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The Decline of Wikipedia: Even As More People Than Ever Rely on It, Fewer People Create It

The Decline of Wikipedia: Even As More People Than Ever Rely on It, Fewer People Create It
The sixth most widely used website in the world is not run anything like the others in the top 10. It is not operated by a sophisticated corporation but by a leaderless collection of volunteers who generally work under pseudonyms and habitually bicker with each other. It rarely tries new things in the hope of luring visitors; in fact, it has changed little in a decade. And yet every month 10 billion pages are viewed on the English version of Wikipedia alone. Yet Wikipedia and its stated ambition to “compile the sum of all human knowledge” are in trouble. The main source of those problems is not mysterious. When Wikipedians achieved their most impressive feat of leaderless collective organization, they unwittingly set in motion the decline in participation that troubles their project today. In response, the Wikimedia Foundation, the 187-person nonprofit that pays for the legal and technical infrastructure supporting Wikipedia, is staging a kind of rescue mission. Progress was swift. Related:  Extra topics

Internet monopolies: Everybody wants to rule the world “WE ARE taking over the world of yoga.” At the graduation day for 500 Startups, a school for entrepreneurs in Silicon Valley, such statements of focused megalomania are the norm. “We will own this space,” predicts the founder of a company that helps shops send digital offers to nearby phones. It is a joke that sounds like hubris, and there is indeed plenty of that to be seen. Regulators worry that such dominance lays consumers and competitors open to all sorts of abuse. And it is not the only digital giant which has come under scrutiny. Standard issues Something about the internet clearly favours such mushrooming quasi-monopolies. In America, and in most of the rest of the world, private monopolies are treated with deep distrust. Those early years provide fodder for Mr Thiel’s argument that monopolies can be agents of progress. This will not necessarily come as a surprise to economists. A clever startup does not try to compete directly with an incumbent. The need for speed

Chinese Search Giant Baidu Thinks AI Pioneer Andrew Ng Can Help It Challenge Google and Become a Global Power Punk bands from Blondie to the Ramones once played in Broadway Studios, an age-worn 95-year-old neoclassical building surrounded by strip clubs in San Francisco’s North Beach. But early on this bright June morning, a different sort of rock star arrives. A small crowd attending a tech startup conference swarms around a tall, soft-spoken man in a blue dress shirt and navy suit who politely poses for photos. Andrew Ng, newly appointed chief scientist at Baidu, China’s dominant search company, is here to talk about his plans to advance deep learning, a powerful new approach to artificial intelligence loosely modeled on the way the brain works. It has already made computers vastly better at recognizing speech, translating languages, and identifying images—and Ng’s work at Google and Stanford University, where he was a professor of computer science, is behind some of the biggest breakthroughs. Andrew Ng hopes to lure AI talent to Baidu’s new Silicon Valley research lab. Cool Things

The Rise and Decline of an Open Collaboration Community Citation: Halfaker, A., Gieger, R. S., Morgan, J., & Riedl, J. (2013). bibtex The Rise and Decline of an Open Collaboration Community: How Wikipedia's reaction to sudden popularity is causing its decline Open collaboration systems like Wikipedia need to maintain a pool of volunteer contributors in order to remain relevant. Authors Key Findings (tl:dr) To deal with the massive influx of new editors between 2004 and 2007, Wikipedians built automated quality control tools and solidified their rules of governance. The decline represents a change in the rate of retention of desirable, good-faith newcomers. Summary Gentle reader, Below is the authors' summary of a paper that was accepted to a special issue of American Behavioral Scientist on Wikis. Feel free to email me with questions, and please let me know if you find an error. Enjoy! According to a report published in 2009 by the Wikimedia Foundation, the number of active editors working on the English Wikipedia is declining. Figure 1.

VIDÉO. Les incroyables trésors de l'Histoire : l'ancêtre des journaux imprimés Yann Sordet, le directeur de la bibliothèque Mazarine, à Paris, tourne avec délicatesse les pages de la plaquette gothique ; en fait, un véritable magazine imprimé, vieux d'un demi-millénaire. Un ancêtre du Point en quelque sorte ! Il explique : "Ces plaquettes gothiques ont commencé à être imprimées en France vers 1490. Composées de quatre et six feuilles, elles relatent des faits d'actualité : une entrée royale dans Paris, une bataille, l'apparition d'une comète dans le ciel. Mais elles proposent également des versions abrégées de poésies médiévales ou de romans de chevalerie." La plaquette qu'il a spécialement sortie pour nous date de mai 1498. REGARDEZ l'un des premiers journaux imprimés : Consultez notre dossier spécial "Les incroyables trésors de l'histoire".

