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Hear The Epic of Gilgamesh Read in the Original Akkadian and Enjoy the Sounds of Mesopotamia

Hear The Epic of Gilgamesh Read in the Original Akkadian and Enjoy the Sounds of Mesopotamia
Long ago, in the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia, Akkadian was the dominant language. And, for centuries, it remained the lingua franca in the Ancient Near East. But then it was gradually squeezed out by Aramaic, and it faded into oblivion once Alexander the Great Hellenized (Greekified) the region. Now, 2,000+ years later, Akkadian is making a small comeback. At Cambridge University, Dr. Martin Worthington, an expert in Babylonian and Assyrian grammar, has started recording readings of poems, myths and other texts in Akkadian, including The Epic of Gilgamesh. Follow Open Culture on Facebook and Twitter and share intelligent media with your friends. via Heritage Key Related Content: World Literature in 13 Parts: From Gilgamesh to García Márquez The Ancient History Learning Guide What Ancient Greek Music Sounded Like: Hear a Reconstruction That is ‘100% Accurate’

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Knowledge and Power - Cuneiform Revealed: an introduction to cuneiform script and the Akkadian language Home » Cuneiform Revealed The cuneiform script can seem bafflingly complex at first. This section aims to demystify it, by explaining how cuneiform developed over three thousand years, how it was used, and how you can learn it. We also provide a short introduction to the Akkadian language, which was written in cuneiform script, and suggest ways to continue learning. People writing tablets at a clay tablet workshop in September 2008, organised by the Enheduanna Society and sponsored by Birkbeck College, the British Institute for the Study of Iraq, and Holborn Community Development Project. Photo by Frans van Koppen.

Interpreted by many historians as proof of a vision for the unison of man, much of Alexander’s dealings in Persia have come to be attributed with a policy of racial fusion. Accordingly, echoed in numerous sources is an idealistic image of Alexander as a Christ-like humanitarian destined to be the saviour and unifier of mankind, while the Alexander whose entire existence orbited strategy and bloodshed is often outshone by this romantic ideal. According to classical scholar Ernst Badian, the Alexander who dreamt of a unity of mankind is nothing but an illusory figure concocted in the mind of scholar Sir William Tarn who conceived Alexander as an agent of the brotherhood of man, and I equally doubt that Alexander was ever inspired by some philanthropic desire to federate humanity. Several pivotal occurrences of Alexander’s short career have frequently been judged as confirmation of his so called visionary policy of racial fusion.

Here's what fruits and vegetables looked like before we domesticated them Next time you bite into a slice of watermelon or a cob of corn, consider this: these familiar fruits and veggies didn't always look and taste this way. Genetically modified foods, or GMOs, inspire strong reactions nowadays, but humans have been tweaking the genetics of our favourite produce for millennia. While GMOs may involve splicing genes from other organisms (such as bacteria) to give plants desired traits – like resistance to pests, selective breeding is a slower process whereby farmers select and grow crops with those traits over time. From bananas to eggplant, here are some of the foods that looked totally different before humans first started growing them for food. Wild watermelon

eTACT eTACT aims to be the definitive repository on the Web for translations of Akkadian materials. Through eTACT, scholars, students, and the general public gain convenient access to a wealth of information that otherwise can be difficult to discover. Visitors to the site can have confidence in the quality of the translations since they are prepared and edited by experts. The idea for this site arose at the Muenster Rencontre in 2006. The conception was to offer modern and reliable translations to non-specialists interested in the history and culture of the Ancient Near East. [Vidéo] La France ne peut tenir son rang que par l'exploitation de ses "anciennes" colonies africaines (DWN) Dans les années 1950-60 les colonies africaines de la France ont décidé de prendre leur indépendance. Certes, le gouvernement à Paris acceptait formellement les demandes d'indépendance, mais exigeait en contre-partie que les pays signent un soi-disant "pacte de poursuite de la colonisation". En cela ils s'engageaient à maintenir la monnaie coloniale française, le franc CFA ("le franc pour les colonies de la France en Afrique"), à garder le système scolaire français, le système militaire et le système français comme langue officielle. En raison de cette loi, 14 Etats africains sont toujours obligés de stocker environ 85% de leurs réseves de change à la banque centrale française à Paris. En outre, ces pays doivent payer et transmettre chaque année à Paris leurs "taxes coloniales" pour les infrastructures construites par la France, comme Silicon Africa le détaille. Ainsi la France prend environ 440 milliards d'euros chaque année.

