Hebrew Lexicon The Old Testament Hebrew lexicon is Brown, Driver, Briggs, Gesenius Lexicon; this is keyed to the "Theological Word Book of the Old Testament." Also included are pronunciations of each word with alternate pronunciations if available. Bible Study Tools offers two Bible versions, King James and New American Standard, for studying within the Old Testament lexicons. NOTE: In order to see the actual Greek and Hebrew characters you must download and install the free BST Fonts. Click here to view the BST Fonts page. The Hebrew Lexicon has been designed to help the user understand the original text of the Bible. The Hebrew Lexicon can be searched in three ways: * By Strong's Numbers: If you know the number of the entry you desire to see, you can enter it into the text box and click "Search" to view that entry These files are public domain.
Orach Chayim Torah Study New Testament Greek Hebrew Glossary Then name Ashkenaz (Bereishit 10:3) has since the 10th century been identified with Germany. As the German and French Jews of the medieval period formed a uniform group in culture and religious customs, they were all referred to as Ashkenazim in contradistinction to the Sefardim or Spanish- Portuguese Jews. Ashkenazim are the people who use Nusach Ashkenaz, the prayer arrangement adopted by the medieval Franco-German Jews, including certain variations described as belonging to the Polish custom (Minhag Polin). The Ashkenazim in Eastern Europe developed an intense religious life, disseminating Talmudic scholarship among the people to a degree never before surpassed in Jewish history. Chasidim and Mithnaggedim and followers of the Haskalah movement (Maskilim) presented a changing pattern of types, trends and ideologies. The vitality of the Ashkenazim still dominates wherever they are transplanted.
Hebrew Alphabet The Hebrew and Yiddish languages use a different alphabet than English. The picture below illustrates the Hebrew alphabet, in Hebrew alphabetical order. Note that Hebrew is written from right to left, rather than left to right as in English, so Alef is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and Tav is the last. Letters of the Alefbet Table 1: The Hebrew Alphabet If this sounds like Greek to you, you're not far off! The "Kh" and the "Ch" are pronounced as in German or Scottish, a throat clearing noise, not as the "ch" in "chair." Note that there are two versions of some letters. Vowels and Points Like most early Semitic alphabetic writing systems, the alefbet has no vowels. However, as Hebrew literacy declined, particularly after the Romans expelled the Jews from Israel, the rabbis recognized the need for aids to pronunciation, so they developed a system of dots and dashes called nikkud (points). Table 2: Vowel Points Most nikkud are used to indicate vowels. Vowel points are shown in blue.
Learning New Testament Greek: Nouns, Articles, and Position We have already defined nouns in a previous lesson, but let's repeat the definition here: Nounsare words that describe people, places, or things. Here are some English nouns: book, person, chewing-gum, country, county, city, road, field, justice, peace, language, concept, man, woman, god, programmer, linguist. In the first lesson, we learned a few Greek nouns: Articlesare those little words in front of the noun. In English, there are two articles: "the" is the definite article, and "a" is the indefinite article. Positionmeans just what the word implies, and refers to the position with respect to the article and a noun. Nouns A full understanding of Greek nouns requires us to know some Greek nouns. When you learn nouns, always learn the form of the article that goes along with it. Let's get out the good old gizmoand practice these nouns: And now let's translate from English into Greek: Now let's learn a second set of nouns: Practice by translating the Greek into English: Subject first: Matt 4:4
Gobekli Tepe: Oldest Monumental Architecture of Planet : Art, Design Göbekli Tepe had already been located in a survey in 1964, when the American archaeologist Peter Benedict mentioned the site as a possible location of stone age activity, but its importance was not recognised at that time. Excavations have been conducted since 1994 by the German Archaeological Institute (Istanbul branch) and Şanlıurfa Museum, under the direction of the German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt (University of Heidelberg). The title isn’t actually doing Gobekli Tepe justice since the Turkish archaeological site is 7,000 years older than Stonehenge. Located 35 miles north of Turkey’s border with Syria, Gobekli Tepe consists of 20 T-shaped stone towers, carved with drawings of snakes, scorpions, lions, boars, foxes and other animals. The amazing thing about them is they date back to 9,500 BC, 5,500 years before the first cities of Mesopotamia and 7,000 years before the circle of Stonehenge.
Little Greek 101: Learning New Testament Greek This is an evolving online textbook for beginning New Testament Greek. Each chapter has two sections; you should always read both of them, but it doesn't matter which you read first: Tables and such This section summarizes the material that the chapter covers. If you are a top-down, analytical person, you may want to start by reading this section, then proceed to the "Exploring real Greek" section. Exploring real Greek This section introduces the concepts one step at a time, using real Greek taken mainly from the New Testament. If you are an exploratory, inductive person, you may want to start with this section, then review the material by reading the "Tables and such" section. The first chapter was posted on 29 October, 1997. If you have any suggestions to help improve these lessons, please send your feedback to the Little Greek: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Bible History Online Images and Resources for Biblical History Fox's Book of Martyrs Edited by William Byron Forbush This is a book that will never die -- one of the great English classics. . . . Reprinted here in its most complete form, it brings to life the days when "a noble army, men and boys, the matron and the maid," "climbed the steep ascent of heaven, 'mid peril, toil, and pain." "After the Bible itself, no book so profoundly influenced early Protestant sentiment as the Book of Martyrs. Contents Amazing Discoveries | Walter Veith | Brian Neumann | Victor Gill Chapter 7 Chapter 7 Next Letter U, V or W? Was the sixth Hebrew letter developed from two uu's put together? Of course not! However, it is true that our English W developed from two uu's or vv's put together; this is why it is called double u. in Hebrew and in Arabic etc. The Oxford English Dictionary lists two columns worth of information about the English W, explaining how it developed from two uu's put together, then a statement toward the end: "1869 ELLIS E.E. ". . . the sound of , a long time ago, wasn't 'vav' at all; but 'w', and 'w' is weak. . . as 'w' -as does Arabic, the close sister language of Hebrew." Why do many Jews today contend that the sixth letter of the Hebrew alphabet is a V? The shape of the letter V came from the design on the back of the cobra. But when did the sound "V" come into use? (Iaoue), the Greeks had a tendency to put an "e" on the end of names, as seen in the New Testament, which only the KJV points out. had a W sound. Original Hebrew Name: YAHUWAH "... . . and . (yod):