Teach the Seven Strategies of Highly Effective Readers By: Elaine K. McEwan To improve students' reading comprehension, teachers should introduce the seven cognitive strategies of effective readers: activating, inferring, monitoring-clarifying, questioning, searching-selecting, summarizing, and visualizing-organizing. To assume that one can simply have students memorize and routinely execute a set of strategies is to misconceive the nature of strategic processing or executive control. If the struggling readers in your content classroom routinely miss the point when "reading" content text, consider teaching them one or more of the seven cognitive strategies of highly effective readers. Struggling students often mistakenly believe they are reading when they are actually engaged in what researchers call mindless reading (Schooler, Reichle, & Halpern, 2004), zoning out while staring at the printed page. Instructional aids References Click the "References" link above to hide these references. (Note: Comments are owned by the poster.
Strategies for Teachers Upon completion of this section, you will Acquire general recommendations for the classroom that enrich learning for beginning readers and writers Identify tips for the different parts of the reading process that enrich comprehension, fluency, and vocabulary Have ideas to use when teaching children with visual deficits Sparking new ideas for your classroom Malcolm Alexander, the acclaimed dyslexic sculptor, tells a story about one of his teachers who made a difference. According to Malcolm, that teacher said, "When I teach, when I look at a student's work, I always try to find something nice in it. And then go into the rest of it." This is a gift you can give all students, but particularly those who are dyslexic: find something positive, something they have done well, and acknowledge it. As a teacher, you most likely already have a print-rich environment in your classroom. The following suggestions may spark a new idea for your classroom. General recommendations Before reading Oral reading
What Is Dyslexia? | Dyslexia As with other learning disabilities, dyslexia is a lifelong challenge that people are born with. This language processing disorder can hinder reading, writing, spelling and sometimes even speaking. Dyslexia is not a sign of poor intelligence or laziness. It is also not the result of impaired vision. Children and adults with dyslexia simply have a neurological disorder that causes their brains to process and interpret information differently. Dyslexia occurs among people of all economic and ethnic backgrounds. Much of what happens in a classroom is based on reading and writing. What Are the Effects of Dyslexia? Dyslexia can affect people differently. Dyslexia can also make it difficult for people to express themselves clearly. All of these effects can have a big impact on a person's self-image. What Are the Warning Signs of Dyslexia? The following are common signs of dyslexia in people of different ages. Dyslexia: Warning Signs By Age How Is Dyslexia Identified? How Is Dyslexia Treated?
Teaching Reading Comprehension Check out our Strategies for Reading Comprehension Page!Check out our Reading Comprehension Worksheets Page! As Steve mentioned on the Teaching Reading Page, comprehension is the only reason for reading. Without comprehension, reading is a frustrating, pointless exercise in word calling. For many years, teaching reading comprehension was based on a concept of reading as the application of a set of isolated skills such as identifying words, finding main ideas, identifying cause and effect relationships, comparing and contrasting, and sequencing. Taken from Research indicates that we build comprehension through the teaching of comprehension strategies and environments that support an understanding of text. Teaching Strategies for Reading: Professional Development Resource Highlights SummerSummer is here! While most of your students will be on break from school for a few months, you can still engage their minds this summer. Try our summer reading suggestions, math and science worksheets, and cross-curricular resource packets to prepare kids for what the next school year will bring! June Calendar of Events June is full of events that you can incorporate into your standard curriculum. Our Educators' Calendar outlines activities for each event, including: Eric Carle's Birthday (June 25, 1929) and Paul Bunyan Day (June 28). Videos Interested in using different types of media in your classroom? Coding & Computer Science Introduce your students to basic coding and computer science!
Teaching Students with Dyslexia and Dysgraphia: Lessons from Teaching and Science | BooksOnTheMove Teaching Students with Dyslexia and Dysgraphia: Lessons from Teaching and Science Authors Virginia Berninger Ph.D., Beverly Wolf M.Ed. Availablity Usually ships in 24 hours Publisher : Brookes Publishing How can teachers provide effective literacy instruction for students with learning differences—while meeting the needs of all students in the class? Ginger Berninger, a seasoned researcher and former teacher, partners with 40-year teacher and teacher trainer veteran Beverly Wolf for a one-of-a-kind text that gives readers the best of both worlds: critical insights from scientific studies and lessons learned from actual teaching experience. Throughout the book, relevant research findings from diverse fields—including genetics, neuroscience, cognitive science, linguistics, and education—show teachers the why behind the how.
