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How to Read A Book

How to Read A Book
“Marking a book is literally an experience of your differences or agreements with the author. It is the highest respect you can pay him.” — Edgar Allen Poe You already know how to read. I bet you were taught how in elementary school. But do you know how to read well? If you’re like most people, you probably haven’t given much thought to how you read. Are you reading for information or understanding? While great for exercising your memory, the regurgitation of facts without understanding gains you nothing. A good heuristic: Anything easily digested is reading for information. Consider the newspaper, are you truly learning anything new? There’s nothing wrong with that; it’s how most people read. Learning something insightful is harder, you have to read something clearly above your current level. Reading for understanding means narrowing the gap between reader and writer. The four levels of reading Mortimer Adler literally wrote the the book on reading. ElementaryInspectionalAnalyticalSyntopical

Advice on Novel Writing < Back to Foreword by the Author Developing Efficient Work Habits Elements Of A Successful Story In the opening... In the body of the story... Afterword by the Author Foreword by the Author A little later tonight (Thursday, Nov 5 [1992]), I'm going to start sending in a series of items about writing fiction for the mass market. Altogether I'll be sending 17 separate “handouts” from my commercial fiction course. The files total about 180K--enough for a short book. Why am I doing this? Crawford Kilian Communications Department Capilano College 2055 Purcell Way North Vancouver, BC Canada V7G 1H7 Usenet: Developing Efficient Work Habits Different writers face different advantages and drawbacks in forming good writing habits. Writing habits flourish best in routine, but the efficient writer also exploits opportunity. Keep your writing equipment (paper, pens, software manuals, etc.) in your writing place, close at hand. Compile a “project bible.”

9 Books on Reading and Writing by Maria Popova Dancing with the absurdity of life, or what symbolism has to do with the osmosis of trash and treasure. Hardly anything does one’s mental, spiritual, and creative health more good than resolving to read more and write better. Today’s reading list addresses these parallel aspirations. If anyone can make grammar fun, it’s Maira Kalman — The Elements of Style Illustrated marries Kalman’s signature whimsy with Strunk and White’s indispensable style guide to create an instant classic. The original Elements of Style was published in 1919 in-house at Cornell University for teaching use and reprinted in 1959 to become cultural canon, and Kalman’s inimitable version is one of our 10 favorite masterpieces of graphic nonfiction. On a related unmissable note, let the Elements of Style Rap make your day. Anne Lamott might be best known as a nonfiction writer, but Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life affirms her as a formidable modern philosopher as well. On open-endedness:

Science Fiction Writer Robert J. Sawyer: On Writing — Heinlein's Rules SFWRITER.COM > How to Write > On Writing: Heinlein's Rules by Robert J. Sawyer Copyright © 1996 by Robert J. Sawyer. There are countless rules for writing success, but the most famous ones, at least in the science-fiction field, are the five coined by the late, great Robert A. Heinlein used to say he had no qualms about giving away these rules, even though they explained how you could become his direct competitor, because he knew that almost no one would follow their advice. In my experience, that's true: if you start off with a hundred people who say they want to be writers, you lose half of the remaining total after each rule — fully half the people who hear each rule will fail to follow it. I'm going to share Heinlein's five rules with you, plus add a sixth of my own. Rule One: You Must Write It sounds ridiculously obvious, doesn't it? And don't you dare complain that you don't have the time to write. Rule Two: Finish What You Start Rule Four: You Must Put Your Story on the Market

57 Tips For Writers, From Writers The entire writing process is fraught with perils. Many writers would argue that the hardest part of writing is beginning. When asked what was the most frightening thing he had ever encountered, novelist Ernest Hemingway said, “A blank sheet of paper.” Other writers believe that ideas are easy, it’s in the execution of those ideas that the hard work really begins. You have to show up every day and slowly give shape to your ideas, trying to find just the right words, searching for the right turn of phrase, until it all morphs into something real. So just how do you go about facing an empty page, coaxing your ideas into the world of form, and steering the end result toward shore? Tips For Writers From Stephen King “If you want to be a writer,” says Stephen King , “you must do two things above all others: read a lot and write a lot.” King, who has written over 50 books, emphasizes that writers have to be well-read. Tips For Writers From John Grisham Tips For Writers From Erica Jong 1. 2. 3. 4.

Seven Tips From Ernest Hemingway on How to Write Fiction Image by Lloyd Arnold via Wikimedia Commons Before he was a big game hunter, before he was a deep-sea fisherman, Ernest Hemingway was a craftsman who would rise very early in the morning and write. His best stories are masterpieces of the modern era, and his prose style is one of the most influential of the 20th century. Hemingway never wrote a treatise on the art of writing fiction. He did, however, leave behind a great many passages in letters, articles and books with opinions and advice on writing. 1: To get started, write one true sentence. Hemingway had a simple trick for overcoming writer's block. Sometimes when I was starting a new story and I could not get it going, I would sit in front of the fire and squeeze the peel of the little oranges into the edge of the flame and watch the sputter of blue that they made. 2: Always stop for the day while you still know what will happen next. There is a difference between stopping and foundering. 5: Don't describe an emotion--make it.

