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A Developmental Tour of the Imagination: What Children's Use of Metaphor Reveals about the Mind

A Developmental Tour of the Imagination: What Children's Use of Metaphor Reveals about the Mind
by Maria Popova “Metaphorical thinking … is essential to how we communicate, learn, discover, and invent.” “Children help us to mediate between the ideal and the real,” MoMA’s Juliet Kinchin wrote in her fascinating design history of childhood . But first, Geary examines the all-permeating power of metaphor: Metaphor is most familiar as the literary device through which we describe one thing in terms of another, as when the author of the Old Testament Song of Songs describes a lover’s navel as “a round goblet never lacking mixed wine” or when the medieval Muslim rhetorician Abdalqahir Al-Jurjani pines, “The gazelle has stolen its eyes from my beloved.” Children, it turns out, are on the one hand skilled and intuitive weavers of original metaphors and, on the other, utterly (and, often, humorously) stumped by common adult metaphors, revealing that metaphor is both evolutionarily rooted and culturally constructed. This is one of the marvels of metaphor. Donating = Loving Share on Tumblr

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Injuries from bouncy castles soar as up to 30 kids end up in emergency rooms PER DAY after having too much fun on inflatable amusement ride New report shows dangers of children's activityMost injuries come as kids are stepping out of the play castles By Associated Press Published: 14:46 GMT, 26 November 2012 | Updated: 15:22 GMT, 26 November 2012 They may be a big hit at kids' birthday parties, but inflatable bounce houses can be dangerous as the number of injuries soaring in recent years. Kids often crowd into bounce houses, and jumping up and down can send other children flying into the air, too. The numbers suggest 30 U.S. children a day are treated in emergency rooms for broken bones, sprains, cuts and concussions from bounce house accidents. Unintended accidents: The number of children who are injured while using bouncy castles has skyrocketed over the past few years and landed many of them in hospital emergency rooms Most involve children falling inside or out of the inflated playthings, and many children get hurt when they collide with other bouncing kids. That's a 15-fold increase, and a doubling just since 2008.

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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) fact sheet Home > Publications > Our publications > Our publications What is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? Polycystic (pah-lee-SIS-tik) ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health problem that can affect a woman's: Menstrual cycleAbility to have childrenHormonesHeartBlood vesselsAppearance With PCOS, women typically have: High levels of androgens (AN-druh-junz). Return to top How many women have PCOS? Between 1 in 10 and 1 in 20 women of childbearing age has PCOS. What causes PCOS? The cause of PCOS is unknown. A main underlying problem with PCOS is a hormonal imbalance. Researchers also think insulin may be linked to PCOS. AcneExcessive hair growthWeight gainProblems with ovulation What are the symptoms of PCOS? The symptoms of PCOS can vary from woman to woman. Infertility (not able to get pregnant) because of not ovulating. Why do women with PCOS have trouble with their menstrual cycle and fertility? The ovaries, where a woman’s eggs are produced, have tiny fluid-filled sacs called follicles or cysts.

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