A timeline of residential schools, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Students in a classroom in Resolution, N.W.T. ((National Archives of Canada)) March 14, 2011 The Truth and Reconciliation Commission begins three months of hearings in 19 northern communities in the lead up to its second national event, which will be held in Inuvik, N.W.T. between June 28 and July 1. Nov. 12, 2010 The government of Canada announces it will endorse the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, a non-binding document that describes the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples around the world. June 21, 2010 The Truth and Reconciliation Commission is pleased with the outcome of its first national event in Winnipeg, despite receiving a smaller number of survivor statements than hoped. April 16, 2010 Thousands of aboriginal residential school survivors meet in Winnipeg for the first national event of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. April 8, 2010 March 19, 2010 March 2, 2010 Dec. 30, 2009 Oct. 15, 2009 Gov. Gov. Sept. 21, 2009 June 10, 2009 April 29, 2009
Heritage Minutes Dive Into 'Darker Chapters' Of Canada's History Two new Heritage Minutes released Tuesday focus on significant moments in Indigenous history. The clips, produced by Historica Canada, were written by acclaimed author Joseph Boyden, according to a press release. One of the videos tells the story of Chanie Wenjack, an Anishinaabe boy who ran away from the Cecilia Jeffrey Indian Residential School in 1966 and died during his escape to go home. 'Chanie wanted to go back home' "His death sparked the first inquiry into the conditions faced by residential school students," reads the Historica Canada release. The Wenjack minute, embedded above, is narrated by his sister Pearl Achneepineskum, a residential school survivor. "Chanie wanted to go back home," she says in the video. "I survived residential school. The clip ends with an aerial shot of a lifeless Wenjack lying next to a train track. Chanie Wenjack ran away from a residential school in 1966. The second clip is titled “Naskumituwin (Treaty).” You can watch the Naskumituwin video below: Close
10 books about residential schools to read with your kids - Aboriginal - CBC More and more children will be read stories about the legacy of residential schools in the classroom this year. Provinces are changing curriculums and educators across the country are developing resource guides in response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) recommendations. "One of the first criteria for choosing anything is that it's a good story," said Jo-Anne Chrona. It opens up that space for conversation. - Jo-Anne Chrona, educator For parents reading these books at home to their children, Chrona says it's important to be mindful of what's appropriate, emotionally and developmentally. "Talk with your children about what it is that they're reading, what it is that they understand," she said. "It opens up that space for conversation." The following ten books reflect on the residential school experience in different ways. Shi-shi-etko, by Nicola Campbell (Ages 4-8) Shi-shi-etko by Nicola I. Shin-chi's Canoe, by Nicola Campbell (Ages 4-8)
Resources | 100 Years of Loss The following reading list is a selection of the growing number of publications that document the history and legacy of residential schools. It is by no means complete and is a work in progress. For Younger Readers Ages 4–8 Campbell, Nicola I., with illustrations by Kim LeFave. Campbell, Nicola I., with illustrations by Kim LeFave. Kusugak, Michael Arvaarluk. Ages 9–12 Jordan-Fenton, Christy and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton. Jordan-Fenton, Christy and Margaret Pokiak-Fenton. Loyie, Larry. Olsen, Sylvia, Rita Morris, and Ann Sam. Sterling, Shirley. Ages 12–14 Hill, Gord. 500 Years of Resistance Comic Book. Loyie, Larry, with illustrations by Constance Brissenden. Adult History Adams, Howard. Jean and Jan Hare. Berger, Thomas. Cariboo Tribal Council. Chartrand, Larry N., Tricia E. Deiter, Constance. Dickason, Olive Patricia. Grant, Agnes. Huel, Raymond J.A. Jaine, Linda. King, David. Lascelles, Thomas A. Métis Nation of Alberta. Miller, J.R. Nuu-Chah-Nulth Tribal Council. Titley, E. Haig-Brown.
Teacher Guides/Lesson Plans | Project of Heart Many organizations have already constructed curriculum that you may find useful with your learner group. The First Nation Child and Family Caring Society have constructed lesson plans that assist educators that aim to teach about social justice issues. These guides include campaigns which FNCFCS promote and encourage all Canadians to create awareness and make a difference! Education Resources K-2 Education Resources 3-6 Education Resources 7-8 Education Resources 9-12 Sherryl Maglione is a teacher who has taught exclusively in First Nation schools during her entire sixteen-year teaching career, most recently senior high English Language Arts at the Sioux Valley High School in Brandon, Manitoba. The Law Project was created by Monro Communications for British Columbia Social Studies Teachers’ Association. 8th Fire Where are the Children
The Residential School System Children's dining room, Indian Residential School, Edmonton, Alberta. Between 1925-1936. United Church Archives, Toronto, From Mission to Partnership Collection. Residential Schools Two primary objectives of the residential school system were to remove and isolate children from the influence of their homes, families, traditions and cultures, and to assimilate them into the dominant culture. Prime Minister Stephen Harper, official apology, June 11, 2008 What was the Indian residential school system? The term residential schools refers to an extensive school system set up by the Canadian government and administered by churches that had the nominal objective of educating Aboriginal children but also the more damaging and equally explicit objectives of indoctrinating them into Euro-Canadian and Christian ways of living and assimilating them into mainstream Canadian society. What led to the residential schools? Prime Minister Sir John A. Living conditions at the residential schools —John S.
