A diagram of Usenet servers and clients. The blue, green, and red dots on the servers represent the groups they carry. Arrows between servers indicate newsgroup group exchanges (feeds). Arrows between clients and servers indicate that a user is subscribed to a certain group and reads or submits articles. One notable difference between a BBS or web forum and Usenet is the absence of a central server and dedicated administrator. Introduction The articles that users post to Usenet are organized into topical categories called newsgroups, which are themselves logically organized into hierarchies of subjects. In most newsgroups, the majority of the articles are responses to some other article. When a user posts an article, it is initially only available on that user's news server. The format and transmission of Usenet articles is similar to that of Internet e-mail messages. Today, Usenet has diminished in importance with respect to Internet forums, blogs and mailing lists. History
AudiogalaxyAudiogalaxy ceased operations on January 31, 2013. History Audiogalaxy's stated mission was to facilitate sharing of music, though it was also notable for its strong community due to such features as chat-enabled groups and per-artist internet forums. This strong community also facilitated a very broad reach of content across many genres, particular those that tend to remain under-developed in more modern systems. In June 2008, CNET hailed this incarnation of Audiogalaxy as one of the greatest defunct websites in history. Conflict with RIAA over sharing of copyrighted material On May 9, 2002, Audiogalaxy required songs to be in the sender's shared folder to be sent. Even though Audiogalaxy claimed that they were trying to cooperate with the music industry and block copyrighted songs from their network, many of the network's users continued to share unauthorized copyrighted music files, causing Audiogalaxy to face a lawsuit by the RIAA on May 24, 2002. Relaunch
Is Usenet Safer than BitTorrent?Shhh... Stick to bittorrent kid. Usenets the devil and I highly recommend against it. Geez. Flagged seriously? Good lord thank you for saying this. All this "the first rule of Usenet" BS has gone on for decades - give it up people, EVERYONE ALREADY KNOWS ABOUT USENET. Sorry "everyone" doesn't know about USENET. Like I mentioned to someone else in the same thread - the only barriers to everyone using usenet the same way everyone uses Bittorrent are inconvenience and cost - the fact that it's not easy, and most ISPs don't support binary newsgroups anymore. Sourceless numbers about p2p file sharing (numbers that clearly don't include BitTorrent) are beside the point, and make the assumption that the only use for Usenet is piracy, which I think is an argument you're not trying to make, are you? The percentage of the U.S. The number supplied pertains to sharing music, but one can safely assume the numbers hold for other types of file sharing.
NapsterLater systems successfully followed and elaborated on Napster's file-copying methods, including Gnutella, Freenet, Bit Torrent and many others. Some systems, like LimeWire, Grokster, Madster and the original eDonkey network, were shut down or altered under similar circumstances. Origin Napster was co-founded by Shawn Fanning, John Fanning, and Sean Parker. Initially, Napster was envisioned as an independent peer-to-peer file sharing service. The service operated between June 1999 and July 2001. Its technology allowed people to easily share their MP3 files with other participants. Although the original service was shut down by court order, the Napster brand survived after the company's assets were liquidated and purchased by other companies through bankruptcy proceedings. History These reasons aside, many other users simply enjoyed trading and downloading music for free. Macintosh version Legal challenges Promotional power
Tor (anonymity network)Tor (previously an acronym for The Onion Router) is free software for enabling online anonymity and censorship resistance. Tor directs Internet traffic through a free, worldwide, volunteer network consisting of more than five thousand relays to conceal a user's location or usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis. Using Tor makes it more difficult to trace Internet activity, including "visits to Web sites, online posts, instant messages, and other communication forms", back to the user and is intended to protect the personal privacy of users, as well as their freedom and ability to conduct confidential business by keeping their internet activities from being monitored. The term "onion routing" refers to layers of encryption, nested like the layers of an onion, used to anonymize communication. In 2013, Jacob Appelbaum described Tor as a "part of an ecosystem of software that helps people regain and reclaim their autonomy. Steven J.
eDonkey2000eDonkey2000 (nicknamed "ed2k") was a peer-to-peer file sharing application developed by US company MetaMachine, using the Multisource File Transfer Protocol. The eDonkey client supports both the eDonkey2000 network and the Overnet network. On September 28, 2005, eDonkey was officially discontinued following a cease and desist letter from the RIAA (further info on the case). eDonkey2000 network Users on the eDonkey2000 network predominantly share large files of tens or hundreds of megabytes, such as CD images, videos, games, and software programs. MetaMachines has also created another file-sharing network called Overnet, which interoperates with the eDonkey network, but without the use of servers. eDonkey has been closed down, and if the user attempts to visit the site he/she will be shown a screen stating that eDonkey is unavailable and that the user's IP address has been logged. Early history and design eDonkey logo eDonkey2000 client eDonkey sued by RIAA News
I2PThe software is free and open source and is published under multiple licenses. The name I2P is derived from Invisible Internet Project, which, in pseudo-mathematical notation, is represented as I²P. Technical design I2P is beta software since 2003. Developers emphasize that there are likely to be bugs in the software and that there has been insufficient peer review to date. However, they believe the code is now reasonably stable and well-developed, and more exposure can help development of I2P. Many developers of I2P are known only under pseudonyms. Software I2P router console iMule Since I2P is an anonymous network layer, it is designed so other software can use it for anonymous communication. General networking Chat Any IRC client made for the Internet Relay Chat can work, once connected to the I2P IRC server (to the localhost). File sharing E-mail Instant messaging Publishing Android Terminology Eepsite .i2p EepProxy Peers, I2P nodes
KazaaKazaa Media Desktop was commonly used to exchange MP3 music files and other file types, such as videos, applications, and documents over the internet. The Kazaa Media Desktop client could be downloaded free of charge; however, it was bundled with adware and for a period there were "No spyware" warnings found on Kazaa's website. During the past few years, Sharman Networks and its business partners and associates were the target of copyright-related lawsuits, related to the copyright of content distributed via Kazaa Media Desktop on the FastTrack protocol. History Kazaa and FastTrack were originally created and developed by Estonian programmers from BlueMoon Interactive including Jaan Tallinn and sold to Niklas Zennström and Janus Friis (who were later to create Skype and later still Joost and Rdio). Lawsuits Consumer Empowerment was sued in the Netherlands in 2001 by the Dutch music publishing body, Buma/Stemra. Ms. Bundled malware Transitional period
How to Download From NewsgroupsAn easy-to-use reference guide for those looking to get started with Usenet newsgroups. Usenet is one of the oldest computer network communications still in use, having been first conceived way back in 1979 by a pair of Duke University graduate students to basically post messages as a sort of public bulletin board system. As I’m sure you’re aware it’s evolved greatly since then, a way having been devised to encode data into the same ASCII character set used to previously post simple text messages. See in the diagram below how the process works, moving from the original content file, be it a .ISO, .AVI, .XVID, file etc. to the final, encoded pieces ready for upload to a newsgroup server. A newsgroup describes the hierarchies that messages are posted in, of which there are 8 major hierarchies referred to as the “Big Eight” (comp, humanities, misc, news, rec, sci, soc, and talk). Now to access newsgroup servers and to “read” or download messages or content we first need to do a few things.