This video shows what Ancient Rome actually looked like It's impossible for anyone to see what ancient Rome looked like in all of its splendor, since we've failed to invent a time machine. But the above video, which shows a 3D rendering of Rome in 320 AD, is about as close as we can get. The video was created by Rome Reborn, an academic research project whose central mission is to create a full model of Rome at its greatest heights, working in conjunction with the Khan Academy. The goal is to take historical depictions of the city and create a true-to-life model of every period of Roman development, ranging from 1000 BC to 552 AD. This isn't just a cool pastime; it's useful for everyone from historians to filmmakers looking to capture what the city actually looked like.

Akkadian Cuneiform inscriptions Loading books... Open Library is unaware of any editions about this subject published between 1852 & 2012. Zoom out again ? Publishing History This is a chart to show the publishing history of editions of works about this subject. Humanity's forgotten return to Africa revealed in DNA Not so isolated: Khoisan tribes have European DNA (Image: Ariadne Van Zandbergen/Alamy) Call it humanity’s unexpected U-turn. One of the biggest events in the history of our species is the exodus out of Africa some 65,000 years ago, the start of Homo sapiens‘ long march across the world.

Akkadian language (Babylonian and Assyrian cuneiform texts) Home page (DUB.E = tuppi bitim, 'home clay tablet') on Akkadian, an introduction collected by John Heise. Akkadian is a great cultural language of world history. These pages are about the cuneiform writing system on clay tablets, the language, the grammar. How Fruit And Vegetables Have Changed Over Human History If someone handed you a wild banana from 7,000 years ago, you would barely recognize it from its modern-day ancestor. Fruit and vegetables have changed a lot since humans have domesticated them over the past few thousand years. They’ve undergone a transformation from selective breeding that has tailored them to suit our picky tastes and conveniences. More recently, fruit and veg have been molded by genetic engineering, allowing us to pick ‘n’ mix the best genes from desirable plants. This video from Business Insider gives you a small sample of the make-overs much of our fruit and vegetables have undergone. Main image credit: John Mason/Flickr.

A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian ? addenda, corrigenda, and supporting bibliography Addenda, corrigenda, and supporting bibliography Instructions for use Bibliographical abbreviations List of contributors List of lemmata : Unicode Version Non-Unicode version (for older computers and browsers) Explanation of the difference Date of current version: 22.2.2007 E-mail address for correspondence: jnp10@cam.ac.uk Postal address: J.N. Postgate, Trinity College, Cambridge CB2 1TQ No Link Between Introduction of Agriculture & Human Population Growth Currently, the human population growth is about 1% per year. Prehistoric human population growth, from beginning of the end of the Ice Age was just 0.04% annually until about 200 years ago, when a number of factors led to higher growth rates, such as modern medicine. We have been taught that the agricultural revolution increased population growth to some extent… Until now.

Rome The ‘Eternal City’ In Its Peak Showcased Through A Brilliantly Animated Video An incredible fruit of collaboration between the Rome Reborn project and Khan Academy, the video in question gives us a fascinating tour through the ancient mega city in its arguably peak form in 320 AD. In essence, this was the period when emperor Constantine was successful in once again centralizing the power of the state, while also endowing freedom of worship for Christians. In many ways, this short epoch of stability became the ‘last hurrah’ of glory for the ancient stronghold – before the Roman Empire was divided, and consequently Rome lost its significance in the coming centuries. As overseer of the Rome Reborn project Dr. Bernard Frischer, makes it clear why 320 AD was chosen as the subject of the video tour –

Vermont ditches Columbus Day for Indigenous Peoples' Day, Hartford may make the switch for good HARTFORD, Vt. — Vermont has officially changed Columbus Day to Indigenous Peoples' Day.

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