SECRET PATH - GORD DOWNIE and JEFF LEMIRE Jordan's Principle | The Caring Society Report a Jordan's Principle case The Caring Society is keeping track of unresolved Jordan's Principle cases. If you think you have encountered a Jordan's Principle case, we would like to hear from you. Updates Background Jordan’s Principle is a child-first principle named in memory of Jordan River Anderson, a First Nations child from Norway House Cree Nation in Manitoba. Payment disputes within and between federal and provincial governments over services for First Nations children are not uncommon. In a landmark ruling on January 26, 2016, the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal ordered the federal government to immediately stop applying a limited and discriminatory definition of Jordan’s Principle, and to immediately take measures to implement the full meaning and scope of the principle. On July 6, 2016, INAC submitted a compliance report to the Tribunal providing an update on its implementation of the principle. Resources
Chanie Wenjack Chanie “Charlie” Wenjack (born 19 January 1954; died 23 October 1966 near Redditt, ON). Chanie Wenjack, an Anishinaabe boy from Ontario, ran away from his residential school near Kenora at age 12, and subsequently died from hunger and exposure to the harsh weather. His death in 1966 sparked national attention and the first inquest into the treatment of Indigenous children in Canadian residential schools. Personal family photo of Chanie "Charlie" Wenjack. (courtesy Pearl Achneepineskum) Early Life Wenjack grew up at Ogoki Post, on the Marten Falls Reserve, with his parents, sisters and two dogs. Cecilia Jeffrey Indian Residential School Located near Kenora, Ontario, the Cecilia Jeffrey School was run by the Women’s Missionary Society of the Presbyterian Church in Canada, and paid for by the federal government. Wenjack started residential school at Cecilia Jeffrey when he was nine years old and was placed in grade one. Escape Children ran away frequently from residential schools. Death Inquest
How Chanie Wenjack chose Joseph Boyden Chanie Wenjack. (The Wenjack Family) The story has all the hallmarks of great tragedy: an innocent boy lost in the vast wilds of northern Ontario in late October. He’s desperately trying to make his way home as the weather begins its brutal turn. What makes this story even more tragic is that it’s true. A few years ago now, Mike Downie, the brother of the Tragically Hip’s singer Gord Downie, found an article written in this very magazine way back in 1967; he introduced it to Gord, and then Gord to me. MORE: Read the story that inspired it all I don’t want to assume much on Gord’s behalf, but I think it’s safe to say that the image of this little boy just trying to get home haunted him as much as it did me. In my own corner, I’d been working on a novel called Seven Matches I hoped to finish in time for an October 2016 release date. MORE: Our review of Boyden’s Wenjack Nicole suggested I write a long story, a novella, in commemoration instead. But why this particular boy?
Chanie Wenjack Born 19 January 1954; died 23 October 1966 At age 9, Chanie Wenjack was sent to the Cecilia Jeffrey Residential School, near Kenora, Ontario. Chanie ran away from school at age 12 and died during his attempt to return home. His death sparked the first inquest into the treatment of Indigenous children at residential schools. Chanie grew up in Ogoki Post, on the Anishinaabe Marten Falls Reserve in Northern Ontario, where he lived with his family until he was taken from them to attend residential school in 1963. The Cecilia Jeffrey Residential School was run by the Women’s Missionary Society of the Presbyterian Church and funded by the Canadian government. >Chanie Wenjack and two friends escaped from the playground on the afternoon of 16 October 1966. Setting off alone, clothed in a thin cotton shirt and pants, Chanie carried only one small glass jar of matches. Chanie’s death and the subsequent investigation prompted nationwide questioning of the morality and ethics of residential schools.
What Chanie Wenjack's sister wants from Gord Downie's Secret Path - Thunder Bay Fifty years after Chanie Wenjack's tragic death while running away from residential school, his sister says it's time every First Nation had its own school. The story of the 12-year-old boy who froze to death beside the railway tracks while trying to walk 600 kilometres home is getting a very public retelling through Gord Downie's multi-media project, Secret Path. For his sister, Pearl (Wenjack) Achneepineskum, it's a new opportunity to fulfil a promise she made the day her little brother's body arrived home from residential school in a coffin. "I swore that I would do something about it the day he died. I would not have my brother's death swept under a rug," Achneepineskum said. But decades went by, and it felt like Chanie's death was being ignored. A still from the graphic novel "Secret Path," written by Gord Downie and illustrated by Jeff Lemire. An inquest into his death — one of the first inquiries into residential school deaths — was held in Kenora, Ont. in November 1966.