United States of America timeline A chronology of key events: 1565 - First permanent European settlement in North America - St Augustine, present-day Florida - founded by the Spanish. North America is already inhabited by several distinct groups of people, who go into decline following the arrival of settlers. 1607 - Jamestown, Virginia, founded by English settlers, who begin growing tobacco. 1620 - Plymouth Colony, near Cape Cod, is founded by the Pilgrim Fathers, whose example is followed by other English Puritans in New England. 17th-18th centuries - Hundreds of thousands of Africans brought over and sold into slavery to work on cotton and tobacco plantations. 1763 - Britain gains control of territory up to the Mississippi river following victory over France in Seven Years' War. War of Independence 1774 - Colonists form First Continental Congress as Britain closes down Boston harbour and deploys troops in Massachusetts. 1783 - Britain accepts loss of colonies by virtue of Treaty of Paris. Civil War Global assertiveness
The Little Rock Nine Ernest Green In 1958, he became the first black student to graduate from Central High School. He graduated from Michigan State University and served as Assistant Secretary of Housing and Urban Affairs under President Jimmy Carter. Elizabeth Eckford The only one of the nine still living in Little Rock, Elizabeth made a career of the U.S. Jefferson Thomas He graduated from Central in 1960, following a year in which Little Rock's public high schools were ordered closed by the legislature to prevent desegregation. Dr. Following the historic year at Central, his family moved to Los Angeles where he completed high school. Carlotta Walls Lanier One of only three of the nine who eventually graduated from Central, she and Jefferson Thomas returned for their senior year in 1959. Minnijean Brown Trickey She was expelled from Central High in February, 1958, after several incidents, including her dumping a bowl of chili on one of her antagonists in the school cafeteria. Gloria Ray Karlmark
History - Martin Luther King's Style of Leadership I Have A Dream Speech Analysis Lesson Plan | Education Blog - Flocabulary Find Every Literary Term in Martin Luther King Jr.’s Most Famous Speech Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. On August 28, 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. led a march on Washington, D.C. This lesson plan allows students to review literary terms, rhetorical devices and figurative language with a scavenger hunt through “I Have a Dream” speech. The Lesson Plan 1. 3. 4. 5. 6. Examples of Literary Terms in the “I Have a Dream Speech” AlliterationThe repetition of sounds makes the speech more catchy and memorable. In a sense we have come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. Anaphora This term describes the most famous part of the speech: King’s repetition of “I have a dream.” A musical metaphor:
Martin Luther King, Jr. He became a priest. He worked hard to make people understand that black people should always be treated equally to white people. He gave speeches and to encourage African Americans to protest without the need for violence. One peaceful strategy was for African Americans to have sit-ins (which is basically a place where people go to protest and don't leave until their demands are met). They would do this by sitting in a restaurant seat that was supposed to be only for white people. They would politely ask for some food and refuse to leave until someone gave them some. King was active from the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 to 1956 until his murder by James Earl Ray in April 1968. Early life[change | change source] Martin Luther King was born in Atlanta, Georgia on January 15, 1929. He first began to be well known in 1955 when he led a protest against the way black people were segregated on buses. He was made the president of the Montgomery Improvement Association.
Primary History - World War 2 Langston Hughes: Poems Study Guide : Summary and Analysis of "The Weary Blues" "The Weary Blues" Summary: The speaker describes hearing a "Negro" play a "drowsy syncopated tune" while swaying back and forth on Lenox Avenue a few nights ago, under the light of a gas lamp. The "Negro" lazily sways to the Weary Blues, touching his ebony hands to the ivory keys and making his piano "moan with melody." In response, the speaker calls out, "O Blues!" The "Negro" sways back and forth on his stool and plays the mournful tune like a "musical fool." The singer's foot thumps on the floor as he plays more chords and sings that he has the Weary Blues and cannot be satisfied; he is no longer happy and wishes he were dead. Analysis: “The Weary Blues” is one of Langston Hughes's “blues” poems. Hughes wrote "The Weary Blues" in free verse with an irregular rhyme scheme, mimicking the natural patterns of speech and music. Hughes embraced blues music because it expressed the worries of the common man in a simple and direct manner.