FREE Rhyming Dictionary - Find Rhyming Words in Seconds Common Themes in Writing Ethics, like good vs. evil, is common in writing. Source There are a number of common themes in writing, which is why practically all bestsellers have certain common elements. Of course, there's also a number of hopelessly overplayed and worn out tricks better left for the hacks. Learn to tell the two apart and your odds of getting a shot at the big-time will go up dramatically. A List of Common Themes in Writing This is by no means a complete list; there are plenty more themes out there. Love Almost every single book on the bestseller lists has a love subplot. The answer is simple. Loss Used sparingly, an author can make a sudden, dramatic loss of a beloved character be one of the main turning points of a 500-page book. Friendship The test of friendship, usually in the face of temptation or severe adversity, is another classic element in writing. Good vs. Like love, almost every good story has a struggle between good and evil, with evil usually having the upper hand. The Unraveling Conclusion

20 Great Places to Publish Personal Essays « Writerland I frequently receive e-mails from people looking for places to publish their personal essays. Fiction and nonfiction writers alike all have a great story about the time Aunt Harriet came for dinner and left on the back of a horse, or the time the cat disappeared and returned six years later, or the time they had an epiphany about the meaning of life while walking through the woods at dusk. But where can you submit that funny, poignant, life-changing essay that’s gathering virtual dust in a folder on your computer? Who will publish it? And who will pay? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 7×7—Another West Coast publication, 7×7 has an Urban Ledger column for which readers can pitch their personal essays. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. In addition to those listed above, there is a plethora of other literary journals that publish personal essays. Do you have any publications to add to the list, or details/tips about any of those listed above? Be Sociable, Share!

The Thirty-Six Dramatic Situations The Thirty-Six Dramatic Situations is a descriptive list which was created by Georges Polti to categorize every dramatic situation that might occur in a story or performance. To do this Polti analyzed classical Greek texts, plus classical and contemporaneous French works. He also analyzed a handful of non-French authors. In his introduction, Polti claims to be continuing the work of Carlo Gozzi, who also identified 36 situations. Publication history[edit] “Gozzi maintained that there can be but thirty-six tragic situations. This list was published in a book of the same name, which contains extended explanations and examples. The list is popularized as an aid for writers, but it is also used by dramatists, storytellers and many others. The 36 situations[edit] Each situation is stated, then followed by the necessary elements for each situation and a brief description. See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit]

Seven great writing quotes from seven great American writers Ernest Hemingway once said “All American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn. There was nothing before. There has been nothing as good since.” As much as we love our Ernest, we beg to differ. John Steinbeck Ernest Hemingway Elmore Leonard Toni Morrison Stephen King Henry Miller F. designed by the awesomely talented Chris Ritter Important Infrequently Used Words To Know | Just English Paul V. Hartman (The Capitalized syllable gets the emphasis) alacrity a-LACK-ra-tee cheerful willingness and promptnessanathema a-NATH-a-ma a thing or person cursed, banned, or reviledanodyne AN-a-dine not likely to cause offence or disagreement and somewhat dull//anything that sooths or comfortsaphorism AFF-oar-ism a short, witty saying or concise principleapostate ah-POSS-tate (also: apostasy) person who has left the fold or deserted the faith.arrogate ARROW-gate to make an unreasonable claimatavistic at-a-VIS-tic reverting to a primitive typeavuncular a-VUNC-you-lar “like an uncle”; benevolent bathos BATH-ose an anticlimaxbereft ba-REFT to be deprived of something valuable “He was bereft of reason.” cynosure SIGH-na-shore (from the Greek: “dog’s tail”) center of attention; point to which all eyes are drawn. dilettante DILL-ah-tent 1. having superficial/amateurish interest in a branch of knowledge; 2. a connoisseur or lover of the fine arts Click to read: Like this: Related

How to Find Unique Names for Your Characters (with Examples) Steps Method 1 of 2: Finding Your Own Unique Names 1Use a first name as a last name. Since first and last names usually sound very different, breaking this tradition would make your character stand ever so slightly apart. 8Look up names. Method 2 of 2: Starting with a Letter (or Letters) You Like 1List letters that you must/want to have in the name. 4Add a few more letters. Tips Don't make too many different or strangely spelled names or your readers could end up confused and have less motivation to finish the story.Make sure it's pronounceable. Ad Warnings Don't name your character after somebody who's already been invented, particularly if they have a similar personality.