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Reggae Music 101 - A Quick History

Reggae Music 101 - A Quick History
By Megan Romer The Beginning: Reggae is a genre that grew out of several other musical styles, including both traditional and contemporary Jamaican music, like ska and mento, as well as American R&B. Characteristics of the "Riddim": Reggae is characterized by a heavy backbeated rhythm, meaning the emphasis of the beat is on, for example, beats 2 and 4, when in 4/4 time. Rastafarianism: Rastafarianism is a religion that is very common among Jamaicans of African descent. continue reading below our video Popularity of Reggae in the United States: Bob Marley was reggae's best-known international ambassador. Marijuana and Reggae: In Rastafarian practices, marijuana is used as a sacrament; the belief is that it brings a person closer to God and makes the mind more open to receiving His testimony. Read More: Why Did Bob Marley Smoke Marijuana? Reggae Language: Reggae lyrics are sometimes borderline incomprehensible to Americans, as they are usually in an English-based but distinctly Jamaican patois. Related:  Ethnic Music of the Americas

Native American music and culture Music plays an integral role in the daily life of Native Americans. Music plays an integral role in the life of Native Americans. It is used for ceremonial purposes, recreation, expression, and healing. Vocals are the backbone of the music made in Native American cultures. Many researchers feel that Native American music is some of the most complex ever performed. Related Stories: Native American Music Share This Page with Your Friends Instruments - Classical Music in the 21st Century The instruments commonly used in classical music can be classified into 3 groups: strings, winds, and percussion. Strings:String instruments are played by pulling a bow along the string, or by plucking the strings with your fingers (almost like a guitar).The most widely used string instruments are the violin, viola, cello, and double bass. The violin has the highest pitch of the string instruments, followed by the viola, cello, and double bass.Winds:Wind instruments are played by blowing into a mouthpiece.There are 2 types of wind instruments: woodwinds and brass.Woodwinds include the flute, piccolo, clarinet, oboe, bassoon, and saxophone. Brass instruments include the trumpet, horn, trombone, and tuba.

What is Tejano Music? (with picture) Tejano music is from the Mexican origin population of Texas and is sung in Spanish. While Tex-Mex is not Tejano because Tex-Mex is bilingual, as in the Texas Tornados song, “Hey Baby, Que Paso.” Regional Mexican and Musica Tejana, not Tejano, are all-inclusive of the sounds of the different ensembles such as orquesta, conjunto, norteño, grupo, banda, mariachi, trio, tropical/cumbia, vallenato and includes Tejano. in Texas or the sounds of Mexican popular music as developed in Texas are now heard around the world. Only a few Tejano bands play polkas or waltzes and they definitely do not have flutes. Los Lobos are from California, not Texas, and mostly sing in English as a review of their discography will indicate. Conjunto is not necessarily the most popular, although it does seem to receive more attention due to the media’s focus on the accordion.

Johann Sebastian Bach | Biography & History Johann Sebastian Bach was better known as a virtuoso organist than as a composer in his day. His sacred music, organ and choral works, and other instrumental music had an enthusiasm and seeming freedom that concealed immense rigor. Bach's use of counterpoint was brilliant and innovative, and the immense complexities of his compositional style -- which often included religious and numerological symbols that seem to fit perfectly together in a profound puzzle of special codes -- still amaze musicians today. Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685.

The Roots of Tejano and Conjunto Music Arhoolie RecordsMusic Excerpts, Liner Notes, and Photos All music excerpts, liner notes, and photos on this page are the property of: Arhoolie Records, 10341 San Pablo Av., El Cerrito, CA 94530 The roots of Tejano and Conjunto music are as widespread and diverse, and run as deep, as the traditions, cultures and people which gave them life. The main root is the music of Mexico with all its regional and class variations, its extraordinary range of songs and dances, and its social and religious musics ranging from the solo voice to the powerful sound of the bandas from Sinaloa to the highly stylized format of today's mariachis. The musical traditions of the Tejanos of South Texas and Norteños of Northern Mexico have been influenced not only by the mother country, Mexico, but also by their Anglo-American, African-American and immigrant neighbors like the Czechs, Bohemians, and Moravians as well as the Germans and Italians. The songs were contributed by both Mexican and Tejano composers.

