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10 Famous Psychological Experiments That Could Never Happen Today

Here are the stories behind the nicknames of the NFL’s 32 teams—and what they were almost called. All photos via Getty Images. Getty Images The franchise began play in Chicago in 1898 before moving to St. Louis in 1960 and Arizona in 1988. Team owner Chris O’Brien purchased used and faded maroon jerseys from the University of Chicago in 1901 and dubbed the color of his squad’s new outfits “cardinal red.” Shortly after insurance executive Rankin Smith brought professional football to Atlanta, a local radio station sponsored a contest to name the team. Ravens, a reference to Edgar Allan Poe’s famous poem, beat out Americans and Marauders in a contest conducted by the Baltimore Sun. Of the more than 33,000 voters in the Sun’s phone-in poll, more than 21,000 picked Ravens. The Bills nickname was suggested as part of a fan contest in 1947 to rename Buffalo’s All-America Football Conference team, which was originally known as the Bisons. Tom Pennington/Getty Images Radio executive George A. Related:  Experiments, Ethics & Societyvbond6885

10 Most Brilliant Social Experiments Ten of the most influential social psychology experiments. “I have been primarily interested in how and why ordinary people do unusual things, things that seem alien to their natures.Why do good people sometimes act evil?Why do smart people sometimes do dumb or irrational things?” –Philip Zimbardo Like eminent social psychologist Professor Philip Zimbardo (author of The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil), I’m also obsessed with why we do dumb or irrational things. The answer quite often is because of other people – something social psychologists have comprehensively shown. Over the past few months I’ve been describing 10 of the most influential social psychology experiments. Each one tells a unique, insightful story relevant to all our lives, every day. 1. The ‘halo effect’ is a classic social psychology experiment. » Read on about the halo effect -» 2. » Read on about cognitive dissonance -» 3. » Read on about Sherif’s Robbers Cave experiment -» 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

The Stanford Prison Experiment: Still powerful after all these years (1/97) CONTACT: Stanford University News Service (415) 723-2558 The Stanford Prison Experiment: Still powerful after all these years I was sick to my stomach. ­ Professor Christina Maslach, UC-Berkeley, to psychologists gathered in Toronto, Aug. 12, 1996 The view through the doorway was too familiar ­ like something she had seen in the international news sections of Life or Newsweek. Several young men ­ dressed in khaki uniforms and wearing reflector sunglasses that hid their eyes ­ were herding a larger group of men down a hallway. Christina Maslach's stomach reacted first. On that fateful Thursday night a quarter-century ago, Maslach would take actions that made her a heroine in some circles as "the one who stopped the Stanford Prison Experiment." Speaking at a symposium of the American Psychological Association last summer, she urged other social science researchers to consider the circumstances of her alleged heroics: Details of the experiment are well known. Jekyll and Hyde experience

'Porn addicts' show same brain activity as alcoholics and drug addicts 'Addiction' part of brain flashes when 'porn addicts' viewed x-rated materialThe results are expected to open up debate on porn as an addiction By Fiona Macrae Published: 08:09 GMT, 22 September 2013 | Updated: 10:22 GMT, 23 September 2013 Compulsive users of porn show the same signs of addiction in their brain as those hooked on booze or drugs, according to researchers. The brains of young men who are obsessed by online pornography ‘lit up like Christmas trees’ upon being shown erotic images, a pioneering study has found. The area stimulated – the part of the brain involved in processing reward, motivation and pleasure – is the same part that is highly active among drug and alcohol addicts. Lit-up: The brain scans of porn addicts, below, show more pronounced stimulation when watching x-rated material when compared to those not addicted, above Watching porn online is the norm for boys as young as 13, a shocking survey recently revealed. All fed their habit using online porn.

