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Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC)

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC)
It is difficult to place an exact figure on the number of residential schools to which Aboriginal people have been sent in Canada. While religious orders had been operating such schools before Confederation in 1867, it was not the 1880s that the federal government fully embraced the residential school model for Aboriginal education. While the government began to close the schools in the 1970s, the last school remained in operation until 1996. For purposes of providing compensation to former students the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement has identified 139 residential schools. Under the terms of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement students from the following schools are eligible to apply for compensation. Many of the schools underwent a number of name changes and were also relocated or amalgamated. Related:  residential schoolsSecret Path/Residential Schools

A timeline of residential schools, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Students in a classroom in Resolution, N.W.T. ((National Archives of Canada)) March 14, 2011 The Truth and Reconciliation Commission begins three months of hearings in 19 northern communities in the lead up to its second national event, which will be held in Inuvik, N.W.T. between June 28 and July 1. Nov. 12, 2010 The government of Canada announces it will endorse the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, a non-binding document that describes the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples around the world. June 21, 2010 The Truth and Reconciliation Commission is pleased with the outcome of its first national event in Winnipeg, despite receiving a smaller number of survivor statements than hoped. April 16, 2010 Thousands of aboriginal residential school survivors meet in Winnipeg for the first national event of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. April 8, 2010 March 19, 2010 March 2, 2010 Dec. 30, 2009 Oct. 15, 2009 Gov. Gov. Sept. 21, 2009 June 10, 2009 April 29, 2009

The Residential School System Children's dining room, Indian Residential School, Edmonton, Alberta. Between 1925-1936. United Church Archives, Toronto, From Mission to Partnership Collection. Residential Schools Two primary objectives of the residential school system were to remove and isolate children from the influence of their homes, families, traditions and cultures, and to assimilate them into the dominant culture. Prime Minister Stephen Harper, official apology, June 11, 2008 What was the Indian residential school system? The term residential schools refers to an extensive school system set up by the Canadian government and administered by churches that had the nominal objective of educating Aboriginal children but also the more damaging and equally explicit objectives of indoctrinating them into Euro-Canadian and Christian ways of living and assimilating them into mainstream Canadian society. What led to the residential schools? Prime Minister Sir John A. Living conditions at the residential schools —John S.

Heritage Minutes Dive Into 'Darker Chapters' Of Canada's History Two new Heritage Minutes released Tuesday focus on significant moments in Indigenous history. The clips, produced by Historica Canada, were written by acclaimed author Joseph Boyden, according to a press release. One of the videos tells the story of Chanie Wenjack, an Anishinaabe boy who ran away from the Cecilia Jeffrey Indian Residential School in 1966 and died during his escape to go home. 'Chanie wanted to go back home' "His death sparked the first inquiry into the conditions faced by residential school students," reads the Historica Canada release. The Wenjack minute, embedded above, is narrated by his sister Pearl Achneepineskum, a residential school survivor. "Chanie wanted to go back home," she says in the video. "I survived residential school. The clip ends with an aerial shot of a lifeless Wenjack lying next to a train track. Chanie Wenjack ran away from a residential school in 1966. The second clip is titled “Naskumituwin (Treaty).” You can watch the Naskumituwin video below: Close

Harper apology to Indians Residential school survivors eligible for compensation - Education The payments made to residential school survivors were expected to start flowing in October. Survivors are allotted a $10,000 base plus $3,000 for every year at school and more money for those sexually or physically abused. Lyle Whitefish, a vice-chief of the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations, said in September that there could be impacts when the money started to flow in. Thousands of residential school survivors applied for Common Experience Payments this September. In Saskatchewan 18,000 survivors registered for the payments, making this the province with the largest number of residential school survivors. In Prince Albert, Service Canada representatives took applications at the Senator Allan Bird Memorial Centre from Sept. 19 to 22. But survivors have until Sept. 19, 2009 to apply for the payment. Bank officials and health care workers were also available at the centre to provide applicants with advise and assistance.

