a larger historical tragedy: Jacksonian Democracy was an authentic democratic movement, dedicated to powerful, at times radical, egalitarian ideals—but mainly for white men. Socially and intellectually, the Jacksonian movement represented not the insurgency of a specific class or region but a diverse, sometimes testy national coalition. Its origins stretch back to the democratic stirrings of the American Revolution, the Antifederalists of the 1780s and 1790s, and the Jeffersonian Democratic Republicans. More directly, it arose out of the profound social and economic changes of the early nineteenth century. Recent historians have analyzed these changes in terms of a market revolution. Not everyone benefited equally from the market revolution, least of all those nonwhites for whom it was an unmitigated disaster. There was a grim, ironic justice to the Jacksonians’ fate.