Pavlov’s Dogs by Saul McLeod published 2007, updated 2013 Like many great scientific advances, Pavlovian conditioning (aka classical conditioning) was discovered accidentally. During the 1890s Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov was looking at salivation in dogs in response to being fed, when he noticed that his dogs would begin to salivate whenever he entered the room, even when he was not bringing them food. At first this was something of a nuisance (not to mention messy!). Pavlovian Conditioning Pavlov (1902) started from the idea that there are some things that a dog does not need to learn. Unconditioned Stimulus (Food) > Unconditioned Response (Salivate) Pavlov showed the existence of the unconditioned response by presenting a dog with a bowl of food and the measuring its salivary secretions (see image below). Pavlov knew that somehow, the dogs in his lab had learned to associate food with his lab assistant. In behaviorist terms, the lab assistant was originally a neutral stimulus. Summary References

Make Animation Free | Best Tools to Create Animated Video How to Make a Cartoon Yourself: Top 7 Animated Video Makers Compared Video production is not an easy and cheap matter. A short video for your YouTube channel or website may cost several thousand dollars if you address to professional video studios. Animated Video Makers: Pros & Cons Animated videos are illustrations existing in a purely fictional world. Animated cartoons are frequent on YouTube, since everyone can make them with online tools and ready design templates. So you don’t need to order a professional cartoon from a design studio or draw it yourself. animation templates look professional;you don’t need to dub videos;templates are usually done in high resolution;pricing plans are scalable;characters look engaging and funny. However, there are several disadvantages: the more difficult a template is, the more it costs;you can hardly go beyond the designed scenery;sometimes you should adjust the plot of your video to template possibilities;learning curve is rather complicated. 1. 2.

The Stanford Prison Experiment: A Simulation Study of the Psychology of Imprisonment Thirty Years Later, Stanford Prison Experiment Lives On By Meredith Alexander Stanford Report, August 22, 2001 Thirty years ago, a group of young men were rounded up by Palo Alto police and dropped off at a new jail -- in the Stanford Psychology Department. Strip searched, sprayed for lice and locked up with chains around their ankles, the "prisoners" were part of an experiment to test people's reactions to power dynamics in social situations. Psychology Professor Philip Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment of August 1971 quickly became a classic. "In a few days, the role dominated the person," Zimbardo -- now president-elect of the American Psychological Association -- recalled. Its story, however, endures, achieving a level of recognition shared by few other psychological experiments. "The study is now more in the popular consciousness than it has ever been before," Zimbardo said, attributing part of the recent surge in interest to "reality TV" shows such as Survivor and Big Brother.

The Rihanna selfie that prompted a criminal investigation “Look who was talking dirty to me!” Rihanna tweeted Friday from the island of Phuket off the coast of Thailand, where she was taking a break from her current world tour. It turned out to be a slow loris, a cute, bug-eyed creature that’s native to Southeast Asia. It’s also a protected species. And local police did, in fact, look into the matter. "Phuket authorities were alerted to the picture (of Rihanna), and last night police arrested the two individuals who brought out the loris as a photo opportunity for tourists," Weera Kerdsirimongkon, a Phuket district chief, told the Associated Press on Sunday. The authorities rescued two lorises from the two individuals arrested, identified by the AP as a 20-year-old man and a 16-year-old boy. But that’s not even close to the craziest thing Rihanna overshared during her visit. And THEN she tried to turn water into coke in her $!! Personally, I’m really hoping she was phucking wasted. H/T Gawker | Screengrab via Badgalriri/Instagram

The Surprising Psychology of Smiling AntonioDiaz/Shutterstock Consider enigmatic smile of the Mona Lisa; the demure smile of the Late HRH Princess Diana and the enchanting smile of Julia Roberts. What can one learn from a smile? What have evolutionary, cross-cultural and social psychological research contributed to our understanding of the smile? Is it preposterous to suggest there is (or ever could be) a science of smiling? Smiles may be natural or faked. Surprisingly the smiling or laughing face is often not very different from the howling or tearful face. Genuine laughter increases breathing, while lowering blood pressure and heart rate. The “science of smiling” as such was initiated by Charles Darwin. Darwin also observed that smiling and laughter often occurred together and therefore had similar origins. However there maybe culture differences in rules of smiling: when etiquette dictates it is appropriate to smile or not. We know that, on average, women smile more than men. Smiling in humans can indicate dominance.