Faut-il s’inquiéter de la course au monopole des géants du net L’année 2014 commence fort pour Google côté acquisitions : d’abord NestLab (pour 3,2 milliards de dollars) entreprise spécialisée dans la production d’objets connectés ; ensuite DeepMind, qui vient d’être acquise par le géant d’internet (pour 400 millions). L’entreprise est un pionner de ce qu’on appelle le « deep learning ». Et Google pourrait bien devenir leader de ce nouveau secteur … de quoi susciter des craintes et les fantasmes autour d’une emprise monopolistique de Mountain View. Le deep learning est une technologie de création d’intelligence artificielle (voir ici une vidéo du MIT et ici une explication de la BBC) : l’ordinateur apprend à reconnaître des éléments à partir des données qu’il enregistre. Par exemple, il devient capable de reconnaître un chat dans une vidéo sur internet, dès lors qu’il a "appris" ce qu’était un chat. Au-delà de la technique, la dynamique est intéressante car elle illustre bien les tendances "monopolistiques" d’internet. Intéressé par cet auteur ?

Cultural Creatives 1.0: The (R)evolution | Watch the Full Documentary Online Featuring many key figures from Europe and the U.S., this is the first documentary film to look with scientific thoroughness at the world of Cultural Creatives. It shows that a great mass of people think differently from the way propagated by the media and promoted by the establishment. By the end of the film it becomes evident that this huge mass, were it to become aware of its power, could change the world. Because Cultural Creatives are unstoppable and their number is continuously rising, the values they champion could soon become core values for human civilization generally. Cultural Creatives are emerging without anybody organizing their presence, without anyone seeking to create political power from their existence, and without any group having any interest in them. So they are all here, among and around us: 80 million Cultural Creatives in the United States and 120 million in Europe, all with a similar mindset — the citizens of a new world.

À la rencontre des « bots » qui veillent eux aussi sur Wikipédia Connaissiez-vous les « bots » de Wikipédia ? Le mieux est de commencer tout d’abord par demander à Wikipédia : « Les bots sont des agents automatiques ou semi-automatiques qui interagissent avec Wikipédia comme le fait un utilisateur, mais pour des tâches répétitives et fastidieuses pour un humain. Les bots peuvent être utilisés pour créer des articles. D’autres peuvent être utilisés pour éditer ou même détruire des articles. Certains bots sont spécialisés dans la gestion des liens d’interlangue, la résolution des homonymies, les annulations de certains vandalismes ou encore les opérations sur les catégories. C’est donc de ces satanés bots dont il est question dans la traduction ci-dessous. Remarque : Les wikipédiens francophones ont quant à eux souvent à faire avec le bot Salebot (Attention, bot méchant ! Meet the ‘bots’ that edit Wikipedia Daniel Nasaw - 25 juillet 2012 - BBC News(Traduction : elfabixx, Pwetosaurus, Gatitac, Jose, ProgVal, Kaya, fck) Virtuellement invisible

Sharing Infographics on Social Media I love infographics. I know some people think they’re “out,” “so last year/two years ago/whatever,” etc. but I don’t think they’re going anywhere. They make conveying information easier (and prettier, and I love pretty!), are a strong tools in any content marketing strategy, and, let’s face it, pretty fun sometimes. But, as with most things, there’s a right way and a wrong way to share an infographic. Sharing is caring, but when it comes to infographics, be sure to share with care (Tweet this). Of course, the “right” way to share an infographic depends on the platform on which you’re sharing it. Sometime’s I’ll see someone share someone else’s infographic, or even their own, on a blog or social media and just want to go “yuck.” Luckily, Lemonly has put together a handy little infographic going over a few great best practices for sharing infographics on social, but let’s look further into rules for sharing: Best Practices for Sharing Infographics on Your Blog/Website Connect: Authored by:

Aaron Sorkin’s Huffington Post criticism gets it right Christopher Polk/Getty Images During a panel discussion earlier this week previewing the new TV season, I worried, in regard to journalism, that “the metabolism of the Web is making us stupid.” Aaron Sorkin is equally concerned — and just as accurate — when he suggests the same culture is making us nastier as well. Now, I’ve been among the chorus of critical voices regarding Sorkin’s HBO series, “The Newsroom.” Certainly, it’s hard to argue with Huffington Post’s knack for generating traffic, so much so that its cryptic headlines and teases have given birth to a feed designed strictly to decode and spoil them. But it only reinforces Sorkin’s case, frankly, to see HuffPo staffers respond to his comments, as quoted in Mother Jones, with volleys of snark, as if there’s no room for legitimate criticism or self-reflection regarding the manner in which they operate. Still, just because you can’t change things doesn’t mean you have no right to gripe about them.

