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A Brief Overview of the American Civil War

A Brief Overview of the American Civil War
Abraham Lincoln (National Archives) The Civil War is the central event in America's historical consciousness. While the Revolution of 1776-1783 created the United States, the Civil War of 1861-1865 determined what kind of nation it would be. The war resolved two fundamental questions left unresolved by the revolution: whether the United States was to be a dissolvable confederation of sovereign states or an indivisible nation with a sovereign national government; and whether this nation, born of a declaration that all men were created with an equal right to liberty, would continue to exist as the largest slaveholding country in the world. Northern victory in the war preserved the United States as one nation and ended the institution of slavery that had divided the country from its beginning. But these achievements came at the cost of 625,000 lives--nearly as many American soldiers as died in all the other wars in which this country has fought combined.

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U.S. Civil War 1861-1865 Jump To: Fort Sumter Attacked - First Bull Run - Shiloh - Second Bull Run - Antietam - Fredericksburg - Chancellorsville - Gettysburg - Chickamauga - Chattanooga - Cold Harbor - March to the Sea - Lee Surrenders - Lincoln Shot November 6, 1860 - Abraham Lincoln, who had declared "Government cannot endure permanently half slave, half free..." is elected president, the first Republican, receiving 180 of 303 possible electoral votes and 40 percent of the popular vote. December 20, 1860 - South Carolina secedes from the Union. Followed within two months by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas. Auction and Negro sales, Atlanta, Georgia. 1861 February 9, 1861 - The Confederate States of America is formed with Jefferson Davis, a West Point graduate and former U.S. Army officer, as president.

The Civil War First Battle of Bull Run Kurz & Allison Civil War Facts Location Eastern Theater, Western Theater, Trans-Mississippi, Gulf Coast, Sioux Uprising Dates Civill War CivilWar.com is brought to you by Premier Internet, Inc., a for profit business that has been providing Internet Services since early 1995. The domain CivilWar.com was registered by Premier as one it’s first domains. Simply put, the owners have always held a fascination with the American Civil War and registered the name because they wanted to create a virtual monument to the Civil War. Despite in house military and teaching experience as well as talented programmers and designers, Premier recognized a need to involve others in CivilWar.com to best present the resources of the American Civil War. American Civil War History - American Civil War Lincoln had used the occasion of the Union victory at Antietam to issue a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all slaves in the rebellious states after January 1, 1863. He justified his decision as a wartime measure, and did not go so far as to free the slaves in the border states loyal to the Union. Still, the Emancipation Proclamation deprived the Confederacy of the bulk of its labor forces and put international public opinion strongly on the Union side.

Center for History and New Media Teaching American History: Conflict and Consensus: Key Moments in U.S. History Source Analysis Civil War Letters Civil War atlas to accompany Steele's American campaigns. Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate. Chicago citation style: United States Military Academy. Department Of Military Art And Engineering, Vincent J Esposito, and Matthew Forney Steele. Civil War atlas to accompany Steele's American campaigns.

Civil War in the American South In recognition of the sesquicentennial of the start of the American Civil War, Civil War in the American South provides a central portal to access digital collections from the Civil War Era (1850-1865) held by members of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL). ASERL members hold deep and extensive collections documenting the history and culture of the American South, developed over hundreds of years to support scholarly research and teaching. Many of the special or unique manuscripts, photographs, books, newspapers, broadsides, and other materials have been digitized to provide broader access to these documents for scholars and students around the world. Civil War in the American South is a collaborative initiative to provide a single, shared point of access to the Civil War digital collections held at many individual libraries.

Civil War Photos Select Audiovisual Records National Archives and Records AdministrationWashington, DC 20408 Engineers of the 8th N.Y. State Militia, 1861. About the War The Civil War was fought in 10,000 places, from Valverde, New Mexico, and Tullahoma, Tennessee, to St. Albans, Vermont, and Fernandina on the Florida coast. More than 3 million Americans fought in it, and over 600,000 men—2 percent of the population—died in it. American homes became headquarters, American churches and schoolhouses sheltered the dying, and huge foraging armies swept across American farms and burned American towns. Americans slaughtered one another wholesale, right here in America in their own cornfields and peach orchards, along familiar roads and by waters with old American names.

Primary Source Sets - The Civil War - Themed Resources Back to Themed Resources Specific artifacts (images, manuscripts, maps, sound files) with analysis tools help students think like historians about a particular historical event or phenomenon. Abraham Lincoln Takes a National Role Speeches, correspondence, campaign materials and a map documenting the free and slave states in 1856 chronicle Lincoln’s rise to national prominence. Civil War Music Sound files, sheet music, photographs, letters and maps help students better understand the American Civil War through study of the popular song "When Johnny Comes Marching Home." Civil War Soldiers’ Portraits: The Liljenquist Family Collection Photographs and letters from the Civil War provide a window into the lives of ordinary Union and Confederate soldiers.

Civil War Primary Sources Primary Documents by Topic: Most Popular Official Records Addresses & Speeches Acts, Bills, & Orders Military Correspondence & Documents Personal Correspondence & Narratives Prints & Photos Maps Document Collections Getting Started Primary Documents

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