10 books about residential schools to read with your kids - Aboriginal - CBC More and more children will be read stories about the legacy of residential schools in the classroom this year. Provinces are changing curriculums and educators across the country are developing resource guides in response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) recommendations. "One of the first criteria for choosing anything is that it's a good story," said Jo-Anne Chrona. It opens up that space for conversation. - Jo-Anne Chrona, educator For parents reading these books at home to their children, Chrona says it's important to be mindful of what's appropriate, emotionally and developmentally. "Talk with your children about what it is that they're reading, what it is that they understand," she said. "It opens up that space for conversation." The following ten books reflect on the residential school experience in different ways. Shi-shi-etko, by Nicola Campbell (Ages 4-8) Shi-shi-etko by Nicola I. Shin-chi's Canoe, by Nicola Campbell (Ages 4-8)

Indian Residential Schools – Key Milestones The Government of Canada began to play a role in the development and administration of Indian Residential Schools in 1874. It operated nearly every school as a joint venture with various religious organizations including Anglican, Presbyterian, United and Roman Catholic churches. Indian Residential Schools recognized by Canada, and all parties to the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement (legal counsel for former students, legal counsel for the Churches, the Assembly of First Nations, other Aboriginal organizations), are those where children were placed in a residence for the purposes of education by, or under, the authority of the Government of Canada; and, where the Government of Canada was jointly responsible for the operation of the residence and care of the children resident therein. Some 150,000 Aboriginal children were removed and separated from their families and communities to attend residential schools. Learn More

Resources | 100 Years of Loss The following reading list is a selection of the growing number of publications that document the history and legacy of residential schools. It is by no means complete and is a work in progress. For Younger Readers Ages 4–8 Campbell, Nicola I., with illustrations by Kim LeFave. Campbell, Nicola I., with illustrations by Kim LeFave. Kusugak, Michael Arvaarluk. Ages 9–12 Jordan-Fenton, Christy and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton. Jordan-Fenton, Christy and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton. Loyie, Larry. Olsen, Sylvia, Rita Morris, and Ann Sam. Sterling, Shirley. Ages 12–14 Hill, Gord. 500 Years of Resistance Comic Book. Loyie, Larry, with illustrations by Constance Brissenden. Adult History Adams, Howard. Jean and Jan Hare. Berger, Thomas. Cariboo Tribal Council. Chartrand, Larry N., Tricia E. Deiter, Constance. Dickason, Olive Patricia. Grant, Agnes. Huel, Raymond J.A. Jaine, Linda. King, David. Lascelles, Thomas A. Métis Nation of Alberta. Miller, J.R. Nuu-Chah-Nulth Tribal Council. Titley, E. Haig-Brown.

Residential school survivors share their stories at Truth and Reconciliation event in Vancouver The young girl, whose mother had died in childbirth, was being cared for by her aunt and uncle. “But I came into the wrong hands when I was six,” Flanders told attendees at the Truth and Reconciliation Commission this week. As TRC commissioners Marie Wilson and Chief Wilton Littlechild listened, Flanders described the sense of sheer isolation and loneliness that she felt as a boarding student at St. Michael’s Indian Residential School in Alert Bay. For 10 years, she missed out on typical childhood experiences, like knowing what it was like to celebrate a birthday, or going home to see her family for Christmas. “I felt so alone,” she said, through tears. As Flanders shared her story, her sons sat on either side of her, reaching over at times to place a comforting hand on her shoulder. “Now I can say to myself that I’m not alone,” she told audience members, many of them shedding tears themselves. Some talked about the ways in which their experiences continue to haunt them.

Abuse at Canadian residential schools for Native students Sponsored link. Overview: The arrival of Europeans to North and South America marked a major change in Native society. "During the colonial period, the 650 aboriginal nations in Canada were relegated to reserves, usually in isolated, unproductive regions of the country. Native spirituality was actively suppressed by the U.S. and Canadian governments. During the late 19th century and much of the 20th century, the Canadian and American governments goal for their Native populations was assimilation. The end result of various assimilation processes can be seen in the current mental health of First Nations people. According to Glen Coulthard of the University of Alberta, The Canadian government's policies included the destruction of much of Native culture, values and religion. 7 With the help of the Christian churches, these traditions were largely replaced with versions of western Christianity. Sponsored link: The residential schools: They were operated over the period 1879 to 1986.

