background preloader

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC)

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC)
It is difficult to place an exact figure on the number of residential schools to which Aboriginal people have been sent in Canada. While religious orders had been operating such schools before Confederation in 1867, it was not the 1880s that the federal government fully embraced the residential school model for Aboriginal education. While the government began to close the schools in the 1970s, the last school remained in operation until 1996. For purposes of providing compensation to former students the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement has identified 139 residential schools. (Despite the fact that the agreement is titled the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, the lives of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit people were all touched by these schools.) This does not represent the full number of residential schools that operated in Canada. Many of the schools underwent a number of name changes and were also relocated or amalgamated.

Related:  Secret Path/Residential Schoolsresidential schools

A timeline of residential schools, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Students in a classroom in Resolution, N.W.T. ((National Archives of Canada)) March 14, 2011 The Truth and Reconciliation Commission begins three months of hearings in 19 northern communities in the lead up to its second national event, which will be held in Inuvik, N.W.T. between June 28 and July 1. Nov. 12, 2010 The government of Canada announces it will endorse the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, a non-binding document that describes the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples around the world.

10 books about residential schools to read with your kids - Aboriginal - CBC More and more children will be read stories about the legacy of residential schools in the classroom this year. Provinces are changing curriculums and educators across the country are developing resource guides in response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) recommendations. "One of the first criteria for choosing anything is that it's a good story," said Jo-Anne Chrona. Questions, Answered What is a residential school? In the 19th century, the Canadian government believed it was responsible for educating and caring for aboriginal people in Canada. It thought their best chance for success was to learn English and adopt Christianity and Canadian customs. Ideally, they would pass their adopted lifestyle on to their children, and native traditions would diminish, or be completely abolished in a few generations.

The Wildly Depressing History of Canadian Residential Schools Photo from a residential school off of Onion Lake in Ontario. During the mid 1800’s Canada’s colonization was chugging along with the industrial age, and the thinkers of the day were turning their brainpower towards the pesky task of how to deal with the “Indian Problem.” In 1841, Herman Charles Merivale, the British Secretary of State for the Colonies (who doesn’t look like he would be a bad guy to smoke cigars and sip sherry with), established and executed a concoction of his four policies on the subject: Extermination, slavery, insulation and assimilation. All of these were wrapped tidily up in the Residential School system. Testifying in Fort Albany, a former female student at St.

100 Years of Loss The following reading list is a selection of the growing number of publications that document the history and legacy of residential schools. It is by no means complete and is a work in progress. For Younger Readers Teacher Guides/Lesson Plans Many organizations have already constructed curriculum that you may find useful with your learner group. The First Nation Child and Family Caring Society have constructed lesson plans that assist educators that aim to teach about social justice issues. These guides include campaigns which FNCFCS promote and encourage all Canadians to create awareness and make a difference!

An overview of every aspect of Canadian Indian residential school system and their impacts in different domains There has long been significant historiographical and popular controversy about the conditions experienced by students in the residential schools. While day schools for First Nations, Metis and Inuit children always far outnumbered residential schools, a new consensus emerged in the early 21st century that the latter schools did significant harm to Aboriginal children who attended them by removing them from their families, depriving them of their ancestral languages, sterilization, and exposing many of them to physical and sexual abuse at the hands of staff and other students, and enfranchising them forcibly. History[edit] The foundations of the system were the pre-confederation Gradual Civilization Act (1857) and the Gradual Enfranchisement Act (1869). These assumed the inherent superiority of British ways, and the need for Indians to become English-speakers, Christians, and farmers.

Indian Residential Schools Important The Web site deals with topics that may cause trauma invoked by memories of past abuse. The Government of Canada recognizes the need for safety measures to minimize the risk associated with triggering. A National Indian Residential School Crisis Line has been set up to provide support for former Residential School students.