Darwin & Galton | History of Psychology Antecedent Influences Towards American Functionalism Functionalism- How the mind is used by an organism for survival. What do mental processes accomplish? Utilitarianism- Something is "good" that is useful. Wundt & Titchner's "experimental" psychology was viewed as too restrictive. Functionalists were interested in understanding how consciousness functioned in the world for survival & how psychology could be used as an applied technology toward living. Roots of Functionalism:Charles Darwin Francis Galton Charles Darwin (1809-1882) Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859) Fundamental notion of evolution- living things change over time. The concept of evolution is ancient, it was not Darwin's idea. Evolutionary Theory Versus Evolutionary Fact Erasmus Darwin (Charles' grandfather) theorized on evolution. Jean Baptiste Lamarck (19th century evolutionist who theorized that experience can alter what is heritable: Lamarckian Inheritance). NY TImes Article on Chimp Intelligence The Huxley Vs.

The 50 Greatest Breakthroughs Since the Wheel - James Fallows Any collection of 50 breakthroughs must exclude 50,000 more. What about GPS systems, on which so many forms of movement now depend, and which two panelists recommended? What about the concept of the number zero, as suggested by Padmasree Warrior, the chief technology and strategy officer at Cisco? We notice that innovation may be less personalized than we assume. We learn, finally, why technology breeds optimism, which may be the most significant part of this exercise. The Future Popular culture often lionizes the stars of discovery and invention. By expanding the pool of potentially literate people, the adoption of corrective lenses may have amounted to the largest onetime IQ boost in history. For our era, the major problems that technology has helped cause, and that faster innovation may or may not correct, are environmental, demographic, and socioeconomic. The first is historical. The most systematic recent presentation of this view has come from the economist Robert J. The List 1. 2.

Lonelier and poorer: the incredibly depressing future for Americans - Quartz Let’s face it. When push comes to shove, we all die utterly alone. And apparently, more of us are living that way too, according to recent updates on the declining marriage rate in the US and its negative impact on American family finances. In an analysis of the US Census Bureau’s recently released median household income data, Ben Casselman at WSJ’s Real Time Economics examined the entrails of the US Census Bureau’s recently-released median household income data and found that the income levels of a “typical” US family correlate with both the state of the US economy and changes in family structure. He writes: The median income for all families with children under 18 was just under $60,000 last year, up about 3% since 1990 after adjusting for inflation. Here’s another look at the decline in marriage numbers, from the US Census Department. The move away from marriage isn’t just financially troubling for young couples.

untitled 19 Maps That Will Blow Your Mind and Change the Way You See the World. Top All-time. You Won’t Believe Your Eyes. Watch. Many lists of maps promise to change the way you see the world, but this one actually does. The maps above don't count towards the 19, so your world view hasn't changed yet. However, the binocular-like image represents your upcoming experience. You look around. Nothing. Look more. Time to blow your mind. 1. Most maps focus on demographics, geological makeup, and natural phenomena such as temperature and wind. I give you exhibit number one. A whopping 38 percent of states end with the first letter in the alphabet, which amazes to no end. 2. In contrast, zero — I repeat, zero — states end with the last letter of the alphabet (i.e. The only viable solution is to change current state names to end with zed. 3. We raise similar issues when we look at letters at the beginning of state names. 4. Several mini-explosions are going off in your head at this very moment, so brace yourself for what comes next. 5. Filler text. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. 6. 7. 8. Murica.

Lewis Terman (1877–1956) - Testing, Stanford, Gifted, and Intelligence Lewis M. Terman was a psychologist who developed some of the earliest and most successful measures of individual differences. He was raised on an Indiana farm and, after an early career as a schoolteacher and high school principal, received his doctorate in psychology from Clark University in 1905. At Stanford, Terman followed up his doctoral research on mental testing by working on a revision of Alfred Binet's 1905 scale of intelligence. The success of the Stanford-Binet brought Terman professional acclaim. Terman viewed the widespread adoption of tests in the schools as a reflection of how testing could be of use to American society. To achieve his goals, Terman launched a longitudinal study of gifted children in 1921, the first longitudinal study in psychology to use a large sample. As a consequence of his research with the gifted, Terman devoted the latter part of his career to assessing nonintellectual personality traits. BORING, EDWIN G. 1959. CHAPMAN, PAUL DAVIS. 1988.

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