History of Classical Music - Eras This is the first period where we can begin to be fairly certain as to how a great deal of the music which has survived actually sounded. The earliest written secular music dates from the 12th century troubadours (in the form of virelais, estampies, ballades, etc.), but most notated manuscripts emanate from places of learning usually connected with the church, and therefore inevitably have a religious basis. Gregorian chant and plainsong which are monodic (i.e. written as one musical line) gradually developed during the 11th to 13th centuries into organum (i.e. two or three lines moving simultaneously but independently, therefore almost inadvertently representing the beginnings of harmony). Organum was, however, initially rather stifled by rigid rules governing melody and rhythm, which led ultimately to the so-called Ars Nova period of the 14th century, principally represented by the composers de Vitry, Machaut, and Landini. Recommended Recording: Recommended Recordings:

Unknown » Sarah Vaughan | About Sarah Vaughan Jazz critic Leonard Feather called her “the most important singer to emerge from the bop era.” Ella Fitzgerald called her the world’s “greatest singing talent.” During the course of a career that spanned nearly fifty years, she was the singer’s singer, influencing everyone from Mel Torme to Anita Baker. She was among the musical elite identified by their first names. She was Sarah, Sassy — the incomparable Sarah Vaughan. Born in Newark, New Jersey, in 1924, Vaughan was immediately surrounded by music: her carpenter father was an amateur guitarist and her laundress mother was a church vocalist. When Eckstine formed his own band soon after, Vaughan went with him. In the late 1960s, Vaughan returned to jazz music, performing and making regular recordings. - Reading/Research Room The following summary of the history of Cajun, Creole, and Zydeco music is based entirely on information included in the sources listed at the bottom of the page. Anyone who wants to gain an understanding of the development of French music in Southwest Louisiana needs to start with these sources. The best way to experience the history of Cajun, Creole, and Zydeco music first hand is to listen to the many historical recordings now available. Both Cajun music and the Creole music that evolved into Zydeco are the products of a combination of influences found only in Southwest Louisiana. Origins of Cajun Music As Barry Ancelet explains in his monograph Cajun Music: Its Origins and Development, the Acadians who came to Louisiana beginning in 1764 after their expulsion from Acadie (Nova Scotia ) in 1755 brought with them music that had its origins in France but that had already been changed by experiences in the New World through encounters with British settlers and Native Americans.

Jazz Instruments A music genre that sprang up in the early 20th century in the African-American community came to be known as jazz. The slaves from Africa, brought along with them their rich musical culture. In America, these slaves learned to play European instruments like the violin and incorporated them in their style of playing. Many African-Americans played pianos in bars to earn their livelihoods after the abolition of slavery. Places like New Orleans were a hot bed for musicians playing their jazz instruments to create new sounds. The most common jazz instruments are the saxophone and the piano. Jazz music has evolved over the ages and has seen the inclusion of many instruments in this genre of music. The Most Common Jazz Instruments Trumpets A brass instrument with three valves, it is played by blowing air into the mouth piece. Double Bass A double bass is large stringed instrument, resembling a big violin, which has a hollow wooden body with four metal strings. Saxophone Piano Drums Trombone Clarinet

Bluegrass Music [article]:Article Description: Performing Arts Encyclopedia, Library of Congress Bill Monroe at a festival in Franklin, Ohio, September 1968. Photograph by Carl Fleischhauer; used with permission. Bluegrass music is a tradition-based modern style of string band music. Typically a bluegrass band consists of four to seven performers who sing while accompanying themselves on acoustic string instruments such as the guitar, double bass, fiddle, five-string banjo, mandolin, steel guitar, and Dobro. Bluegrass combines elements of old-time mountain music, square dance fiddling, blues, gospel, jazz, and popular music. Like jazz, bluegrass allows performers to improvise and take turns playing lead. The bluegrass style first became popular in the 1940s, largely through the efforts of Bill Monroe (1911-1996) and his Blue Grass Boys (Earl Scruggs, Lester Flatt, Chubby Wise, and Joel Price). As with other popular music of the time, bluegrass developed regional shadings. In the 1950s rock and roll took over the country while bluegrass performers faded in popularity.

The Origins of Jazz by Len Weinstock <a href="email.htm">Len Weinstock</a> Tracing the origins of Jazz in the formative years (1895-1917) is not an easy task. Even the geographic location of the earliest Jazz experiments and the parties involved have been the subject much controversy. The Creoles were free, French and Spanish speaking Blacks, originally from the West Indies, who lived first under Spanish then French rule in the Louisiana Territory. The Creole musicians, many of whom were Conservatory trained in Paris, played at the Opera House and in chamber ensembles. Then in 1894 an odious racial segregation law was enacted in New Orleans which forced the refined Creoles to live on the other side of Canal Street. Jelly Roll Morton claimed to be the inventor of Jazz in 1902, an absurd claim to be sure. The popularly accepted theory that Jazz stemmed from a simple combination of African rhythms and European harmony is in need of a little revision. Len Weinstock