Helping dyslexic children within the classroom. © 2000, Patricia Hodge Dip.spld(dyslexia) Proficient reading is an essential tool for learning a large part of the subject matter taught at school. With an ever increasing emphasis on education and literacy, more and more children and adults are needing help in learning to read, spell, express their thoughts on paper and acquire adequate use of grammar. A dyslexic child who finds the acquisition of these literacy skills difficult can also suffer a lot of anguish and trauma when they may feel mentally abused by their peers within the school environment, because they have a learning difficulty. Class teachers may be particularly confused by the student whose consistent underachievement seems due to what may look like carelessness or lack of effort. These children can be made to feel very different from their peers simply because they may be unable to follow simple instructions, which for others seem easy. In the class: Copying from the blackboard: Reading: Spelling: Maths: Handwriting: Homework:
Reading Comprehension :: Literacy Instruction for Individuals with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Down Syndrome, and Other Disabilities What are reading comprehension skills? Learners must be able to read the text and understand it. Reading comprehension skills require the learner to: Decode or recognize by sight the words in the written text Understand the meaning of the words / sentences Relate the meaning of the sentence(s) to the rest of the text Activate prior knowledge and experience about the topic Use this prior knowledge to infer meaning and support understanding Monitor understanding of the text continually Top Why is it important to learn reading comprehension skills? Learners must be able to make use of what they read to expand their knowledge in subjects at school such as social studies, math, and science. They must be able to understand and make use of the information that they read for a variety of purposes. Instruction to build reading comprehension Learners with complex communication needs are at risk for difficulties with reading comprehension. Reading comprehension strategies include: Instructional Procedure
Working With Dyslexia | Dyslexia Teaching Help Dyslexia is a life-long condition. With proper help people with dyslexia can learn to read and/or write well. Early identification and treatment is the key to helping dyslexics achieve in school and in life. Most people with dyslexia need help from a teacher, tutor, or therapist specially trained in using a multisensory, structured language approach. It is important for these individuals to be taught by a method that involves several senses (hearing, seeing, touching) at the same time. Many individuals with dyslexia need one-on-one help so that they can move forward at their own pace. Schools can implement academic modifications to help dyslexic students succeed. What Kind of Instruction Does a Child with Dyslexia Need? Dyslexia and other related learning disorders cannot be cured. Multisensory teaching is simultaneously visual, auditory, and kinesthetic-tactile to enhance memory and learning. Children with dyslexia often exhibit weaknesses in auditory and/or visual processing.
The Problem | Dyslexia International Dyslexia impacts the individual, society and the economy at large. Dyslexia is neurologically based and often hereditary. It causes difficulties in reading, writing, spelling and organization. Dyslexia makes fluent reading difficult, which affects not only academic success but also self-esteem and social-emotional development. Dyslexia and the individual Dyslexia, also known as specific reading difficulties, is the most common form of learning difficulty with a prevalence of 10 percent or more of any given population, depending on the orthographic system, type and degree of dyslexia, reading age assessed and sampling methods used With a world population of more than 7 billion, this learning difference clearly impacts a huge number of children and adults, with far-reaching, life-long consequences. But with interventions early on by teachers trained in dyslexia and its management across the curriculum, students with dyslexia can avoid falling into depression and a spiral of failure.
5 Hands-on Strategies to Teach Reading Comprehension for ESL Students Reading skills are essential at any stage, but for ESL students this skill can be quite challenging. Especially when teachers have a mixture of levels in their classes. My class in particular has about five ESL students of a lower intermediate level whereas the other ten are of an intermediate level. This post will outline five ways in which a teacher can accommodate for ESL students while teaching reading comprehension skills. The first strategy is to provide explicit examples of the comprehension skills being taught for example, summarizing. Click on the following picture to download the PDF version and either use it as a handout or to create your own anchor chart in class. :) The second strategy to use is to identify essential vocabulary that ELL/ESL students might find difficult to understand. The third strategy is to make the most out of the text in the classroom to teach important grammatical skills. Thank you for reading!
20 Things Only Parents Of Children With Dyslexia Would Understand | Health care solutions plus Dyslexia. It’s a word many parents dread when they hear it in reference to their own children. What their “lay” minds take in is that they have a child who will face struggles throughout his/her schooling and in life. Dyslexia never goes away. As parents research their child’s dyslexia and receive information from the experts, they come to understand many things that they want others to understand as well. 1. The brain anatomy of a dyslexic child is different. 2. Those who do not understand dyslexia (including some teachers) think if parents just read to their children more, and if elementary aged children are just forced to read more, somehow the dyslexia will be “cured.” 3. The undiagnosed dyslexic kid is often labeled as these things both in the classroom and at home. – They may not hear multi-step instructions. – In school, during reading class, they are still de-coding the first sentence while classmates have moved on to the 5th or 6th. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
Is it Dyslexia? | Free online evaluation from Davis Dyslexia Association International From One Teacher to Another by Liz Ball Dyslexics are lifelong learners. We often share an insatiable curiosity and commitment to figuring out the world around us that is unique in its intensity. We are not only compassionate about learning—we are driven to analyze and critique the world around us—to turn arguments inside out, then right-side back again. This, after all, is what dyslexics do well. We see the world from a unique perspective, and we are compelled to share our perspective with others. This is why we make great teachers. I can still remember the name of every single teacher I ever had starting in nursery school all the way through 12th grade. Meanwhile, my entire childhood seemed to be spent deciphering this mysterious code—attempting to master the skill called reading that seemed to come so easily and automatically to my classmates. For most dyslexics, school is inherently painful—a dreaded environment that serves to repeatedly embarrass the dyslexic student and squelch her self-esteem.