Heritage Minutes Dive Into 'Darker Chapters' Of Canada's History Two new Heritage Minutes released Tuesday focus on significant moments in Indigenous history. The clips, produced by Historica Canada, were written by acclaimed author Joseph Boyden, according to a press release. One of the videos tells the story of Chanie Wenjack, an Anishinaabe boy who ran away from the Cecilia Jeffrey Indian Residential School in 1966 and died during his escape to go home. 'Chanie wanted to go back home' "His death sparked the first inquiry into the conditions faced by residential school students," reads the Historica Canada release. The Wenjack minute, embedded above, is narrated by his sister Pearl Achneepineskum, a residential school survivor.

The Residential School System Children's dining room, Indian Residential School, Edmonton, Alberta. Between 1925-1936. United Church Archives, Toronto, From Mission to Partnership Collection. Residential Schools Two primary objectives of the residential school system were to remove and isolate children from the influence of their homes, families, traditions and cultures, and to assimilate them into the dominant culture.

An Aboriginal Girl's Battle to Tell the Truth at School Ruby was seven years old and in Grade 2. She was to prepare a class presentation on a topic of her choice, and decided she wanted to tell the story of why she doesn't speak her First Nations language. Ruby wanted to share information about the effects Indian residential school had on her family and community in terms of language loss. This was a very important topic that meant a lot to her. She wanted everyone to know about how wrong Indian residential schools were. School aftermath spans generations The deadline for the residential school settlement is only days away, but we're just getting started on realizing the full impact these schools have had on several generations of First Nations people. To even start the process of moving forward took years of legal work. It took a painful process of reopening old and unhealed wounds by former students. It will cost billions of dollars in legal fees and settlement costs. And now, finally, we just might be starting the long journey of putting the past behind us. But it's going to take a lot more than just agreeing to the settlement to start moving on.

This site lists the all the residential schools across Canada. It helps us understand the use of residential schools in Canada. Aboriginal children had to leave their families to go to residential schools. In sweetgrass basket, Sarah and Mattie were both sent to residential schools. by shaynuswardus Oct 31

Although the government has put in effect a program to try to repay for the horrors they committed to the aboriginals through the intermediate of residential schools, still many of the victims will not get any compensation because this plan only includes the native-Canadians, not the Metis or the Inuits. by brunetcarrier Oct 31

This site lists all the residentials schools in Canada. This helps us know how many schools have been identified by the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. This also shows us how many schools have inpacted the lives of many native chlidren and what general area whas the most populated with residential schools. by morariumorson Oct 29

This site lists the all the residential schools across Canada. It helps us understand the magnitude of the schools effect on the nation in the late 1800s to mid 1900s. However, this site does'nt contain all the residential schools, so you can imagine just how mnay there were across Canada. We find the number of schools shocking since there are over 75 of them. by hazbounwasher Oct 26

This webpage lists all the residential schools identified by the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. It helps you understand that the residential school system was something very organized and thought through, there were around 130 residential schools located all over Canada. by scarpaleggiamaiorino Oct 25

This web page shows the large number of residential schools in canada, althought not all of them are listed. This seems like a good site, it seems to have been made by the governement of canada so it is probably very accurate. Me and my teammate find it very disturbing the large number of residential schools in canada. Just to take a moment and think of what those choldren had to go through is horrible. by marsolaismartel Oct 25

The truth and reconciliation comity of Canada is in charge of trying to mend the wounds of the aboriginals that were sent to residential schools by giving them apology money, but they can only legally compensate federal residential school, because unlike the schools that were run by a province or the church, they have ties to the federal government. This causes conflict because the people at the schools that weren’t run by the Canadian government probably went through just as many if not more traumatic events, but it is said that nothing can be done to help mend their torn souls. by bertoia.bobotis.dufresne. Oct 24

This web page shows how many residential school existed in Canada, though not all of them are in this list, only the ones who are identified which makes it a total of 139 schools, so they're a chances that they are still a lot more schools. This seems like a good and trustworth website, it also has a map where they show you where exactly are situated these residential schools. We find it absurd to have so many of these school across Canada because these school have hundreds of aboriginal attending one school and to think they are 139 of them, makes it have thousdans of Idian physically, mantally and sexually abused. by chenglaitung Oct 24