A timeline of residential schools, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Students in a classroom in Resolution, N.W.T. ((National Archives of Canada)) March 14, 2011 The Truth and Reconciliation Commission begins three months of hearings in 19 northern communities in the lead up to its second national event, which will be held in Inuvik, N.W.T. between June 28 and July 1. Nov. 12, 2010 The government of Canada announces it will endorse the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, a non-binding document that describes the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples around the world. June 21, 2010 The Truth and Reconciliation Commission is pleased with the outcome of its first national event in Winnipeg, despite receiving a smaller number of survivor statements than hoped. April 16, 2010 Thousands of aboriginal residential school survivors meet in Winnipeg for the first national event of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. April 8, 2010 March 19, 2010 March 2, 2010 Dec. 30, 2009 Oct. 15, 2009 Gov. Gov. Sept. 21, 2009 June 10, 2009 April 29, 2009
The Residential School System Children's dining room, Indian Residential School, Edmonton, Alberta. Between 1925-1936. United Church Archives, Toronto, From Mission to Partnership Collection. Residential Schools Two primary objectives of the residential school system were to remove and isolate children from the influence of their homes, families, traditions and cultures, and to assimilate them into the dominant culture. Prime Minister Stephen Harper, official apology, June 11, 2008 What was the Indian residential school system? The term residential schools refers to an extensive school system set up by the Canadian government and administered by churches that had the nominal objective of educating Aboriginal children but also the more damaging and equally explicit objectives of indoctrinating them into Euro-Canadian and Christian ways of living and assimilating them into mainstream Canadian society. What led to the residential schools? Prime Minister Sir John A. Living conditions at the residential schools —John S.
Heritage Minutes Dive Into 'Darker Chapters' Of Canada's History Two new Heritage Minutes released Tuesday focus on significant moments in Indigenous history. The clips, produced by Historica Canada, were written by acclaimed author Joseph Boyden, according to a press release. One of the videos tells the story of Chanie Wenjack, an Anishinaabe boy who ran away from the Cecilia Jeffrey Indian Residential School in 1966 and died during his escape to go home. 'Chanie wanted to go back home' "His death sparked the first inquiry into the conditions faced by residential school students," reads the Historica Canada release. The Wenjack minute, embedded above, is narrated by his sister Pearl Achneepineskum, a residential school survivor. "Chanie wanted to go back home," she says in the video. "I survived residential school. The clip ends with an aerial shot of a lifeless Wenjack lying next to a train track. Chanie Wenjack ran away from a residential school in 1966. The second clip is titled “Naskumituwin (Treaty).” You can watch the Naskumituwin video below: Close
Harper apology to Indians Residential school survivors eligible for compensation - Education The payments made to residential school survivors were expected to start flowing in October. Survivors are allotted a $10,000 base plus $3,000 for every year at school and more money for those sexually or physically abused. Lyle Whitefish, a vice-chief of the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations, said in September that there could be impacts when the money started to flow in. Thousands of residential school survivors applied for Common Experience Payments this September. In Saskatchewan 18,000 survivors registered for the payments, making this the province with the largest number of residential school survivors. In Prince Albert, Service Canada representatives took applications at the Senator Allan Bird Memorial Centre from Sept. 19 to 22. But survivors have until Sept. 19, 2009 to apply for the payment. Bank officials and health care workers were also available at the centre to provide applicants with advise and assistance.
