A diagram of Usenet servers and clients. The blue, green, and red dots on the servers represent the groups they carry. Arrows between servers indicate newsgroup group exchanges (feeds). Arrows between clients and servers indicate that a user is subscribed to a certain group and reads or submits articles. One notable difference between a BBS or web forum and Usenet is the absence of a central server and dedicated administrator. Introduction The articles that users post to Usenet are organized into topical categories called newsgroups, which are themselves logically organized into hierarchies of subjects. In most newsgroups, the majority of the articles are responses to some other article. When a user posts an article, it is initially only available on that user's news server. The format and transmission of Usenet articles is similar to that of Internet e-mail messages. Today, Usenet has diminished in importance with respect to Internet forums, blogs and mailing lists. History
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• storia di internet
AudiogalaxyAudiogalaxy ceased operations on January 31, 2013. History Audiogalaxy's stated mission was to facilitate sharing of music, though it was also notable for its strong community due to such features as chat-enabled groups and per-artist internet forums. This strong community also facilitated a very broad reach of content across many genres, particular those that tend to remain under-developed in more modern systems. In June 2008, CNET hailed this incarnation of Audiogalaxy as one of the greatest defunct websites in history. Conflict with RIAA over sharing of copyrighted material On May 9, 2002, Audiogalaxy required songs to be in the sender's shared folder to be sent. Even though Audiogalaxy claimed that they were trying to cooperate with the music industry and block copyrighted songs from their network, many of the network's users continued to share unauthorized copyrighted music files, causing Audiogalaxy to face a lawsuit by the RIAA on May 24, 2002. Relaunch
HyperlinkList of newsgroupsThis is a partial list of newsgroups that are significant for their popularity or their position in Usenet history. As of October 2002[update], there are about 100,000 Usenet newsgroups, of which approximately a fifth are active. This number varies, depending on the news server carrying the newsgroups. The Big 8 hierarchies comp Computer-related topics. humanities Topics related to the humanities (fine arts, literature, philosophy, Classical Latin, etc.). misc Miscellaneous topics. misc.legal.moderated — A moderated legal forum.misc.taxes.moderated — A moderated professional tax forum open to the general public. news Matters related to the functioning of Usenet itself. news.admin.net-abuse.blocklisting — discussion related to the use of blocklists to deal with spam and other unwanted network traffic.news.admin.net-abuse.email — discussion of abuse of email by spammers and other parties. rec Recreation and entertainment topics. sci soc
Is Usenet Safer than BitTorrent?Shhh... Stick to bittorrent kid. Usenets the devil and I highly recommend against it. Geez. Flagged seriously? Good lord thank you for saying this. All this "the first rule of Usenet" BS has gone on for decades - give it up people, EVERYONE ALREADY KNOWS ABOUT USENET. Sorry "everyone" doesn't know about USENET. Like I mentioned to someone else in the same thread - the only barriers to everyone using usenet the same way everyone uses Bittorrent are inconvenience and cost - the fact that it's not easy, and most ISPs don't support binary newsgroups anymore. Sourceless numbers about p2p file sharing (numbers that clearly don't include BitTorrent) are beside the point, and make the assumption that the only use for Usenet is piracy, which I think is an argument you're not trying to make, are you? The percentage of the U.S. The number supplied pertains to sharing music, but one can safely assume the numbers hold for other types of file sharing.
40 maps that explain the internetThe internet increasingly pervades our lives, delivering information to us no matter where we are. It takes a complex system of cables, servers, towers, and other infrastructure, developed over decades, to allow us to stay in touch with our friends and family so effortlessly. Here are 40 maps that will help you better understand the internet — where it came from, how it works, and how it's used by people around the world. How the internet was created Before the internet, there was the ARPANET Before the internet, there was the ARPANETARPANET, the precursor to the modern internet, was an academic research project funded by the Advanced Research Projects Agency, a branch of the military known for funding ambitious research projects without immediate commercial or military applications. The internet around the world Threats to the internet How internet access in Egypt was disrupted in 2008 How internet access in Egypt was disrupted in 2008Fiber optic cables are relatively fragile.
NapsterLater systems successfully followed and elaborated on Napster's file-copying methods, including Gnutella, Freenet, Bit Torrent and many others. Some systems, like LimeWire, Grokster, Madster and the original eDonkey network, were shut down or altered under similar circumstances. Origin Napster was co-founded by Shawn Fanning, John Fanning, and Sean Parker. Initially, Napster was envisioned as an independent peer-to-peer file sharing service. The service operated between June 1999 and July 2001. Its technology allowed people to easily share their MP3 files with other participants. Although the original service was shut down by court order, the Napster brand survived after the company's assets were liquidated and purchased by other companies through bankruptcy proceedings. History These reasons aside, many other users simply enjoyed trading and downloading music for free. Macintosh version Legal challenges Promotional power
Movimento cultura liberaDa Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Il movimento cultura libera (in inglese, free culture movement) è un movimento sociale che promuove la libertà di distribuire e modificare i lavori frutto della creatività sotto forma di contenuti liberi. Il movimento contesta le troppo restrittive leggi sul diritto d'autore, così come i concetti di diritto d'autore e proprietà intellettuale, sostenendo che queste norme ostacolino la creatività piuttosto che sostenerla. L'attuale sistema di norme e vincoli è chiamato cultura dell'autorizzazione, in contrapposizione al nome del movimento. Collegati o facenti parte del movimento cultura libera sono i movimenti per il software libero (informatica) e l'accesso aperto (pubblicazioni accademiche). Origine[modifica | modifica sorgente] Già in quegli anni Lawrence Lessig sosteneva da tempo che il diritto d'autore era d'ostacolo alla produzione culturale e che erano gli interessi privati a determinare il contenuto delle leggi, non l'interesse pubblico.