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10 Famous Psychological Experiments That Could Never Happen Today

Nowadays, the American Psychological Association has a Code of Conduct in place when it comes to ethics in psychological experiments. Experimenters must adhere to various rules pertaining to everything from confidentiality to consent to overall beneficence. Review boards are in place to enforce these ethics. But the standards were not always so strict, which is how some of the most famous studies in psychology came about. 1. The Little Albert Experiment At Johns Hopkins University in 1920, John B. Watson tested classical conditioning on a 9-month-old baby he called Albert B. 2. Solomon Asch tested conformity at Swarthmore College in 1951 by putting a participant in a group of people whose task was to match line lengths. Thirty-seven of the 50 participants agreed with the incorrect group despite physical evidence to the contrary. 3. Some psychological experiments that were designed to test the bystander effect are considered unethical by today’s standards. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

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10 Most Brilliant Social Experiments Ten of the most influential social psychology experiments. “I have been primarily interested in how and why ordinary people do unusual things, things that seem alien to their natures.Why do good people sometimes act evil?Why do smart people sometimes do dumb or irrational things?” Pavlov’s Dogs by Saul McLeod published 2007, updated 2013 Like many great scientific advances, Pavlovian conditioning (aka classical conditioning) was discovered accidentally. During the 1890s Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov was looking at salivation in dogs in response to being fed, when he noticed that his dogs would begin to salivate whenever he entered the room, even when he was not bringing them food. At first this was something of a nuisance (not to mention messy!).

From Clever Hans to the modern day - The Berkeley Science Review Clever Hans couldn’t do math, but he was really good at reading human body language. Photo via Wikimedia commons. In the early 1900s, scientific and public attention to animal cognition and intelligence was focused on the performance of one animal, Clever Hans the horse. His owner, a mathematics teacher, claimed that Hans could perform addition, subtraction, multiplication and work with fractions, among other skills. The Surprising Psychology of Smiling AntonioDiaz/Shutterstock Consider enigmatic smile of the Mona Lisa; the demure smile of the Late HRH Princess Diana and the enchanting smile of Julia Roberts. What can one learn from a smile?

First Blood Test to Diagnose Depression in Adults: Northwestern University News CHICAGO --- The first blood test to diagnose major depression in adults has been developed by Northwestern Medicine® scientists, a breakthrough approach that provides the first objective, scientific diagnosis for depression. The test identifies depression by measuring the levels of nine RNA blood markers. RNA molecules are the messengers that interpret the DNA genetic code and carry out its instructions. The blood test also predicts who will benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy based on the behavior of some of the markers.

'Pawn Star' Rick Harrison On His 'Deals And Steals' Rick Harrison and his family run a 24-hour pawn shop in Las Vegas. Erik Kabik/erikkabik.com/History Channel hide caption itoggle caption Erik Kabik/erikkabik.com/History Channel Mystery solved: We now know what happened to Little Albert One of psychology's greatest mysteries appears to have been solved. “Little Albert,” the baby behind John Watson's famous 1920 emotional conditioning experiment at Johns Hopkins University, has been identified as Douglas Merritte, the son of a wetnurse named Arvilla Merritte who lived and worked at a campus hospital at the time of the experiment — receiving $1 for her baby's participation. In the study, Watson and graduate student Rosalie Rayner exposed the 9-month-old tot, whom they dubbed “Albert B,” to a white rat and other furry objects, which the baby enjoyed playing with. Later, as Albert played with the white rat, Watson would make a loud sound behind the baby's head.

Controversy in Ethics of Obedience Research Controversy: Ethics in ExperimentsPsychological Harm and Informed Consent This experiment led the American Psychological Association to carefully review its human subject procedures. Milgram's application for membership in APA was held up for a year while possible violation of ethical princples in this experiment were investigated. The Magical Number Seven Home | Site Map | Watch | FAQ | History | Store | Contact originally published in The Psychological Review, 1956, vol. 63, pp. 81-97 (reproduced here, with the author's permission, by Stephen Malinowski) Belorussian translation German translation

Introduction to Binet (1905/1916) by H.L. Minton An internet resource developed byChristopher D. Green, York University, Toronto, Ontario (Return to Menu) Introduction to: The Dangers of Using a Sticker Chart to Teach Kids Good Behavior After working with thousands of families over my years as a family psychologist, I’ve found that one of the most common predicaments parents face is how to get kids to do what they’re asked. And one of the most common questions parents ask is about tools they can use to help them achieve this goal. One such tool is the sticker chart, a type of behavior-modification system in which children receive stickers in exchange for desired behaviors like brushing their teeth, cleaning their room, or doing their homework. Kids can later “spend” their accrued stickers on prizes, outings, and treats. Though data on how widely sticker charts are used (and when and why they became so popular) is difficult to find, anecdotal evidence suggests that these charts have become fairly commonplace in American parenting.

Jessica Lahey’s ‘The Gift of Failure’: A Fear of Risk-Taking Has Destroyed Kids’ Love of Learning I’ve known the mother sitting in front of me at this parent-teacher conference for years, and we have been through a lot together. I have taught three of her children, and I like to think we’ve even become friends during our time together. She’s a conscientious mother who obviously loves her children with all of her heart. I’ve always been honest with her about their strengths and weaknesses, and I think she trusts me to tell her the truth. But when she hits me with the concern that’s been bothering her for a while, all I can do is nod, and stall for time.

Sofia University » Transpersonal Pioneers: Mary Calkins Mary Whiton Calkins Mary Calkins was among the first generation of women to enter psychology. Because of the many obstacles that she overcame throughout her education and career, her accomplishments and breakthroughs undoubtedly gave hope to all women struggling for equality. Helen Bradford Thompson Woolley by Samantha Ragsdale Helen Bradford Thompson Woolley was a psychologist, a social reformer, a women's rights leader, a mother of two daughters and takes claim for many significant "firsts" in psychology. She was born in Chicago, Illinois to David Wallace Thompson and Isabella Perkins (Faxon) Thompson on November 6, 1874. Her father was a shoe manufacturer and her mother a homemaker. She is sometimes referred to as and referenced as Helen Bradford Thompson, as her major work was published before her marriage. Both her mother and her father were advocates of education for women and were very supportive of her academic interests.

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