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Literary technique

Literary technique
A literary technique (also known as literary device) is any method an author uses to convey his or her message.[1] This distinguishes them from literary elements, which exist inherently in literature. Literary techniques pertaining to setting[edit] Literary techniques pertaining to plots[edit] Literary techniques pertaining to narrative perspective[edit] Literary techniques pertaining to style[edit] Literary techniques pertaining to theme[edit] Literary techniques pertaining to character[edit] Literary techniques pertaining to genre[edit] Notes[edit] Jump up ^ Orehovec, Barbara (2003). References[edit] Heath, Peter (May 1994), "Reviewed work(s): Story-Telling Techniques in the Arabian Nights by David Pinault", International Journal of Middle East Studies (Cambridge University Press) 26 (2): 358–360 Related:  Literary Devices

Chekhov's gun Chekhov's gun is a dramatic principle requiring that every element in a narrative be necessary and irreplaceable, and that everything else be removed.[1][2][3] Remove everything that has no relevance to the story. If you say in the first chapter that there is a rifle hanging on the wall, in the second or third chapter it absolutely must go off. Variations on the statement include: "One must never place a loaded rifle on the stage if it isn't going to go off. See also[edit] Foreshadowing, casual use of elements which become important laterOccam's razor, a similar principle for assessing potential explanationsRed herring, drawing attention to a certain element in order to mislead References[edit] Jump up ^ Petr Mikhaĭlovich Bit︠s︡illi (1983), Chekhov's art, a stylistic analysis, Ardis, p. x Jump up ^ Daniel S.

What anime can teach you about ending a story I have several issues with this article. Firstly, the conception that the recent framing of popular series in the context of God or an afterlife being a resurgence of conservative thought. For one thing, God is seldom recognized as the motive force as it is in Supernatural. In Lost, we never understood who or what was the force at play. Simply that the story ended in an afterlife scenario. For another thing, these stories are coming from some of the most unrepentant liberals writing in television. The other issue I have is the characterization that conservative stories appoint a conservator of the status quoe and the stories involve triumph over self. If their stories told us anything it was exactly that one must give up fighting outside events and concentrate on coming to terms with events within. One of the things I will grant anime is that it is not afraid to let the chips fall where they will. Now please, flame gently.

Plot, Theme, the Narrative Arc, and Narrative Patterns In the world of fiction, just as in the world of your life, events occur. In life, people often try to determine what events mean in their own life and in the life of others. In fiction, authors will create meaning by introducing conflicts in the life of a character. Plot is not just what happens in a story. Similarly, the plot in a film is not just what happens. The pattern for narrative was largely handed down from the Greek tradition in drama. Exposition In section one of a narrative, viewers are exposed to information that will later be necessary for them to have if they are to understand the unfolding story. Characters: The lead character in the narrative — the character who faces the conflict — is called the protagonist. Rising Action In section two of the tale, the reader/viewer moves into the Rising Action of the story. In early literature, the conflicts were Man vs. Resolution As the story draws to a close, the Narrative Arc descends into the realm of Resolution.

How Elon Musk Thinks: The First Principles Method Designed by Dmitry Baranovskiy for the Noun Project The creative routines of famous creatives has been popular internet fodder this year. The Pacific Standard thinks this obsession and trend of emulating famous artist’s habits is problematic, to say the least. The idea that any one of these habits can be isolated from the entirety of the writer’s life and made into a template for the rest of us is nonsense. We often talk about process at 99U, so we think this is a great debate. Read the rest of the article here. Story within a story Types of nested story[edit] Story within a story[edit] The inner stories are told either simply to entertain or more usually to act as an example to the other characters. In either case the story often has symbolic and psychological significance for the characters in the outer story. There is often some parallel between the two stories, and the fiction of the inner story is used to reveal the truth in the outer story. The literary device of stories within a story dates back to a device known as a frame story, when the outer story does not have much matter, and most of the bulk of the work consists of one or more complete stories told by one or more storytellers. Often the stories within a story are used to satirize views, not only in the outer story but also in the real world. In some cases, the story within a story is involved in the action of the plot of the outer story. Subsequent layers[edit] This literary device also dates back to ancient Sanskrit literature.

The Thirty-Six Dramatic Situations The Thirty-Six Dramatic Situations is a descriptive list which was created by Georges Polti to categorize every dramatic situation that might occur in a story or performance. To do this Polti analyzed classical Greek texts, plus classical and contemporaneous French works. He also analyzed a handful of non-French authors. Publication history[edit] “Gozzi maintained that there can be but thirty-six tragic situations. This list was published in a book of the same name, which contains extended explanations and examples. The list is popularized as an aid for writers, but it is also used by dramatists, storytellers and many others. The 36 situations[edit] Each situation is stated, then followed by the necessary elements for each situation and a brief description. See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit]

virtuaLit Fiction: Elements of Fiction The Hare and the Tortoise One day the speedy hare was bragging among his fellow animals. “I have never been beaten in a race,” he said. “When I use my amazing speed, the race is over almost instantly. Would any of you like to take me on?” “I’ll challenge you,” said the tortoise. “You against me?” The animals set up a course, and the race began. “Slow and steady wins the race,” said the smiling tortoise. In this well-known fable of Aesop, the final lesson emanating from the smiling tortoise is somewhat evident. Dan Harmon's Story Circle vs. Cosine Wave More on Dan Harmon’s “Story Circle” and my theory it is a cosine wave I’ve discussed before how Dan Harmon (creator of Community, co-writer for Monster House) has distilled the Joseph Campbell’s Monomyth into a very basic tool for describing the arcs of a story. Harmon prefers to see his story structure as a circle, whereas I believe that it is in fact a Cosine Wave. Since I’ve posted the above gif I’ve gotten quite a few notes about it and I thought I’d expand on my idea of why Harmon’s circle best fits a Cosine. While the story circle on its own is sufficiently impressive on its own, Harmon has further extrapolated on the theory. In “Story Structure 104" Harmon discusses briefly how the circle is made of opposite parts. Top-Bottom Duality The top-bottom duality is best discussed by Harmon in “Story Structure 102.” Left-Right Duality Compare that with my cosine wave below: Here because the x-axis operates as a measure of time, the left-right distinction operates consistently.

The art of the metaphor Jane Hirshfield The Crucial Storytelling Mistake that Many Beginning Writers Make I'm not sure I know what a "situation" means - a scene? Or just a conflict/obstacle with no arc or backstory? I've started short stories with a "scene" before, and if you're good enough to develop themes efficiently, you might be able to create an entire short story with just one. I'd say a big mistake I see is when writers try to write a novel/novella/very big short story and create too many "situations" without threading them together in a meaningful way. It's like seeing one crisis after the next without a sense of flow, escalation or purpose. I took it to mean a situation is static — I can't get these vampires to leave my house! Basically, a situation means "the location/surroundings of a place" or "a set of circumstances in which one finds oneself; aka state of affairs". I think a lot of people, myself included, have stories that start "Wouldn't it be cool if...?". At least that's how I take it. She means concept. What happens when you do the vampire protection spell backwards?