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A history of residential schools in Canada

A history of residential schools in Canada
What is a residential school? In the 19th century, the Canadian government believed it was responsible for educating and caring for aboriginal people in Canada. It thought their best chance for success was to learn English and adopt Christianity and Canadian customs. Ideally, they would pass their adopted lifestyle on to their children, and native traditions would diminish, or be completely abolished in a few generations. The Canadian government developed a policy called "aggressive assimilation" to be taught at church-run, government-funded industrial schools, later called residential schools. The government felt children were easier to mold than adults, and the concept of a boarding school was the best way to prepare them for life in mainstream society. Residential schools were federally run, under the Department of Indian Affairs. How many residential schools and students were there? Initially, about 1,100 students attended 69 schools across the country. What went wrong?

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Residential Schools Residential schools were government-sponsored religious schools established to assimilate Aboriginal children into Euro-Canadian culture. Metlakatla Indian Residential School Students Aboriginal students attending the Metlakatla Indian Residential School. (Credit: William James Topley / Library and Archives Canada / C-015037) R.C.

Residential Schools Residential schools refer to a variety of institutions that include industrial schools, boarding schools and student residences. Residential Schools Residential schools refer to a variety of institutions that include industrial schools, boarding schools and student residences. Although residential schools are usually considered part of the assimilative policies that the Canadian government directed at Aboriginal peoples from the 1880s onward, their roots lie deeper.

Stories of residential school survivors The young girl, whose mother had died in childbirth, was being cared for by her aunt and uncle. “But I came into the wrong hands when I was six,” Flanders told attendees at the Truth and Reconciliation Commission this week. As TRC commissioners Marie Wilson and Chief Wilton Littlechild listened, Flanders described the sense of sheer isolation and loneliness that she felt as a boarding student at St. Michael’s Indian Residential School in Alert Bay. For 10 years, she missed out on typical childhood experiences, like knowing what it was like to celebrate a birthday, or going home to see her family for Christmas. She grew up without parents, spending a decade of her life, as she remembers it, “behind brick walls”.

Truth and Reconciliation It is difficult to place an exact figure on the number of residential schools to which Aboriginal people have been sent in Canada. While religious orders had been operating such schools before Confederation in 1867, it was not the 1880s that the federal government fully embraced the residential school model for Aboriginal education. While the government began to close the schools in the 1970s, the last school remained in operation until 1996. For purposes of providing compensation to former students the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement has identified 139 residential schools. (Despite the fact that the agreement is titled the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, the lives of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit people were all touched by these schools.)

Indian Residential Schools Important The Web site deals with topics that may cause trauma invoked by memories of past abuse. The Government of Canada recognizes the need for safety measures to minimize the risk associated with triggering. A National Indian Residential School Crisis Line has been set up to provide support for former Residential School students. You can access emotional and crisis referral services.

What is Project of Heart? Project of Heart” is an inquiry based, hands-on, collaborative, inter-generational, artistic journey of seeking truth about the history of Aboriginal people in Canada. Its purpose is to: Examine the history and legacy of Indian Residential Schools in Canada and to seek the truth about that history, leading to the acknowledgement of the extent of loss to former students, their families and communitiesCommemorate the lives of the thousands of Indigenous children who died as a result of the residential school experience.Call Canadians to action, through social justice endeavors, to change our present and future history collectively Project of Heart acknowledges the families and communities to whom those children belonged. It was originally designed to bring awareness both to the settler community and communities of new Canadians. Project of Heart has evolved, through community ownership of the project itself, to educate all Canadians about the history and legacy of this crime and tragedy.