President Barack Obama Barack H. Obama is the 44th President of the United States. His story is the American story — values from the heartland, a middle-class upbringing in a strong family, hard work and education as the means of getting ahead, and the conviction that a life so blessed should be lived in service to others. With a father from Kenya and a mother from Kansas, President Obama was born in Hawaii on August 4, 1961. He was raised with help from his grandfather, who served in Patton's army, and his grandmother, who worked her way up from the secretarial pool to middle management at a bank. After working his way through college with the help of scholarships and student loans, President Obama moved to Chicago, where he worked with a group of churches to help rebuild communities devastated by the closure of local steel plants. He went on to attend law school, where he became the first African-American president of the Harvard Law Review. Learn more about President Obama's spouse, First Lady Michelle Obama.
When is Thanksgiving? Langston Hughes: Poems Themes Music Music, particularly blues and jazz, permeates Langston Hughes's oeuvre. Many of his poems have an identifiable rhythm or beat. The lines read like the verses in a blues song and echo themes that are common in blues music, like sorrow, lost love, anger, and hopelessness. Hughes frequently alludes to music that originated during the era of slavery, using a 'call and response' pattern for auditory effect and to create a link between the past and the present. By invoking the musical traditions of slaves, Hughes connects himself to the painful history of African Americans. The American Dream Many of Langston Hughes’s poems invoke the theme of the American Dream. Dignity During Langston Hughes's time, his African American readers felt that the poet's work directly explored their lives, their hopes, their fears, their past, and their dreams - as opposed to the obtuse modernism of poets like T.S. Aspiration Hughes often writes about aspirations as dreams. Racism Wisdom Self-Actualization
Barack Obama Barack Hussein Obama II ( i/bəˈrɑːk huːˈseɪn oʊˈbɑːmə/; born August 4, 1961) is the 44th and current President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office. Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he served as president of the Harvard Law Review. Obama was re-elected president in November 2012, defeating Republican nominee Mitt Romney, and was sworn in for a second term on January 20, 2013. Early life and career Obama was born on August 4, 1961, at Kapiʻolani Maternity & Gynecological Hospital (now Kapiʻolani Medical Center for Women and Children) in Honolulu, Hawaii, and would become the first President to have been born in Hawaii. His mother, Stanley Ann Dunham, was born in Wichita, Kansas, and was of mostly English ancestry. His father, Barack Obama, Sr., was a Luo from Nyang’oma Kogelo, Kenya. Community organizer and Harvard Law School Legislative career: 1997–2008
Colonisation | Australians Together The colonisation of Australia had a devastating impact on the Indigenous people who had lived on this land for over 60,000 years. Prior to British settlement, more than 500 Indigenous nations inhabited the Australian continent, approximately 750,000 people in total. (1). Their cultures had developed over 60,000 years, making Indigenous Australians the custodians of the world’s most ancient living culture. Each group lived in close relationship with the land and had custody over their own traditional country. In 1770, during his first Pacific voyage, Lieutenant James Cook claimed possession of the east coast of Australia for the British Crown. In 1788, two years after the decision to colonise Australia was made, Captain Arthur Phillip and 1,500 convicts, crew, marines and civilians arrived at Sydney Cove. Captain Cook (1728-1779). It is estimated that between 1788 and 1900, the Indigenous population of Australia was reduced by 90%. (2) Caption Cook taking possession of New South Wales 1770.
Religion in American History: Martin Luther King on Barry Goldwater: Surprising or Otherwise Interesting Primary Sources, Part IX Randall Stephens Martin Luther King, Jr., reflected on the career and influence of Barry Goldwater several years after LBJ's landslide victory. (With all the media attention to King's legacy and uses of the past, a look at King's own views might shed some much needed light.) King observed the rightward turn of the Republican Party in 1964, the intense anti-government polices of Goldwater, and the Radical Right presence at the GOP convention. But what bothered King more was Goldwater's domestic policies. On social and economic issues, Mr. *From The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, ed., Clayborne Carson (Time Warner, 1998), 247.
Montgomery Bus Boycott Events leading up to the bus boycott In 1944, while a Second Lieutenant in the United States Army, future athletic star Jackie Robinson took a similar stand in a confrontation with an Army officer in Fort Hood, Texas, by refusing to move to the back of a bus. Robinson was brought before a court-martial, which acquitted him. The NAACP had accepted and litigated other cases, including that of Irene Morgan in 1946, which resulted in a victory in the U.S. Supreme Court on grounds that the segregated interstate bus lines violated the Commerce Clause. That victory, however, overturned state segregation laws only insofar as they applied to travel in interstate commerce, such as interstate bus travel, and Southern bus companies immediately circumvented the Morgan ruling by instituting their own Jim Crow regulations. Black activists had begun to build a case to challenge state bus segregation laws around the arrest of a 15-year-old girl, Claudette Colvin, a student at Booker T. E.