Collaborative Intelligence – Knowledge Visualization, IBM Manay Eyes, visual analytics, Katy Borner, Zann Gill Collaborative Intelligence in Ecosystem Forecasting Ecosystem forecasting is supported by information visualization, e.g. Visualization of Data, Indicators, and Thresholds Collaborative Problem-Solving — Process Visualization & Management Navigation and Search — User Interface & Knowledge Management Frameworks Geospatial Visualization — Spatio-Temporal Representations Visualization of Data, Indicators, and Thresholds Outstanding visualization is the key to understanding how components interact in a complex system. Tim Nyerges reviews the challenge of visualizing sustainability in his paper: “Linked Visualizations in Sustainability Modeling: An Approach Using Participatory GIS for Decision Support.” Three visualizations representing sustainability issues: 1. Example of visual conceptual models developed for indicator analysis. In the directed graph above, nodes represent: Imagery in a Knowledge Framework.

230 euros pour un article sur Wikipédia | Hotel Wikipedia Trois cents dollars (soit environ 230 euros) : c’est le prix à payer pour avoir un article de bonne facture sur Wikipédia. Depuis quelques mois, deux hommes d’affaires new-yorkais, Erez Safer et Aaron Wertheimer, proposent de rédiger un texte encyclopédique moyennant finance. Coupure du New York Daily News Cette initiative a rencontré un certain succès. S’expliquant sur leurs motivations dans une interview accordée au New York Daily, Safer et Wertheimer estiment qu’il y avait un marché à prendre : « De nombreuses personnes tentent de réaliser leur propre article, mais le contenu s’avère trop promotionnel. » Selon eux, loin de mettre à mal la fiabilité de Wikipédia, ces prestations l’améliorent. « Tout le monde ne peut pas figurer sur Wikipédia. En bref, il en va de l’intérêt conjoint de l’encyclopédie et des clients. « [Sans nous] les gens écriraient leurs articles comme des annonces promotionnelles et non comme des entrées encyclopédiques. Menace sur l’indépendance de Wikipédia ?

Journalism & Fair Use June 2013Click here to view or download a PDF of this report. Coordinated by: Peter Jaszi,Professor of Law, American University Washington College of LawPat Aufderheide,Co-Director, Center for Media & Social Impact, American University With funding from: The Robert R. Journalists have created a set of principles that allows them to stop censoring their journalistic choices, especially in emerging digital environments. This Set of Principles was created by journalists convened by chapters of the Society of Professional Journalists and in some cases the Association of Alternative Newsweeklies. Media and Resources Backgrounders Videos and Presentations Workshops Set of Principles in Fair Use for Journalism Introduction Set of Principles in Fair Use for Journalism 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Notes Media and Resources • FAQ for Journalists • You be the Judge! • Deep Dive on Fair Use and Consensus Documents • Success of Consensus Documents • Don't take our word for it! • Pat Aufderheide's TEDx Poynter Slideshow

Six degrees of aggregation (about Huffington Post) Of the many and conflicting stories about how The Huffington Post came to be—how it boasts 68 sections, three international editions (with more to come), 1.2 billion monthly page views and 54 million comments in the past year alone, how it came to surpass the traffic of virtually all the nation’s established news organizations and amass content so voluminous that a visit to the website feels like a trip to a mall where the exits are impossible to locate—the earliest and arguably most telling begins with a lunch in March 2003 at which the idea of an online newspaper filled with celebrity bloggers and virally disseminated aggregated content did not come up. The invitation for the lunch came from Kenneth Lerer. He was 51 and casting about for something new, having recently left his position as executive vice president for communications at AOL. He brought the book with him and Watts would recall that the copy was dog-eared, the flatteringly telltale sign of a purposeful read. 1. 2. 3. 4.

What if Universities were like Wikipedia? – Managing Turbulence A recent session at Educause apparently invoked Wikipedia and spoke to universities as agile organizations. The speaker wasn’t really suggesting that Wikipedia should be the model for the university of the future, but the abstracted concept was a little intriguing. Of course, Peter Drucker foretold the knowledge economy built with knowledge workers long before some of us were born, and I suspect his agile brain had glimmers of the knowledge management implications of Wikipedia around the same time. And, understandably, most academics keep their distance and steer toward more critically-accepted and stringently peer-reviewed resources. But Wikipedia made me think about knowledge in different ways. Here’s five possibilities for the future of Wikipedia and maybe of the university: Knowledge as co-generative: maybe this is crowdsourcing on steroids. Knowledge for the sake of itself may be a penultimate goal. So can the University be a place of realized potential?

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