Residential Schools and My Journey to the Downtown Eastside This post has been reviewed by the Vancouver Media Co-op editorial committee. STORY posted on June 8, 2011 by isaac “In Our Own Voices,” Week I by DTES Power of Women GroupBy Stella August Canadian Indian residential school system There has long been significant historiographical and popular controversy about the conditions experienced by students in the residential schools. While day schools for First Nations, Metis and Inuit children always far outnumbered residential schools, a new consensus emerged in the early 21st century that the latter schools did significant harm to Aboriginal children who attended them by removing them from their families, depriving them of their ancestral languages, sterilization, and exposing many of them to physical and sexual abuse at the hands of staff and other students, and enfranchising them forcibly. History[edit] The foundations of the system were the pre-confederation Gradual Civilization Act (1857) and the Gradual Enfranchisement Act (1869). These assumed the inherent superiority of British ways, and the need for Indians to become English-speakers, Christians, and farmers. At the time, many Aboriginal leaders wanted these acts overturned.[9]

An Aboriginal Girl's Battle to Tell the Truth at School Ruby was seven years old and in Grade 2. She was to prepare a class presentation on a topic of her choice, and decided she wanted to tell the story of why she doesn't speak her First Nations language. Ruby wanted to share information about the effects Indian residential school had on her family and community in terms of language loss. This was a very important topic that meant a lot to her. She wanted everyone to know about how wrong Indian residential schools were. Ruby and her father spoke to Ruby's teacher to describe the intended presentation. The Wildly Depressing History of Canadian Residential Schools Photo from a residential school off of Onion Lake in Ontario. During the mid 1800’s Canada’s colonization was chugging along with the industrial age, and the thinkers of the day were turning their brainpower towards the pesky task of how to deal with the “Indian Problem.” In 1841, Herman Charles Merivale, the British Secretary of State for the Colonies (who doesn’t look like he would be a bad guy to smoke cigars and sip sherry with), established and executed a concoction of his four policies on the subject: Extermination, slavery, insulation and assimilation. All of these were wrapped tidily up in the Residential School system. Testifying in Fort Albany, a former female student at St. Anne’s put it like this:

Apology to Former Students of United Church Indian Residential Schools, and to Their Families and Communities (1998) From the deepest reaches of your memories, you have shared with us your stories of suffering from our church's involvement in the operation of Indian Residential Schools. You have shared the personal and historic pain that you still bear, and you have been vulnerable yet again. You have also shared with us your strength and wisdom born of the life-giving dignity of your communities and traditions and your stories of survival. Residential School Survivors Share Their Stories The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada held a national event in Halifax October 26 to 29 at the World Trade and Convention Centre. Everyone, both Native and non-Native, was welcome to attend. This is a report from the hearing in Eskasoni, Cape Breton.

The former students of these schools were left scarred, both physically and emotionally, some to the highest degree. Now trying to live their lives as normal people, they find their selves struggling financially and psychologically. They now ask for a compensation for what the government has done to them. by brunetcarrier Oct 31

This website explains what are residential schools and how many students went to these schools, how were the children treated. They were forced to adopt Christianity and speak English or French. Students were discouraged from speaking their first language or practising native traditions. by locasfalardeaulorenc Oct 25

This article talks about the history of residential schools in Canada and the abuse aboriginal children endured. We chose this article because it shows how lonely they really felt. Aborignal chiildren were taken from their parents when they were very young. Brothers and sisters at the same residential schools didn’t see each other or spend time together because they were segregated. They were taught religion and how to read and write, but they didn’t belong in the white people’s community. They also didn’t feel like they belonged in their own communities. It was very difficult for them. They felt lost. by stevenroche Oct 25

This link clearly explain the history of the residential schools, and what living in one was like. It tells about the how the aboriginal culture suffered of the loss of culture these schools brought them. It is very pertinent and covers the whole subject. by marchildon.bergeron Oct 25

We find this article very interesting because it answers the most frequently asked questions people have about residential schools. It tells us what this type of school is, how many students attended them, and how the government called for victim compensation. If you are someone who does not know much about these schools, but wants to have a basic knowledge about them, this CBC article is right for you. by hazbounwasher Oct 24

When residential schools are mentioned, many question come into mind, such as how many there were, what went wrong, who got compensated or even what a residential school is at all. CBC radio answer’s all of these questions and more in this article. by bertoia.bobotis.dufresne. Oct 24