10 books about residential schools to read with your kids - Aboriginal - CBC More and more children will be read stories about the legacy of residential schools in the classroom this year. Provinces are changing curriculums and educators across the country are developing resource guides in response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) recommendations. "One of the first criteria for choosing anything is that it's a good story," said Jo-Anne Chrona. It opens up that space for conversation. - Jo-Anne Chrona, educator For parents reading these books at home to their children, Chrona says it's important to be mindful of what's appropriate, emotionally and developmentally. "Talk with your children about what it is that they're reading, what it is that they understand," she said. "It opens up that space for conversation." The following ten books reflect on the residential school experience in different ways. Shi-shi-etko, by Nicola Campbell (Ages 4-8) Shi-shi-etko by Nicola I. Shin-chi's Canoe, by Nicola Campbell (Ages 4-8)
Indian Residential Schools – Key Milestones The Government of Canada began to play a role in the development and administration of Indian Residential Schools in 1874. It operated nearly every school as a joint venture with various religious organizations including Anglican, Presbyterian, United and Roman Catholic churches. Indian Residential Schools recognized by Canada, and all parties to the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement (legal counsel for former students, legal counsel for the Churches, the Assembly of First Nations, other Aboriginal organizations), are those where children were placed in a residence for the purposes of education by, or under, the authority of the Government of Canada; and, where the Government of Canada was jointly responsible for the operation of the residence and care of the children resident therein. Some 150,000 Aboriginal children were removed and separated from their families and communities to attend residential schools. Learn More
Resources | 100 Years of Loss The following reading list is a selection of the growing number of publications that document the history and legacy of residential schools. It is by no means complete and is a work in progress. For Younger Readers Ages 4–8 Campbell, Nicola I., with illustrations by Kim LeFave. Campbell, Nicola I., with illustrations by Kim LeFave. Kusugak, Michael Arvaarluk. Ages 9–12 Jordan-Fenton, Christy and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton. Jordan-Fenton, Christy and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton. Loyie, Larry. Olsen, Sylvia, Rita Morris, and Ann Sam. Sterling, Shirley. Ages 12–14 Hill, Gord. 500 Years of Resistance Comic Book. Loyie, Larry, with illustrations by Constance Brissenden. Adult History Adams, Howard. Jean and Jan Hare. Berger, Thomas. Cariboo Tribal Council. Chartrand, Larry N., Tricia E. Deiter, Constance. Dickason, Olive Patricia. Grant, Agnes. Huel, Raymond J.A. Jaine, Linda. King, David. Lascelles, Thomas A. Métis Nation of Alberta. Miller, J.R. Nuu-Chah-Nulth Tribal Council. Titley, E. Haig-Brown.
Residential school survivors share their stories at Truth and Reconciliation event in Vancouver The young girl, whose mother had died in childbirth, was being cared for by her aunt and uncle. “But I came into the wrong hands when I was six,” Flanders told attendees at the Truth and Reconciliation Commission this week. As TRC commissioners Marie Wilson and Chief Wilton Littlechild listened, Flanders described the sense of sheer isolation and loneliness that she felt as a boarding student at St. Michael’s Indian Residential School in Alert Bay. For 10 years, she missed out on typical childhood experiences, like knowing what it was like to celebrate a birthday, or going home to see her family for Christmas. “I felt so alone,” she said, through tears. As Flanders shared her story, her sons sat on either side of her, reaching over at times to place a comforting hand on her shoulder. “Now I can say to myself that I’m not alone,” she told audience members, many of them shedding tears themselves. Some talked about the ways in which their experiences continue to haunt them.
Abuse at Canadian residential schools for Native students Sponsored link. Overview: The arrival of Europeans to North and South America marked a major change in Native society. "During the colonial period, the 650 aboriginal nations in Canada were relegated to reserves, usually in isolated, unproductive regions of the country. Native spirituality was actively suppressed by the U.S. and Canadian governments. During the late 19th century and much of the 20th century, the Canadian and American governments goal for their Native populations was assimilation. The end result of various assimilation processes can be seen in the current mental health of First Nations people. According to Glen Coulthard of the University of Alberta, The Canadian government's policies included the destruction of much of Native culture, values and religion. 7 With the help of the Christian churches, these traditions were largely replaced with versions of western Christianity. Sponsored link: The residential schools: They were operated over the period 1879 to 1986.
Teacher Guides/Lesson Plans | Project of Heart Many organizations have already constructed curriculum that you may find useful with your learner group. The First Nation Child and Family Caring Society have constructed lesson plans that assist educators that aim to teach about social justice issues. These guides include campaigns which FNCFCS promote and encourage all Canadians to create awareness and make a difference! Education Resources K-2 Education Resources 3-6 Education Resources 7-8 Education Resources 9-12 Sherryl Maglione is a teacher who has taught exclusively in First Nation schools during her entire sixteen-year teaching career, most recently senior high English Language Arts at the Sioux Valley High School in Brandon, Manitoba. The Law Project was created by Monro Communications for British Columbia Social Studies Teachers’ Association. 8th Fire Where are the Children
Residential School Money: Has It Helped Survivors Heal? | mediaINDIGENA The Aboriginal Healing Foundation (AHF) has just released The Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement’s Common Experience Payment and Healing: A Qualitative Study Exploring Impacts on Recipients. (PDF of study available here.) The Common Experience Payment (CEP) is a component of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement and is intended to monetarily recognize and compensate the experiences of former Residential School students. The study — a follow-up to the 2007 AHF report, Lump Sum Compensation Payments Research Project — builds upon 281 interviews with First Nations, Inuit, and Métis Residential School Survivors. I’d like to highlight one of the findings about the CEP related to healing: [M]ost participants saw no connection between money and healing. This paper is one of many in a series of valuable AHF research publications that I’d recommend people read, and I was saddened to learn that federal funding for the AHF came to an end as of March 31, 2010.