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Thorium

Thorium
(Updated March 2014) Thorium is more abundant in nature than uranium.It is fertile rather than fissile, and can only be used as a fuel in conjunction with a fissile material such as recycled plutonium.Thorium fuels can breed fissile uranium-233 to be used in various kinds of nuclear reactors.Molten salt reactors are well suited to thorium fuel, as normal fuel fabrication is avoided. The use of thorium as a new primary energy source has been a tantalizing prospect for many years. Extracting its latent energy value in a cost-effective manner remains a challenge, and will require considerable R&D investment. This is occurring preeminently in China, with modest US support. Nature and sources of thorium Thorium is a naturally-occurring, slightly radioactive metal discovered in 1828 by the Swedish chemist Jons Jakob Berzelius, who named it after Thor, the Norse god of thunder. When pure, thorium is a silvery white metal that retains its lustre for several months. Thorium as a nuclear fuel

http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Current-and-Future-Generation/Thorium/

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Green nuclear power coming to Norway Thorium-fuelled reactors might be the key to a safer, cleaner power supply Credit: Justin Randall SYDNEY: Safer, cleaner nuclear power is a step closer to reality after Norway’s state-owned energy company, Statkraft, this week announced plans to investigate building a thorium-fuelled nuclear reactor. Statkraft (which translates to “state power”) announced an alliance with regional power providers Vattenfall in Sweden, and Fortum in Finland, along with Norwegian energy investment company, Scatec AS, in a bid to produce the thorium-fuelled plant. The inflated STC Price Scam : The Solar Cowboy's Favourite Trick? - Solar Power Blog I’m angry.I get a lot of emails asking for me to look over quotes. I try to Don't fall for it! answer every one. Some times it takes a couple of weeks to reply, but generally I manage to reply.

New age nuclear Credit: Justin Randall What if we could build a nuclear reactor that offered no possibility of a meltdown, generated its power inexpensively, created no weapons-grade by-products, and burnt up existing high-level waste as well as old nuclear weapon stockpiles? And what if the waste produced by such a reactor was radioactive for a mere few hundred years rather than tens of thousands? It may sound too good to be true, but such a reactor is indeed possible, and a number of teams around the world are now working to make it a reality. What makes this incredible reactor so different is its fuel source: thorium. Ionmax ION390 Air Purifier - HEPA, UV, Negative Ions The Ionmax® ION390 UV Air Purifier provides you and your family with complete air purification by combining 5 forms of efficient air purification technologies - HEPA filtration, UV light and negative ions. Designed with clever features and functions, the ION390 is also very easy to use and highly convenient for health. Complete and efficient air purification The ION390 features a comprehensive purification system that completely cleans and purifies the air of small and large particles:

Thorium fuel cycle The thorium fuel cycle is a nuclear fuel cycle that uses the naturally abundant isotope of thorium, 232Th, as the fertile material. In the reactor, 232Th is transmuted into the fissile artificial uranium isotope 233U which is the nuclear fuel. Unlike natural uranium, natural thorium contains only trace amounts of fissile material (such as 231Th), which are insufficient to initiate a nuclear chain reaction. Additional fissile material or another neutron source are necessary to initiate the fuel cycle. In a thorium-fueled reactor, 232Th absorbs neutrons eventually to produce 233U. This parallels the process in uranium breeder reactors whereby fertile 238U absorbs neutrons to form fissile 239Pu.

Watts volts and amps One unit of your battery pack is a cell – it is only when you put several cells together that you have a battery – and each cell is nominally 1.2 volts (or 3.7 volts for LiPo). Our batteries are usually hooked up in series (positive to negative to positive etc.) which means that the voltage of the pack is 1.2 volts multiplied by the number of cells. e.g. 1.2 volts x 7 cells = 8.4 volts For LiPo 3S means 3.7 volts x 3 cells = 11.1 volts. Volts is a measure of the electromotive force or electrical pressure that you battery is capable of producing.

Rare Earth Elements Power the World, and China Controls Them All You might have wondered if the meat you buy is free-range or if the coffee you buy is fair trade, but you probably haven't given much thought to the construction of the laptop or smartphone you’re reading this on. I’m not talking about plastics, aluminum, or gold: I’m talking about rare earth elements, or REEs for short. REEs are made up of 17 chemical elements on the periodic table, all of which are used in cell phones, monitors, car batteries, guided missiles, fiber optic cables, and wind turbines, among other things. While products made with REEs have become more widespread globally, their production remains far more localized. China has entered as a key player in REE production in the past couple decades, producing well over 90% of the world’s REE supply, but the government reports it just has 23% of known reserves. So how did we get to this point?

Safe nuclear does exist, and China is leading the way with thorium “If it begins to overheat, a little plug melts and the salts drain into a pan. There is no need for computers, or the sort of electrical pumps that were crippled by the tsunami. The reactor saves itself,” he said. “They operate at atmospheric pressure so you don’t have the sort of hydrogen explosions we’ve seen in Japan. One of these reactors would have come through the tsunami just fine. Operating Cost of Amps and Watts? - Electrical Wiring Forum Without a better assessment of you cooling load there is no reliable way to determine what size unit is needed. HVAC systems have design loads based on he long term average of the local weather. When the weather hits the design limit the equipment will be on nearly 100% of the time. If the weather is outside the design load it cannot keep up. If the weather is inside the design load the equipment cycles on and off. Only larger commercial systems are designed to dehumidify AND cool, and have sensors for both.

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