This link is quite filling since it summarises the whole situation with residential school to the apology. We disagree with the compensation for the victims because we think money isn't enough to repair the scars and abuses they have dealt with. Money can't buy happiness. Though the fact that the church also apologized for their passed acted was very kind of them even though it doesn't do much, but it did help a bit. This is a good referral site about residential school and trustworthy, it also makes other citizen aware of this topic which we find amazing. by chenglaitung Oct 24

In this pearl, under the subtitle " What went wrong", it tells us about what these student were thought in residential school. For one they were thought canadien language; so they were only aloud to speak english or french nothing else. But not only were they thought a complete different culture, but though that theres was bad and made them achaimed of who they were and what they came from. by simlaramee Oct 23

This webpage is quite interresting because what residential schools were and what happend inside those walls. CBC is a very visited website and so the people are aware of the brutal abuses and the scars they left behind. The subect is taken seriously and the images help us understand even more! They're verry touching and make us want to change the past. by evavale Oct 23

This webpage is talks about what the parents thought their children were receiving as education. Each parent was tricked into beleiving that the school only wanted to give the children the best education possible. It also says that the only cre the teachers had were the wellbeings of the children and their education levels which is clearly not true. by brownfamili Oct 21

This webpage is very pertinent to the subject that we are studying because it explains what residential schools were, and most Canadians were not aware of what was really going on in those establishments. The information shines a light on the abuse that went on in these schools, even though the government’s intentions were not harmful. It also explains the effect that the schools had on students, who will carry the trauma for the rest of their lives. by scarpaleggiamaiorino Oct 21

This website helps us understand how much the aboriginal cuture suffered, because people were losing their culture and families were being affected because the people that attended those schools didn't know how to treat a child, because they have never learnt how to properly raise a child. Plus they didn't know anything about their native culture because everytime they did something that had to do with their culture they would get punished, they've been tought that their culture and their customs were bad. by kosseimandruskiewitsch Oct 21

We find this article particularly relevant for its various information: it's not only fixated on a single subject. But most of all, it certainly answered a question we've been asking ourselves: were the Residential school survivors satisfied with the amount of money they received to compensate for their treatment? Well, we now know that students could still file a lawsuit against certain people and schools if they were sexually abused or gravely physically abused. And what we found that was truly nice was how important figures in the schools apologized. After all, the intention has to be there and not only the money. by chossudovskybadiambile Oct 20

(paragraph "what went wrong?" We think this website is interesting because it talks about, when they came back from the residential schools they felt excluded in their own town, they had no parenting skills and hated themselves for various reasons. Once they hit the real world they didnt know how to act. by mohsen.chartier Oct 19

I think this article is very relevant because it explains about residential schools. It covers alot of subjects, raging from the compensation and the apoligy from the governement. It also shows when these schools started and when they ended. by marsolaismartel Oct 18

I think this article is very relevant because it explains about residential schools, the physical and sexual abuses on the children, and the fact that these establishments have stripped away their traditional culture and therefore their identity. However, it also shows that the canadian government realized their shameful mistake and searches for forgiveness. by schweerssong Oct 18

This is an article containing many important facts about residential schools. It has how and why they were started, what happened inside the residential schools, what happened afterwards and what the government is doing now. by wilsongourvil Oct 17

This website explains how the government had good intentions but they went too far in their "aggresive assimilation" program. But the program was taken too seriously, the children were abused and the future of their aboriginal society paid for it. by brochuhall Oct 17

This website is very informative because it gives a lot of information on the aftermath of the residential schools and on what the government did to compensate for the abuse residential school students went through. It also gives many details about how many people went to these schools and when the schools were established. by wangdulong Oct 15

We found this site relevant because by reading the article, we clearly understood what the residential schools were in the 19th century. These schools were founded to oblige the native people to adopt the Canadian culture. We think it is very unfortunate that they took the concept of school and turned it into a torture experience. by grigorislarose Oct 8

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