Teacher Guides/Lesson Plans | Project of Heart Many organizations have already constructed curriculum that you may find useful with your learner group. The First Nation Child and Family Caring Society have constructed lesson plans that assist educators that aim to teach about social justice issues. These guides include campaigns which FNCFCS promote and encourage all Canadians to create awareness and make a difference! Education Resources K-2 Education Resources 3-6 Education Resources 7-8 Education Resources 9-12 Sherryl Maglione is a teacher who has taught exclusively in First Nation schools during her entire sixteen-year teaching career, most recently senior high English Language Arts at the Sioux Valley High School in Brandon, Manitoba. The Law Project was created by Monro Communications for British Columbia Social Studies Teachers’ Association. 8th Fire Where are the Children

Residential School Money: Has It Helped Survivors Heal? | mediaINDIGENA The Aboriginal Healing Foundation (AHF) has just released The Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement’s Common Experience Payment and Healing: A Qualitative Study Exploring Impacts on Recipients. (PDF of study available here.) The Common Experience Payment (CEP) is a component of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement and is intended to monetarily recognize and compensate the experiences of former Residential School students. The study — a follow-up to the 2007 AHF report, Lump Sum Compensation Payments Research Project — builds upon 281 interviews with First Nations, Inuit, and Métis Residential School Survivors. I’d like to highlight one of the findings about the CEP related to healing: [M]ost participants saw no connection between money and healing. This paper is one of many in a series of valuable AHF research publications that I’d recommend people read, and I was saddened to learn that federal funding for the AHF came to an end as of March 31, 2010.

This site lists the all the residential schools across Canada. It helps us understand the use of residential schools in Canada. Aboriginal children had to leave their families to go to residential schools. In sweetgrass basket, Sarah and Mattie were both sent to residential schools. by shaynuswardus Oct 31

Although the government has put in effect a program to try to repay for the horrors they committed to the aboriginals through the intermediate of residential schools, still many of the victims will not get any compensation because this plan only includes the native-Canadians, not the Metis or the Inuits. by brunetcarrier Oct 31

This site lists all the residentials schools in Canada. This helps us know how many schools have been identified by the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. This also shows us how many schools have inpacted the lives of many native chlidren and what general area whas the most populated with residential schools. by morariumorson Oct 29

This site lists the all the residential schools across Canada. It helps us understand the magnitude of the schools effect on the nation in the late 1800s to mid 1900s. However, this site does'nt contain all the residential schools, so you can imagine just how mnay there were across Canada. We find the number of schools shocking since there are over 75 of them. by hazbounwasher Oct 26

This webpage lists all the residential schools identified by the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. It helps you understand that the residential school system was something very organized and thought through, there were around 130 residential schools located all over Canada. by scarpaleggiamaiorino Oct 25

This web page shows the large number of residential schools in canada, althought not all of them are listed. This seems like a good site, it seems to have been made by the governement of canada so it is probably very accurate. Me and my teammate find it very disturbing the large number of residential schools in canada. Just to take a moment and think of what those choldren had to go through is horrible. by marsolaismartel Oct 25

The truth and reconciliation comity of Canada is in charge of trying to mend the wounds of the aboriginals that were sent to residential schools by giving them apology money, but they can only legally compensate federal residential school, because unlike the schools that were run by a province or the church, they have ties to the federal government. This causes conflict because the people at the schools that weren’t run by the Canadian government probably went through just as many if not more traumatic events, but it is said that nothing can be done to help mend their torn souls. by bertoia.bobotis.dufresne. Oct 24

This web page shows how many residential school existed in Canada, though not all of them are in this list, only the ones who are identified which makes it a total of 139 schools, so they're a chances that they are still a lot more schools. This seems like a good and trustworth website, it also has a map where they show you where exactly are situated these residential schools. We find it absurd to have so many of these school across Canada because these school have hundreds of aboriginal attending one school and to think they are 139 of them, makes it have thousdans of Idian physically, mantally and sexually abused. by chenglaitung Oct 24

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